This type is for ballet dancers, the performers of the ballets.
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François Perron is a French-born ballet dancer, choreographer and teacher, who now works and resides in the United States. Perron, is a graduate of the Paris Opera Ballet School where he studied under the direction of Claude Bessy.
Before moving to the United States in 1984, Perron danced with La Scala in Milan, where Maurice Béjart invited him to Brussels Brussels as part of Les Ballets Du XXe Siecle. His first principal contract came in 1980 with the Northern Ballet Theatre of England, where he danced the entire classical repertoire, including Giselle and The Sleeping Beauty. A second principal contract followed from Ballet Du Nord and principal roles with the Joffrey Ballet and then he joined the New York City Ballet, where he danced for six years.
In 1993, he briefly danced with American Ballet Theatre and has since freelanced his talent. He has appeared with DanceGalaxy, Dances Patrelle, New York Theatre Ballet, Ruth Page's Nutcracker, Los Angeles Chamber Ballet, Ballet Concierto de Puerto Rico, and the Colorado Chamber Ballet and in several "Dance in America" programs. He served as Ballet Master for New York Theatre Ballet as well as for Florence, Italy's Maggio Danza. In
Sally Gilpin was an English ballet dancer and choreographer. She was born as Sally Judd and she became a leading ballerina for the London Festival Ballet who danced in many roles in productions, such as The Nutcracker in 1962.
From August 1960 until 1970, she was married to the ballet dancer John Gilpin (1930-1983), by whom she had one daughter, Tracy (born 1962).
Dame Alicia Markova, DBE, (1 December 1910 – 2 December 2004) was an English ballerina and a choreographer, director and teacher of classical ballet. Most noted for her career with Sergei Diaghilev's Ballets Russes and touring internationally, she was widely considered to be one of the greatest classical ballet dancers of the 20th century. She was the first British dancer to become the principal dancer of a ballet company and, with Dame Margot Fonteyn, is one of only two English dancers to be recognised as a prima ballerina assoluta. She was a founder dancer of the Rambert Dance Company, The Royal Ballet and American Ballet Theatre, and was co-founder and director of the English National Ballet.
Markova was born as Lilian Alicia Marks on 1 December 1910. Her father, Alfred Marks, was Jewish and her mother Eileen converted to Judaism. They lived in a two bedroom flat in the Finsbury Park district of London.
Markova began to dance on medical advice to strengthen her weak limbs. She made her stage debut aged 10, performing the role of Salome in the pantomime Dick Whittington and His Cat, for which she was billed as Little Alicia, the child Pavlova.
She then began studying ballet
August Bournonville (21 August 1805 – 30 November 1879) was a Danish ballet master and choreographer. August was the son of Antoine Bournonville, a dancer and choreographer trained under the French choreographer, Jean Georges Noverre, and the nephew of Julie Alix de la Fay, née Bournonville, of the Royal Swedish Ballet.
August was born in Copenhagen, Denmark, where his father had settled. He studied under the Italian choreographer Vincenzo Galeotti at the Royal Danish Ballet, Copenhagen, and in Paris, France, under French dancer Auguste Vestris. He initiated a unique style in ballet known as the Bournonville School.
Following studies in Paris as a young man, August became solo dancer at the Royal Ballet in Copenhagen. From 1830 to 1877 he was choreographer for the Royal Danish Ballet, for which he created more than 50 ballets admired for their exuberance, lightness, and beauty. He created a style which, although influenced from the Paris ballet, is entirely his own. As a choreographer, he created a number of ballets with varied settings that range from Denmark to Italy, Russia to South America. A limited number of these works have survived.
Bournonville's work became known outside
Rudi van Dantzig (4 August 1933 – 19 January 2012), was a Dutch choreographer, ballet dancer and writer. From 1965 until his death he was the artistic co-leader of the Dutch National Ballet in Amsterdam.
Van Dantzig was born in Amsterdam. After Sonia Gaskell (left in 1969) and his other colleague left the Dutch National Ballet in 1971, he was the only artistic leader until 1991. In 1986 he wrote an autobiographical novel, Voor een verloren soldaat, about his love affair while a young boy with a Canadian soldier, which became a great success, receiving several awards; a film was made of it. An English translation, For a Lost Soldier, was published in 1991. Van Dantzig published a biography of the Dutch artist and resistance fighter Willem Arondeus in 2003.
Van Dantzig died in 2012, aged 78.
Nora Kaye (January 17, 1920 - February 28, 1987) was an American ballerina called the Duse of Dance after acclaimed actress Eleonora Duse. She also worked in films as a choreographer and producer.
Kaye was born Nora Koreff in Brooklyn, New York to emigrant parents from Tsarist Russia, but later Americanized her surname. In 1936, she joined the American Ballet, directed by George Balanchine. She later became a member of the Radio City Music Hall corps de ballet and danced in several Broadway productions, including Giselle (1941), Antony Tudor's Pillar of Fire (1946), and Two's Company (1952), a revue starring Bette Davis. She worked as an assistant on the musicals I Can Get It for You Wholesale (1962), Tovarich (1963), and On a Clear Day You Can See Forever (1965).
Kaye's November 1948 marriage to Isaac Stern ended in divorce the following year. She married Herbert Ross in August 1959. The couple collaborated on several screen projects, including Goodbye, Mr. Chips (1969), The Last of Sheila (1973), Funny Lady and The Sunshine Boys (both 1975), and The Seven-Per-Cent Solution (1976). Playwright and screenwriter Arthur Laurents claimed in his autobiography Original Story By (2000)
Agrippina Yakovlevna Vaganova (pronounced vah-GAH-naw-vah) (Russian: Агриппина Яковлевна Ваганова) (July 6, 1879 - November 5, 1951) was a Russian ballet teacher who developed the Vaganova method - the technique which derived from the teaching methods of the old Imperial Ballet School (today the Vaganova Academy of Russian Ballet) under the Premier Maître de Ballet Marius Petipa throughout the mid to late 19th century, though mostly throughout the 1880s and 1890s. It was Vaganova who perfected and cultivated this form of teaching the art of classical ballet into a workable syllabus. Her Fundamentals of the Classical Dance (1934) remains a standard textbook for the instruction of ballet technique. Her technique is one of the most popular techniques today.
Vaganova's whole life was connected with the Imperial Ballet (later the Kirov Ballet) of the Mariinsky Theatre in Saint Petersburg. She was accepted into the Imperial Ballet School in 1888, the great institution of classical dance founded by Anna of Russia and funded by the Tsars. She graduated from the Classe de Perfection of the former Prima Ballerina Eugeniia Sokolova (she was also trained by Ekaterina Vazem, Enrico Cecchetti,
André Eglevsky (21 December 1917 – 4 December 1977) was a Russian-born American ballet dancer and teacher.
Eglevsky was born in Moscow, but was taken to live in France when he was eight, his mother having decided that his talent as a dancer demanded that he be properly trained. He studied ballet in Nice with Maria Nevelskaya (also known as Maria Nevelska formerly of the Bolshoi Ballet), Lubov Egorova, Mathilde Kschessinskaya, Alexandre Volinine, Olga Preobrajenskaya, and Leon Woicikowski in Paris, Nicholas Legat in London, and the School of American Ballet in New York City. At the age of fourteen he joined Wassily de Basil's (a.k.a. Colonel W. de Basil) Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo, and after six months was dancing leading roles in such ballets as Swan Lake, Les Sylphides, and Les Présages. In 1935 he joined Igor Youskevitch as the company's Premier Danseur, and a year later joined René Blum's Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo.
Eglevsky travelled to the United States in 1937, and was premier danseur in George Balanchine's American Ballet (later New York City Ballet) until 1938. He also danced at the Radio City Music Hall and in the Broadway musical Great Lady. After becoming an American
Eliot Feld (born July 5, 1942) is an American modern ballet choreographer, performer and director.
Feld was born in Brooklyn, New York, the son of Alice (née Posner), a travel agent, and Benjamin Noah Feld, an attorney. Feld attended the High School of Performing Arts in New York and studied at the School of American Ballet and the New Dance Group, as well as with Richard Thomas and Donald McKayle. He performed as a child in George Balanchine's original production of The Nutcracker as the prince; and later with the companies of Mary Anthony, Pearl Lang, and Sophie Maslow.
At sixteen he appeared on Broadway in West Side Story and was cast as Baby-John in the movie version of the musical. Feld was sick with pneumonia during the filming of "Cool" in West Side Story, one of the hardest dances in the film. By twenty-five he broke away from American Ballet Theatre to form his own company, American Ballet Company. Feld used his new company to explore a variety of dance genres. He appeared on television on The Garry Moore Show and The Ed Sullivan Show. His other Broadway credits include: I Can Get It for You Wholesale and Fiddler on the Roof.
Feld was inspired by Jewish material along with
Nina Ananiashvili (also: Nino Ananiashvili, Georgian: ნინო ანანიაშვილი) (born March 28, 1963) is a Georgian ballerina and artistic director of the State Ballet of Georgia.
She was born in Tbilisi, Georgian SSR, Soviet Union, to Gedevan Ananiashvili and Leah Gogolashvili in 1963 and has two brothers. She began her training in Georgia in 1969 when she entered the Georgia State Choreographic Institute (prior to that, she was practicing figure skating and had become a Georgian State champion in the junior division). In 1976 she entered the Moscow Choreographic Institute where her main teacher was Natalia Zolotova. In 1980, she made her stage debut in a school production of Coppelia. She graduated and entered the Bolshoi Ballet in 1981. In 1983 she was promoted to the rank of soloist and performed in her native Tbilisi as a professional for the first time. Eventually she rose to become a prima ballerina. She, along with Andris Liepa, was the first Soviet dancer to appear as a guest performer with the New York City Ballet in 1988 (she had danced in "Raymonda Variations", "Apollo" and "Symphony in C" there). She became a principal dancer for the American Ballet Theatre in 1993, and in
Pino Mlakar ( pronunciation (help·info)) (2 March 1907 – 30 September 2006) was a Slovenian ballet dancer, choreographer, and teacher. He was born in Novo Mesto
In 1927 he graduated from the Rudolf Laban Choreographic Institute in Hamburg. He was a member of the Ljubljana Opera and Ballet Company from 1946-1960. For 25 years he was a full professor at the Academy for Theatre, Radio, Film and Television (AGRFT) of the University of Ljubljana.
He was married to fellow choreographer Maria Luiza Pia Beatrice Scholz (1910–2000), who was professionally known as Pia Mlakar. Their daughter Veronika Mlakar was also a ballet dancer.
He died in Novo Mesto.
The Australian Ballet is the largest classical ballet company in Australia. It was founded by J. C. Williamson Theatres Ltd. and the Australian Elizabethan Theatre Trust in 1962, with the English-born dancer, teacher, repetiteur and director Dame Peggy van Praagh as founding artistic director. Today, it is recognised as one of the world's major international ballet companies.
The roots of the Australian Ballet can be found in the Borovansky Ballet, a company founded in 1940 by the Czech dancer Edouard Borovansky. Borovansky had been a dancer in the touring ballet company of the famous Russian ballerina Anna Pavlova and, after visiting Australia on tour with the Covent Garden Russian Ballet, he decided to remain in Australia, establishing a ballet school in Melbourne in 1939, out of which he developed a performance group which became the Borovansky Ballet. The company was supported and funded by J. C. Williamson Theatres Ltd from 1944. Following Borovansky's death in 1959, the English dancer and administrator Dame Peggy van Praagh was invited to become artistic director of the company. J. C. Williamson Theatres Ltd decided to disband the Borovansky Ballet in 1961.
In 1961, J. C.
Noralma Vera Arrata (born 28 August 1936) is a former Ecuadorian prima ballerina and choreographer.
Vera Arrata was born in Guayaquil, Ecuador where she grew up as the only daughter among three sons of the distinguished politician and former Culture minister Alfredo Vera Vera and his wife, Baltita Arrata Macias. She comes from a prominent intellectual family in the country. Her brother, Alfredo Vera Arrata, is a former Education minister and Minister of Interior of Ecuador. Her uncle was the writer Pedro Jorge Vera. Noralma Vera married 1959 the painter Patricio Cueva Jaramillo in Ecuador in order to departure with him to Cuba. Her father-in-law was the politician Carlos Cueva Tamaríz.
She began to dance in 1945 in Guayaquil. February 21, 1957 she traveled to London due to a scholarship to perfectionate her dancing at The Royal Ballet. By then, Vera was already a prominent figure in her home country and her departure was well publicitied in the media. She danced 1958 in Paris under Gzovsky and Jeanine Charrat. 1960 she went to Cuba with her husband, where she worked with Alicia Alonso until 1968 when she returned to her home country.
In 1968 she presented Affirmation, a Modern
Sulamith Mikhailovna Messerer (Russian: Сулами́фь Миха́йловна Мессере́р, August 27, 1908, Moscow – June 3, 2004, London) was a Russian ballerina and choreographer who laid the foundations for the classical ballet in Japan.
Sulamith studied in the Moscow Ballet School under Vasily Tikhomirov and Elisabeth Gerdt and danced in the Bolshoi Theatre from 1926 until 1950. In 1933, she and her brother Asaf Messerer became the first Soviet dancers to tour Western Europe. She also practised swimming all her life and held the Soviet swimming record for the 100-metres crawl between 1927 and 1930.
After her sister Rachel Messerer-Plisetskaya was arrested in the Great Purge, Sulamith legally adopted Rachel's daughter Maya Plisetskaya, whom she coached into one of the greatest ballerinas ever. From 1950 until 1980, she was also active as a ballet mistress and teacher in the Bolshoi. Since 1961, she spent much time in Tokyo, where she mastered Japanese and was instrumental in establishing the Tokyo Ballet.
In 1980, at the age of 72, she defected to Great Britain, where she continued to work as a much sought-after coach. Her many honours included the Stalin Prize (1946), the Order of the Sacred
Joaquín De Luz (b. Madrid, Spain) formerly with the American Ballet Theater (ABT), is currently a Principal Dancer with the New York City Ballet (NYCB).
He received his training at the Victor Ullate School of Ballet. This a ballet and Spanish dancing, Madrid-based school that started the careers of many of Spain's most sought after dancers. He danced with the Victor Ullate Ballet Company from 1992 until 1995. In August, 1996 he auditioned in New York and joined the Pennsylvania Ballet as a soloist. He danced leading roles in La Bayadére, Diana and Acteon, Don Quixote, Paquita Suite, The Sleeping Beauty, and Swan Lake, as well as Allegro Brillante, Theme and Variations, and Who Cares? while performing with Pennsylvania Ballet. In 1997 De Luz left Pennsylvania Ballet and joined American Ballet Theatre, (ABT) as a member of the corps de ballet. He was then promoted to soloist in 1998 where he performed roles in the Bronze Idol in La Bayadére (choreographed by Natalia Makarova after Marius Petipa), the Red Cowboy in Billy The Kid (Eugene Loring), the first sailor in Fancy Free (Jerome Robbins), Benno in Swan Lake (Kevin McKenzie after Marius Petipa and Lev Ivanov), and leading roles
Mauro Bigonzetti is an internationally acclaimed choreographer of contemporary ballet. Born in Rome in 1960, Bigonzetti trained at the ballet school of Teatro dell'Opera di Roma and entered their company in 1979. In 1983 he joined the Reggio Emilia company Aterballetto, renowned for its contemporary repertory.
Bigonzetti began to choreograph first on Aterballetto in 1990. In 1993 he joined Balletto di Toscana as Resident Choreographer and in 1997 returned to Aterballetto as Artistic Director.
Throughout his choreographic career Bigonzetti has maintained a close relationship with Aterballetto. He continues there as Principal Choreographer, although his career now centers on commissions written on major companies abroad.
His works have been staged by the Teatro dell'Opera, Balletto di Toscana, Deutsche Oper Berlin, Ankara State Ballet, English National Ballet, Julio Bocca & Ballet Argentino, Gauthier Dance, Stuttgart Ballet, Staatsoper Dresden, Ballet Gulbenkian and most recently the City Ballet of São Paulo, Brazil. For New York City Ballet he has made Vespro in 2002, In Vento 2006 and Oltremare 2008, in collaboration with the composer Bruno Moretti.
His latest work, Le Quattro
Miguel Campaneria is a Cuban ballet dancer and choreographer.
He started his ballet training at the National Ballet Academy of Cuba under Alicia Alonso and Azari Plisetski. He joined the National Ballet of Cuba where he became a soloist. Later on, he won the bronze medal in the junior category at the International Ballet Competition in Varna, Bulgaria. He has danced with American Ballet Theater, Pennsylvania Ballet, Les Grands Ballets Canadiens, and was a principal dancer with the Pittsburgh Ballet Theater and Ballets de San Juan. In the 1990s he started teaching and served as ballet master of Ballet Concierto de Puerto Rico. In 2004 he became the artistic director of the National Ballet Theater of Puerto Rico in San Juan, Puerto Rico.
In the summer of 1983, Mr. Campaneria accompanied fellow Ballets de San Juan principal, Maria Teresa del Real, to the International Ballet Competition in Varna, Bulgaria. Participating in the Competition as a non-competitor, Mr. Campaneria was awarded the special prize as Best Partner, and his experience proved beneficial in Miss del Real being awarded the bronze medal in the senior category at the Competition. Their performance in the Don Quixote
Sarah Elizabeth "S. E." Cupp (born February 23, 1979) is an American conservative political commentator and writer. She is a co-author of Why You're Wrong About the Right, with Brett Joshpe, and the sole author of Losing Our Religion: The Liberal Media's Attack on Christianity. She is a co-host of the afternoon MSNBC talk show The Cycle.
Cupp grew up in Carlsbad, California, an affluent suburb of San Diego, later relocating to Andover, Massachusetts.
In 2000, Cupp graduated from Cornell University with a Bachelor of Arts in Art History. While attending Cornell, she worked for The Cornell Daily Sun. In 2010, she earned a Master of Arts from the Gallatin School of Individualized Study at New York University with a concentration in Religious Studies.
Cupp is a classically trained ballet dancer and, over a period of ten years, danced with the Ellicott City Ballet, the Washington Ballet, and the Boston Ballet. Cupp describes herself as an atheist who "really aspires to be a person of faith some day." She is part Italian-American and enjoys hunting. She currently lives in New York City.
On September 1, 2012, Cupp became engaged to John Goodwin, the chief of staff to Rep. Raúl Labrador of
Xiomara Reyes is a principal dancer with American Ballet Theatre. Born in Cuba, Reyes trained at the Cuban National Ballet School. After graduation, she danced as a soloist with "La Joven Guardia", an offshoot of Cuba's National Ballet. After two years, she was invited to perform with the Royal Ballet of Flanders in Belgium and danced with that company for seven years, rising to the rank of First Soloist.
She has danced in Europe, Asia, and the United States, and has performed as a guest in France with the Jeune Ballet de France, in Italy with Balleto Del Sud, in Greece with the Nafsika Dance Theater, in Korea at the International Dance Festival, and in Russia with the Bashkirian State Ballet.
In 2001, Reyes joined the American Ballet Theatre as a soloist and was promoted to principal dancer in 2003.
Her roles with the Company include a leading role in Allegro Brillante, a Shade in La Bayadère, the first and fourth movements in Bruch Violin Concerto No. 1, Cinderella in Cinderella, Swanilda in Coppélia, Medora, Gulnare and an Odalisque in Le Corsaire, a leading role in Désir, Who Was She? in Dim Lustre, Kitri and Amour in Don Quixote, Sibyl in Dorian, Titania in The Dream, Anne in
Gemze de Lappe (born February 28, 1922, Portsmouth, Virginia) is an American dancer who worked very closely with Agnes de Mille and was frequently partnered by de Mille's favorite male dancer, James Mitchell.
Originally trained by Irma Duncan and Michel Fokine, de Lappe began her career in Fokine's company. Her Broadway musical theatre performance credits include Simon of Legree in the original production of The King and I (also in the film version), Paint Your Wagon (Donaldson Award winner), Juno, and The American Dance Machine. She also appeared in the original West End and first national companies of Oklahoma!, dancing the iconic role of Laurey in the 'Dream Ballet'. In the early 1950s, she briefly formed part of a dance team with Dean Crane. De Lappe's long concert dance career included engagements with American Ballet Theatre and the Agnes de Mille Dance Theatre.
De Lappe remains active as a choreographer and teacher, but is especially well known for reconstructing the work of de Mille, Isadora Duncan, and Jerome Robbins. She recreated de Mille's choreography for the 1979 Broadway revival of Oklahoma! and choreographed Abe Lincoln in Illinois on Broadway. De Lappe regularly
Mireille Hassenboehler is an American professional ballet dancer who currently performs as a principal dancer with the Houston Ballet.
Hassenboehler was born in New Orleans, Louisiana. She trained with Harvey Hysell until the age of seventeen. After studying at the San Francisco Ballet School and Houston Ballet's Ben Stevenson Academy, she joined Houston Ballet in 1992 and was promoted to principal in 2000.
Her classical repertoire includes: the Sugar Plum Fairy in The Nutcracker, Aurora and Lilac Fairy in The Sleeping Beauty, Odette/Odile in Swan Lake, Giselle and Myrtha in Giselle, Kitri in Don Quixote, Juliet in Romeo and Juliet, title roles in The Firebird, Cleopatra, Cinderella, and Madame Butterfly, Coupava in The Snow Maiden, Manon and Lescaut’s Mistress in Manon, and the ballerina in Harold Lander’s Etudes.
She has had featured roles in both classical and contemporary works, including: Adam’s Ketubah; Balachine’s The Four Temperaments, Theme and Variations, Serenade, Apollo, and Western Symphony; Bruce’s Ghost Dances, Sergeant Early’s Dream, and Rooster; Forsythe’s In the middle, somewhat elevated; Kylian’s Sinfonetta and Forgotten Land; Lefar’s Suite en Blanc; McIntrye’s
Anik Bissonnette, OC CQ (born February 9, 1962) is a Canadian ballet dancer and principal dancer, since 1990, with Les Grands Ballets Canadiens. Her father, Jean Bissonnette, was famous as a television director with Télévision de Radio-Canada.
Anik Bissonnette began her training at the École de danse Eddy Toussaint, primarily under Camilla Malashenko. In 1979, she joined Toussaint's troupe, Le Ballet de Montréal Eddy Toussaint. Her extraordinary physical attributes – long arms, elegant hyperextended legs and high arches, combined with her feline agility and beautiful face – set her apart from the other dancers and garnered her leading roles right from the start.
She created many leading roles in Toussaint's choreographies, including Rose La tulipe (1979), Un simple moment (1981), Requiem de Mozart (1986), New World Symphony (1987), and Bonjour Brel (1988).
Under Mr. Toussaint's artistic direction, Bissonnette formed a memorable partnership with Louis Robitaille. She starred in many televised productions with Le Ballet de Montréal Eddy Toussaint and performed in Night Magic, a film directed by Lewis Furey. Her participation in the 1984 Helsinki Ballet Competition netted Toussaint
Ben Stevenson OBE (born 4 April 1936), is a former ballet dancer with Britain's Royal Ballet and English National Ballet, co-director of National Ballet in Washington, D.C. (1971–1974), artistic director of Chicago Ballet (1974-1975), artistic director of Houston Ballet (1976–2003), and current artistic director of Texas Ballet Theater (2003–present).
A native of Portsmouth, England, Stevenson received his dance training at the Arts Educational School in London. Upon his graduation, he was awarded the prestigious Adeline Genee Gold Medal, the highest award give to a dancer by the Royal Academy of Dancing.
At the age of 18, Stevenson was invited to join the Sadler's Wells Royal Ballet by Dame Ninette de Valois. A few years later, Anton Dolin invited him to dance with the London Festival Ballet, where, as a principal dancer, he performed leading roles in all the classics.
After choreographing Cinderella in 1970 for the National Ballet in Washington, D.C., he joined the company in 1971 as co-director with Frederic Franklin. That same year, he staged a new production of The Sleeping Beauty in observance of the inaugural season of the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing
Lev Ivanovich Ivanov (Russian: Лев Ива́́нович Ива́́нов; 2 March 1834, Moscow – 24 December 1901, Saint Petersburg) was a Russian ballet dancer and choreographer and later, Second Balletmaster of the Imperial Ballet.
Historically, Ivanov is credited with choreographing the entirety of premiere of Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky's ballet The Nutcracker in 1892 due to the ill health of Ballet Master Marius Petipa. While some contemporary and modern accounts dispute this, Ivanov is still mentioned in The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, Second Edition with choreographing at least the majority of the ballet as Pepita had reportedly not progressed very far in his work. Regardless of the amount of work he actually did, Pepita's was the only name listed for choreography on posters for the first production in St. Petersburg. Ivanov also worked with Petipa on a new restaging of Tchaikovsky's Swan Lake ballet in 1895, choreographing the second and fourth acts (The two lakeside acts) himself, as well as the Danse Vénitienne (Neopolitan/Venetian Dance) and the Pas Hongrois (Hungarian Dance) of the third bier scene.
Other ballets choreographed by Ivanov as the Second Balletmaster to Petipa
Darci Kistler (born June 4, 1964) is a noted American ballerina. She is often said to be the last muse for legendary choreographer George Balanchine.
Kistler was born in Riverside, California, the fifth child (with four older brothers) of a medical doctor and his wife. Her brothers excelled in amateur wrestling, and she followed them into water-skiing, basketball, football and horseback riding. However, at age 4 she received her first tutu, and (figuratively) never took it off, beginning ballet training that same year. She claimed although she was always athletic, she could never keep to her brothers—so ballet turned out to be one cornerstone she had mastered. She studied with Mary Lynn at Riverside Ballet Arts and later with Irina Kosmovska in Los Angeles.
Kistler married New York City Ballet's balletmaster-in-chief Peter Martins in 1991. They have one daughter, Talicia Tove Martins, born in June 1996.
In early 1979 Kistler was selected to study at New York City Ballet's School of American Ballet (SAB), where she met Balanchine. She joined the New York City Ballet (NYCB) corps de ballet in 1980, and was featured in a Time article before the end of the year.
Kistler was promoted to
Diana Vishneva (born July 13, 1976) is a Russian ballet dancer who performs as a principal dancer with both the Mariinsky Ballet (formerly the Kirov Ballet) and the American Ballet Theatre.
Vishneva was born in St. Petersburg and was trained at the Vaganova Choreographic Institute. While at the Vaganova school, she scored the highest scores known to the school's history. Upon her graduation in 1995, joined the company of the Mariinsky Theatre. There, in 1996 she was promoted to the level of principal dancer and received the Prix Benois de la Danse.
Vishneva first appeared with the American Ballet Theatre during its 2003 spring season.
In 2008, Vishneva joined the Honorary Board of Directors of the Russian Children's Welfare Society (RCWS).
Vishneva's repertoire includes Don Quixote, Romeo and Juliet, La Bayadère, Sleeping Beauty, Swan Lake, and Giselle. She also performs the works of modern choreographers, especially those of George Balanchine, William Forsythe and Roland Petit. She has enjoyed critical acclaim for her interpretation of Rubies, (the second movement of Balanchine's evening-length, ballet, Jewels) Giselle, and Kenneth MacMillan's Manon. Her partners have included
Erik Belton Evers Bruhn (October 3, 1928 – April 1, 1986) was a Danish danseur, choreographer, company director, actor, and author.
