A venture investor is any entity that provides or has made a venture capital investment in one or more companies.
A consumer product is a physical item which a consumer may buy, either at present or in the past. It might be a laptop, or a chocolate bar, or a pair of sneakers. Consumer products are specific items that have a specific market price, not classes of items, which would have a wide range of prices. So an automotive model year or automotive trim level would be a consumer product, but not an automotive model. A specific smartphone like the iphone 3GS 32GB Black, would be a consumer product but not just the smartphone or even the product line iphone 3GS.
A brand is a collection of symbols or messages related to a product, service, or company. Typically, a brand is used to identify a set of products/services/etc that share common features and appeal to a certain market. It is distinct from a product line which has to do with the physical products, rather than the marketing message.
An 'Industry' is generally any grouping of businesses that share a common method of generating profits, such as the "music industry", the "automobile industry", or the "cattle industry".
An employer is any entity that can or has paid people to work for it. For more information, please see the Freebase wiki page on Employer.
A venture funded company is any company which has received funding from a venture capital investor.
A board member title is a title held by a member of a board of directors of a company or organization. This type is being deprecated, and will eventually be deleted one the instances have been analysed and migrated. (See the refactoring plan.)
A shopping center is a building or group of buildings containing many stores, restaurants, and businesses.
A sponsored recipient is an entity that receives support, financially or through the provision of products or services, from a sponsor.
'Job Title' is a commonly used type in the business category describing the position or role that a person holds for a company.
A consumer company is any corporate entity that produces products for sale to consumers.
This is a general type that can be applied to anything which can be owned. It is especially useful for things that can be (or are, or have been) owned by multiple entities at once, since the "owner(s)" property can indicate percentages owned.