Erik Bruhn was born in Copenhagen, Denmark, the fourth child and first son of Ellen (née Evers), owner of a hairdressing salon, and third child of Ernst Bruhn. His parents married shortly before his birth. Bruhn began training with the Royal Danish Ballet when he was nine years old, and made his unofficial début on the stage of Copenhagen's Royal Opera House in 1946, dancing the role of Adonis in Harald Lander's ballet Thorvaldsen. He was taken permanently into the company in 1947 at the age of eighteen. Bruhn took the first of his frequent sabbaticals from the Danish company in 1947, dancing for six months with the short-lived Metropolitan Ballet in England, where he formed his first major partnership, with the Bulgarian ballerina Sonia Arova. He returned to the Royal Danish Ballet in the spring of 1948 and was promoted to soloist in 1949, the highest level a dancer can attain in the Danish ballet. Later in 1949, he again took a leave of absence and joined American Ballet Theatre in New York, where he would dance regularly for the next nine years,
Yekaterina Vasilyevna Geltzer (November 2, 1876 - December 12, 1962) was a prima ballerina of the Bolshoi Ballet who danced in the theatre from 1898 to 1935. She worked with Marius Petipa, Sergei Diaghilev, and Reinhold Glière. After the Russian Revolution of 1917, she helped to preserve the art of ballet in Russia. She was the first ballet dancer to receive the title of "People's Artist of Russia" (1925). Her most famous post-revolutionary role was a Chinese dancer in the premiere of Gliere's Red Poppy. This production was staged by her husband Vasily Tikhomirov for her 50th birthday. In 1943, she was awarded a Stalin Prize and also received an Order of Lenin and an Order of the Red Banner of Labour.
Once backstage at the Bolshoi Theatre, and well past the age of 60, Geltzer was heard telling her colleagues "help me get myself up en pointe, after that I know what to do."
Aleksandra Dionisyevna Danilova (Russian: Александра Дионисьевна Данилова) (November 20, 1903–July 13, 1997) was a Russian-born prima ballerina who became an American citizen.
Born in Peterhof, Russia, she trained at the Russian Imperial Ballet School in Leningrad (formerly and currently St. Petersburg). She was best known for being one of the few Russian-trained ballerinas to tour outside Russia. Her first professional post was as a member of the St. Petersburg's Imperial Ballet.
In 1924, she and George Balanchine left Russia. They were soon picked up by Sergei Diaghilev's Ballets Russes; Danilova as a dancer, Balanchine as a choreographer. Danilova also toured for years with the Ballets Russes under Sergei Diaghilev, then with the Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo after Diaghilev's death. She was one of her generation's biggest stars, but Danilova was never good at handling her finances. Her last ballet performance was in 1957, but she made her Broadway musical comedy debut in 1958 in Oh, Captain!. She appeared in a single scene, a dance with the show's star, Tony Randall, which stole the show. Many have said it was the finest dance number in a post-war musical. Unfortunately, the show
Svetlana Zakharova (Russian: Светлана Захарова) (born June 10, 1979) is a Prima ballerina with both the Bolshoi Ballet and the Teatro alla Scala.
Zakharova was born in Lutsk, Ukraine, on June 10, 1979. At age six, her mother took Svetlana to learn folk dancing at a local studio. At age 10, Svetlana auditioned for and was accepted into the Kiev Choreographic School. Just four months later, however, her father's reassignment in the army to East Germany forced Svetlana's withdrawal from school. Six months later, her family returned to Ukraine and Svetlana auditioned again for the Kiev Choreographic School. She was readmitted and immediately joined the second class, under teacher Valeria Sulegina.
In 1996–1997, she debuted with the Mariinsky Ballet, appearing as Maria with Ruben Bobovnikov, in Rostislav Zakharov's The Fountain of Bakhchisarai. In 2003–2004, she accepted a long-standing open offer with the Bolshoi, reportedly due to discontent with the Mariinsky.
Today, Zakharova tours and guests with the world's great ballet companies. She is considered one of the greatest ballerinas of the generation and is highly regarded for her technical expertise, her exquisite footwork and her
Vladimir Malakhov (born 1968 in Kryvyi Rih, Ukraine), was a principal dancer with American Ballet Theatre. In 2004 he became the artistic director and first soloist of the Staatsballett Berlin (Berlin State Ballet) which was newly formed from the ballets of the three public opera houses.
He began his dance training at the age of four at a small ballet school in that region and remained there until continuing his training at the school of the Bolshoi Ballet in Moscow. From age ten on, he was under the tutelage of Peter Pestov and upon graduation in 1986 joined the Moscow Classical Ballet as that company's youngest principal dancer.
In 1992, Malakhov joined the Vienna State Opera Ballet as a principal artist and the National Ballet of Canada in 1994. In the spring of 1995 he had his debut with the American Ballet Theatre at the Metropolitan Opera House in New York City. Since that time, he has remained a principal dancer with ABT and has continued to dance principal roles in Vienna as well as the renowned Stuttgart Ballet. Malakhov also appeared quite often as a guest in Berlin where he has recently become Artistic director. His repertory encompasses a wide range of styles from
Chan-hon Goh (simplified Chinese: 吴振红; traditional Chinese: 吳振紅; Mandarin Pinyin: Wú Zhènhóng; Jyutping: Ng4 Zan3 hung4), born in 1969 in Beijing, China, was a Chinese-born Canadian ballet dancer. She was the principal dancer with the National Ballet of Canada.
Both of her parents (Choo-chiat Goh and Lin-yee Goh) were principal dancers in the National Ballet of China. In 1976, during the height of political unrest, they left China for Vancouver, British Columbia, where they established the Goh Ballet Academy. Goh's uncle, Choo San Goh, was an American choreographer.
Chan-hon Goh began her career in 1978 at the Goh Ballet Academy. She entered the National Ballet of Canada in 1988, and was appointed Second Soloist in 1990 and First Soloist in 1992. She became a principal dancer in 1994.
She has performed with various ballet companies, including:
Goh is a winner of the Prix de Lausanne (1986) and a silver medalist in the Genée International Ballet Competition (1988).
She received training from British dancer/choreographer Anton Dolin as well as her husband Chun Che (a former principal dancer with the National Ballet of China).
In 2002, Goh's autobiography (co-written with Cary Fagan)
Ángel Corella (born 8 November 1975) is a Spanish dancer, currently the Artistic Director and principal dancer of Barcelona Ballet (formerly Corella Ballet, Castilla Y León) as well as principal dancer with American Ballet Theatre. He has been honored with the prestigious Prix Benois de la Danse award for his performance of Jerome Robbins' Other Dances with ballerina Julie Kent and has also been bestowed the National Award of Spain.
Born and raised in Madrid, Corella trained with Karemia Moreno and Víctor Ullate and began winning dance awards at a young age, including the First Prize in the National Ballet Competition of Spain in 1991 and three years later, the Grand Prix and Gold Medal at the Concours International de Danse de Paris.
When the world-renowned, Russian ballerina Natalia Makarova, saw the young Corella in competition, she contacted the artistic director of American Ballet Theatre and recommended that he be auditioned for the company. He was accepted into ABT as a soloist in April 1995 and was promoted the following year (August 1996) to the rank of principal dancer.
Ángel Corella has performed as a guest artist with such companies as The Royal Ballet in London, the La
Cynthia Kathleen Gregory (born July 8, 1946) is an American ballerina.
Born in Los Angeles, Gregory’s parents encouraged her to take up dancing when she was five, hoping exercise would stem a history of childhood illnesses. By age six, she was en pointe. She first appeared on the cover of Dance Magazine at the age of seven.
Much of Gregory’s early training was with Carmelita Maracci. Awarded a Ford Foundation scholarship at age 14 to study with the San Francisco Ballet, she quickly rose to soloist and became shortly thereafter a principal dancer, while also dancing with the San Francisco Opera.
Gregory joined American Ballet Theatre (ABT) in 1965. In 1967, when ABT was on tour in San Francisco, Gregory made an auspicious debut as Odette-Odile in Swan Lake. Her New York debut in that role later the same year marked her emergence as a major ballerina. The role is one in which her performance is still recognized as definitive. Rudolf Nureyev called her "America's prima ballerina assoluta."
Gregory’s other lead roles include classical performances in Giselle, Sleeping Beauty, Coppélia, Don Quixote, La Sylphide, as well as contemporary works including The Eternal Idol and At Midnight.
Basil Thompson (1937 – 2004) was an acclaimed ballet dancer, master, and teacher.
He was trained by the Sadler's Wells Ballet School, now the Royal Ballet in London, and began his career with the Covent Garden Opera Ballet. He became a soloist with the American Ballet Theatre in New York City in 1960, was a ballet master with the Joffrey Ballet, then became a ballet master and artistic director of the Milwaukee Ballet from 1981 to 2000. During his early career in the USA he was married to Alaine Haubert and they had a son, Edward Thompson, in 1969.
Thompson died November 2, 2004 in Lynchburg, Virginia of sudden cardiac arrest. He was on sabbatical from teaching at the University of Iowa. He was 67.
"Basil brought joy, vigor and dedication to his work as a ballet master, teacher and coach," Gerald Arpino, founder and artistic director of the Joffrey Ballet, stated after Thompson's demise. "He knew the art of ballet thoroughly and lovingly shared it with all of us."
Lydia Diaz Cruz is a Prima Ballerina who started dancing in Havana, Cuba, and trained with Fernando Alonso and Alicia Alonso. As a young dancer, she was talent-spotted by a well-known British dancer and teacher from an earlier era, Dame Phyllis Bedells, who traveled to Cuba and regarded her as the most naturally gifted dancer she'd seen since Margot Fonteyn. Early marriage and exile from Cuba in the wake of the Castro revolution put a halt to her career, which she resumed after the birth of her third child in the early sixties. She went on to dance in the United States with Ballet Concerto in Miami, became principal dancer with the National Ballet of Washington, D.C., and has performed in principal guest roles with the National Ballet of Venezuela, Washington Ballet, Ballet Spectacular. She danced alongside many of the great artists of the day, including Margot Fonteyn and Melissa Hayden, among many others.
She is probably best known for her role in The Dying Swan, a version that is closer to that of Maya Plisetskaya than the famous early one by Anna Pavlova; many who've seen it proclaim it as even more memorable that those of her illustrious predecessors. It was her signature
Anastasia Nabokina (Russian: Анастасия Павловна Набокина) is a Russian ballerina born on February 14, 1971 in Moscow, Russia.
In 1981 she entered the Moscow State Academy of Choreography. At the age of 17, she made her stage debut in a school production as Lise of La fille mal gardée in the Bolshoi Theatre, Moscow. After completing her studies in 1990, she was actively involved in the establishment of the Kremlin Ballet Theatre, as Principal dancer. She worked with Ekaterina Maximova, Vladimir Vasiliev and Nina Timofeeva.
In 1996, she moved to Warsaw, where she became the leading ballerina with the Teatr Wielki, Polish National Opera. At the Teatr Wielki, she appeared as Odette-Odile in Irek Mukhamedov's version of Swan Lake. She also worked with Natalia Makarova in her production of La Bayadère and Mats Ek in his Carmen and A sort of.... Nabokina frequently merges classical dancing techniques with dynamics of contemporary dance.
Anastasia is married to a Polish photographer Tomasz Jaworski. They have a son called Jeremi.
Fernando Bujones (March 9, 1955 – November 10, 2005) was an American ballet dancer.
Born in Miami, Florida to Cuban parents, Bujones is regarded as one of the finest male dancers of the 20th century and hailed as one of the greatest American male dancers of his generation.
Bujones' first formal ballet classes were in Alicia Alonso's Cuban National Ballet school for about a year and a half. In 1967 he won a scholarship to the School of American Ballet, the official school of the New York City Ballet Company. He studied there for about five years; his teachers were some of the world’s premier ballet instructors, such as Stanley Williams, André Eglevsky, and Zeida Cecilia Mendez, his private coach.
He joined the American Ballet Theatre, one of the world's preeminent dance companies, in 1972. By the following year he became a soloist, and in 1974 a Principal Dancer where, at 19, he was not only one of the youngest principal dancers in the world, but the youngest principal male dancer in ABT's history. It was during that period that Mikhail Baryshnikov defected from the Soviet Union and joined ABT in 1974. They worked together as dancers for six years, after which Bujones worked under
Leanne Benjamin is a principal dancer with the Royal Ballet in London.
Born in Rockhampton, Australia in 1964, she trained at the Royal Ballet School and won the Adeline Genée Gold Medal and Prix de Lausanne. She joined the Company in 1992 becoming a Principal by the spring of that Season. She has also been a Principal with Sadler's Wells Royal Ballet, English National Ballet and Deutsche Opera Ballet and danced with Morphoses/The Wheeldon Company at New York City Center in 2008.
Odette/Odile in Swan Lake, Giselle, the Sugar Plum Fairy in The Nutcracker, Aurora in Sleeping Beauty, Nikiya, Kitri, Swanilda, The Firebird, Cinderella, Lise, Titania, Manon, Anastasia, Juliet (Ashton and MacMillan), Mitzi Caspar and Mary Vetsera in Mayerling, Irina, The Girl in The Invitation, The Judas Tree, Song of the Earth, Gloria, Requiem, Rhapsody, Elite Syncopations, Les Biches, Symphony in C, Apollo, Danses Concertantes, Etudes, Brünnhilde in Béjart's Ring, Carmen, Forsythe's Herman Schmerman and Ashton's The Leaves Are Fading.
She has created roles in Bintley's Metamorphosis, The Snow Queen and Earth as part of Homage to The Queen, Bruce's Symphony in Three Movements and in Mr. Worldly Wise,
Dame Ninette de Valois, OM, CH, DBE, FRAD, FISTD (6 June 1898 – 8 March 2001) was an Irish-born British dancer, teacher, choreographer and director of classical ballet. Most notably, she danced professionally with Serge Diaghilev's Ballets Russes, later establishing The Royal Ballet, one of the foremost ballet companies of the 20th century and one of the leading ballet companies in the world today. She also established the Birmingham Royal Ballet and Royal Ballet School. She is widely regarded as one of the most influential figures in the history of ballet and as the 'godmother' of English ballet.
Ninette de Valois was born Edris Stannus on 6 June 1898, near the town of Blessington, County Wicklow, Ireland. She was the second daughter of Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Stannus DSO, a British Army officer, and Lillith Graydon-Smith, a distinguished glassmaker. She moved to England in 1905, where she lived with her grandmother in Kent.
De Valois started attending ballet lessons in 1908 at the age of 10. At the age of 13, she began her professional training at the Lila Field Academy for Children. It was at this time that she legally changed her name to Ninette de Valois and made her
Pierina Legnani (September 30, 1863 – November 15, 1930) was an Italian ballerina considered one of the greatest ballerinas of all time.
Legnani was born on September 30, 1863 in Milan. From 1893 until 1901 she was Prima Ballerina Assoluta with the Tsar's Imperial Ballet at the Maryinsky Theatre, St. Petersburg. Legnani trained at La Scala where she developed her technical expertise. She was the first ballerina to introduce the 32 fouettés en tournant into the coda of the Grand Pas d'action of the ballet Cinderella. The 32 turns on pointe is a bravura procedure emphasising the strength and technique of the dancer.
Legnani danced the rôles of Odette and Odile in the 1895 Riccardo Drigo revised version of the ballet Swan Lake .
Her last performance was in the Minkus/Petipa ballet La Camargo on January 28, 1901 after which she retired to live in her villa at Lake Como.
The ballets of Marius Petipa that she danced were as follows—
After retiring from the stage she lived in Italy and served on the examining board of La Scala Ballet School until four months before she died. She died on November 15, 1930.
Pierina Legnani (1863 – 1930) in Lev Ivanov's (1834-1901) revival of the
Alessandra Ferri (born 6 May 1963, Milan) is a retired Italian prima ballerina assoluta. She received her training at the La Scala Theatre Ballet School and the Royal Ballet School. She danced with the Royal Ballet (1980–1984), American Ballet Theatre (1985–2007) and La Scala Theatre Ballet (1992–2007) and as an international guest artist, before retiring on 10 August 2007, aged 44.
Alessandra Ferri was born in Milan, Italy. She began studying ballet at the La Scala Theatre Ballet School, later transferring to the upper school of the Royal Ballet School. She represented the Royal Ballet School in the 1980 Prix de Lausanne, winning a scholarship which enabled her to continue studying at the school.
Ferri joined the Royal Ballet in 1980 and in 1982, for her first major role in the ballet Mayerling, she was nominated for the Laurence Olivier Award for Outstanding First Achievement of the Year in Ballet. In 1983, she was nominated for and won the Laurence Olivier Award for Outstanding Individual Performance of the Year in a New Dance Production for her role in Sir Kenneth MacMillan's Valley of Shadows. In 1984, she was promoted to the rank of Principal Dancer.
In 1985, Ferri left the
Alexandra Ansanelli (born December 20, 1980) is an American ballet dancer who was a principal dancer with the New York City Ballet and at The Royal Ballet in London. She was a Princess Grace Awards winner in 1997 and named one of "25 to Watch" by Dance Magazine in 2003.
Born in Laurel Hollow, New York, Ansanelli began training in ballet at the age of 10. In 1990 she joined the School of American Ballet. She became an apprentice with the New York City Ballet at age 15 in in the fall of 1996, and joined the corps de ballet in December 1996. She was promoted to soloist in 1998.
After leaving the New York City Ballet in 2005, she joined The Royal Ballet in 2006. Ansanelli retired in July 2009 at the age of 28, after a tour of Cuba, saying "I feel good about what I've done in the field of dance. I'm just ready to grow in a new way, intellectually and emotionally." She is currently studying at Columbia University.
At the New York City Ballet she originated rôles in Mauro Bigonzetti's Vespro, Christopher Wheeldon's Carousel (A Dance) and in Makin' Whoopee!, the second act of Susan Stroman's Double Feature. At the Royal Ballet she performed Aurora and the Lilac Fairy in Sleeping Beauty,
Boston Ballet, founded in 1963 by E. Virginia Williams, and Sydney Leonard, was the first professional repertory ballet company in New England. Boston Ballet’s national and international reputation developed under the leadership of Artistic Directors Violette Verdy (1980–1984), Bruce Marks (1985–1997), and Anna-Marie Holmes (1997–2000). Today, Boston Ballet is one of the major ballet companies in North America and among the top companies in the world. Current Artistic Director Mikko Nissinen was selected to lead Boston Ballet in September 2001. Under his artistic direction, Boston Ballet maintains an internationally recognized repertoire of classical, neo-classical and contemporary works, ranging from full-length story ballets to masterworks by George Balanchine, to new works and world premieres by contemporary choreographers. Nissinen leads the company, and Boston Ballet School, the largest ballet school in North America, with Executive Director Barry Hughson.
In 1979, Boston Ballet opened the Nervi Festival in Italy, and in 1980 was the first American dance company to perform in the People's Republic of China. The Company made its London premiere in 1981, with a full-length
Vera de Bosset Stravinsky (January 7, 1888 – September 17, 1982) was a Russian born American dancer and artist. She is better known as the mistress and, ultimately, second wife of the Russian composer Igor Stravinsky who married her in 1940.
Vera de Bosset was born Vera Bosse, the daughter of Eduard Bosse (died 1927 in Reval, Tallinn) and Hedwig von Ruckteschell (18?0–1938) who died in Riga. Both parents were Baltic German nobility. Vera allegedly changed her name to the French "Bosset" to hide her German ancestry. She was the only one of her family to do so.
Stravinsky met Vera in 1921. She was a dancer and the wife of the painter and stage designer Serge Sudeikin. Stravinsky was then married to his cousin Katerina Nossenko and had four children. Stravinsky and Vera began an affair which led to her leaving her husband. From then until the death of Katerina from tuberculosis in 1939, Stravinsky led a double-life, spending most of his time with his wife and children and the rest with Vera. Katerina accepted the relationship. After Katerina's death Stravinsky and Vera married, in New York City where they had gone to escape war. After Stravinsky's death (1971) Vera lived on in the New
Rowena Othlie Jackson MBE (born 1926) is a New Zealand prima ballerina. Jackson was born in Invercargill, to William Ernest Jackson and Lilliane Jane, née Solomon. She attended Epsom Girls' Grammar School, in Auckland, and in 1941 won the first Royal Academy of Dancing Scholarship in New Zealand. In 1946 Jackson joined the Saddler's Wells Ballet in London. She was later prima ballerina like Darcey Bussell, Antoinette Sibley and the great assoluta Margot Fonteyn in the Royal Ballet for many years. She was notable for her role as Swanhilda in the ballet Coppélia, and danced with Robert Helpmann and her husband Philip Chatfield.
In 1959 Jackson held the world record for multiple fouettés performed sur place, and was awarded MBE in 1961.
The Baby Ballerinas were three young principal dancers of the Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo in the 1930s. They were discovered by George Balanchine in the Paris studios of former Imperial ballerinas Olga Preobrajenskaya and Mathilde Kschessinskaya. The three girls, Irina Baronova and Tamara Toumanova, each 12, and Tatiana Riabouchinska, 14, already had some performing experience, and Balanchine had now chosen them to star in a new company, the Ballets Russes de Monte Carlo; he was to be its chief choreographer.
Christopher Gable, CBE (13 March 1940 – 23 October 1998) was an English ballet dancer, choreographer and actor.
Born in London, Gable studied at the Royal Ballet School, joining the Sadler's Wells Royal Ballet in 1957. He was promoted to soloist in 1959 and a principal in 1961.
Gable's roles included Romeo in the Kenneth MacMillan production of Romeo and Juliet, Mercury in Offenbach's comic operetta Orpheus in the Underworld, a production that was filmed and released on DVD. and Colas in La fille mal gardée. Gable frequently partnered with Lynn Seymour.
Gable suffered from a chronic rheumatoid condition in his feet and left the Royal Ballet in 1967 to pursue a career in acting. He appeared in a number of television and film productions directed by Ken Russell, including the BBC films Song of Summer (1968) and The Dance of the Seven Veils (1970), The Music Lovers (1970), an adaptation of The Boy Friend (1971), and The Rainbow (1989). Other roles included that of John, valet and friend of Prince Edward, in the Cinderella film musical The Slipper and the Rose, the composer Peter Cornelius in Wagner (1983), and anti-villain Sharaz Jek in the 1984 Doctor Who serial The Caves of
Elizabeth Maria Tallchief (born January 24, 1925) was the first Native American to become prima ballerina. From 1942 to 1947 she danced with the Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo, but she is even better known for her time with the New York City Ballet, from its founding in 1947 through 1965. Known professionally as Maria Tallchief, her family called her Betty Marie.
She was born in Fairfax, Oklahoma to a father who was a chief in the Osage Nation and a Ulster-Scots Scots-Irish see article for discussion of this "scottish-Irish" terminology --> mother.
Of her childhood she wrote, "I was a good student and fit in at Sacred Heart Catholic school. But in many ways, I was a typical Indian girl — shy, docile, introverted. I loved being outdoors and spent most of my time wandering around my big front yard, where there was an old swing and a garden. I'd also ramble around the grounds of our summer cottage hunting for arrowheads in the grass. Finding one made me shiver with excitement. Mostly, I longed to be in the pasture, running around where the horses were...".
She enjoyed music, dancing and ballet. Her desire to pursue a career in the arts was a challenging dream for a Native American child
Pacific Northwest Ballet (PNB) is a ballet company based in Seattle, Washington in the United States. It is said to have the highest per capita attendance in the United States, with 11,000 subscribers in 2004. The company performs with 46 dancers, eleven of whom are principals; eight are soloists, twenty-three corps de ballet dancers, as well as four apprentices. There are over 100 performances throughout the year.
PNB performs in McCaw Hall at the Seattle Center. It is especially known for its performance of the Stowell/Maurice Sendak Nutcracker, which it has been presenting since 1983 as well as made into a feature film. In 2006, the company was chosen to perform in the Fall for Dance Festival at New York's City Center Theatre and at the Jacob's Pillow Dance Festival.
In October 2007, PNB dancers Noelani Pantastico, Lindsi Dec, and Benjamin Griffiths, along with Pantastico's husband Brady Hartley, created the website PNB Unleashed. The website functions as a "more in-depth, behind the scenes perspective of the lives of PNB dancers and the necessary steps to creating a successful performance."
Pacific Northwest Ballet was founded in 1972, after the two-month residency of First
Viengsay Valdés is a world-renowned Cuban ballerina and actress.
Born in Havana, Viengsay Valdés moved at three months to Laos, where her father was the Cuban Ambassador. At age three, her family moved to the Seychelles. At six, she moved back to Havana, Cuba, where her grandmother continued her education.
Viengsay began artistic gymnastics at age six. She put her first ballet shoes on at the age of nine, which is when she began her ballet studies at the Alejo Carpentier Provincial Ballet School in Havana. At age 15, she continued her studies at the Escuela Nacional de Arte (ENA). Ramona de Sáa and Mirtha Hermida were her main ballet professors, the latter being her main inspiration. While she was still a student she won numerous prizes and distinctions.
An acute asthma sufferer, Valdes was warned by teachers and doctors not to pursue professional ballet, because of its physical challenges. Valdes was determined to transcend her ailment and continued to fight for her chosen career. Her work was made even harder by the economic crisis into which Cuba descended after the loss of Soviet aid in 1989. Acute food shortages made her intense physical training extremely tough.
In July 1994,
The Royal Danish Ballet is one of the oldest ballet companies in the world. Based in Copenhagen, Denmark, it originates from 1748, when the Royal Danish Theatre was founded, and was finally organized in 1771 in response to the great popularity of French and Italian styles of dance. The company was founded with the opening of the Royal Danish Theatre, which has served as its home since that time.
From the outset, the Royal Danish Ballet employed some of the leading dancers and choreographers. Within a few years of its founding, in 1771, the Royal Theater Ballet School was established to provide native dancers, of which one of the first was Anine Frölich. One of its early masters, Vincenzo Galeotti is credited with choreographing Amors og Balletmesterens Luner (The Whims of Cupid and the Ballet Master), the world's oldest ballet still performed with its original choreography. Galeotti was master of the company from 1775 to 1816, and that ballet is still part of the company's repertoire.
Another major master of the troupe was the Danish August Bournonville. During the half-century that Bournonville led the company (1828-1879), he choreographed some fifty ballets, of which about a
Alina Cojocaru (born 27 May 1981) is a female principal dancer with The Royal Ballet of London.
Alina Cojocaru was born and raised in Bucharest, Romania. She has one sister. From a young age she studied gymnastics. Later she began ballet classes, despite never having seen a live ballet.
At the age of 7 or 8 she began gymnastic classes, progressing at the age of 9 to a Bucharest ballet school which acted as a feeder for the Romanian State Ballet school. Later the same year she took and passed the entrance exam for the school and a few months later was chosen (with 8 other Romanian students) by the director of the Kiev Ballet school to take part in a student exchange.
She left her family to train at the school, and did not speak any Russian. Initially, Cojocaru and the other Romanian students were taught separately, before being integrated with the other students in the third year.
The ballet school gave a public performance every six months and it was in one of these performances that Cojocaru made her debut, dancing the role of Amor in Don Quixote.
In January 1997, aged 15, she competed in the Prix de Lausanne, a prestigious international ballet competition. She won the gold medal,
Sir Frederick William Mallandaine Ashton OM, CH, CBE (17 September 1904 – 18 October 1988) was a leading international dancer and choreographer. He is most noted as the founder choreographer of The Royal Ballet in London, but also worked as a director and choreographer of opera, film and theatre revues.
Ashton was born at Guayaquil in Ecuador, in the artistic neighbourhood called Las Peñas, the original founding site of the city. When he was three years old he moved with his family to Lima in Peru.
When he was 13 he witnessed a life-changing event when he attended a performance by the legendary Anna Pavlova in the Municipal Theater in Lima, Peru. He was so impressed that from that day on he was determined that he would become a dancer.
In 1919 he went to England to attend Dover College and then to study under the famous Léonide Massine and established a working relationship with the ballet troupe belonging to Marie Rambert and Ninette de Valois. His aim was to become a great dancer, but his late introduction to dancing and slight physique made this a highly difficult ambition to fulfill. However, Rambert discovered Ashton's aptitude for choreography and allowed him to choreograph
Gamar Hajiaga qizi Almaszadeh (Azerbaijani: Qəmər Almaszadə) (10 March 1915, Baku – 7 April 2006, Baku) was an Azerbaijani ballerina and ballet instructor. She's considered the first ballerina of the Muslim world.
Gamar Almaszadeh (nicknamed Tamara) was born in Baku to a family of a shoemaker and a midwife, Hajiaga and Maryam Almaszadeh. She became interested in ballet at a very young age, when she saw her friend perform ballet moves. Persuaded by her friend she signed up for ballet lessons at a private studio (later reorganized into the Baku School of Choreography). Gamar's mother approved of her daughter's new interest but her father Hajiaga Almaszadeh, a conservative Muslim, had to be misled into believing that Gamar was attending gym in order to have him pay for her lessons. The secret was soon revealed and, as expected, Gamar's father did not come around to her choice. However he was reported to have secretly assisted at his daughter's performances later, when she became a renowned ballerina.
After graduating from the choreographic school in 1930, Gamar Almaszadeh began working at the Azerbaijan State Opera and Ballet Theatre. To meet her father's expectations, she also
Pavel Andreyevich Gerdt, also known as Paul Gerdt (near St. Peterburg, Russia, 22 November 1844 — Vamaloki, Finland 12 August 1917), was the Premier Danseur Noble of the Imperial Ballet, the Bolshoi Kamenny Theatre, and the Mariinsky Theatre for 56 years, making his debut in 1860, and retiring in 1916. His daughter Elisaveta Gerdt was also a prominent ballerina and teacher.
Gerdt studied under Alexander Pimenov, a pupil of the legendary Charles Didelot, and with Jean Petipa, Marius Petipa's father, a master of the old pantomime and a student of Auguste Vestris. He was known as the Blue Cavalier of the St. Petersburg stage, creating the roles of nearly every lead male character throughout the latter half of the 19th century, among them, Prince Desirè in Sleeping Beauty, and Prince Coqueluche in The Nutcracker. Nobody in the theatre knew his real age and, when asked, he would always say that he was 23.
Among his pupils at the Imperial Ballet School were Michel Fokine, Vaslav Nijinsky, Tamara Karsavina, George Balanchine, and Anna Pavlova, to whom he taught the soaring leap of Marie Taglioni and Carlotta Grisi.
Roberto Bolle (born March 3, 1975) is an Italian danseur. He is currently a principal dancer with American Ballet Theatre and also holds guest artist status with The Royal Ballet and La Scala Theatre Ballet, making regular appearances with both companies.
Bolle was born in Casale Monferrato in the Piemont Region of Italy. He began ballet studies at age seven at a local school, and was accepted at the La Scala theatre ballet school in Milan at the age of eleven. Rudolf Nureyev chose Roberto to interpret Tadzio in the ballet Death in Venice.
In 1996, following an appearance in Romeo and Juliet, twenty year old Bolle was promoted to Principal Dancer at La Scala. He left that position when he was 21 to pursue a freelance career. Since then he has starred in many ballets including Sleeping Beauty, Swan Lake, Cinderella, The Nutcracker, Giselle, Notre-Dame de Paris, and In the middle somewhat elevated.
Bolle has danced for the Royal Ballet, the Tokyo Ballet, the National Ballet of Canada, the Stuttgart Ballet, the Finnish National Ballet, the Staatsoper in Berlin, the Vienna State Opera, the Staatsoper in Dresden, the Bavarian State Opera, the Internationale Maifestspiele Wiesbaden, the
Simone Clarke (born 1970 in Leeds, Yorkshire) is an English ballerina and former Prima Ballerina of English National Ballet company. In 2006, she was the centre of controversy when it was revealed that she was a member of the British National Party. She retired from professional dance in 2007 and opened her own school, the Yorkshire Ballet Academy, in Leeds in 2008.
Clarke trained at the Royal Ballet School (1981–1988) and then joined the Birmingham Royal Ballet where she was promoted to the first soloist in 1995. In 1998 she joined the English National Ballet. During the company's tour of China in 2000 she performed the role of Odette/Odile in Swan Lake as a guest dancer, and became senior soloist in that year. In 2003 she advanced to principal dancer. She has performed as Juliet in Romeo and Juliet, and as Cinderella and as Aurora in The Sleeping Beauty.
Clarke was the Equity trade union "dance representative" for the London region and, from November 2007, also an Executive member of the BNP-linked trade union Solidarity.
In an undercover investigation, The Guardian newspaper reported on 21 December 2006 that Simone Clarke was a member of the far-right British National Party.
Tamara Rojo (born 17 May 1974) is a Spanish prima ballerina, formerly with Scottish Ballet and is currently a Principal Dancer with the Royal Ballet in London. In 2012 she will leave the Royal Ballet and become the Artistic Director of English National Ballet.
Rojo was born in Montreal, Canada, to Spanish parents who moved back to Spain when she was four months old. She started dancing at the age of 10 in Víctor Ullate Dance Centre in Madrid (1983–1991), and completed her training under David Howard and Renato Paroni. Rojo continued to work with the Ullate Company from 1991 to 1996. At the age of 20 she was offered a contract with the Scottish Ballet, by Galina Samsova. Of her arrival at Scottish Ballet Rojo has jokingly said "I spoke no English at this time but it did not matter; neither did they." She would dance with them until her move to the English National Ballet in June 1997. There she was promoted to Principal Dancer in January 1998. She officially joined Royal Ballet as a Principal Dancer at the start of the 2000/2001 season, although she danced Giselle with the Royal Ballet at the end of the previous season in July 2000, at short notice and as a replacement for Darcey
Attilio Labis (born 1936) is a French ballet dancer and teacher. He began his training at the Opéra de Paris when he was nine years old and rose through the ranks of the school. In 1952 he was accepted into the corps de ballet of the opera, but in 1958 he had to join the military. Upon the completion his military service, he came back successfully auditioned for a principal dancer's position after only a week of training.. He performed as an étoile (principal dancer) in the Paris Opera Ballet from 1960 to 1972, and he is now a teacher for the company.
Labis has appeared in several movies and television shows, including L' Âge en fleur (1975), Le Spectre de la danse (1986), and Les Cahiers retrouvés de Nina Vyroubova
David Graeme McAllister AM (born 25 November 1963) is the Artistic Director of The Australian Ballet and a former Principal Dancer with the company.
David McAllister was born in Perth, Western Australia. A graduate of The Australian Ballet School, he joined The Australian Ballet in 1983. He was promoted to Senior Artist in 1986 and to Principal Artist in January 1989. His many principal roles with the company included those in Onegin, Romeo and Juliet, La Fille mal gardée, The Sleeping Beauty, Don Quixote, The Sentimental Bloke, Coppélia, Manon, La Sylphide, Sinfonietta and Stepping Stones.
In 1985 he won a Bronze Medal at the Fifth International Ballet Competition in Moscow, which saw him invited to return to the USSR as a guest artist, where he made numerous appearances with the Bolshoi Ballet, the Kirov Ballet, the Georgian State Ballet and other companies. In 1989 David was guest artist with The National Ballet of Canada, dancing John Cranko's Romeo and Juliet as well as Etudes and The Four Temperaments. He has also been a guest artist with Birmingham Royal Ballet and Singapore Dance Theatre. In London 1992, he took part in the Royal Gala performance of Coppélia in the presence
Evelyn Anne Hart, CC OM FRSC (born April 4, 1956) is a Canadian ballerina and former principal dancer with the Royal Winnipeg Ballet.
Born in Toronto, Ontario, she studied dance at the Dorothy Carter School of Dance in London, Ontario and later on at the Royal Winnipeg Ballet School. Before attending the Royal Winnipeg, though, Miss Hart auditioned for The National Ballet School of Canada in Toronto, Ontario. She was accepted for its preliminary intensive summer session of auditioning for consideration as a student in the year's intensive academic/professional training program at the distinguished National Ballet School, where students train for its parent company the National Ballet of Canada. Unfortunately, Miss Hart did not secure a place for the entire school year at the prestigious National Ballet School of Canada, mostly due to her problems with anorexia nervosa. Miss Hart battled with this pathological eating disorder before returning to ballet, training again, and winning a place for herself at The Royal Winnipeg Ballet School. She joined the Royal Winnipeg Ballet company in 1976, was promoted to soloist in 1978, and to principal dancer in 1979, only three years after she
Lucia Cormani was a 19th and early 20th century Italian ballet dancer and one of the founders of the Royal Academy of Dance.
Lucia's life is not well documented, in part because she never danced in the most famous female roles. She was probably born about 1854 and died shortly after 1934. Her name appears on posters of ballet performances in Berlin, Brussels, St Petersburg, Guatemala, Boston (1883) and New York (1884). In 1889 she appeared as the Premiere Danseuse Assoluta in Cinderella; Or, Ladybird, Ladybird, Fly Away Home at Her Majesty's Theatre, London and in 1900 she danced the role of Canio in a Metropolitan Opera production of Pagliacci (Philadelphia).
Because of her tall muscular frame, Lucia was several times cast as a "travesty dancer" (a woman dressed as a man) -- for example as a male pirate chief in the ballet "Algeria" in 1887, and as a sorcerer in "Enchantment." Such roles were sometimes added for effect in ballets without being properly integrated into the plot.
Lucia's greatest success was as a choreographer from about 1893 to 1911. In 1903 she choreographed a production of Carmen for the Alhambra Theatre in London. She also taught, using the stage of the
Françoise-Ambroise Acolet (born in Paris 21 January 1811; place and date of death unknown), called Mademoiselle Ambroisine, was a French actress and ballet dancer. She was considered the leading lady of romantic ballet in Brussels during the 1832 to 1836.
Ambroisine's career on the stage began at the Théâtre de l'Ambigu-Comique in Paris where she acted, playing children, from the age of eight. From the age of ten she attended the dance school at the Théâtre de la Porte Saint-Martin, whose ballet productions were considered superior to those of the Opéra National de Paris at that time.
She advanced from minor roles to premiere danseuse at the ballet in Lyon in 1830. There she met tenor Claude Sirand, whom she was to marry on 5 February 1836, in Brussels. Her first appearance in Brussels was on 14 October 1832 at La Monnaie. By this time she was premiere danseuse at the Académie royale de Musique de Paris, as the Opéra National de Paris was then called.
Her roles in ballets choreographed by Victor Bartholomin and Jean-Antoine Petipa met with critical acclaim. Her duet with Pepita's son Lucien in The Caliph of Baghdad was highly regarded, as were her performances in Robert the Devil
Mirella Simoncini is a ballet dancer, journalist and dance teacher.
Simoncini was born in The Hague, Netherlands where she received her first ballet training at the private school of her mother: Mabel Alter (former-dancer at the Nederlands Dans Theatre). At age 12 she was invited by balletmaster Ivan Kramar to join the vocational dance department of the Nederlands Dans Theater with teachers a.o. Benjamin Harkarvy, Sonia Marchiolli and Phillip Taylor. She later studied in Brussels with Piotr Nardelli and at the Royal Ballet School in Antwerp.
She had a chance for a temporary career in radio and television. An injury made her decide to stop dancing full-time. She did not dance for quite a few years and developed an interest in journalism. Her first job was with the Dutch radio as a voice for 3FM DJ nl:Frits Spits and the programme De Avondspits. She became DJ for Radio 538 with the Green Report and reading Popmusic news for Erik de Zwart. Switched to the public channel as she got her own rock and metal show called 'Bad Grrrl' at 3FM for the Dutch broadcasting foundation Nederlandse Programma Stichting. She remained working for public broadcast companies for a while, with several
Vladimir Ivanovich Stepanov (1866 - 1896), dancer at the Imperial Ballet in Saint Petersburg. In 1892 he published a dance notation with the title L'Alphabet des Mouvements du Corps Humain. This Alphabet of Movements of the Human Body is a notation that encodes dance movements with musical notes and not with pictographs or newly invented abstract symbols. Stepanov breaks complex movements down to elementary moves which single parts of the body can make. These basic moves are then enciphered as musical signs.
It was through this method of dance notation, as perfected by Alexander Gorsky, that many of the great choreographer Marius Petipa's ballets were notated. Today this method is preserved in the Harvard University Library Theatre Collection and is known as the Sergeyev Collection.
Yury Nikolayevich Grigorovich (born January 2, 1927 in Leningrad) is a Soviet and Russian dancer and choreographer who dominated the Russian ballet for 30 years.
Grigorovich was born into a family connected with the Imperial Russian Ballet. He graduated from the Leningrad Choreographic School in 1946 and danced as a soloist of the Kirov Ballet until 1962. His staging of Sergey Prokofiev's The Stone Flower (1957) and of The Legend of Love (1961) brought him acclaim as a choreographer. In 1964 he moved to the Bolshoi Theatre, where he would work as an artistic director until 1995. His most famous productions at the Bolshoi were The Nutcracker (1966), Spartacus (1967), and Ivan the Terrible (1975). He controversially reworked Swan Lake to produce a happy end for the story in 1984. In 1995, he was accused of having allowed the theatre to plunge into stagnation and after many a squabble was ousted from office. Thereupon he choreographed for various Russian companies before settling in Krasnodar, where he set up his own company. Grigorovich has been heading the juries of numerous international competitions in classical ballet. After the death of his wife, the great ballerina Natalia
Zaira Cosico is a ballerina from the Philippines. She is one of a few successful scholars of Liza Macuja's dance company, Ballet Manila. She first learned to dance at the Halili Cruz School of Dance. Cosico has been instructed in the Vaganova method by Tatiana A. Udalenkova of the Academy of Russia Ballet (Vaganova Choreographic Institute). She has also worked with Viktor Savaliev, Sergey Vikulov and Evgeny Scherbakov.
Cosico’s most notable performance was in a ballet version of Pinocchio, in which she portrayed the Blue Fairy; however, during the entire performance, she was wearing a white tutu.
In her career she has joined Ballet Manila in their European tours in Russia (2001 & 2005) and Scotland at the 2004 Aberdeen International Youth Festival. She has also joined the company’s Asian performances, particularly in the 2005 Andong International Mask Dance & Folk Arts Festival in South Korea, the 2006 Angkor-Gyeongju World Culture Expo in Cambodia, the 2007 Gyeongju World Performing Arts Festival 2007 held in Gyeongju, South Korea and most recently the Nan-Ying International Folklore Festival 2007 in Nan-Ying, Taiwan.
In 2008, Cosico won third prize in the National Music
Lucien Petipa (1815–1898) was a French ballet dancer in the early 19th century (Romantic period) and was the brother of the famous balletmaster of the Russian Imperial Ballet (late eighteen-hundreds), Marius Petipa. He was born in Marseilles and died in Versailles.
The son of Jean-Antoine Petipa, he was the original interpretor of many of the principal male roles during the Romantic era, working with choreographers, for example Jean Coralli among others. Probably the most known role he created was Albert, duke of Sliesa (later to be known as count Albrecht) in the two-act ballet of "Giselle" in 1841, opposite the Italian-born ballerina Carlotta Grisi for whom the ballet was created. Between 1860–68, he was maitre de ballet of the Paris Opera.
Agnes George de Mille (September 18, 1905 – October 7, 1993) was an American dancer and choreographer.
Agnes de Mille was born in New York City into a well-connected family of theater professionals. Her father William C. deMille and her uncle Cecil B. DeMille were both Hollywood directors. She was the granddaughter of playwright Henry Churchill de Mille and the economist Henry George.
She had a love for acting and originally wanted to be an actress, but was told that she was 'not pretty enough', so she turned her attention to dance. As a child, she had longed to dance, but dance at this time was considered more of an activity, rather than a viable career option, so her parents refused to allow her to dance. When de Mille's younger sister was prescribed ballet classes to cure her flat feet, de Mille joined her. De Mille lacked flexibility and technique, though, and did not have a dancer's body. Classical ballet was the most widely known dance form at this time, and de Mille's apparent lack of ability limited her opportunities. She taught herself from watching film stars on the set with her father in Hollywood; these were more interesting for her to watch than perfectly turned out
The Alberta Ballet (also known as the Alberta Ballet Company) is located in Calgary and Edmonton, Alberta. It is Canada’s third largest dance company.
The Alberta Ballet was founded by Dr. Ruth Carse in 1958 and became a professional company in 1966.
Carse directed the company until 1975. She was followed by Jeremy Leslie-Spinks (1975), Brydon Paige (1976–1988), and Ali Pourfarrokh (1988–1998). During Pourfarrokh's tenure, in 1990, the company merged with the Calgary City Ballet and moved into the Nat Christie Centre in Calgary. Since then, it has performed in both Edmonton and Calgary.
Former San Francisco Ballet dancer Mikko Nissinen then directed the company until 2002. Nissinen introduced Balanchine works, while continuing to commission new works from Canadian and international choreographers. He toured the company to China, Finland, and Egypt.
Jean Grand-Maître was then appointed as artistic director. Alberta Ballet continues to tour throughout North America and China.
Artistic director Jean Grand-Maître has choreographed Carmen, which toured China, and Fiddle and the Drum, a collaboration with Joni Mitchell while at the Alberta Ballet. In the spring of 2010 the company built
Barbara Bears is an American ballet dancer and a former principal dancer with the Houston Ballet in Houston, Texas.
Born in Fort Lauderdale, Florida, Bears joined the Houston Ballet in 1988. At the age of 17, during her first year as a member of the corps de ballet, she was unexpectedly chosen by choreographer Sir Kenneth MacMillan for his ballet Gloria. She was awarded the silver medal at the International Ballet Competition in 1991 and promoted to principal dancer four years later.
In 2001, Bears took a two-year hiatus from performing with the Houston Ballet to teach dance and to choreograph her own ballet, Speaking In Strings, for her company. She returned to dancing after the birth of her son in 2002. Bears retired from the Houston Ballet in 2009.
Her classical repertoire with the Houston Ballet included: Odette/Odile in Swan Lake, Giselle in Giselle, Aurora and Princess Florise in The Sleeping Beauty, Cinderella in Cinderella, the Sylph in La Sylphide, Juliet in Romeo and Juliet, Cleopatra in Cleopatra, the Snow Maiden in The Snow Maiden, the Sugarplum Fairy and the Snow Queen in The Nutcracker, Valencienne and Hanna in The Merry Widow, Solvieg and the Green Lady in Peer Gynt,
Marguerite Pomerhn-Derricks (born 1961), professionally known as Marguerite Derricks, is a former ballerina and a multi award-winning choreographer from Buffalo, New York.
Derricks studied ballet at the National Ballet School of Canada; she admired Karen Kain. Derricks was behind the choreography of two films similar in their subject matter, Striptease (1996) and Showgirls (1995). Some of her more noted works include the Austin Powers films, 10 Things I Hate About You (1999), Donnie Darko (2001), Little Miss Sunshine (2006), and Spider-Man 3 (2007). After the first Austin Powers film, she became famous and increased her reputation with an advertisement for The Gap, "Go Go." During one interview, she said that with regard to her newfound popularity, "it all started with Mike [Myers]," (the star of Austin Powers) and added that "Go Go has changed my life."
In 2006, Derricks choreographed Sister Act the Musical, which had its world premiere at the Pasadena Playhouse. At the turn of 2009, she served as the choreographer for director Kevin Tancharoen's 2009 remake of the movie, Fame. She is currently the choreographer for Gregory Boyd and Frank Wildhorn's new musical "Wonderland"; a
Marie Taglioni (April 23, 1804 – April 24, 1884) was an Italian/Swedish ballet dancer of the Romantic ballet era, a central figure in the history of European dance.
Taglioni was born in Stockholm, Sweden, to the Italian choreographer Filippo Taglioni and the Swedish ballet dancer Sophie Karsten, maternal granddaughter of the Swedish opera singer Christoffer Christian Karsten and of the Polish opera singer and actress Sophie Stebnowska. Her brother, Paul (1808–1884), was also a dancer and an influential choreographer; they performed together early in their career. Taglioni rose to fame as a danseuse when her father (and teacher) created the ballet La Sylphide (1832) for her. Designed as a showcase for Taglioni's talent, it was the first ballet where dancing en pointe had an aesthetic rationale and was not merely an acrobatic stunt, often involving ungraceful arm movements and exertions, as had been the approach of dancers in the late 1820s.
Marie Taglioni was one of the most celebrated ballerinas of the romantic ballet, which was cultivated primarily at Her Majesty's Theatre in London, and at the Théâtre de l'Académie Royale de Musique of the Paris Opera Ballet.
In 1827 Taglioni
Olga Iosifovna Preobrajenska (Russian: Ольга Иосифовна Преображенская Ol'ga Iosifovna Preobrazhenskaya) (2 February [O.S. 21 January] 1871 – 27 December 1962) was a well-known ballerina of the Russian Imperial Ballet.
She was born in Saint Petersburg as Ol'ga Iosifovna Preobrazhenskaya (the final syllable of her surname was dropped for professional purposes, and she used the French transliteration Preobrajenska).
In 1879, she joined the Imperial Ballet School, where her teachers were Ekaterina Vazem, Nicholas Legat, Enrico Cecchetti, and Christian Johansson. After 10 years of intensive training, she moved to the Mariinsky Theatre, where she would work for the next quarter a century. In 1900, she earned the title prima ballerina.
Olga Preobrajenska began her pedagogic career from 1914 with the Imperial Ballet Theatrical School and the Russian Choreographic School of Akim Volynsky. Among her pupils were Agrippina Vaganova, Vera Volkova, Tatjana Gsovsky.
After the Russian Revolution, Preobrajenska dedicated her life to teaching new generations of dancers, first in Petrograd, then in Paris from 1923. Every major mid-20th-century Western dancer visited Preobrajenska for lessons. Tamara
Bronislava Nijinska (Polish: Bronisława Niżyńska; Russian: Бронислава Фоминична Нижинская, Bronislava Fominichna Nizhinskaya; January 8, 1891 (old style December 27, 1890) – February 22, 1972)) was a Russian dancer, choreographer, and teacher of Polish descent.
Nijinska was born in Minsk, the third child of the Polish dancers Tomasz Nijinsky and Eleonora Nijinska (née Bereda). Her brother was Vaslav Nijinsky. She was four years old when she made her theatrical debut in a Christmas pageant with her brothers in Nizhny Novgorod.
Nijinska played a leading role in the pioneering venture that turned against 19th-century Classicism. A breakthrough came in 1910, when she created her first solo, the role Papillon in Le Carnival.
Nijinska was a member of the Imperial Ballet and then the Ballets Russes, for whom she choreographed her best known works, Les Noces (1923), The Blue Train (1924) and Les Biches (1924). Perhaps her most lasting contribution to both French music and European ballet was her choreography of Ravel's Boléro in 1928. She also choreographed the dances (to Felix Mendelssohn's music) for Max Reinhardt's 1935 film version of William Shakespeare's A Midsummer Night's Dream.
Christopher Aponte is an American classical ballet dancer. Aponte was born in the borough of Manhattan, then moved, at the age of three, to live in the Bronx.
Aponte attended the High School of Performing Arts and received a scholarship to The National Academy of Ballet. Upon graduation, Aponte was enrolled on scholarship to the trainee program of the Harkness Ballet School. He made his dance debut in a public performance at the Delacorte Theatre in Central Park.
Shortly after his debut, Aponte entered the Harkness Ballet Company (1) and rose to become principal dancer. He has traveled extensively with his partner, Gelsey Kirkland. Aponte has performed as principal dancer with the American Ballet Theatre, New York City Ballet, Boston Ballet, and Alvin Ailey Company, and was Artistic Director of the Spokane Ballet. Aponte has choreographed over forty ballets and is especially known for his interpretation of Ravel's Bolero.
^ (1) Elson, John T. "An Expense of Sprirt" Monday, April 22, 1974 http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,943634-2,00.html Time Magazine
Jean Dauberval, a.k.a. Jean D’Auberval, (born Jean Bercher in Montpellier, France on 19 August 1742; and died in Tours, on 14 February 1806), was a French dancer and ballet master. He is most noted for creating the ballet, La fille mal gardée, one the most enduring and popular works of the ballet repertoire.
Dauberval was trained at the school of the Paris Opéra where he studied under the great Jean-Georges Noverre. He was appointed premier danseur of the ballet of the Académie Royale de Musique in 1763, and, in 1771, he was named ballet master. From 1781 until 1783, he was engaged as Maître de Ballet to the Académie.
In 1783, Dauberval moved to Bordeaux, where he accepted the post of maître de ballet to the Grand Théâtre de Bordeaux, a position he held until 1791. In 1789, Dauberval created his most enduring ballet, La Fille mal gardée, in which his wife, the dancer Marie-Madeleine Crespé, who is known to history as Madame Théodore, created the role of Lison. (The role is known as "Lise" today.)
John Neumeier (24 February 1939 - ) is a well-known American ballet dancer, choreographer, and director. He has been the director and chief choreographer of the Hamburg Ballet since 1973. 5 years later he founded the Hamburg Ballet School, which also includes a boarding school. In 1996 Neumeier was made ballet director of the Hamburg State Opera.
Neumeier was born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, United States, where he received his first ballet training. He later studied in Copenhagen and at the Royal Ballet School in London. He danced with the Stuttgart Ballet from 1963 to 1969, and was ballet director at the Frankfurt opera house from 1969 to 1973. He then became director and chief choreographer at the Hamburg Ballet. From 1971 through 1974 Neumeier was guest choreographer for the Royal Winnipeg Ballet, providing repertoire, and choreographing for that company his highly original "Nutcracker".
In 1992, he received the Prix Benois de la Danse as choreographer.
Katherine Healy (born 26 January 1969) is a former principal ballerina who also had a professional performing career in figure skating.
Born in New York City, Healy never competed at an elite level in figure skating; instead, she turned professional at the age of eleven. In 1975, aged six, she appeared in the televised SuperSkates exhibition at Madison Square Garden. A few years later, she was the subject of the book A Very Young Skater, published in 1979. She was a protegee of John Curry and skated professionally with his company.
Healy's true career goal, however, was not to be a figure skater, but to become a professional ballet dancer. She was trained in George Balanchine's School of American Ballet, and performed the character of Marie (more often known as Clara) in the New York City Ballet's production of The Nutcracker in 1978 and 1979.
In 1982, Healy had a major role in the film Six Weeks, with Mary Tyler Moore and Dudley Moore, portraying a young ballet dancer with terminal leukemia. She was nominated for a Golden Globe Award for this role in the category "Best New Star – Actress".
Shortly afterwards, Healy concentrated exclusively on ballet. After having won the silver
Natalia Mikhailovna Dudinskaya (21 August [O.S. 8 August] 1912, Kharkiv — 29 January 2003, Saint Petersburg) was a Russian prima ballerina who dominated the Kirov Ballet in the 1930s and 1940s.
Dudinskaya's mother was Natalia Tagliori, a ballerina coached by Enrico Cecchetti. Trained by Agrippina Vaganova, Dudinskaya matriculated from her school in 1931. She danced all the classical leads at the Kirov Theatre before her frail health forced her to retire in 1951. During her career, she received the total of four Stalin Prizes. In 1957, she was named a People's Artist of the USSR.
Upon her retirement, Dudinskaya became the ballet mistress of the Vaganova School and Kirov Ballet. After Rudolf Nureyev, their disciple, defected to the West, she and her husband, Konstantin Sergeyev, were subjected to reprimands from Soviet officials. Anastasia Volochkova and Ulyana Lopatkina were among the last ballerinas coached by her.
Peter Martins (born 27 October 1946) is a Danish danseur and choreographer. Martins was named Man of the Year by Danish American Society, 1980. He was a principal dancer with the Royal Danish Ballet and with The New York City Ballet, where he joined George Balanchine, Jerome Robbins and John Taras as balletmaster in 1981, retired from dancing in 1983 at which time he became Co-Ballet Master-In-Chief with Robbins, and since 1990 has borne sole responsibility for artistic leadership of City Ballet.
Born and raised in Copenhagen, Denmark, Martins studied at the School of the Royal Danish Ballet and danced with the company from 1965 to 1969. Although before that, he studied ballroom dance at the age of five. He was already an international star when he joined NYCB in 1970 as a principal dancer. Martins danced a wide variety of roles, although he may be most famous for Apollo and the Cavalier in Balanchine's Nutcracker. He danced frequently with Suzanne Farrell, although they parted acrimoniously when she retired in 1989. Martins was Balanchine's choice to run the company, and he was made Balletmaster in 1981. He retired from dancing in 1983 and assumed the job of Balletmaster-in-Chief
Roma Pryma-Bohachevsky (Ukrainian: Рома Прийма-Богачевська, translit. Roma Pryima-Bohachevs'ka) (1927–May 23, 2004) was a dancer and choreographer, who instructed thousands of students in the art of ballet and Ukrainian dance.
Roma Pryma was born into a musical family in Przemyśl, a city in present-day Poland, but spent her formative years in Lviv, a city in present-day western Ukraine (at the time, part of a newly established Soviet republic). At the age of 5, her mother, Ivanna Pryma, sensing her daughter's talent for movement, enrolled her in eurhythmics classes, as well as in the study of modern dance, under M. Bronevska, a disciple of Mary Wigman. Between the years 1939-44, Roma began performing at the Lviv Opera and Ballet Theater, and after a year and a half, she moved up from serving in the corps de ballet, to small solo roles of a character nature. Leaving her homeland after World War II, Roma and her mother resettled in Austria in 1944, where after 3 years she graduated with honors from the Academy of Music and Dramatic Arts in Vienna and later became a soloist in the ballet group of the National Theater in Innsbruck.
At this point, Roma turned away from pursuing a career
Ross Stretton (6 June 1952 – 16 June 2005) was an Australian ballet dancer and artistic director. As a dancer, he performed with the Australian Ballet, the Joffrey Ballet and the American Ballet Theatre. He was later Artistic Director of the Australian Ballet (1997-2001) and the Royal Ballet (2001-2002).
Stretton was born in Canberra in 1952. He started as a tap dancer winning the Australian national tap dancing championships twice and winning numerous other awards. At the age of 11, he won a Channel Seven Junior Talent Quest with a judge comparing him to Fred Astaire. Stretton did not start performing ballet until he was 17 when he started taking classes with Bryan Lawrence and Janet Karin, former principals of the Australian Ballet.
He successfully auditioned for a position at the Australian Ballet School in 1971. In his first year, he won the Nureyev bursary and received a Harold Holt Memorial Scholarship in his second year. He graduated from the Ballet School in 1972 with honours in all of his practical and danced the leading male role as the prince in the School's production of Cinderella.
Stretton joined the Australian Ballet in 1973 and became a soloist the following year.
David Adams, OC (16 November 1928 – 24 October 2007) was a Canadian ballet dancer and a founding member of the National Ballet of Canada.
After his training under Gweneth Lloyd at the Royal Winnipeg Ballet, David began his performing career with England's Metropolitan Ballet. Here he met Celia Franca, who would become the founding Artistic Director of the National Ballet of Canada. He also shared the stage with Eric Bruhn, Sonia Arova and John Taras, performing Design With Strings, Dances from Galanta and other works in a tour of Scandinavia.
He returned to Canada in 1949 and after a brief musical theatre diversion in Vancouver and California, moved to Toronto to join Celia Franca during the formative years of Canada's National Ballet. He remained with the company until 1963, using his knowledge of classical dance and stagecraft to build an audience for the company, and introducing Canada's first home-grown principal ballerina, his wife Lois Smith. A brilliant amateur cinematographer, his "in-camera" videos from the 1950s are a significant part of the Celia Franca Tour De Force double DVD set. Adams also played a part in the birth of television in his native country, directing and
Enrico Cecchetti (Italian pronunciation: [enˈriko tʃekˈketti]; 21 June 1850, Rome – 13 November 1928, Milan) was an Italian ballet dancer, mime, and founder of the Cecchetti method. The son of two dancers from Civitanova Marche, he was born in the costuming room of the Teatro Tordinona in Rome. After an illustrious career as a dancer in Europe, he went to dance for the Imperial Ballet in St. Petersburg, Russia where he further honed his skills. Cecchetti was praised for his agility and strength in his performances as well as his technical abilities in dance and by 1888, he was widely accepted as the greatest ballet virtuoso in the world.
After an esteemed career in Russia, originating such roles as both the Bluebird and Carabosse in Petipa's masterpiece, The Sleeping Beauty, he turned to teaching. Some of his students included other notable dancers of the Imperial Ballet, such as: Anna Pavlova, Léonide Massine, and Vaslav Nijinsky. He also restaged many ballets, including Petipa's definitive version of Coppélia in 1894, from which nearly all modern versions of the work are based (Cecchetti's version was notated in the early 20th century, and is today part of the Sergeyev
Dame Monica Mason DBE (born 6 September 1941) is a ballet dancer and has been the director of The Royal Ballet, since 2002.
Monica Margaret Mason was born in Johannesburg, South Africa in 1941. A talented dancer, she moved to Britain at the age of 14 to join the Royal Ballet School.
At the age of 16 Mason joined the Royal Ballet as the Company's youngest member, and became a principal dancer in 1968. She worked closely with the choreographer Sir Kenneth MacMillan, who created the roles of Lescaut's Mistress in Manon, Calliope Rag in Elite Syncopations, Summer in The Four Seasons and the Midwife in Rituals for her.
Mason was also given the role of the Chosen Maiden in The Rite of Spring that had been originally created by Diaghilev for Lydia Sokolova in the 1920s. Her last leading role was as Nursey in Isadora by Kenneth MacMillan, in 1981, although she continued to appear in mime roles as a guest artist with the Royal Ballet for some time after that.
Following her retirement as a principal dancer, Mason continued to work for the Royal Ballet company and in 1984 she was appointed Principal Répétiteur to the company. In 1991 she became Assistant Director of the company under Sir
Anastasia Volochkova (Russian: Анастасия Волочкова; born 20 January 1976) is a Russian prima ballerina.
Volochkova was born into a middle-class family in Saint Petersburg. Her father was a table tennis champion and coach, and her mother was a tour guide. Volochkova has been married once, and she has a daughter, Ariadna, born in 2005. They live in Saint Petersburg and Moscow.
Volochkova was five years old, when her mother took her to see The Nutcracker at the Mariinsky Theatre. "When I left the hall, I told my mother I wanted to be a famous ballerina," Volochkova has said, "On the face of it, I didn't have the right build - I didn't have long legs, and I wasn't flexible, quick or springy - nothing. All I maybe had was a beautiful body and a big wish. I didn't just take classes - I also had private lessons at home with a teacher. I worked very hard."
Volochkova was trained at the prestigious Vaganova Ballet Academy by Natalia Dudinskaya. Still a student, Volochkova became the youngest soloist of the Mariinsky Ballet, making her debut as Odette-Odile in Swan Lake at the Mariinsky Theatre in 1993. She was a prima ballerina and student at the same time, the first in the history of the
Evdokia or (informally) Avdotia Ilyinichna Istomina (Russian: Евдокия Ильинична Истомина; 1799–1848) was the most celebrated Russian ballerina of the 19th century.
She was orphaned early. But she was lucky: she was accepted into the Imperial Theater School, where children can live in complete security.
A pupil of Charles Didelot, she debuted in the Imperial Russian Ballet in 1815 to immediate acclaim. Several people were killed duelling for her heart, and her honour was defended in the fourfold duel (1817): Count Zavadovsky killed Count Sheremetev, while the Decembrist Yakubovich shot through a palm of the playwright Alexander Griboedov. Her dancing is the subject of a brilliant stanza in Eugene Onegin, which was described by Vladimir Nabokov as the most mellifluous lines in the whole of Russian poetry.
She danced nearly all the principal roles in ballets by Didelot. She became the first Russian dancer en pointe. She served in the Imperial Ballet for twenty years. She married a young actor, but he soon died. Late in life she married once again for dramatic actor Pavel Ekunin (ru: Павел Семенович Экунин). By this time she has not performed the leading roles, her wage was reduced by
George Balanchine, born Giorgi Balanchivadze (Georgian: გიორგი ბალანჩივაძე, Russian: Георгий Мелитонович Баланчивадзе) (January 22 [O.S. January 9] 1904 – April 30, 1983), was one of the 20th century's most famous choreographers, a developer of ballet in the United States and the co-founder and balletmaster of New York City Ballet. He was a choreographer known for his musicality; he expressed music with dance and worked extensively with Igor Stravinsky. Thirty-nine of his more than four hundred ballets were choreographed to music by Stravinsky.
Balanchine was born Giorgi Balanchivadze in Saint Petersburg, Russia, to a Georgian father and a Russian mother. Balanchine's family comprised largely composers and soldiers. His father was a noted Georgian composer Meliton Balanchivadze (1862–1937), one of the initiators of the Georgian Opera, while his mother was a Russian ballet aficionado. George's brother, Andria Balanchivadze (1906–1992), became a well-known Georgian composer. As a child, Balanchine was not particularly interested in ballet but his mother loved the arts and had the young Giorgi audition with his sister, who shared her mother's passion for ballet.
Based on his audition,
Giuseppina Bozzacchi (23 November 1853 – 23 November 1870) was an Italian ballerina, noted for creating the role of Swanhilda in Léo Delibes' ballet Coppélia at the age of 16.
Bozzacchi, who was born in Milan, had come to Paris to study with Mme Dominique. The choreographer, Arthur Saint-Léon, and the director of the Académie Royale de Musique, Émile Perrin, had been searching for a suitable Swanhilda, after deciding that none of the ballerinas previously considered – Léontine Beaugrand, Angelina Fioretti and Adèle Grantzou – were suitable. They even asked the composer Léo Delibes to seek out a suitable Swanilda on his trip to Italy. He returned empty-handed, but in the meantime Saint-Léon and Perrin had discovered Bozzacchi.
She created Swanhilda on 25 May 1870 in the presence of Emperor Napoleon III. She repeated her success in the following weeks. In July an international dispute broke out between France and Prussia over the succession to the Spanish throne, and on 19 July France declared war. Giuseppina Bozzacchi danced Swanhilda for the 18th and last time on 31 August, when the Paris Opéra closed for the duration of the Franco-Prussian War. The Opéra had stopped paying
Henning Kronstam (June 29, 1934 – May 28, 1995) was a famous Danish ballet dancer, ballet master and company director.
Born in Copenhagen, Denmark, he began training with the Royal Danish Ballet at the age of nine. He later joined the company as an apprentice at the age of sixteen and was promoted to solo dancer at the age of twenty one.
Kronstam dominated the Royal Danish Ballet's repertory for more than two decades, dancing over 120 roles, many of which were created, such as the role of Romeo in Sir Frederick Ashton's Romeo and Juliet (1955), the Husband in John Cranko's Secrets (1956), Nilas in Birgit Cullberg's Moon Reindeer (1958), and the Prince in Flemming Flindt's The Nutcracker (1971).
He succeeded Flemming Flindt as ballet master of the Royal Danish Ballet in 1978 and was responsible for the planning and direction of the 1979 Bournonville Festival as well as for restoring Bournonville, and classical ballet generally, to the center of the company's repertory. He also was a noted teacher and coach. He retired as balletmaster in 1985 but continued to stage and rehearse ballets until 1994. He died suddenly, May 28, 1995, of a pulmonary embolism.
John Brian Gilpin (Southsea, 10 February 1930 – London, 5 September 1983) was a leading English ballet dancer and actor.
Gilpin started dance lessons at the age of seven, studying at the Arts Educational and Ballet Rambert schools.
As a child he appeared in several West End stage successes and in films, such as They Were Sisters and The Years Between, opposite Michael Redgrave. He joined Ballet Rambert for their 18-month stay in Australia and New Zealand in 1947-49. After brief periods with Roland Petit's Ballet de Paris and the Marquis de Cuevas Grand Ballet de Monte Carlo he returned to the UK.
He danced numerous leading roles for the London Festival Ballet and appeared opposite his first wife in The Nutcracker at the Royal Festival Hall in 1962.
Gilpin was Principal Dancer of the London Festival Ballet for over twenty years from its inauguration in 1950 until leg injuries forced his retirement, apart from a short engagement as Guest Artist for the Royal Ballet between 1960 and 1961. He was also artistic director of London Festival Ballet from 1962 to 1968.
His partners included Danilova, Fonteyn, Markova, Sibley, Park, Seymour and Shearer. Gilpin was the recipient of several
Marie Anne de Cupis de Camargo (15 April 1710, Brussels –28 April 1770, Paris) sometimes known simply as La Gorda Camargo, was a French/Belgian dancer. The first woman to execute the entrechat quatre, Camargo was also responsible for two innovations in ballet as she was the first dancer to wear slippers instead of heeled shoes, and she was the first female to wear the short calf-length ballet skirt and the now standardized ballet tights.
She was born on 15 April 1710, and baptised the same day, in Brussels, the daughter of Ferdinand Joseph de Cupis and Marie-Anne de Smet. She had a younger brother, Jean-Baptiste who later became a composer and violinist, and a sister, Madeleine.
Her father, who was of Spanish ancestry, earned a meagre living as violinist and dancing-master, and from childhood she was trained for the stage. At ten years of age, she was given lessons by Françoise Prévost (1680-1741), then the first dancer at the Paris Opéra, and at once obtained an engagement as premiere danseuse, first at Brussels and then at Rouen.
She made her Paris debut on 5 May 1726 at the Paris Opera Ballet in Les Caractères de la Danse. The piece was choreographed by her teacher Françoise
Mikhail Nikolaevich Baryshnikov (Russian: Михаи́л Никола́евич Бары́шников; born January 27, 1948), nicknamed "Misha", is a Russian dancer, choreographer, and actor, often cited alongside Vaslav Nijinsky and Rudolf Nureyev as one of the greatest ballet dancers in history. After a promising start in the Kirov Ballet in Leningrad, he defected to Canada in 1974 for more opportunities in western dance. After freelancing with many companies, he joined the New York City Ballet as a principal dancer to learn George Balanchine's style of movement. He then danced with the American Ballet Theatre, where he later became artistic director.
Baryshnikov has spearheaded many of his own artistic projects and has been associated in particular with promoting modern dance, premiering dozens of new works, including many of his own. His success as a dramatic actor on stage, cinema and television has helped him become probably the most widely recognized contemporary ballet dancer. In 1977, he received a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor and a Golden Globe nomination for his work as "Yuri Kopeikine" in the film The Turning Point.
Born to Russian parents in Riga, Latvia, then
Victor Marius Alphonse Petipa (11 March 1818 — 14 July [O.S. 1 July] 1910) was a French ballet dancer, teacher and choreographer. Petipa is considered to be the most influential ballet master and choreographer of ballet that has ever lived.
Marius Petipa is noted for his long career as Premier Maître de Ballet of the St. Petersburg Imperial Theatres, a position he held from 1871 until 1903. Petipa created over fifty ballets, some of which have survived in versions either faithful to, inspired by, or reconstructed from the original — The Pharaoh's Daughter (1862); Don Quixote (1869); La Bayadère (1877); Le Talisman (1889); The Sleeping Beauty (1890); The Nutcracker (which was most likely choreographed by Lev Ivanov, perhaps with Petipa's counsel and instruction) (1892); Le Réveil de Flore (1894); Le Halte de Cavalerie (1896); Raymonda (1898); Les Saisons (1900), and Les Millions d’Arlequin (a.k.a. Harlequinade) (1900).
Petipa revived a substantial number of works created by other Ballet Masters. Many of these revivals would go on to become the definitive editions from which all subsequent productions would be based. The most famous of these revivals are Le Corsaire, Giselle, La
John Kriza (1919 in Berwyn, Illinois – August 18, 1975 near Naples, Florida) was a ballet dancer who was one of American Ballet Theatre's best-known male principals.
Kriza danced with ABT from 1940 to 1966. He originated rôles in ballets by nearly every major choreographer from the period, including George Balanchine, Agnes de Mille, Eugene Loring, Léonide Massine, Jerome Robbins, and Antony Tudor. Some of the most significant include one of the sailors in Robbins' Fancy Free (1944) and the Pastor in de Mille's Fall River Legend (1948); he is probably best-remembered, though, for his performance in the title rôle of Loring's Billy the Kid. Kriza's regular partners included Nora Kaye and Ruth Ann Koesun.
Although Kriza did not appear in Hollywood musicals, he performed regularly on television—most significantly in the title rôle of Billy the Kid for Omnibus (1953). Other credits include the Pastor in Fall River Legend and the Champion Roper in Rodeo, also for Omnibus. A number of archival films exist at the New York Public Library.
After retiring in 1966, Kriza remained on staff at ABT until he died while swimming in the Gulf of Mexico near Naples, Florida.
Kriza was the brother of
Rex Howard Harrington, OC FRSC (born October 30, 1962 in Peterborough, Ontario) is a Canadian ballet dancer. In 2000, he was made an Officer of the Order of Canada. In 2005, he was inducted into Canada's Walk of Fame. In 2006, he was awarded an honorary doctorate by York University and was made a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada. He is currently Artist-in-Residence at the National Ballet of Canada, and is a Board member of the Dancer Transition Resource Centre.
Harrington studied at Canada's National Ballet School. He joined the National Ballet of Canada in 1983 and became a principal dancer in 1988. He partnered with many renowned ballerinas such as Ekaterina Maximova, Carla Fracci, Karen Kain, Veronica Tennant, Alessandra Ferri, Susan Jaffe and Evelyn Hart. He has also performed with such companies as La Scala Theatre Ballet, San Francisco Ballet, Royal Winnipeg Ballet, and Stuttgart Ballet. Harrington's classical roles include Romeo in Romeo and Juliet (ballet), Basilio in Don Quixote (ballet), Kastchei in The Firebird, Eugene Onegin in Onegin (ballet), and Apollo in Balanchine's Apollo (ballet). James Kudelka created several roles on Harrington, including Rothbart in Swan
The San Francisco Ballet (SFB) is a ballet company, founded in 1933 as the San Francisco Opera Ballet. The company is currently based in the War Memorial Opera House, San Francisco, under the direction of Helgi Tomasson. SFB is the first professional ballet company in the United States. It is among the world's leading dance companies, and along with American Ballet Theatre, and the New York City Ballet has been described as part of the "triumvirate of great classical companies defining the American style on the world stage today."
The company's first major production was Coppélia in 1938, choreographed by Willam Christensen. In 1940 Swan Lake was produced in its entirety for the first time by Americans with principal ballerina Celina Cummings. The company also began showing The Nutcracker during the holiday season, beginning Christmas Eve, 1944. This too was choreographed by Willam Christensen and was the first complete production of Tchaikovsky's most popular piece in the United States.
In 1942 San Francisco Opera Ballet split in two, forming independent ballet and opera companies. The ballet half was sold to Willam and Harold Christensen, who became artistic director and
Stanislava Brezovar (7 November 1937 – 18 December 2003), married name Kleiber, was a Slovenian ballerina. She was also known as Stanka Brezovar.
Born in Zagorje ob Savi, Slovenia, she studied to be a Germanist, but her primary love was ballet. She studied ballet in Düsseldorf. It was there that she met and married the German-born conductor Carlos Kleiber. They are buried together in the Slovenian village of Konjšica near Litija. She was survived by a son, Marko, and a daughter, Lillian.
In 1955, at the age of 18, she starred in the movie Ples čarovnic (Dance Of The Witches) a Triglav Film production in Slovenian. The movie was a tour-de-force, 452 minutes of ballet to the Ples čarovnic symphonic poem by Blaž Arnič with choreography by Pia and Pino Mlakar.
Alexander Borisovich Godunov (Russian: Александр Борисович Годунов; November 28, 1949 – May 18, 1995), nicknamed "Sascha" was a Russian-American danseur and film actor, whose defection caused a diplomatic incident between the USA and the USSR.
Godunov was born in Sakhalin, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union. Alexander began his ballet studies in Riga in 1958 in the class with Mikhail Baryshnikov. The two became friends and helped each other throughout their studies throughout their years there. He joined the Bolshoi Ballet in 1971 and rose to become premier danseur. His teachers there included Aleksey Yermolayev. In 1973, he won a gold medal at the Moscow International Competition.
After playing Lemisson, the Royal Musician in a 1978 Soviet adaptation of The Thirty-first of June by J. B. Priestley, Godunov became well known in the Soviet Union as a movie actor. His roles included Vronsky in Anna Karenina in 1974.
On August 21, 1979, while on a tour with the Bolshoi Ballet in New York City, Godunov contacted authorities and asked for political asylum. After discovering his absence, the KGB responded by putting his wife, Lyudmila Vlasova, a soloist with the company, on a plane to Moscow, but
Alla Sizova (born September 22, 1939) is a twentieth-century ballet dancer, best known for her work with the Kirov Ballet. She was the preferred dance partner of Rudolph Nureyev before his defection, and Nureyev is rumoured to have said in his later years that Sizova was the only thing that could conceivably entice him back to the Soviet Union. Amongst other roles, Sizova received great acclaim as Princess Aurora in the 1964 Kirov production Tchaikovsky's The Sleeping Beauty opposite Yuri Solovyov.
Gillian E. Murphy (born April 11, 1979) is a principal dancer with American Ballet Theatre.
Murphy was born in Wimbledon, England and took her first ballet class at the age of three in Belgium while her father was working overseas. At a young age the family moved to Florence, South Carolina, where she received most of her early dance training, most notably dancing the Black Swan pas de deux at age eleven. After some experience with the Columbia City Ballet, she continued her studies at the University of North Carolina School of the Arts. There, under the tutelage of the famous ballerina Melissa Hayden, Murphy danced principal roles in several of the school’s ballets including a production of The Nutcracker and George Balanchine’s Concerto Barocco, Western Symphony, Tarantella and Theme and Variations. Murphy is sponsored by the dancewear company Gaynor Minden.
Murphy joined American Ballet Theatre at the age of seventeen as a member of the corps de ballet in August 1996, and was promoted to soloist in 1999 and then to principal dancer in 2002. Her repertoire with ABT includes Polyhymnia in Apollo, Nikiya and Gamzatti in La Bayadère, Cinderella in Cinderella, Swanilda in Coppélia,
Ida Lvovna Rubinstein (Russian: Ида Львовна Рубинштейн; 5 October 1885 – 20 September 1960) was a Russian ballerina, actress, patron and Belle Époque figure.
Born in Kharkov,now Ukraine or possibly St. Petersburg, into a wealthy Jewish family, Rubinstein was orphaned at an early age. She had, by the standard of Russian ballet, little formal training. Tutored by Mikhail Fokine, she made her debut in 1908. This was a single private performance of Oscar Wilde's Salomé, in which she stripped nude in the course of the Dance of the Seven Veils.
Sergei Diaghilev took her with the Ballets Russes and she danced the title role of Cléopâtre in the Paris season of 1909, and Zobéide in Scherezade in 1910. Both ballets were choreographed by Fokine, and designed by Leon Bakst. The finale of Cléopâtre inspired Kees van Dongen's Souvenir of the Russian Opera Season 1909. Her partner in Scherazade was the great Nijinsky. Scherezade was admired at the time for its racy sensuality and sumptuous staging, but these days it is rarely performed; to modern tastes, it is considered too much of a pantomime and its then fashionable Orientalism appears dated.
Rubinstein left the Ballets Russes in
Lucile Alexia Grahn (30 June 1819 - 4 April 1907) was the first internationally renowned Danish ballerina and one of the popular dancers of the Romantic ballet era.
Grahn studied from a young age at the Royal Danish Theatre School in Copenhagen, Denmark under the tutelage of August Bournonville. She officially debuted in 1834 at the theater and took on the leading role of Astrid in Bournonville's Valdemar in 1835. Soon the relationship between Bournonville and Grahn began to sour as she yearned to dance with the famed Paris Opera Ballet. She eventually received royal permission to leave; after her departure in 1836, she never returned to Denmark.
In 1839, Grahn had overstayed the terms of her formal leave, and was dropped from the Royal Danish Ballet's rolls. She had been appearing with the Paris 'Opera' Ballet; from 1839 to 1845, extending her audience base, Grahn danced in several cities, including London, St. Petersburg, and Milan. In 1845, her place among the accepted solists of her day was acknowledged when she was invited to dance Perrot's Pas de Quatre alongside the already famous dancers Fanny Cerrito, Carlotta Grisi, and Marie Taglioni.
After 1846, Grahn toured much of
Marina Timofeyevna Semyonova (Russian: Марина Тимофеевна Семёнова, 12 June [O.S. 30 May] 1908 – 9 June 2010) was the first Soviet-trained prima ballerina. She was born in Saint-Petersburg. She was named a People's Artist of the USSR in 1975.
The first great dancer formed by Agrippina Vaganova, she graduated from the Vaganova School in 1925, which "is registered in the annals of Soviet ballet as the year of the unprecedented triumph of Marina Semyonova".
What she demonstrated in her time was unusual, brand new, breathtaking. Now it is widely believed it has always been that way.
— Maya Plisetskaya
She worked in the Kirov Ballet until 1930 when Joseph Stalin had her transferred to the Bolshoi Theatre in Moscow. There she married Lev Karakhan, an Old Bolshevik and Deputy Foreign Minister, best known as an advisor to Sun Yat-sen. He was purged in 1937.
Semyonova was guest with the Paris Opéra Ballet in 1935 where she danced Giselle with Serge Lifar.
When she steps onto the stage with her nature-given gait, which her training only polished, and suddenly soars up in a wild leap, the impression is that of a storm suddenly splitting the quiet of a humdrum existence.
— Stefan Zweig
Michel Fokine (a French transliteration; English transliteration Mikhail Fokin; Russian: Михаи́л Миха́йлович Фо́кин, Mikhaíl Mikháylovich Fokín) (23 April [O.S. 11 April] 1880 – 22 August 1942) was a groundbreaking Russian choreographer and dancer.
Fokine was born in Saint Petersburg, as son of a prosperous, middle-class merchant and at the age of 9, he was accepted into the Saint Petersburg Imperial Ballet School (Vaganova Ballet Academy). In 1898, on his 18th birthday, he debuted on the stage of the Imperial Mariinsky Theatre in Paquita, with the Imperial Russian Ballet (now the Mariinsky Ballet). In 1902, he became a teacher of the ballet school. Among his students were Desha Delteil and Bronislava Nijinska.
Fokine aspired to move beyond stereotypical ballet traditions. Virtuoso ballet techniques to him were not an end in themselves, but a means of expression. He also believed that many of the ballets of his time used costuming and mime that did not reflect the themes conveyed in the ballets. Therefore, Fokine sought to strip ballets of their artificial miming and outdated costumes. In addition, as a choreographer, he initiated a reform that took ballerinas out of their pointe
Nikolai Gustavovich Legat (Russian: Никола́й Густа́вович Лега́т) (30 December 1869, Moscow – 24 January 1937, London), was a dancer with the Russian Imperial Ballet from 1888 to 1914 and was the main successor to the rôles of the great ballet dancer, Pavel Gerdt. Legat later held duties of a balletmaster in Russia, teaching and passing on the legacy of the repertoire of that company, namely the work of the prolific choreographer and great balletmaster, Marius Petipa.
Nikolai had a younger brother, Sergei Legat, who was also a dancer with the Imperial Russian Ballet from 1894 to 1905 when he died at age thirty. He originated the rôle of the Nutcracker (at age 17) at the premiere of the famous Ivanov/Tchaikovsky ballet, The Nutcracker at the Theatre Mariinsky in St. Peterburg, Russia, on 6 December 1892.
Among his many students were Moira Shearer and Mona Inglesby.
Nickolai's wife, Nadine Nicolaeva-Legat, was a follower of P. D. Ouspensky. She choreographed dances based on the so-called Movements Exercises of G. I Gurdjieff. In 1938, Ouspensky and his followers acquired Colet House in London, from Natine Legat, where they established the Historico-Psychological Society.
Tatiana Semenova (July 17, 1920 - September 24, 1996) was the founding director of the Houston Ballet Academy.
Semenova was born in St. Petersburg, Russia, but moved with her family to Paris, France when she was five. At the age of seven, Semenova began studying with Mathilde Kschessinska.
After several years of practice, Semenova made her dancing debut at the age of 11 with a Russian opera company formed in London. The next year she began her formal ballet career as a member of the Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo, touring the United States and South America.
In 1937 Semenova joined the Paris Opera Ballet as its premiere danseuse. During World War II, she formed a group called the Foxhole Ballet to tour military installations in Europe and Africa with the USO. While performing in Rome, Italy on a bomb-damaged stage, she severed the cartilage in her knee and fractured her arm. Unable to dance any longer, in 1946 Semenova moved to the U.S. to begin her teaching career at Carnegie Hall's School of Dance.
In 1950, she formed the American Youth Ballet in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. In 1954, Semenova moved the American Youth Ballet to Houston, Texas. The following year, the newly-formed Houston
Willam Farr Christensen (August 27, 1902 – October 14, 2001) was an American ballet dancer, choreographer and founder of the San Francisco Ballet and Ballet West in Salt Lake City, Utah. He is known for bringing the complete version of the Russian ballet The Nutcracker to the United States, as well as staging the first American performances of Swan Lake and Coppélia. Christensen's Nutcracker was first staged in 1944 in San Francisco, where the ballet remains an annual tradition, though the production now staged there is not necessarily the Christensen version. Christensen is often credited with helping to rejuvenate American dance.
Christensen left the San Francisco Ballet in the care of his brother, Harold, to help choreograph a stage production at the University of Utah in the summer of 1948. While there, he was asked to stay on and help the University create a department of ballet. He agreed, and spent the remainder of his life working in Utah and the Intermountain West. The University of Utah was the first accredited University to have a ballet department in the U.S. While in Utah, Christensen also founded Ballet West. Author Debra H. Sowell wrote that Willam, Harold, and Lew
Janet Collins (March 7, 1917 in New Orleans, Louisiana – May 28, 2003 in Fort Worth, Texas) was a ballet dancer, choreographer, and teacher. She performed on Broadway, in films, and appeared frequently on television..
After moving to Los Angeles at the age of 4, Collins, received her first dance training at a Catholic community center. Collins studied primarily with Carmelita Maracci, Lester Horton, and Adolph Bolm, who were a few ballet teachers who accepted black students. .
Janet Collins was one of the few classically trained Black dancers of her generation. In 1951 she won the Donaldson Award for best dancer on Broadway for her work in Cole Porter's Out of This World. She also performed in Aida, Carmen, and was the first Black ballerina at the Metropolitan Opera. She could not tour in parts of the Deep South due to her race. In later life she taught dance.
Janet Collins was among the pioneers of black ballet dancing and paved the way for others to follow. (Arthur Mitchell, for example, joined the New York City Ballet in the year Collins retired.) In 1932, aged 15, she auditioned with success, for the prestigious Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo, but as she was required to paint her
Nikolay Tsiskaridze PAR (Russian: Николай Цискаридзе), also spelled Ziskaridze, is a premier dancer of the Bolshoi Ballet. Ethnically Georgian, he was born in Tbilisi on 31 December 1973. He joined the Moscow Ballet School in 1987 and was admitted into the Bolshoi Ballet in 1991. After winning applause of true ballet legends Galina Ulanova, Marina Semenova and Yuri Grigorovich, he became the youngest person to be named a People's Artist of Russia (2001). He received the State Prize of the Russian Federation in 2001 and 2003 and the Prix Benois de la Danse in 1999.
Zenaida Yanowsky (born 23 December 1975, Lyon, France) is a Principal Dancer with the Royal Ballet in London.
Both of her parents, Anatol Yanowsky and Carmen Robles, were dancers with the Lyon Opera Ballet. Later, the family moved to settle in Las Palmas, Gran Canaria, where her parents set up a dance school. Although Zenaida, along with her siblings, took dance classes at her parents' school, it was not until she turned 14 that she decided to become a professional dancer. Her brother, Yuri, is now a Principal Dancer with Boston Ballet and her sister, Nadia, is a demi-soloist with Het Nationale Ballet in the Netherlands.
After winning the silver medal at the Varna International Ballet Competition in 1991, she received an invitation to audition for the Paris Opera Ballet. The audition was successful and she joined the company that year. In 1993 she won the gold medal at the Eurovision Young Dancers Competition and in 1994 the gold medal at the Jackson International Ballet Competition. In the autumn of 1994, having left the Paris Opera Ballet earlier on in the year, she joined the Royal Ballet. She was promoted to the status of Principal Dancer in 2001.
In June 2002 she performed the
Douglas Becker is a choreographer and teacher working in many idioms, including ballet, contemporary dance, and improvisation throughout Europe and the United States. A founding member and principal dancer of the Frankfurt Ballet under the direction of acclaimed choreographer William Forsythe, he played a pivotal role in the creation of many of the choreographer’s early signature pieces and is one of a number of individuals around the world with the authority to remount his repertory. In the making of his own creations, Mr. Becker's choreography has been hailed as "innovative and energetic, very graphic and with purity of movement" (Swiss newspaper "24 Heures") and praised for its "delicate, intricate partnering and fleet movements" (The New York Times). Mr. Becker's collaborative process of choreographic development improvises upon and utilizes dancers' individual talents and characteristics.
Spanning three decades of choreographic investigation, Mr. Becker has received commissions from, among others Belgium’s Royal Flemish Theatre, Switzerland's Grand Théâtre de Genève, and Frances’ CCN Ballet de Lorraine. His improvisation installation, The Third Eye was constructed for the
Gelsey Kirkland (born 29 December 1952, in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania) is an American ballerina. Kirkland joined the New York City Ballet in 1968 at age fifteen, at the invitation of George Balanchine. She was promoted to soloist in 1969 and principal in 1972. She went on to create leading roles in many of the great twentieth century ballets by Balanchine, Jerome Robbins, and Antony Tudor including Balanchine's revival of The Firebird, Robbins' Goldberg Variations, and Tudor's The Leaves are Fading.
She is perhaps most famous to the general public for dancing the role of "Clara" in Baryshnikov's 1977 televised production of The Nutcracker. She left the ABT in 1984.
In 1986, Gelsey Kirkland had published Dancing On My Grave, co-written by her then husband Greg Lawrence, a startling memoir chronicling her artistic transformation from George Balanchine's "baby ballerina" to one of the most acclaimed ballerinas in her generation. The book describes in detail her struggles with her domestic family problems, anorexia, bulimia, drug addiction, her quest for artistic perfection, and her complicated love affair with ballet superstar Mikhail Baryshnikov and numerous other men, most of which she
Jorge Donn, born in El Palomar, Buenos Aires, Argentina, on 25 February 1947, was an internationally-known ballet dancer, he was best known for his work with the Maurice Béjart's Ballet company, and his participation as lead dancer in Claude Lelouch's film Les Uns et les Autres. He died of AIDS on 30 November 1992 in Lausanne, Switzerland.
Adam Darius (born 10 May 1930) is an American dancer, mime artist, writer and choreographer. As a performer, he has appeared in over 85 countries across six continents. As a writer, he has published 14 books and written 22 plays.
In a program devoted to his career, the BBC World Service described him as "one of the most exceptional talents of the 20th century".
Adam Darius currently lives in Espoo, Finland.
Adam Darius was born in Manhattan, New York City, into a family of Turkish and Russian ancestry.
Adam Darius began his ballet and contemporary dance training in 1945, at the age of 14, and went on to study with, among others, Anatole Oboukhov, George Goncharov, Olga Preobrajenska and José Limón.
His professional career began in 1946 with appearances at New York's Metropolitan Opera House, and then with numerous ballet companies including Britain's International Ballet (1953), Canada's Royal Winnipeg Ballet (1954), and Denmark's Scandinavian Ballet (1962). He was also choreographer of the Israel National Opera (1963–1964), where he choreographed four operas for opera star Plácido Domingo; (Don Giovanni, Carmen, La Traviata and The Pearl Fishers, all of which premièred at the
Steffi Duna (8 February 1910 – 22 April 1992) was a Hungarian-born film actress popular in American and British films during the 1930s.
Born Stephanie Berindey in Budapest of Czechoslovakian extraction, Duna started dancing at the age of nine and first attracted attention as a thirteen year old ballet dancer in Europe. Duna made her first stage appearance performing dramatized fairy tales at the Children's Theater of Budapest. Initially opposed to the idea, her father sent her to the best schools in the Hungarian capitol to learn dancing and soon she had danced in most of the capitals of Europe. In 1932, she appeared on the London stage in the Revue Words and Music by Noël Coward, being one of the four actresses to create the song Mad about the Boy.
When she first came to Hollywood in 1932, Duna could not speak a word of English. She made up her mind to learn quickly. Directors advised her to stay away from her Hungarian friends to speed up her learning of English. Within a few years she could speak six different languages.
During the 1930s Duna played a variety of nationalities. However, despite her European background, she was often cast as fiery Latin femme fatales in films that
Stéphane Fournial is a French Ballet dancer, he was born in France, in June 1961.
He trained under Solange Golovine, Principal dancer and Maître de Ballet at the Ballet «Marquis de Cuevas», historical French Ballet Company. He continued studying with Rosella Hightower at the Académie International de la Danse de Cannes and then with Jean Babilé and Serge Peretti. He also studied with other important teachers of the Paris Opéra Ballet, such as Raymond Franchetti and Noëlla Pontois. From all of them he learned that besides technique, academic rigour doesn’t damage sensitivity, but, on the contrary, it fosters expression of individuality. He also learned to face this rigour with love, passion and dedication. With these motivations and feelings he continues to focus on his career as a dancer, as well as developing the activities of 6-prime.
Fournial started his artistic career with the Ballet de Marseille of Roland Petit in 1979, and two years later danced at the «Opéra du Nord» in Lille. In 1982, he danced as a guest artist with the Tokyo Ballet. From 1984 until 1990 he danced with the Ballet Company of «Badisches Staatstheater» in Karlsruhe (Germany). From 1990 he guested with
Adolph Rudolphovitch Bolm (September 25, 1884 in Saint Petersburg – April 16, 1951 in Los Angeles) was a Russian-born American ballet dancer and choreographer, of Scandinavian descent.
He graduated from the Russian Imperial Ballet School in Saint Petersburg in 1904 (the teacher was Platon Karsavin), and that same year he became a dancer with Mariinsky Ballet. In 1908 and 1909 he ran a European tour with Anna Pavlova.
He then collaborated with Diaghilev's Ballets Russes in Paris, along with several other dancers from Mariinsky. In 1917, during the second part of a two-part American tour by the Ballets Russes(without Diaghilev, but with Nijinsky), Bolm was injured and left the tour to stay in the United States. He went on to organize Ballet Intime in New York and choreographed for the New York Metropolitan Opera. Bolm and dancer Ruth Page appeared together in an experimental dance film Danse Macabre (1922) directed by Dudley Murphy.
In 1919 he moved to Chicago where he stayed and worked before moving in 1929 to California. In 1933, following the opening of the War Memorial Opera House, the San Francisco Opera established the San Francisco Opera Ballet (SFOB) under Bolm's direction as
Anna Pavlova (Russian: А́нна Па́влова; February 12 [O.S. January 31] 1881 – January 23, 1931) was a Russian ballerina of the late 19th and the early 20th century. She is widely regarded as one of the finest classical ballet dancers in history and was most noted as a principal artist of the Imperial Russian Ballet and the Ballets Russes of Sergei Diaghilev. Pavlova is most recognised for the creation of the role The Dying Swan and, with her own company, became the first ballerina to tour ballet around the world.
Her mother was a laundress named Lyubov Feodorovna. The identity of her father has been open to debate. She later claimed her father had died when she was two years old. Some sources, including The Saint Petersburg Gazette, have claimed that her illegitimate father was the Jewish–Russian banker Lazar Polyakov. Her mother's second husband, Matvey Pavlov, is believed to have adopted her at the age of three, by which she acquired his last name.
Pavlova's passion for the art of ballet was ignited when her mother took her to a performance of Marius Petipa's original production of The Sleeping Beauty at the Imperial Maryinsky Theater. The lavish spectacle made an impression on the
David Lichine (Russian: Дэвид (Давид) Лишин; 25 October 1910 – 26 June 1972) was a Russian-American ballet dancer and choreographer. He had an international career as a performer, ballet master, and choreographer, staging works for many ballet companies and for several Hollywood film studios.
Born in Rostov-on-Don in southern Russia, he was christened as Давид Лихтенштейн, which is usually romanized as David or Deivid Lichtenstein or Liechtenstein. Right after the October Revolution in 1917 his family left Soviet Russia and eventually settled in Paris, where their surname became fixed as Lichine, in the French style. As a teenager, David began his ballet training with the leading Russian expatriate teachers in the city, including Lubov Egorova, Pierre Vladimiroff, and Bronislava Nijinska. Progressing quickly, he made his professional debut at age eighteen with Ida Rubenstein's company in 1928 and then went on to dance with companies headed by Anna Pavlova, Nijinska, and others. His technical finesse and exotic beauty of face and form soon made him an audience favorite.
In the re-formation of Russian ballet companies after the death of Serge Diaghilev, Lichine became a charter
Hans van Manen (born 11 July 1932 in Nieuwer-Amstel, Netherlands) is a Dutch ballet dancer, choreographer and photographer.
He is a son of a German housemaid. He studied under Sonia Gaskell, Françoise Adret and Nora Kiss. Van Manen wrote many ballets. He worked for the Dutch National Ballet from 1973 to 1985. He was awarded the Erasmus Prize in 2000 and the Prix Benois de la Danse for lifetime achievement in 2005.
Irina Dvorovenko is a Ukrainian classical ballet dancer who is currently performing with the American Ballet Theatre in New York.
Dvorovenko was born in Kiev, in the Ukrainian SSR of the Soviet Union. She began her ballet training at the age of 10 at the Kiev Ballet School.
She joined the National Opera and Ballet Theatre of Kiev in 1990 as a soloist, rising to the rank of principal dancer in 1992. Her repertoire with that company included Gamzatti in La Bayadère, the title roles in Cinderella and Paquita, Kitri, the Queen of the Driads and Mercedes in Don Quixote, Giselle and Myrta in Giselle, the Sugar Plum Fairy in The Nutcracker, Princess Aurora and Princess Florine in The Sleeping Beauty and Odette-Odile in Swan Lake. She also danced the pas de deux Le Corsaire, Diana and Acteon, and Tchaikovsky Pas de Deux.
Dvorovenko joined American Ballet Theatre in August 1996 and was promoted to soloist in 1997 and principal dancer in August 2000. Her repertoire with the Company includes Mathilda Kchessinska and the Tsarina in Anastasia, Gamzatti and a Shade in La Bayadère, the Fairy Godmother in Cinderella, Swanilda in Coppélia, Medora in Le Corsaire, Kitri and Mercedes in Don Quixote,
Constance-Hippolyte Gosselin (2 January 1793, Paris - date of death unknown) was a French ballet dancer. The daughter of a dancing master and younger sister of the dancer Geneviève Gosselin, Constance débuted at the Opéra de Paris in 1810, after studying dance under Louis Duport and Jean-François Coulon. She married Auguste-Anatole Petit in 1815 and was thus also known as Madame Anatole.
Made première danseuse in 1822, her principal partner was Paul, with whom she made a triumphal tour to London in 1822. Her dance style was elegant and discrete, predisposing her to serious roles in ballets by Pierre Gardel, Jean-Pierre Aumer and Albert. She left the stage in 1830.
Mats Ek (born 18 April 1945) is a leading Swedish dance and ballet choreographer, dancer and stage director. He was the manager of the Cullberg Ballet from 1985 to 1993.
Ek was born in Malmö in 1945, the son of the Royal Dramatic Theatre actor Anders Ek and famous choreographer Birgit Cullberg.
At 17, he followed a summer dance course (modern) taught by Donya Feuer. He pursued theatrical studies at the Marieborg Folks College in Sweden. From 1966 until 1973, he acted as the director for the Marionett Theater as well as the Royal Dramatic Theatre in Stockholm.
In 1972, Ek joined the Cullberg Ballet. In 1975, he formed part of the corps de ballet for the Ballett der Deutschen Oper am Rhein in Düsseldorf. And in 1976, he made his first choreography titled The Officer's Servant for the Cullberg Ballet. In 1978, Ek became, together with Birgit Cullberg, artistic director of the Cullberg Ballet, until 1985 when the responsibility became his entirely. This position he fulfilled until 1993. During the season 1980-1981, he was associated with the Nederlands Dans Theater as dancer as well as choreographer.
In some of Ek's former choreographies, traditions of Kurt Jooss and of his mother,
Miyako Yoshida (吉田都, born in 1965-) is a Japanese ballet dancer. She was a Principal Guest Artist of The Royal Ballet as well as a Principal dancer in K-ballet, Japan.
Born and trained in Tokyo, Yoshida won the Prix de Lausanne in 1983 and joined Royal Ballet School in England. In 1984, she joined then Sadler's Wells Royal Ballet, the present Birmingham Royal Ballet and was promoted to principal in 1988. In following year, she was awarded the Global Award and the Arts Encouragement Prize for Artists of the Ministry of Education, Science, Sports and Culture, Japan.
In 1995, Yoshida joined The Royal Ballet as principal dancer and was known for her partnership with such as Tetsuya Kumakawa, and Irek Mukhamedov. She was also appointed UNESCO Artist for Peace in 2001. In 2004, she married Takashi Endo, a Japanese football agent.
In 2006, she joined K-ballet while she continued dancing with The Royal Ballet, before winning the Best Female Dancer in National Dance Awards. In 2007, she was awarded the Order of the British Empire for her services to dance. In 2010 she retired from the Royal Ballet at Covent Garden.
Odette/Odile (Swan Lake), Aurora, Juliet (Romeo and Juliet (Prokofiev)),
Natalia Romanovna Makarova (Russian: Наталья Романовна Макарова, born November 21, 1940) is the legendary Soviet-Russian-born prima ballerina. The History of Dance, published in 1981, notes that “Her performances set standards of artistry and aristocracy of dance which mark her as the finest ballerina of her generation in the West.” She has also won awards as an actress.
Makarova was born in 1940 in Leningrad in the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic of the USSR. At the age of 12, she auditioned for the Leningrad Choreographic School (formerly the Imperial Ballet School), and was accepted although most students join the school at the age of 10.
Makarova was a permanent member of the Kirov Ballet in Leningrad from 1956 to 1970, achieving prima ballerina status during the 1960s. Soon after Makarova defected to the West in 1970, she began performing with the American Ballet Theatre in New York and the Royal Ballet in London.
When she first arrived in the West, Makarova was eager to expand her choreography by dancing ballets by modern choreographers. At the same time, she remained most identified with classical roles such as Odette/Odile in Swan Lake and Giselle. She was
Paloma Herrera (born 21 December 1975) is a principal ballet dancer with the American Ballet Theatre.
Herrera was born in Buenos Aires, Argentina, and began studying ballet there at the age of seven with teacher Olga Ferri. She quickly became a noted prodigy in South America, winning many competitions throughout and was able to continue her training at the Minsk Ballet School in the Belorussian Soviet Socialist Republic (now Belarus); returning to Buenos Aires, she was cast as Cupid in a performance of Don Quixote at the Teatro Colón.
With her reputation growing, Herrera was invited by Natalia Makarova to study with her at the English National Ballet in London. Soon afterwards, she studied at the School of American Ballet in New York City, where she made such an impression that she was selected to dance the lead role in Raymonda in the school's annual workshop performance.
She officially became a member of the American Ballet Theatre's corps de ballet in 1991; by 1993, she was promoted to soloist, and by 1995 she became a principal dancer.
Herrera was honored by the American Immigration Law Foundation in 2001 for her contributions as a member of New York's immigrant population. In
Rosella Hightower (January 10, 1920 – November 4, 2008) was an American ballerina who achieved fame in both the United States and Europe.
Rosella Hightower was born in Durwood, Oklahoma, located in Carter County, Oklahoma. She was the only child of Charles Edgar Hightower and his wife, the former Eula May Flanning. Of Choctaw heritage, she moved with her family to Kansas City, Missouri after her father took a new position with the Missouri-Kansas-Texas Railroad. Hightower began her dance training in Kansas City under the instruction of Dorothy Perkins.
After a 1937 appearance by Russian choreographer and ballet dancer Léonide Massine in Kansas City with Wassily de Basil's Ballets Russes, Massine invited Hightower to join a new ballet company he was forming in Monte Carlo. Hightower traveled to France at her own expense and discovered that she had been invited for further auditions and had been given no commitment of employment by the group. She was ultimately accepted into the Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo where she was guided by Massine who recognized her hard work and ability to learn quickly. There she met André Eglevsky, her future partner at various dance companies. After the
Viacheslav Samodurov (born 1974) is a Principal Dancer at the Royal Ballet, Covent Garden in London. Prior to this, he was a Principal Dancer at the Kirov Ballet, St. Petersburg and the Dutch National Ballet, Amsterdam.
Born in Tallinn in Estonia in 1974, Samodurov trained at the Vaganova Academy in St. Petersburg. He relocated to the UK to join the Royal Ballet in 2003
Chen Zhenrong (陳真榮) is a Chinese ballet dancer. He is a principal dancer for the Shanghai Ballet Company.
Chen Zhenrong (陳真榮) was born in Suzhou, Jiangsu province, People's Republic of China, In 1978, he started his dancing career at People's Librated Army Jinan Qianwei Dance Ensemble, Shandong province, People's Republic of China. he was admitted to the Beijing Dance Academy for ballet study in 1978. After graduation in 1987, Zhenrong Chen joined famous Shanghai Ballet Company and was promoted to be Principal Dancer in 1990.
In 2004, he is a National Grade 1 Actor of People's Republic of China, Prainciple Dancer and Tutor for Shanghai Ballet Company.
Zizi Jeanmaire (born 29 April 1924) is a French ballet dancer and widow of renowned dancer and choreographer Roland Petit. She became famous in the 1950s after playing the title role in the ballet Carmen, produced in London in 1949, and went on to appear in several Hollywood films.
Born in Paris, France, as Renée Marcelle Jeanmaire, she met her future husband and long-time collaborator Roland Petit at the Paris Opera Ballet at the age of nine. She joined his company, Petit's ballets de Paris in 1949. In 1954 they married, and their successful shows put her on the road to stardom. This led to a brief stint in Hollywood (where she was credited simply as Jeanmaire), appearing in the musicals Hans Christian Andersen (1952) and Anything Goes (1956). After that, she concentrated on ballet, producing more than 60 shows with Petit. From the 1960s on, she also had a career in music with such hits as "Mon truc en plumes".
She and Petit had one daughter, Valentine Petit, a dancer and actress.
Louis Gallodier (ca. 1734 – 6 June 1803) was a French ballet dancer and choreographer who spent the majority of his career in Sweden, were he was to have a great importance for the development of the ballet in Sweden as the ballet master of the Royal Swedish Ballet.
Louis Gallodier was born in France circa 1734. He was employed at the opera Opéra-Comique in Paris from 1756. As a dancer, he was a student of Jean-Georges Noverre. In 1758, he was hired as a member of the French Du Londel Troupe, which performed in the theatre of Bollhuset in Stockholm and in the court theatres Drottningholm Palace Theatre and Confidencen.
When the French troup was fired in 1771 by Gustav III of Sweden, who wanted to found a national stage with native actors, the dancers of the French theatre were excluded from being fired. When the Swedish Royal Ballet was founded in 1773, several of them, such as the ballerina Ninon Dubois le Clerc, was to be a part of its first troup, and Gallodier was made its first ballet master. Elisabeth Soligny, his colleague from the French troupe, was often paired with him in the Ballets. Gallodier also composed several dances to ballets and operas.
Louis Gallodier was in
Gerald Arpino (January 14, 1923 – October 29, 2008) was an American dancer and choreographer. He was co-founder of the The Joffrey Ballet and succeeded Robert Joffrey as its artistic director in 1988.
Born in Staten Island, New York, Gerald Arpino studied ballet with Mary Ann Wells, while stationed with the Coast Guard in Seattle, Washington. Arpino first met Robert Joffrey at Wells's school. He studied modern dance with May O'Donnell in whose company he appeared in the 1950s.
In 1956, Arpino was a founding member of the Robert Joffrey Theatre Ballet with Robert Joffrey. He served as co-director of the company's school, the American Ballet Center, and was the leading dancer until an injury forced him to stop in 1963. By 1965 he had choreographed five works for the company, and became the Joffrey's co-director and resident choreographer. In the first twenty-five years of the company's existence, Arpino had created more than a third of all its commissioned ballets.
After the death of Robert Joffrey in 1988, Arpino became the Artistic Director of the Joffrey Ballet and in 1995 moved the company to Chicago. In July 2007, he was named "Artistic Director Emeritus" as a search for a
Teet Kask (May 8, 1968 in Pärnu) is an Estonian-born ballet dancer and choreographer.
In 1978, he joined the Tallinn Ballet School, where he studied Vaganova classical ballet.
At 18 years old, he had leading roles in the Estonia National Opera.
A turning point for Kask came when he was engaged by the Royal Swedish Ballet, in 1989, as the first Estonian ballet artist to work full time in West before the Iron Curtain fell in 1991.
In 1990, he was invited to work with the Norwegian National Ballet.
In 1997, parallel with dancing, Kask began to work as a freelance choreographer.
In 2005, he graduated from London City University/Trinity College of Music Laban with a Master of Arts in choreography (Merit).
Yat-Sen Chang Oliva (born 1970 in Matanzas, Cuba) is a Cuban principal dancer in the English National Ballet.
Yat-Sen Chang is a Chinese Cuban born in Matanzas, Cuba. Yat-Sen Chang studied dance at the Cuban National Ballet School, beginning his studies at the age of nine. In 1989 he graduated as a dancer and teacher and joined the Cuban National Ballet under Alicia Alonso.
In 1992 he was invited to the International Dance Festival of La Baule and joined Jeune Ballet de France, in the same year and performed in many different countries around the world. He joined the English National Ballet in 1993 as principal dancer.
He has a daughter named Olivia with fellow ENB principal dancer and ex-girlfriend Simone Clarke.
Frank Joseph Augustyn, OC (born January 27, 1953) is a Canadian ballet dancer and artistic director. He was principal dancer of the National Ballet of Canada and the Berlin Opera Ballet. He was artistic director of the Ottawa Ballet, from 1989–1994.
Frank Augustyn was born in Hamilton, Ontario. As a boy, Augustyn's interests were in gymnastics and acrobatics. During a summer course at Canada's National Ballet School (often called The National) intended to help improve movement and his control for his gymanstic acrobatic training, his abilities for ballet were recognized by Betty Oliphant, founder and director of the school. Oliphant was at the time looking for male dancers, always a challenge for ballet schools. Although Augustyn's parents were reluctant to have their son pursue ballet as a career, Augustyn continued in the school until at seventeen he joined the professional company National Ballet of Canada.
Augustyn joined the National Ballet of Canada in 1970. He was the National Ballet's principal dancer from 1972 to 1989. From 1980 to 1981, he was principal dancer at the Berlin Opera Ballet. From 1985 to 1986, he was the principal guest artist at the Boston Ballet. From 1989
Lydia Sokolova (1896–1974) was an English ballerina. She trained at the Stedman Ballet Academy and learned from such luminaries as Anna Pavlova and Enrico Cecchetti.
Born in Wanstead as Hilda Tansley Munnings, the daughter of Frederick Tansley Munnings and the widowed Emma Catherine Gaulton (née Such), she began her career at the Savoy Theatre in London in 1910 and then joined the company of Mikhail Mordkin for a tour of the United States and the Koslov company for a tour of Europe. Hilda Munnings had a half-sister Beatrice Ethel Gaulton (1891–1974) from her mother's first marriage.
She joined Sergei Diaghilev's Ballets Russes in 1913 to become the company's first English ballerina. She was the principal character dancer of the company until it disbanded in 1929. Sokolova's most famous role was that of the Chosen Maiden in Léonide Massine's reworking of The Rite of Spring (1920). She won approbation for "what is generally agreed to be the longest and most exhausting solo in the history of theatrical dance". Other notable performances include La boutique fantastique (1919), Il tricorno (1919), Les matelots (1925) and Le Bal (1929).
After the Ballets Russes disbanded, Sokolova
Pierre Vladimiroff, or Pyotr Nikolayevich Vladimirov (Russian: Пётр Николаевич Владимиров; born February 13, 1893 in Gatchina, Saint Petersburg Governorate, Russian Empire – died November 25, 1970 in New York, United States), was a Russian dancer and teacher.
Vladimirov graduated from the Imperial Ballet School in 1911 and remained a member of the Imperial Ballet company until 1918. In 1915, he received the title of the first dancer.
In 1920, he and his later wife Felia Doubrovska emigrated to the West, where they joined the Ballets Russes. Later, he danced with the Mordkin Ballet and joined Anna Pavlova's company on Pavlova's last tour, becoming her last partner.
From 1934 to 1967, he taught at the School of American Ballet, being the first teacher of the newly founded school to teach the male students.
Among his students were Todd Bolender, John Taras, Willam Christensen, William Dollar, Tanaquil LeClercq, and Maria Tallchief.
Serge Lifar (Russian: Сергей Михайлович Лифарь; Sergey Mikhaylovich Lifar, Ukrainian: Сергій Михайлович Лифар; Serhіy Mуkhailovуch Lуfar); 15 April [O.S. 2 April] 1905 – 15 December 1986) was a French ballet dancer and choreographer of Ukrainian origin, famous as one of the greatest male ballet dancers of the 20th century.
Lifar was born in Kiev, Russian Empire. His year of birth is officially shown as 1904 (as on a 2004 Ukrainian stamp commemorating his centenary), but there is good reason to believe it occurred in 1905.
He was the pupil of Bronislava Nijinska in Kiev. In 1921 he left Soviet Union and was noticed by Serge Diaghilev who sent him to Turin in order to improve his technique with Enrico Cecchetti. He made his debut at the Ballets Russes in 1923 where he quickly became a principal dancer. He played the lead roles in the ballets of George Balanchine and at the death of Diaghilev in 1929 he entered the Paris Opera Ballet and created his first ballet.
From 1930 on, Serge Lifar was immensely successful, essentially in his own ballet creations, notably with Les Créatures de Prométhée (1929), a personal version of Le Spectre de la rose (1931) and L'Après-midi d'un faune
Carolina Ballet is a ballet company founded in 1997 which performs primarily in Raleigh, North Carolina and throughout the state. It has toured to New York City, Hungary and China. Robert Weiss, the artistic director, danced for George Balanchine for sixteen years at New York City Ballet and attained the rank of principal dancer. Lynne Taylor-Corbett is principal guest choreographer. One of Carolina Ballet's most popular performances, The Nutcracker, is performed annually. Carolina Ballet currently has about 35 dancers.
Carolina Ballet, Inc. was founded in 1984 as Raleigh Dance Theatre, Inc. by Ann Vorus, owner of the Raleigh Dance Theatre. As a student company, its purpose was to provide performance opportunities for students of the school. Over several years, both the school and the company grew in reputation and stature in its metamorphosis as Carolina Ballet Theatre, a pre-professional regional company under Ms. Vorus and her successor as Artistic Director, Mary LeGere. Performances of the company began to attract favorable notice from area dance critics. In the fall of 1993, Raleigh lawyer Ward Purrington suggested to Ms. Vorus and the Raleigh Dance Theatre board that the
Darcey Andrea Bussell CBE (born Marnie Mercedes Darcey Pembleton Crittle on 27 April 1969 in London) is a retired British ballerina. Trained at the Arts Educational School and the Royal Ballet School, she was later employed by the Royal Ballet, where she was promoted to the rank of Principal Dancer and would become recognised as one of the greatest British ballerinas of all time. She has performed as a guest artist with leading international ballet companies and, since retiring from professional ballet in 2007, has continued to be active in the world of dance. She has performed with Katherine Jenkins in the show Viva La Diva, appeared as guest judge on the BBC television show Strictly Come Dancing in 2009, and authored a series of dance books for children. Darcey replaced Alesha Dixon on the Strictly Come Dancing judging panel for the 2012 series.
Darcey Bussell was born to businessman John Crittle and his British wife Andrea. After the couple divorced when Darcey was three, her mother remarried and Darcey was adopted by her mother's new husband, Australian dentist Philip Bussell. The family spent some time in Australia, where Darcey attended school before they returned to London
Gaetano Apolline Baldassarre Vestris (18 April 1729–1808), French ballet dancer, was born in Florence and made his debut at the opera in 1749.
Born of an Italian theatrical family, he studied dance with Louis Dupré at the Royal Academy in Paris, later joining the Paris Opéra where he served as dancing master to Louis XVI. Vestris was the first dancer to discard the mask and to use his face in mime.
By 1751 his success and his vanity had grown to such a point that he is reported to have said, "There are but three great men in Europe--the king of Prussia, Voltaire and I." He was an excellent mimic as well as dancer. From 1770 to 1776 he was a master and composer of ballets, retiring, in favour of Jean Georges Noverre, with a pension.
Vestris married a dancer, Anna Heinel (1753–1808), of German origin, who had a wonderful success at the opera. He reappeared at the age of seventy-one on the occasion of his grandson's debut.
Gaetano had several children who also became dancers. His illegitimate son Auguste Vestris (1760–1842) was also considered the greatest male dancer of his time. Auguste made his debut at 12 with the Paris Opéra and was the company’s leading dancer for 36 years.
Jean Coralli (15 January 1779 – 1 May 1854), born Jean Coralli Peracini, was a French dancer and choreographer and later held the esteemed post of First Balletmaster of the Paris Opera Ballet. He is best known for the creation of the Romantic ballet Giselle (1841) which he choreographed in tandem with another French dancer, Jules Perrot.
Mains works include:
Margot Ella Florentz Lander (1910–1961), a prima ballerina with the Royal Danish Ballet, was the most important Danish ballerina of the first half of the twentieth century.
Born in Oslo to Ella Florentz (1891-?), an opera singer, and Marx Gerharh (1871–1938), a journalist, Lander began studying at the Royal Danish Ballet School in 1917 and joined the Royal Danish Ballet in 1928. Two years later she married Harald Lander (1905–1971), a dancer and choreographer who became the ballet-master at the Royal Danish Ballet.
Margot Lander became principal dancer in 1933 and Denmark’s first prima ballerina in 1942. She danced key roles in Harald Lander's ballets, in August Bournonville’s repertoire as well as in Coppélia and Swan Lake before retiring in 1950.
Pati Behrs (February 13, 1922 – July 4, 2004) was a Russian-born prima ballerina.
Pati Behrs Eristoff was a prima ballerina and a grandniece of Leo Tolstoy. She may be best known as the first of John Derek's wives.
Born in Russia, her family fled to Paris after her father refused to partake in pogroms. She survived World War II and Occupied France by dancing in Parisian nightclubs, while at the same time doing all she could to hide Russian Jews and gypsies from the Nazis. Receiving a Hollywood contract after the war, she emigrated to the United States where she met and married John Derek and had two children, Russell (now deceased) and Sean. She later married pediatrician Dr. Lucius Lindley, who predeceased her. She died on July 4, 2004, aged 82.
An animal rights advocate, she presented Actors and Others with her cherished 1926 Steinway baby grand piano. Her daughter, Sean Catherine Derek, requested it be sold to help as many animals in need as possible.
Veronica Tennant, CC, FRSC (born January 15, 1946) is a Canadian dance and performance film producer and director, and former ballet dancer.
She was born in London, England and moved to Canada with her parents and sister in 1955. Dancing from the age of four, by the age of 18, she became the youngest person ever to enter the National Ballet Company, and made her debut in the principal role in Romeo and Juliet. By 1976, she was a star at the National Ballet and touring across North America, Europe and Japan with Mikhail Baryshnikov and Rudolf Nureyev, among others, as prima ballerina.
Veronica Tennant has been awarded honorary doctorates from Brock University, York University, Simon Fraser University and the University of Toronto. She serves often as keynote speaker. She has received several awards, including the Toronto Arts Award and the Arts and Letters Award from The Canadian Club of New York City.
In 1975 she was made an Officer of the Order of Canada and was promoted to Companion in 2003. In 2001, she was inducted into Canada's Walk of Fame. In 2006, she was made a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada.
Scottish Ballet is the national ballet company of Scotland and one of the four leading ballet companies of the United Kingdom, alongside the Royal Ballet, English National Ballet and Birmingham Royal Ballet. Founded in 1957, the company is based in Glasgow, the resident ballet company at the Glasgow Theatre Royal and from 2009 in their purpose-built ballet center in Tramway Arts Centre, Glasgow.
Founded by Peter Darrell and Elizabeth West as the Western Theatre Ballet in Bristol in 1957, the company moved to Glasgow in 1969 and was renamed Scottish Theatre Ballet, changing to Scottish Ballet in 1974. A year later its home theatre became the Theatre Royal, Glasgow when Scottish Opera bought it and transformed it as the first national opera house in Scotland. The Company performs across Scotland, the UK and abroad, with strong classical technique at the root of all of its work. Its broad repertory includes new version of the classics, seminal pieces from the 20th century modern ballet canon, signature pieces by living choreographers and new commissions. As a truly national company, Scottish Ballet performs at theatres in Aberdeen, Edinburgh, Glasgow and Inverness and in smaller
Anna Podesnaya (born 13 August 1970 in Leningrad) is a Russian ballerina.
In 1988 she graduated with distinction from the Vaganova Choreographic School of Leningrad in the class of A Safronova and then joined the Saint-Petesburg State Academy Ballet Theatre, directed by Askold Makarov. In 2000 she joined the Konstantin Tachkin` Saint Petersburg Ballet Theatre, becoming a principal dancer in the 2003/04 season.
Odette/Odile (Swan Lake), Clara and Sugar Plum Fairy (The Nutcracker), Pas de deux and Giselle (Giselle), Princess Florina and Aurora (The Sleeping Beauty), Phrygia (Spartacus), Seventh and Eleventh Waltzes (Les Sylphides).
Arnold Theodore Spohr, CC (December 23, 1923 – April 12, 2010) was a Canadian ballet dancer, choreographer, and artistic director.
Spohr was born in Rhein, Saskatchewan. From 1945 to 1954, he danced with the Royal Winnipeg Ballet, and was the artistic director of the company from 1958 to 1988, during which time he brought the company to international fame.
In 1970 he was made an Officer of the Order of Canada and was promoted to Companion in 2003. In 2000, he was awarded the Order of Manitoba.
Spohr died on April 12, 2010 of chronic kidney disease in a Winnipeg long-term care centre at the age of 86.
Aurélie Dupont (born 15 January 1973 in Paris) is a French ballet dancer who performs with the Paris Opera Ballet as an Étoile. She began her career in dance at the age of ten when she entered the Paris Opera Ballet School (L’École de danse de l’Opéra de Paris) after giving up her hopes of being a pianist. She joined the company in 1989, and became a première danseuse in December 1996. Dupont was promoted to star dancer (Étoile) in 1998 after her performance as Kitri in Paris Opera Ballet's revival of Nureyev's production of Don Quixote. She has also starred in Paris Opera Ballet's revival of Nureyev's version of The Sleeping Beauty.
In 2010, Cédric Klapisch released a documentary about Dupont, L'espace d'un instant, which had been made over the previous two years.
Dupont's repertoire includes:
Beryl Goldwyn - now Beryl Karney - (born 1930) is an English ballet dancer.
Born near London, she started dancing at the age of three. She attended the Royal Ballet School and performed with the Royal Ballet in The Sleeping Princess (The Sleeping Beauty), with Dame Margot Fonteyn, when the Royal Opera House reopened after the World War II in 1946. She danced with the Anglo Polish Ballet in 1949., and she joined the Ballet Rambert in 1950, later becoming its prima ballerina. She danced numerous roles, including Les Sylphides, The Nutcracker, Gala Performance, and The Sleeping Beauty, but her most celebrated was the part of Giselle.
In 1953 The Times wrote about her performance of Giselle:
She performed in the UK, Ireland, France, Germany, Italy, and the United States, and at the Baalbek festival in Lebanon, where she shared the programme with Fairuz (فيروز) the famous Lebanese singer and legend.
In 1996 and 1997 she performed again with the Royal Ballet at the Royal Opera House in Don Quixote, with Sylvie Guillem, fifty years after her first performance there.
She is an accomplished flamenco dancer after studying with Milagros Mengíbar in Sevilla, Spain.
She studied painting with
Bübüsara Beyşenalieva (Russian: Бюбюсара Бейшеналиева, 1926–1973), known simply as Bübüsara in her native Kyrgyzstan, was the first great Kyrgyz ballerina. She studied at the Vaganova Ballet Academy in Leningrad under the legendary Russian ballerina Agrippina Vaganova and made her debut at the famed Bolshoi Theatre in Moscow.
In 1944, after performing the part of Cholpon in the Kyrgyz ballet of the same name, Bubusara became the prima ballerina of the Kyrgyz ballet. Later in life she became a ballet teacher and professor of the Kyrgyz National Ballet School.
Bubusara appears on the Kyrgyz 5 som note, and a statue of her can be found in Bishkek in the grounds of the Hyatt Regency hotel.
Carlotta Grisi, real name Caronne Adele Josephine Marie Grisi (June 28, 1819 – May 20, 1899) was an Italian ballet dancer born in Visinada, Istria (now part of Croatia). She was trained at the ballet school of Teatro alla Scala in Milan and later with dancer/balletmaster Jules Perrot. She was especially noted for the role of Giselle.
At her 1836 debut in London Grisi performed with the accomplished danseur Jules Perrot. She next appeared in Paris at the Théâtre de la Renaissance (1840) and a year later, toured with Perrot to other parts of Europe. Through Perrot's contacts, the pair worked in Paris, London, Vienna, Munich, and Milan where she sang and danced. Of her two talents, it was her dancing that was acclaimed. By dancing Perrot's choreography, which at that time was receiving great attention, she gained notable attention of both the public and the critics.
Her greatest role however was that of Giselle. The world première of this two-act ballet was on June 28, 1841 at the Théâtre de l'Académie Royale de Musique, Paris. The part of Albrecht was danced by Lucien Petipa, (the brother of the great Marius Petipa), with the part of Myrtha, Queen of the Wilis danced by Adele
Davide Bombana (born in 1958 in Milan, Italy) is an Italian choreographer. He studied ballet at the Ballet School of La Scala and graduated in 1977. His debut that year, with the La Scala Ballet was in the title role of Béjart's The Firebird. He was promoted to soloist and then principal dancer, performing ballets by Maurice Béjart, Glen Tetley, Rudolf Nureyev, Jerome Robbins, George Balanchine and L. Falco.
He furthered his balletic career at the Pennsylvania Ballet in Philadelphia, the Scottish Ballet in Glasgow, and the London Festival Ballet in London. He also later guested in La Scala's production of John Cranko's Romeo and Juliet and Roland Petit's Proust, and has worked at the Bayerische Staatsballett in Munich as a principal dancer from 1986-1991 (and as a choreographer from 1991–1998).
In Munich, Bombana's first choreographic world premières took place and included: Sonata, Parabel, Quatour pour la fin du temps, Okanagon, Woyzeck Fragmente inspired by Büchner, Schönberg opus 4 and the two full length ballets Luigi Nono Project and Ein Traumspiel inspired by Strindberg.
In 1998, Bombana was appointed director of the company Maggio Danza in Florence where he restaged Woyzeck
Ekaterina Vazem (born 25 January 1848, Moscow — died 14 December 1937, Leningrad) was a Russian prima ballerina. She was made famous for first dancing the role of Nikiya in 1877 Marius Petipa's ballet, La Bayadère. She went on to become the teacher of legendary prima ballerina Anna Pavlova.
During the mid to late 19th century Russian ballet was dominated by foreign artists, though during the late 1860s through the early 1880s the theatre administration encouraged the promotion of native talent. Vazem – a terre-à-terre virtuosa – climbed the ranks of the Imperial Ballet to become one of the company's most celebrated dancers. Despite being a benefit performance for Vazem, with tickets being more expensive than for the opera, the first performance of La Bayadère played to a full house. At the end of the performance the audience applauded for more than half an hour. Reviews were uniformly complimentary although they did register complaints of Petipa's license in dealing with historical facts. They also dwelt on the unavoidable mishaps that befall most first performances. For example, in the Kingdom of the Shades scene, the appearance of a magic palace was mistimed and delayed until
The English National Ballet is a classical ballet company founded by Dame Alicia Markova and Sir Anton Dolin and based at Markova House in South Kensington, London, England. Along with the Royal Ballet, Birmingham Royal Ballet and Scottish Ballet, it is one of the four major ballet companies in Great Britain. English National Ballet is one of the foremost touring companies in Europe, performing in theatres throughout the UK as well as conducting international tours and performing at special events. The company employs approximately 65 dancers and a symphony orchestra, and there is also an associate school, the English National Ballet School, which is independent from the ballet company. The company regularly performs seasons at the London Coliseum and has been noted for specially staged performances at the Royal Albert Hall, the Concert for Diana and for producing a new ballet based on the animated TV character Angelina Ballerina. The Patron of English National Ballet is HRH Prince Andrew, Duke of York.
The English National Ballet was originally founded in 1950 by the renowned British dance couple, Alicia Markova and Anton Dolin.
Markova and Dolin were leading stars of the Ballets
Frederic "Freddie" Franklin CBE (born 13 June 1914) is a British-born ballet dancer and director.
Born in Liverpool, England, Frederic Franklin claimed that from seeing Peter Pan his only thought was to go on the stage. He began his career in 1931 at the Casino de Paris with Josephine Baker. He co-founded the Slavenska-Franklin Ballet and was the founder and director of the National Ballet of Washington, D.C. He has continued to work with ballet companies including American Ballet Theatre, Chicago Ballet and Cincinnati Ballet.
Frederic Franklin and Alexandra Danilova created one of the legendary ballet partnerships of the twentieth century. Among the other ballerinas he has partnered have been Alicia Markova, Irina Baronova, Agnes de Mille, Ruthanna Boris, Yvette Chauvire, Moira Shearer, Rosella Hightower, Maria Tallchief, Tamara Toumanova and Alicia Alonso. He has worked with such choreographers as Michel Fokine, Leonide Massine, Bronislava Nijinska, Frederick Ashton, George Balanchine, Agnes de Mille, Ruth Page and Valerie Bettis.
On 16 November 2004, he was created a Commander of the Order of the British Empire. In his 90s, Franklin continues to perform with American Ballet
George Zoritch (June 6, 1917 – November 1, 2009) was a dancer born in Moscow. He joined the Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo in 1935 and toured with them in the United States after WWII. He appeared in a number of films, including Night and Day (1946) and Samson and Delilah (1949).
In 1994 George Zoritch was among the first American dancers, choreographers and writers honored by being awarded the Vaslav Nijinsky Medal, sponsored by the Polish Artists Agency in Warsaw, for work in honor of Nijinsky. Other awardees were Gerald Arpino, Ann Barzel, Oleg Briansky, Vladimir Dokoudovsky, Illaria Ladre, Peter Ostwald, Richard Philp, Jennie Schulman, Mr. Turnbaugh, and Anatole Vilzak.
Zoritch appears in the documentary Ballets Russes. George Zoritch spent his last years in Tucson, Arizona, where he died at the age of 92.
Sascha Radetsky (born March 29, 1977) is a soloist danseur with the American Ballet Theatre and an actor.
He was born in Santa Cruz, California, and began studying ballet in the San Francisco Bay Area. He was invited to study at the Bolshoi Academy in Moscow when he was 15 and after spending a year there, he went to The Kirov Academy of Ballet. He later studied on a scholarship in the summer programs of the School of American Ballet, the American Ballet Theatre's School of Classical Ballet with Mikhail Baryshnikov and the San Francisco Ballet School. Radetsky joined the American Ballet Theatre as an apprentice in 1995, moving up to corps de ballet the following year and named a soloist in 2003.
He starred in the 2000 movie Center Stage as Charlie, the lead's second love interest, and appeared in the Mandy Moore music video "I Wanna Be with You" from the movie's soundtrack. He has also had lead roles in the PBS television movie, Home at Last, and the NBC television series Midnight Caller.
Born in Santa Cruz, California, Radetsky began his ballet studies in the San Francisco Bay Area with Damara Bennett and Ayako Takahashi. At the age of 15, he was invited to study in Moscow at the
Ulyana Vyacheslavovna Lopatkina (Russian: Ульяна Вячеславовна Лопаткина, born October 23, 1973, Kerch, Crimea, Ukrainian SSR, USSR) is a Prima ballerina at the Kirov Ballet/Mariinsky Theatre in St Petersburg. She studied at the Vaganova Academy with Natalia Dudinskaya. Upon graduation Lopatkina joined the Kirov/Mariinsky Theatre Ballet in 1991, and was promoted to principal dancer in 1995. Lopatkina is married to Vladimir Kornev , architect and writer, and has one daughter (Masha, born 2002).
Although Russian, Ulyana (Uliana) Lopatkina was born and lived in Ukraine until she was 10 years old. Her parents worked on the Ukraine's Black Sea coast in the Kerch shipyards. Lopatkina says that her father was 'horrified" to think of her leaving home at such a young age, but her mother was aware of the long term advantage the sacrifice would create. Lopatkina has two brothers and sisters.
Lopatkina excels in classic and dramatic roles. She is a perfect example of the Russian (Kirov) school with long limbs, great strength and a classical purity of line, as well as noted musicality.
Her repertoire includes: Giselle (Giselle, Myrtha), Le Corsaire (Medora), La Bayadère (Nikia), Grand pas from
Emma Livry (born as Jeanne Emma Emarot or Emma Marie Emarot; 24 September 1842 – 26 July 1863) was one of the last ballerinas of the Romantic ballet era and a protégée of Marie Taglioni. She died from complications after burn injuries sustained when her costume caught fire during a rehearsal.
Livry was the illegitimate daughter of Célestine Emarot, a ballet dancer, and Baron Charles de Chassiron, which prompted the following rhyming verse:
She studied dancing under Madame Dominique and attended the Paris Opera School. Her career was promoted by her mother's lover at the time, Vicomte Ferdinand de Montguyon. On 19 October 1858, at the age of sixteen, she made her debut with the Paris Opera Ballet at the Salle Le Peletier as the sylph in La Sylphide. Her talent brought her fame and she became a widely respected ballerina.
Montguyon prevailed upon the Director of the Opera to change the programme so that Marie Taglioni would see Emma in La Sylphide when she visited. Taglioni decided to stay on in Paris to teach the girl, who reminded her of herself as a young woman. She choreographed for Emma the title-role of Farfalla (Butterfly) in Le Papillon, the only full-length ballet composed
Julie Kent (born 1969) is an American ballet dancer; she currently performs as a principal dancer with the American Ballet Theatre.
She was born Julie Cox in Bethesda, Maryland, to an American father and a mother from New Zealand who was a flight attendant and a former ballet dancer. Her early dance training took place under Hortensia Fonseca at the Academy of the Maryland Youth Ballet. She also studied at the American Ballet Theatre II summer school and the School of American Ballet. She took the stage name Julie Kent at the suggestion of Mikhail Baryshnikov.
Kent joined American Ballet Theatre as an apprentice in 1985, became a member of the company's corps de ballet in 1986, was promoted to soloist in 1990, and to principal dancer in 1993.
Her roles with the Company include the Girl in Afternoon of a Faun, the title role in Anastasia, Terpsichore and Calliope in Apollo, Nikiya in La Bayadère, the third movement in Bruch Violin Concerto No. 1, the title role in Cinderella, Medora in Le Corsaire, the Lady with Him in Dim Lustre, Kitri and the Queen of the Driads in Don Quixote, Titania in The Dream, the Dying Swan, Anne in Christopher Wheeldon's VIII, the second girl in Fancy
Lydia Lopokova, Baroness Keynes (born Lidia Vasilyevna Lopukhova) (Russian: Ли́дия Васи́льевна Лопухо́ва; 21 October 1892 – 8 June 1981) was a famous Russian ballerina during the early 20th century. She is known also as Lady Keynes, the wife of the economist John Maynard Keynes.
Lopokova was born into a Russian family in St. Petersburg. Her father, who was born a serf, worked as the chief usher at the Alexandrinsky Theatre; her mother was the descendant of a Scottish engineer. All the Lopukhov children became ballet dancers; one of them, Fyodor Lopukhov, was a chief choreographer for the Mariinsky Theatre from 1922 to 1935 and again from 1951 to 1956.
Lydia trained at the Imperial Ballet School, where she almost immediately became a star pupil. "She responded instinctively to the expressive choreography of Mikhail Fokine, his rebellion against the stiff academicism of the classical style, and her chance came when she was chosen to join the Ballets Russes... on their European tour in 1910.... Diaghilev knocked a year off her age and promoted her as a child star." She stayed with the ballet only briefly, knowing that she had little future in Russia ("she was the wrong size and shape
Sir Robert Helpmann CBE (9 April 1909 – 28 September 1986) was an Australian dancer, actor, theatre director and choreographer.
He was born Robert Murray Helpman (spelled with one "n") in Mount Gambier, South Australia, and was known as "Bobby" by those close to him. He was the eldest of three children of James "Sam" Murray Helpman (1881–1927), a Victorian-born stock and station agent, and his wife Mary "Maytie", née Gardiner, born in South Australia. Sam Helpman was born in Warracknabeal, Victoria, the son of Walter Stephen Helpman and Isabella Murray; Isabella's brother was Jack Murray the 23rd Premier of Victoria.
Robert was educated at Prince Alfred College, Adelaide, but left school at 14. From childhood, Helpman had a strong desire to be a dancer. This was an unusual ambition in provincial Australia of the 1920s. In a 1974 interview he recalled that he was taught the moves and dances of a girl because his dance teacher had no prior experience teaching boys.
In the Margot Fonteyn biography, he is described as being dark haired, pale, and having large dark eyes. Helpman had a younger sister Sheila Mary Helpman, and a younger brother Max, or Maxwell Gardiner Helpman, and he
Tamara Toumanova (March 2, 1919 – May 29, 1996) was a prominent American ballerina and actress. She made her debut at the age of 10 at the children's ballet of Paris Opera and was soon discovered by her fellow émigré, balletmaster George Balanchine, who made Tamara the star of his performances in the United States. While most of Toumanova's career was dedicated to ballet, she appeared in several films as well.
Tamara Tumanova, born Tamara Vladimirovna Khassidovitch in Siberia, while her mother, Georgian Princess Eugenia Tumanishvili , was fleeing Georgia in search of her husband (according to some sources, Vladimir Khassidovitch , or, Konstantin Zakharov, a doctor of the Caucasian Military District). Toumanova is of Armenian and Polish descent. She has been also reported as being of partially Georgian descent, while singer Lyudmila Lopato, who personally knew her, writes, that "Tamara was of Armenian-Polish descent, not Georgian, as many people think".
Toumanova's parents had become separated during the Russian Revolution. Toumanova was 18 months old before her parents were reunited. The family escaped from Russia to Shanghai, China, where they lived for a year, then moved to
Celia Franca, CC OOnt (25 June 1921 – 19 February 2007) was the founder of The National Ballet of Canada (1951) and its artistic director for 24 years.
Born Celia Franks in London, England, the daughter of an East End tailor, she began to study dance at the age of 4 and was a scholarship student at the Guildhall School of Music and the Royal Academy of Dance. She made her professional debut aged 14. She caught the attention of choreographer Walter Gore and successfully auditioned for Marie Rambert's ballet company in 1936. She changed her name to Franca in emulation of Alice Marks, who changed hers to Alicia Markova.
In 1941, aged 20, she was recognized as one of the finest dramatic ballerinas in the Sadler's Wells company. In 1947 she joined the Metropolitan Ballet as a soloist and ballet mistress. It was there that she began choreographing for television, creating the first two ballets – Eve of St. Agnes and Dance of Salomé – ever commissioned by the BBC.
In 1950, a group of Toronto balletomanes asked Franca to start a Canadian classical company. A determined woman who thrived on challenges, she did the impossible in only 10 months – while supporting herself as a file clerk at
Alvin Ailey (January 5, 1931 - December 1, 1989) was an American choreographer and activist who founded the Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater in New York City, NY. Ailey is credited with popularizing modern dance and revolutionizing African-American participation in 20th century concert dance. His company gained the nickname "Cultural Ambassador to the World" because of its extensive international touring. Ailey's choreographic masterpiece Revelations is believed to be the best known and most often seen modern dance performance. In 1977, Ailey was awarded the Spingarn Medal from the NAACP. He received the Kennedy Center Honors in 1988, just one year before his death.
Ailey was born to his 17-year-old mother, Lula Elizabeth Ailey, in Rogers, Texas. His father abandoned the family when Alvin was only six months old. Like many African Americans living in Texas during the Great Depression, Ailey and his mother moved often and she had a hard time finding work. Ailey grew up during a time of racial segregation, violence and lynchings against African-Americans. When Ailey was five, his 22-year-old mother was raped by a group of white men, leaving him afraid of whites. Early experiences
Dame Antoinette Sibley, DBE (born February 27, 1939, Bromley, Kent) is a British prima ballerina. She joined the Royal Ballet from the Royal Ballet School in 1956 and became a soloist in 1960.
Initially Sibley had relatively small roles such as a friend of Swanhilda in Coppelia or as Red Riding Hood in Sleeping Beauty. Joan Lawson writing in The Dancing Times said of Sibley's dancing, "lyrical qualities and beautifully flowing line". On 21 March 1959, Dame Ninette de Valois, artistic director of the Royal Ballet allowed Sibley to undertake her first major role at a matinee at the Royal Opera House. Sibley was cast as Swanhilda in Coppelia. During 1959, Sibley had the chance to be tutored by one of the greatest ballerinas of the twentieth century, Tamara Karsavina. Karsavina said to Sibley,
"To get the full benefit from battements frappes we must train our muscles to give a quick reaction. This means that the degage must be sharp and in the nature of a 'hit out'."
On 24 October 1959, Sibley was unexpectedly allowed to dance the lead role in Swan Lake partnered by Principal Dancer, Michael Somes. This was her big break. Tours to the United States and the Soviet Union quickly
Marie-Jean-Augustin Vestris, known as Auguste Vestris (27 March 1760 - 5 December 1842) was a French dancer.
Born in Paris as the illegitimate son of Gaëtan Vestris and of Marie Allard, he was dubbed "le dieu de la danse", (The god of dance), a popular title bestowed on the leading male dancer of each generation (previous 'Gods of the Dance' included his father Gaetan). He made his debut in a divertissement "La Cinquantaine" in 1772 and was immediately recognized for his talent. He became a soloist in 1776 and premiere dancer in 1778.
After his retirement he trained many famous dancers of the 19th century including August Bournonville, Marius Petipa, Lucien Petipa, Fanny Elssler, Jules Perrot, and Marie Taglioni. It was with Taglioni in 1835 that he performed a minuet at the age of 75.
Auguste Vestris is not to be confused with his son, Auguste Armand Vestris, who married the English actress Lucia Elizabeth Vestris in 1813. Both Armand and a cousin Charles Vestris were also dancers.
Barbara Campanini, known as La Barberina, (7 June 1721 - 7 June 1799) was a famous Italian ballerina, one of the most important ballet dancers of the 18th century.
Barbara Campanini was born in Parma. She became a student of Antonio Rinaldi Fossano, with whom she gave her debut at the Paris Opera in 1739, which became an immediate success. After a tour in London she performed in Vienna before she returned to Paris in 1743. She was noted by the young Prussian king Frederick the Great, who offered her a position at the newly erected Court Opera in Berlin, where she performed from 1744 onwards. Before she arrived, however, she had eloped her contract to Venice with her lover Lord Stuart Mackenzie, and King Frederick used political pressure arresting a Venetian envoy to have her turned over to Prussia. Jean-Jacques Rousseau who was a secretary at the French ambassy at that time, was involved with her case.
In Berlin, she had a privileged position, demonstrated by the fact that she negotiated her own annual salary of 7,000 Reichsthaler, which was unusually high. There were speculations that she had an affair with King Frederick (though reputed as misogynic), as well as many other
Jennifer Carrie Alexander (August 15, 1972 in Calgary, Alberta - December 2, 2007 in East Rutherford, New Jersey) was a Canadian ballet dancer.
She studied at the Alberta Ballet Company and at the Royal Winnipeg Ballet, where she danced from 1991-1993. She appeared in the Broadway production of The Red Shoes in 1993 and in Carousel in 1994. In 1994, she joined the corps de ballet of the American Ballet Theatre. Her first marriage was to Canadian and former New York City Ballet dancer Andrew Robertson. She married fellow ABT dancer Julio Bragado-Young on 28 July 2007.
Alexander, Bragado-Young and a third dancer were returning to Manhattan after Bragado-Young had performed in The Nutcracker in Williamsport, Pennsylvania when they came upon a multiple-vehicle collision on Route 3. After they exited their car, Bragado-Young then Alexander were each struck by an out-of-control vehicle skidding on the icy road. He suffered a broken leg; she died at the scene.
The American Ballet Theater created The Jennifer Alexander Scholarship to acknowledge an outstanding corps de ballet dancer.
Ji-Young Kim (born July 26, 1978) is a South Korean prima ballerina and is currently a principal dancer with the Korea National Ballet (KNB) in Seoul, South Korea.
Kim was born in Seoul, South Korea. Because she had been shy and had a weak constitution as a child, she tried a number of hobbies, including Taekwondo and piano. She developed an interest in ballet and began taking ballet classes when she was ten years old. .
In 1991, when Kim was thirteen years old, she began her professional training at the Yewon School, a specialist arts junior school in Seoul. During vacation she attended season sessions for ballet in New York. Later the same year, she had a chance to train with professors of the Vaganova Academy and Kim decided to study at the Vaganova. In 1992, Kim went to Russia and she passed the entrance exam for the school. Kim entered the Vaganova Academy of Russian Ballet. In 1996, Kim performed in Vaganova's graduation performance. While she planned to join the company in Russia after her graduation, Kim withdrew her plans and returned to Seoul when her mother died suddenly from a heart attack during Kim's graduation performance. Five month laters, Kim joined the Korea
Kip Gamblin (born 5 July 1975) is an Australian ballet dancer and actor.
Gamblin trained as a ballet dancer at the The McDonald College of Performing Arts, Sydney and completed his training at the Australian Ballet School, Melbourne. He performed with the Australian Ballet, the West Australian Ballet and the Sydney Dance Company between 1994 and 2002, and had leading roles in Paquita and Le Corsaire among many other ballet productions. In 2000 he was chosen to perform as the sole male dancer presenting Barbra Streisand on stage for her Australian tour of Timeless.
From January 2003 to November 2005 Gamblin was seen in the role of Scott Hunter on the television soap opera Home and Away for which he won the Logie Award for Most Popular New Male Talent in 2004.
Gamblin moved to Great Britain with his family in 2005, but has since moved back to Australia. From June 2006 to 2008 he played the role of paramedic Greg Fallon in the British medical series Casualty. He also made an appearance as Greg Fallon in Holby City, when the character was one of the paramedics who attended the scene of Mark and Tricia Williams' car accident. Gamblin joined the cast of All Saints in 2008 as Dr Adam
Ludmila Semenyaka (Russian: Людмила Семеняка, b. 16 January 1952) is a Soviet ballerina, born in Leningrad. She studied at the Vaganova School as a pupil of Nina Belikova. She joined the Kirov Ballet in 1970 and later the Bolshoi Ballet in 1972, where she was a prima ballerina. She was named People's Artist of the USSR in 1986 and received the USSR State Prize.
Melissa Hayden (born Mildred Herman, April 25, 1923, Toronto; died August 9, 2006, Winston-Salem, North Carolina) was a Canadian ballerina at the New York City Ballet.
Hayden was born in Toronto as the second daughter of Jacob Herman and his wife Kate Weinberg, Jewish immigrants from Russia. The young Mildred was called Millie at home, a nickname she kept for the rest of her life.
In the early 1940s, she moved to New York City to join the ballet corps at Radio City Music Hall. From 1945-47, she was a member of the American Ballet Theater; she joined the New York City Ballet shortly after its founding in 1948. She performed there many times with noted dancer Jacques d'Amboise. From 1955 until her retirement in 1973, Hayden was the prima ballerina of the New York City Ballet.
Hayden appeared frequently on television, especially The Kate Smith Show and The Ed Sullivan Show. In 1952 she performed as the dance double for Claire Bloom in the film Limelight.
In 1965, she was seen on American TV as the Sugar Plum Fairy in a one-hour German-American adaptation of The Nutcracker. Filmed in 1964, and first shown in the United States by CBS just four days before Christmas 1965, the production,
Pedro Romeiras (born 3 July 1961 in Lisbon) started his career as a soloist with the National Ballet of Portugal after finishing ballet studies at the Royal Ballet School. He is a gold medal winner of the II Prix Français de la Danse 1982 and won a National Globe Award as best dancer of 1982. Romeiras has danced many glamorous principal roles of classical repertoire ballets such as Siegfried in the full length version of Swan Lake, Basilio in Don Quixote, Jean de Brienne in Raymonda, Romeo in Romeo and Juliet, The Poet in Les Sylphides, and many others. Romeiras has worked and been a guest at the Dutch National Ballet and Ballet D'el Teatro Municipal as a dancer, ballet master, and choreographer.
Sylvie Guillem CBE (born 23 February 1965 in Paris) is a French ballet dancer. She was the top-ranking female dancer with the Paris Opera Ballet from 1984 to 1989, before becoming a principal guest artist with the Royal Ballet in London. She is currently performing contemporary dance as an Associate Artist of London's Sadler's Wells Theatre. Her most notable performances have included those in Giselle and in Rudolf Nureyev's stagings of Swan Lake and Don Quixote.
Sylvie Guillem was born on the 23 February 1965 in Paris, France. As a child, she trained in gymnastics under the instruction of her mother, a gymnastics teacher. In 1977 at age 11, she began training at the Paris Opera Ballet School where Claude Bessy, then director of the school, immediately noticed her exceptional capacities and potential, and in 1981 at age 16, she joined the company's corps de ballet.
In 1983 Guillem won the gold medal at the Varna International Ballet Competition, which later in the year earned her her first solo role, dancing the Queen of the Driads in Rudolf Nureyev's staging of Don Quixote. In December 1984, after her performance in Nureyev's Swan Lake, she became the Paris Opera Ballet's
Tatiana Riabouchinska (Russian: Татьяна Рябушинская) (23 May 1917 – 24 August 2000) was a Russian-American ballet dancer and teacher. Famous at age fourteen as one of the three "baby ballerinas" of the Ballet Russes de Monte Carlo in the 1930s, she matured into an artist that critics called "the most unusual dancer of her generation."
She was born in Moscow as Tatyana Mikhaylovna Ryabushinskaya a few months before the October Revolution in 1917. Because her father was a banker to the tsar, the whole family was put under house arrest, but with the help of their servants her mother and the four children escaped and fled through the Caucasus, arriving eventually in the south of France. A few years after they had settled in Paris, Tatiana, known as Tania, began her ballet studies with Alexandre Volinine, who had trained at the Bolshoi Ballet Academy in Moscow. She then attended the classes of Mathilde Kschessinska, a friend of the family who had been prima ballerina assoluta of the St. Petersburg Imperial Theaters. Under Volinine's tutelage, she developed strength, elevation, and speed; under Kschessinska's, quick footwork and lyrical port de bras.
At fourteen, Riabouchinska was chosen
Yuri Vladimirovich Soloviev (1940–77) was a premier danseur of the Kirov Ballet, born in Leningrad, Russia. He was a contemporary of Rudolf Nureyev and Mikhail Baryshnikov, partner of Natalia Makarova, Alla Sizova, and others.
He began his ballet training at 9 years old and, for the last 4 years of his schooling, was a student of Boris Shavrov. He was in the same graduating class at the Vaganova Academy as Rudolf Nureyev. Initially, Soloviev joined the Kirov as a corps member but quickly rose to the rank of soloist. He was Rudolf Nureyev's roommate during the company's tour to Paris when that dancer defected to the west during which Soloviev also received rave reviews from the French and British dance critics. In later years Nureyev would often express admiration for Soloviev's dancing, despite their rivalry.
Known as Cosmic Yuri by Western and Soviet audiences for his soaring leaps and Slavic-featured resemblance to Russian Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin, the first man in space. He was compared to Vaslav Nijinsky for his technique, particularly his elevation. In 1961 and 1964, he toured US with Kirov Ballet. His most famous roles were the Bluebird and Prince in The Sleeping Beauty and
Charles-Louis Didelot (27 March 1767, Stockholm - 7 November 1837, Kiev) was a French dancer and choreographer. The son of Charles Didelot, the dance mastor of the King of Sweden, he studied dance with his father, who was an instructor in dance at the Swedish Opera, and debuted as dancer in the theatre of Bollhuset in Stockholm 1786.
He then studied in Paris with Jean Dauberval. And followed his study with Jean-Georges Noverre, under whose lead he debuted in London in 1788.
He arrived in Saint Petersburg in 1801 at the invitation of the director of the Imperial Theatres and he made his debut as the first dancer. His career ended in 1806, following an accident to his leg and to the death of his wife, Rose, a brilliant ballerina. From then on, Didelot taught dance, having an important influence over the development of ballet.
He received great acclaim for his choreography in Flore and Zephyre in 1796. This production featured dancers on wires (flying machines) in order to create the illusion of weightlessness.
Category:Ballets by Charles Didelot
Lawrence Leritz (born September 26, 1962) is an American dancer, singer, actor, producer, director, fitness expert and choreographer.
Born in Alton, Illinois, Leritz made his stage debut in the children's chorus of the world stage premiere of Rodgers and Hammerstein's musical State Fair at The Muny, starring Ozzie and Harriet Nelson, directed by James Hammerstein, supervised by Richard Rodgers and choreographed by Tommy Tune.
Leritz moved to New York City on scholarships to the Harkness Ballet, Joffrey Ballet and School of American Ballet, studying with Alexandra Danilova, Stanley Williams and the Bolshoi's Māris Liepa. Leritz was invited to work with the dance choreographers George Balanchine, Jerome Robbins, Alvin Ailey, Robert Joffrey, Ruth Page, Frederic Franklin, John Neumeier, Lee Theodore, Joe Layton and Sir Frederick Ashton. Leritz, while dancing in a company class at The New York City Ballet, was discovered by Balanchine ballerina Violette Verdy. Violette invited Lawrence to join The Hamburg Ballet. While performing in Hamburg, his dancing impressed Dance Magazine's editor-in-chief William Como, who invited Leritz back to the U.S. to continue his dancing career and for
Mariia Sergeyevna Surovshchikova-Petipa (27 February 1836 – 16 March 1882) was prima ballerina to the St. Petersburg Imperial Theatres and wife of the noted choreographer Marius Petipa.
Mariia Sergeyevna Surovshchikova was born in Saint Petersburg, the illegitimate daughter of a milliner. She studied at the St. Petersburg Imperial Ballet School, graduating in 1854. After her graduation from the institute she entered into the corps de ballet of the Imperial Bolshoi Kamenny Theatre, and in 1854 married Marius Petipa, who at that time served as premier danseur to the St. Petersburg Imperial Theatres. Upon her marriage she took the name of Surovshchikova-Petipa.
Her rise to the rank of Ballerina coincided with Petipa's own rise from fledgling choreographer to Ballet Master of the Imperial Theatres. As Petipa was given more and more opportunities to stage his own early works, it was Surovshchikova-Petipa who danced the principal roles. Petipa also revived many already-existing ballets for her, including Joseph Mazilier's Le Corsaire in 1863.
She bore Petipa two children—Marie Mariusovna Petipa (1857–1930), the noted ballerina and character dancer who danced in many of her father's
Juan Ignacio Duato Bárcia, also known as Nacho Duato (Valencia, 8 January 1957) is a Spanish modern ballet dancer and choreographer. After a long and successful career, he was selected by the Spanish Ministry of Culture and Education as the artistic director of the National Spanish Dance Company (Compañía Nacional de Danza de España) in June 1990. In July 2010 Nacho Duato was appointed the artistic director of the ballet at the Mikhailovsky Theatre, effective from January 2011.
Nacho Duato studied at the Rambert School of London, Maurice Béjart’s Mudra School in Brussels and Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater in New York City alongside professional ballet dancer Shaylee Keith.
He started his dancing career in Stockholm's Cullberg Ballet and one year later he joined, Nederlands Dans Theater, with artistic director Jiří Kilián and remained with the company for ten years. In 1983 he choreographed the Jardí tancat ( Shut Garden in Catalan) to music composed by Maria del Mar Bonet. They were awarded with the first prize in the Internationaler Choreographischer Wettbewerb, Köln. In 1988, Duato was appointed steady NDT choreographer together with Hans van Manen and Jiří Kilián.
New York City Ballet (NYCB) is a ballet company founded in 1948 by choreographer George Balanchine and Lincoln Kirstein. Léon Barzin was the company's first music director. Balanchine and Jerome Robbins are considered the founding choreographers of the company. City Ballet grew out of earlier troupes: the Producing Company of the School of American Ballet, 1934; the American Ballet, 1935, and Ballet Caravan, 1936, which merged into American Ballet Caravan, 1941; and directly from the Ballet Society, 1946.
The company was named New York City Ballet when it became resident at City Center of Music and Drama in 1948. Its success was marked by its move to the New York State Theater, now David H. Koch Theater, designed by Philip Johnson to Balanchine's specifications. City Ballet went on to become the first ballet company in the United States to have two permanent venue engagements: one at Lincoln Center's David H. Koch Theater on 63rd Street in Manhattan, and another at the Saratoga Performing Arts Center, in Saratoga Springs, New York. The School of American Ballet (S.A.B.), which Balanchine founded, is the training school of City Ballet.
After the company's move to the State Theater,
Pierre Beauchamp (also Beauchamps, called "Charles" or Charles-Louis Beauchamp) (30 October 1631 – February 1705) was a French choreographer, dancer and composer, and the probable inventor of Beauchamp-Feuillet notation.
Pierre Beauchamp was born at Versailles (Yvelines), into a family of French "dance masters" (maîtres de danse). He débuted at the court of Louis XIV at age 17, in 1648, in the Ballet du dérèglement des passions. He was made director of the Académie Royale de Danse in 1671 (although he was not a founding member of the Académie as is often claimed). Beauchamp was principal choreographer to Molière's acting company (the Troupe du Roy) during 1664-1673, as well as ballet master at the Académie Royale de Musique and Compositeur des Ballets du Roi. He also gave dance lessons to Louis XIV for over twenty-two years. In these positions, he was highly influential in the development of French baroque dance. He continued to choreograph and dance at the Court of Versailles after the death of Jean-Baptiste Lully in 1687; however, choreography and composition of music and ballets for the Jesuit Colleges became his primary occupation from 1697. He died at Paris.
Writing some years
Vladimir Muravlev (Russian: Владимир Муравлёв) is a Russian ballet dancer, born 10 January 1974 in Tashkent (Uzbekistan). He is a grandson of Ural Tansykbayev. He has a degree in Performing Arts from the Uzbek Academic Ballet School (1993) under the tutelage balletmaster Kurkmas Sagatov; RATI - GITIS (2007). He is currently a Principal Dancer with the Moscow Classical Ballet.
Mr. Muravlev has partnered with some of today’s most renown ballerinas, including Tamara Rojo, Galina Shlyapina, Lyudmila Vasilieva, Ekaterina Berezina, Olga Pavlova, Marina Rzhannikova.
Vladimir Viktorovich Vasiliev (Владимир Викторович Васильев born 18 April 1949 in Russian language Moscow), a Russian ballet dancer, was principal dancer with the Bolshoi Ballet, and was best known for his role of Spartacus and his powerful leaps and turns.
Born in Moscow in 1940, the son of a truck driver, Vasiliev graduated from the Moscow Ballet School in 1958 (his teachers included Aleksey Yermolayev) and joined the Bolshoi Ballet. He became a premier dancer who made enormous contributions to the development of classical male dance; he came to embody the strong new Bolshoi male.
He was the first dancer to be given the award la médaille d’or du meilleur danseur du Monde (“The Gold Medal of the World’s Best Dancer”); subsequently Mikhail Baryshnikov and Patrick Dupond were also awarded the distinction. Russia’s influential ballet critic and choreographer Fyodor Lopukhov called him “God of the dance … A miracle in art, perfection”.
Numerous roles were created for him, and he performed throughout the world, usually partnering his wife, Bolshoi prima ballerina Ekaterina Maximova. Among the most notable were those created by Yuri Grigorovich, who gave him the principal roles in his
Julio Bocca (born March 6, 1967) is one of the most important ballet dancers of the later part of the 20th century and arguably the most important Argentine dancer of all time.
Born in the Munro neighborhood of the Greater Buenos Aires, he started ballet lessons at the age of four, and at the age of seven entered the National School of Dance from where he progressed to the Teatro Colón's Advanced Arts Institute a year later.
A prodigiously gifted youngster, he joined the Chamber Ballet Company at the Colón Theatre in 1981, and a year later had already performed as soloist at the Colón in a production directed by Flemming Flindt. In 1985, aged just 18, he won the Gold Medal at the International Ballet Competition in Moscow and was invited to join the American Ballet Theatre by Mikhail Baryshnikov. Though Bocca was a principal dancer with ABT, he enjoyed a lenient contract that allowed him to perform as a guest artists with other companies.
He was much in demand and thrilled audiences at La Scala in Milan, the Paris Opera, the Kirov of Saint Petersburg, the Royal Danish Ballet, the Cuban National Ballet and the National Ballet of Madrid. A performance with the Royal Ballet in London
Altynai Asylmuratova (born 1961) is a former Soviet and Kazakhstani prima ballerina with the Kirov Ballet/Mariinsky Theatre and a guest artist all over the world. Asylmuratova was born in Alma-Ata, Kazakstan, and after graduation from the Vaganova Choreographic Institute she joined the Kirov Ballet in 1978. After four years in the corps de ballet, she was promoted to Principal Dancer in 1982.
Asylmuratova became if anything more popular in Western theaters than her "home" theater due to her frequent guest appearances abroad, including Roland Petit's company. She was much admired both for her looks and the beauty of her dancing. Her repertoire included all the classical ballet rôles in Swan Lake, The Sleeping Beauty, Giselle, Don Quixote, and La Bayadère, Mikhail Fokine pieces such as The Firebird and Les Sylphides, as well as modern classics like Romeo and Juliet, works by choreographer George Balanchine and Roland Petit. She is married to fellow Mariinsky dancer Konstantin Zaklinsky, but her most frequent partner was Farouk Ruzimatov.
Videos of her dancing in Le Corsaire, La Bayadère , Les Sylphides, and The Sleeping Beauty are available. In addition, Asylmuratova was the subject
Carla Fracci (Italian pronunciation: [ˈkarla ˈfrattʃi]; born 20 August 1936 in Milan, Italy) is a ballet dancer and actress. Her career highlights include Nijinsky, Giselle (American Ballet Theatre), Complete Bell Telephone Hour Performances: Erik Bruhn 1961-1967.
Fracci studied at La Scala Theatre Ballet School starting in 1946. She graduated to La Scala Theatre Ballet in 1954, where she was promoted to soloist in 1956, and to principal in 1958. Other ballet companies she appeared with include: the London Festival Ballet (1959 & 1962), the Royal Ballet (1963), the Stuttgart Ballet (1965), and the Royal Swedish Ballet (1969). She was a principal guest artist with American Ballet Theatre from 1967.
She was known for her performances in Giselle, dancing in with partners such as Rudolf Nureyev, Vladimir Vasiliev, Henning Kronstam, Mikhail Baryshnikov, and Erik Bruhn.
On 16 October 2004, Carla Fracci was named Goodwill Ambassador of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), a specialized agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger.
Ekaterina Sergeevna Maximova (Russian: Екатери́на Серге́евна Макси́мова; 1 February 1939 – 28 April 2009) was a Soviet and Russian ballerina of international renown.
Maximova was born in Moscow, Soviet Union. An artist who combined great technical prowess with piquant prettiness, Maximova enjoyed her greatest successes in Giselle, Don Quixote, Cinderella and The Nutcracker. On May 8, 1966, Maximova was one of the Bolshoi stars who danced in the last program presented at the old Metropolitan Opera House on Thirty-ninth Street and Broadway. Maximova was coached by the legendary ballerina Galina Ulanova.
Maximova performed with the Bolshoi Ballet from 1958 until 1980, often performing opposite her husband Vladimir Vasiliev. She and her husband gleaned wide exposure for their appearances in Franco Zeffirelli's filmed version of Giuseppe Verdi's opera La traviata (1983). Both performed in Spanish costume in the divertissements composed for the equivalent of Act II, scene 2, though she with much diminished technique in comparison to her husband.
Maximova was greatly admired for her technical skills, athleticism, and "piquant prettiness." Her greatest successes were the roles of Kitri in
Jan Francis (born 5 August 1947) is an English actress, best known for playing Penny Warrender in the 1980s romantic comedy Just Good Friends.
Francis was born at the former Charing Cross Hospital near Trafalgar Square, London. She is the eldest child of Frank Francis (a clerical officer with the Agricultural Society) and the former Marjorie Watling, an employment agent, who were married in 1944. She was raised in Streatham and was educated at the Lady Edridge Grammar School.
After training as a dancer at the Royal Ballet Senior School from which she graduated in 1965, Francis performed with the Royal Ballet Touring Company in Britain, in the rest of Europe and the United States. She left the Royal Ballet in September 1969 to pursue an acting career.
She made the transfer to becoming an actress through choreography, and performed with the Cheltenham Repertory Company between 1969 and 1970. She first appeared on television in 1971, before landing BBC Television drama roles roles including Kschessinska in Fall of Eagles and Lisa Colbert in Secret Army (1977–78).
In 1979 she starred in Dracula as Mina Van Helsing, opposite Laurence Olivier as Abraham Van Helsing.
She played the part
Natalia Igorevna Bessmertnova (Russian: Наталья Игоревна Бессмертнова; 19 July 1941 – 19 February 2008) was a Soviet prima ballerina of the Bolshoi Ballet and a People's Artist of the USSR (1976).
She was born in Moscow in 1941 and trained at the Bolshoi Moscow Ballet School from 1953 to 1961. Among her teachers were Maria Kozhukhova and Sofia Golovkina, and later Marina Semyonova. She graduated in 1961 as the first student in the school's history receiving A+ in the final examinations. In 1963 she joined the Bolshoi Ballet and was its prima ballerina for three decades. She was married to Yuri Grigorovich, former Director and Chief choreographer of the Bolshoi. When Grigorovich was forced to leave the Bolshoi in 1995, she took part in a historic strike which led to cancellations of scheduled performances. Bessmertnova died in Moscow on 19 February 2008, aged 66, from cancer.
American Ballet Theatre (ABT), is a classical ballet company based in New York City. It has an annual eight-week season at the Metropolitan Opera House Lincoln Center, and tours around the world the rest of the year. American Ballet Theatre was founded in 1937 by Mikhail Mordkin and is recognized as one of the world's leading classical ballet companies. American Ballet Theatre is the parent company of the Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis School, and was recognized as "America's National Ballet Company" in 2006 by the United States Congress.
Mikhail Mordkin, a former dancer with the Bolshoi Ballet, defected to the West during the Russian Revolution and settled in the United States in 1924. He staged the country's first production of Swan Lake in 1924, then later formed the "Mordkin Ballet" in 1937 with students from his New York school, with Lucia Chase, his student, as one of his prima ballerinas. By 1939, former Hollywood agent, Richard Pleasant, came to New York to manage the company. By the summer of 1939, Pleasant and Chase developed big ideas to turn the company into a fully-fledged ballet company, and to base it on "a gallery of dance rather than the vision of a single
Heather Watts was a principal ballerina with New York City Ballet. A native of California, Ms. Watts was born as Linda Heather Watts in Long Beach on September 27, 1953. As a little girl, she had always wanted to be an actress. An acting coach advised her taking ballet classes. She started taking it up at the age of 10, came to New York at the age of 13 on a Ford Foundation scholarship to attend the School of American Ballet with Sheila Rozann, the official school of the New York City Ballet. Watts joined the New York City Ballet in 1970 and was promoted to principal dancer by company founder George Balanchine in 1979. George Balanchine took Watts into his companies "because he would not let such a talent disappear." During Ms. Watts’s tenure with the company, she had numerous principal roles created for her by George Balanchine, Jerome Robbins, and Peter Martins among others. Mr. Balanchine gave Ms. Watts the principal roles in many of his existing masterpieces, including Agon, Concerto Barocco, Apollo, Symphony in C, Theme and Variations and Serenade. Ms. Watts performed around the world and starred in numerous Dance in America television programs, and she performed opposite
Kimberley Glasco (born on November 27, 1960 in Eugene, Oregon) is a Canadian ballerina.
In 1998, Glasco launched a wrongful dismissal suit against the National Ballet of Canada instigated because artistic director James Kudelka dropped her from the company roster, allegedly because Glasco had questioned the allocation of funds for Kudelka's version of Swan Lake. In arbitration, Kudelka was ordered to reinstate the ballerina, which he refused to do for the spring season. Company sources who spoke on condition of anonymity then claimed that Glasco turned down performances for the fall season, as the company had become a hostile environment to her. The protracted lawsuit concluded in July 2000, with an out-of-court settlement. A joint statement was issued to mitigate the bad press, and the ballerina is reported to have received damages in the neighborhood of a million Canadian dollars. Information was apparently leaked to the press by the Glasco camp, although the settlement was made privately. The National Ballet would only describe the figure as "substantial."
Tessa Earl is a ballet dancer who has performed as company dancer for many Christian dance companies including Ballet Rejoice and the United States' most well-known Christian dance company, Ballet Magnificat!.
Earl founded the dance studio The Conservatory of Dance in Rocklin, California, which is the official dance studio for the Placer Theatre Ballet. She sold the studio after her marriage in 2007.
Dame Adeline Genée DBE (6 January 1878 – 23 April 1970) was a Danish/British ballet dancer.
Anina Kirstina Margarete Petra Jensen was born in Århus, Denmark. Her uncle, Alexandre Genée, gave her dancing lessons from the age of three. When she was eight, Alexandre and his wife, the former Antonia Zimmerman, adopted her. As well as changing her last name to Genée, she changed her first name to Adeline in honour of the Italian opera star Adelina Patti. Genée's debut was with her uncle's touring company at the age of ten in Oslo (at that time called Christiania).
In 1895, she became the principal dancer at the Royal Opera House in Copenhagen. Subsequently, in 1896, she danced with the Berlin Court Opera Ballet and the Munich Opera Ballet. In 1897, she accepted a booking for six weeks in England. She gained such success that she stayed for ten years.
While dancing with the Ballet of the Empire Theatre in London, she was so admired for her classical style in Monte Christo that she was offered the position of Prima Ballerina at the same theatre. She performed in The Press, Les Papillons and the British premiere (1906) of Coppélia. The Edwardian period probably represents the lowest point
Fanny Cerrito, born Francesca Cerrito (11 May 1817-6 May 1909) was an Italian ballet dancer and choreographer. She was a ballerina noted for the brilliance, strength, and vivacity of her dancing. She was also one of few women in the 19th century to be recognized for her talent as a choreographer.
Born in Naples, she studied under Carlo Blasis and the French choreographers Jules Perrot and Arthur Saint-Léon, to the latter of whom she was married from 1845-1851. Fanny Cerrito was trained in the ballet school of San Carlo Opera House, later under the supervision of Salvatore Taglioni. Her first stage appearance was made in 1832 where she gained recognition almost immediately. In 1836-37 her fame started to spread beyond Italy, where she appeared in Vienna to reveal some of her own works of dance. From 1838-1840, she continued to dance with the La Scala ballet in Milan, where she gained even more attention. In 1843 Maria Taglioni and Cerrito danced on the same program in Milan. This event caused so much excitement the city divided itself between the two great ballerinas and rivals. While in Milan Fanny began her collaboration with Jules Perrot, during which they choreographed Ondine
Igor Zelensky (also Igor Zelenski) is a Russian ballet dancer. He was born in Labinsk. He has been a principal at the Mariinsky Ballet since 1991. He graduated from the Tbilisi School of Ballet (class of Vakhtang Chabukiani) and trained at the Vaganova academy (class of Gennady Selutsky). He was a principal for five years at the New York City Ballet. He has a wide repertoire including Romeo in Romeo and Juliet and Siegfried in Swan Lake. He has performed around the world, including with the Royal Ballet in London, at La Scala in Milan, at the Bayerische Staatsoper in Munich and with the New York City Ballet.he has danced with many professional ballerinas since his career.
Lisa Teresita Pacheco Macuja-Elizalde (born on October 3, 1964) is a Prima Ballerina. She is the first Philippine-based prima ballerina, and first foreign soloist who ever joined the Kirov Ballet in 1984. In the Philippines, she is the Artistic Director of Ballet Manila and Vice-Chairman of the Philippine UNESCO National Commission. She was also the Commissioner of the National Commission on the Role of Filipino Women. Macuja-Elizalde is also Directress and faculty member of the Ballet Manila School – a training center for ballet professionals who are steeped in the Russian Vaganova method.
Lisa was born at Lourdes Hospital in the City of Manila, Philippines. She is the daughter of Cesar Macuja and Susan Pacheco. Lisa is the second among four siblings. Her elder brother, Julio II (Joly) was born in 1963. She had a younger brother who was a teenage actor and musical artist named Jerome who was born in 1967, but died on a fatal car accident on September 30, 1984, just three days before her 20th birthday, during her first season at the Kirov Ballet. She is the sister of Gia Macuja Atchison, actress and musical artist, who was born in 1971, and married to musician Robert Atchison.
Vera Volkova (Russian: Bepa Boлкoвa; 1905 – May 5, 1975) was an influential Russian ballet dancer and dance teacher. Born in Tomsk, she trained in Petrograd at Akim Volynsky's School of Russian Ballet, also studying with the renowned Russian ballet mistress Agrippina Vaganova. She danced professionally with the Imperial Russian Ballet, before defecting in 1929. As a teacher, she is most noted for spreading the use of the Vaganova method throughout the West. Most notably, she spent a number of years teaching at the Sadler's Wells Ballet and Sadler's Wells Ballet School, training some of the leading English dancers of the 20th Century. She also taught at the Ballet Schools of the La Scala Theatre in Milan and New York City Ballet. She became a permanent teacher at the Royal Danish Ballet School, again training some of the schools greatest dancers.
Carlos Acosta (born 2 June 1973) is a Cuban ballet dancer. He has danced with many companies including the English National Ballet, National Ballet of Cuba, Houston Ballet and American Ballet Theatre. He has been a permanent member of The Royal Ballet since 1998, and in 2003 he was promoted to Principal Guest Artist, a rank which reduced his commitment to the Royal Ballet, enabling him to concentrate on a growing schedule of international guest appearances and tours.
Acosta was born in Havana, Cuba, on Saturday 2 June 1973, as the eleventh and last child in an impoverished Havana family whose home was in one of the rougher quarters of that city. His father was a truck driver, and his mother often suffered from health problems. The island nation of Cuba had become a socialist state after the 1959 victory by Marxist guerrilla leader Fidel Castro, but remained overwhelmingly poor. Acosta grew up with no toys, sometimes went shoeless, and did not even have a birthday cake until he turned 23. The streets of his neighborhood provided plenty of entertainment, however, and he spent his time playing soccer, break-dancing, and raiding nearby mango groves with his friends. He was an
Marc Platt (b. December 2, 1913) is an American ballet dancer, musical theatre performer, and actor.
Platt (born Marcel LePlat in Pasadena, California) was one of the original members of the Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo, performing under the name Platoff. While with the company, Platt appeared in the musicals Jubilee (1935), Broadway Sho-Window (1936), and Yokel Boy (1939) (under the stage name Marc Plant) and choreographed Ghost Town (1939), set to music by Richard Rodgers.
Platt's most notable musical theatre role was Dream Curly in the original 1943 Broadway production of Oklahoma!. He danced the opening night performance on an injured foot, courtesy of the overly-enthusiastic fight sequences with Dream Jud, played by George Church. He is one of four surviving cast members of the original 1943 opening night production of Oklahoma!, along with Joan Roberts, George S. Irving , and Bambi Linn.
Agnes de Mille later gave him a cameo role in the 1955 movie version. Although none of Platt's subsequent Broadway appearances were in successful shows, he toured as Bill Calhoun/Lucentio in Kiss Me, Kate.
On film, Platt's best-known role is that of Daniel Pontipee in the 1954 film Seven
Asen Gavrilov (Bulgarian: Асен Гаврилов; 10 June 1926 - 21 May 2006) was a famous Bulgarian ballet dancer and choreographer.
He was renowned by his roles in Swan Lake, Giselle and The Dragon and Yana, and by his choreography of Aida and Prince Igor. He received the award of People's Artist by his contributions to Bulgarian culture.
Lidija Franklin (born May 17, 1917) is a dancer and teacher of Latvian descent, originally from the Moscow area. In the United States, she is known primarily for her association with Agnes de Mille.
Franklin (née Kocers) performed with the Jooss Ballet until the early 1940s, then relocated to the USA and began working in musical theater. She was the female principal dancer in Bloomer Girl (1944) and Maggie Anderson in the original Brigadoon (1947). (Franklin also played Maggie in the 1957 revival.)
As a concert dancer, Franklin toured as a principal with the Agnes de Mille Dance Theatre and made occasional guest appearances with American Ballet Theatre. She also worked with the modern dance choreographer Pauline Koner.
In the early 1960s, Franklin moved to her husband Gustavo Franklin's native Venezuela, where they established Ballet Arte School in Caracas.
Megan Fairchild is a principal dancer with the New York City Ballet. She studied at the Ballet West Conservatory in Salt Lake City, Utah, where she was born, and later on attended the School of American Ballet as a boarding student. She went to high school at the Professional Children's School. Prior to becoming a principal dancer, she was in the corps de ballet and then a soloist. She has danced in ballets including The Nutcracker, a Greek Trilogy, The Sleeping Beauty and many others. Her brother Robbie and husband Andrew Veyette are also principals with the company.She is represented by Variations Dance Management, as is her husband Andrew Veyette.
Pauline Duvernay or Yolande Marie-Louise Duvernay or Yolande Marie Louise de Varnay (December 1812 – 2 September 1894) was a noted French dancer.
Pauline Duvernay was born at Versailles and became a student of Hippolyte Barrez at the Paris Opera Ballet, where she also worked with Auguste Vestris, Jean-Francois Coulon and Filippo Taglioni.
She made her debut on the stage of the Théâtre de l´Académie Royale de Musique in Paris performing Venus in Jean-Baptiste Blache's Mars et Vénus. That same year she made her debut in London at the Drury Lane Theatre in Jean-Pierre Aumer's La Belle au bois dormant ("Sleeping Beauty"). Working with the renowned Ballet du Théâtre de l´Académie Royale de Musique (today known as the Paris Opera Ballet), she also gave outstanding performances in Jean Coralli's La tentation (music by Fromental Halévy and Casimir Gide) in 1832.
Her beauty and dancing skills captivated audiences in Paris and London, and she enjoyed tremendous popularity. She retired in 1837, at the height of her career, marrying an English banker and Member of Parliament, Stephens Lyne-Stephens, thought to be the richest commoner in England at that time. Duvernay devoted herself to charity
Tom Sapsford (born 1975) is a British ballet dancer and choreographer, whose work often concentrates on the interplay of contemporary dance and new media technology. He trained at the Royal Ballet School, winning prizes from Kenneth Macmillan. In 1993, he joined The Royal Ballet, and two years later was awarded one of the first ever Jerwood Foundation Young Choreographers’ Awards. His work has been presented by The Royal Ballet and The Royal Opera House, among others.
Erina Takahashi, born in Hokkaidō, Japan, is a Senior Principal dancer with the English National Ballet. She was the Critics Circle Best Female Newcomer in 2001.
Joined the English National Ballet in 1996 and became a Principal dancer in 2000 and Senior Principal dancer in 2007.
Cinderella, Odette/Odile (Swan Lake), Giselle (Giselle), Juliet (Romeo and Juliet), Clara and Sugar Plum Fairy, (The Nutcracker), The Snow Queen (The Snow Queen), Princess Aurora, Princess Florine and the Bluebird (The Sleeping Beauty), The Chosen One (Rite of Spring), Manon (Manon).
Yvonne Georgi (October 29, 1903 in Leipzig – January 25, 1975 in Hannover) was a German dancer, choreographer and balletmistress.
Georgi was born in Leipzig. Along with Gret Palucca and Hanya Holm, she was one of the best-known students of Mary Wigman and Robert Gergi; in her roles as dancer, choreographer and ballet mistress she exercised a decisive influence on the field of dance for decades. During the 1920s she and Harald Kreutzberg successfully toured the USA. She worked in Amsterdam and Hannover. She had numerous première performances, among them the Electronic Ballet in 1957 to the music of Henk Badings. She died in Hannover.
Sonia Arova (May 19, 1927 – February 4, 2001), born was a Bulgarian ballerina.
She was born as Sonia Errio in Sofia, Bulgaria, and began her training in Paris. With the beginning of the Second World War, she barely escaped the Nazi advance through a reckless flight which was attacked by German planes. She finally arrived in England, where she enrolled in an art school and eventually joined the International Ballet in 1942.
Arova worked as a principal ballerina in the Original Ballets Russes, the London Festival Ballet, the Royal Ballet, and the American Ballet Theatre. She danced with Rudolph Nureyev in their American debut. She was a great success, with kings and queens presenting her presents in appreciation of her work. She became Artistic Director of the National Ballet of Norway in 1961.
In 1971 she co-directed the San Diego Ballet with her husband Thor Sutowski. The couple accepted teaching posts at the Alabama School of Fine Arts in 1976. During their stay, she was artistic director of the Alabama Ballet. In 1996, the pair returned to San Diego, where her daughter Ariane lived.
In a ceremony at the United Nations, she was made a Dame by King Olaf V of Norway, becoming the
Marguerite Acarin (born Saint-Josse-ten-Noode, 30 March 1904; died Ixelles, 24 June 1999) was a Belgian dancer, choreographer, and artist.
Acarin is generally known by her stage-name, Akarova. She was called "the Belgian Isadora Duncan". She studied music and dance under Émile Jaques-Dalcroze, creator of eurhythmics, after which she joined the Antwerp ballet. She soon left due to disputes with the ballet mistress.
In 1922, attending a meeting arranged by Isadora Duncan's brother Raymond, she met artist Marcel Baugniet, with whom she would collaborate for many years. They married on 31 October 1923, but separated in 1928. Baugniet coined Marguerite's stage name. In this period she danced, choreographed, and designed sets and costumes, in performances to works by composers such as Igor Stravinski and Maurice Ravel. Her second marriage, to artistic patron Louis Lievens, took place on 6 April 1935. This marriage too ended in a separation, in 1939.
Noted Brussels architect Jean-Jules Eggericx constructed a studio, performance venue, and home, for Akarova at number 72, Avenue de l'Hippodrome, Ixelles, in 1937. The venue opened on 30 January 1937 with performances by Akarova from Francis
Sir Anton Dolin (27 July 1904 – 25 November 1983) was an English ballet dancer and choreographer.
Dolin was born in Slinfold in Sussex as Sydney Francis Patrick Chippendall Healey-Kay but was generally known as Patrick Kay. He joined Sergei Diaghilev's Ballets Russes in 1921, was a principal there from 1924, and was a principal with the Vic-Wells Ballet in the 1930s. There he danced with Alicia Markova, with whom he went on to found the Markova-Dolin Ballet and the London Festival Ballet.
He joined Ballet Theatre as when it was formed in 1940 and remained there as a dancer and choreographer until 1946.
Dolin wrote several books, including the autobiography Ballet Go Round (1938) and Alicia Markova: Her Life and Art (1953). He was knighted in 1981. He is featured in the documentary film A Portrait of Giselle.
For many years he lived with the ballet dancer John Gilpin.
Deborah Bull CBE (born 22 March 1963) is an English dancer, writer, and broadcaster and Creative Director of the Royal Opera House.
Born in Derby, and brought up in Kent and Lincolnshire, she studied dance from the age of seven, first locally, and then, on the recommendation of her teacher, at the Royal Ballet School. Whilst at the school she won the 1980 Prix de Lausanne, the prestigious international ballet competition.
She was invited to join The Royal Ballet in 1981, having toured with the company as a student during the summer. She was promoted through the ranks and gained principal status in 1992, immediately following the company's opening performance in Japan, at which she danced the role of Gamzatti in La Bayadere.
During her twenty years in The Royal Ballet, she danced a wide range of work throughout the repertoire. Her leading roles in the classics included Odette/Odile in Swan Lake, Aurora in The Sleeping Beauty and Kitri in Don Quixote, and she created roles for Ashley Page, David Bintley, Michael Corder, Emma Diamond, Wayne McGregor, Glen Tetley and Twyla Tharp. She received particular praise for her performances in the works of George Balanchine and William Forsythe.
Karen Alexandria Kain, CC (born March 28, 1951 in Hamilton, Ontario) is a retired Canadian ballet dancer, and currently the Artistic Director of the National Ballet of Canada.
Karen Kain's mother enrolled her daughter in ballet training because she believed it would improve her posture, poise, and discipline. Kain began training in 1962 at the age of eleven at the National Ballet School of Canada, where she trained for seven years until upon graduation in 1969, she was invited to join the National Ballet of Canada.
Kain became a principal dancer in 1971, dancing central roles in a wide array of ballets, eventually becoming a well-known dancer in Canada, with the help of legendary dancer Rudolf Nureyev. She worked as a guest artist with Roland Petit's Le Ballet National de Marseilles, the Bolshoi Ballet, the London Festival Ballet, the Paris Opera Ballet, the Hamburg Ballet, the Vienna State Opera Ballet, and the Eliot Feld Ballet. Kain is a subject of The Portraits of Andy Warhol, c. 1980.
In 1977 Kain stopped dancing, but resumed again in 1981 with the National Ballet of Canada, where she danced for a further 15 years. In 1996, Kain reunited with Frank Augustyn to appear in her
The School of American Ballet (SAB) is one of the most famous classical ballet schools in the world and is the associate school of the New York City Ballet, a leading international ballet company based at the Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts in New York City. The school trains students from the age of 6, with professional vocational ballet training for students aged 11–18. Graduates of the school achieve employment with leading ballet companies worldwide, most notably in the United States with New York City Ballet, American Ballet Theatre, Boston Ballet, and San Francisco Ballet.
The school was founded by the renowned Russo-Georgian-born [choreographer] George Balanchine, and the philanthropist Lincoln Kirstein in 1934. Among the teachers there were many Russian emigres who fled the Revolution: Pierre Vladimiroff, Felia Doubrovska, Anatole Oboukhoff, Hélène Dudin, Ludmilla Schollar, Antonina Toumkovskaya etc. Their intention was to establish a major classical ballet company in America, which would lead to the formation of today's New York City Ballet. The school was formed to train and feed dancers into the company. It opened at 637 Madison Avenue with 32 students on January
Ludmilla Tchérina (10 October 1924 – 21 March 2004) was a French prima ballerina, sculptor, actress, painter, choreographer and author of two novels.
Tchérina was born Monique Tchemerzine, into Circassian aristocracy as the daughter of Kabardian Prince Avenir Tchemerzine (Shamyrze), a former Russian general, who had escaped from St. Petersburg, and Stéphane Finette, a Frenchwoman.
She studied with Blanche d'Alessandri, Olga Preobrajenska and Clustine. She started dancing at 16 and danced with the Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo, where she was spotted by Serge Lifar. She made her Paris debut creating the rôle of Juliet in his Romeo and Juliet in 1942, becoming the youngest prima ballerina in the history of dance. In 1945 she was a principal dancer with the Ballet des Champs-Élysées and performed in Paris concerts with her husband Edmond Audran. She created various rôles in Lifar's ballets including: 'Mephisto Waltz' in 1945, A la memoire d'un heros in 1946 and in Le Martyre de Saint-Sebastian in 1957. She appeared often with the Paris Opera, the Bolshoi Ballet and the Kirov Ballet as a guest performer.
Ludmilla Tchérina acted in several films including The Red Shoes, Les Rendezvous, The
Marie-Madeleine Guimard (27 December 1743, Paris — 4 May 1816) was a French ballerina who dominated the Parisian stage during the reign of Louis XVI. For twenty-five years she was the star of the Paris Opera. She made herself even more famous by her love affairs, especially by her long liaison with the prince de Soubise. According to Edmond de Goncourt, when d'Alembert was asked why dancers like La Guimard made such prodigious fortunes, when singers did not, he responded, "It is a necessary consequence of the laws of motion".
Not known for hazarding the more difficult movements that were being added to the professional repertory of ballet, she was renowned for her perfectly composed and fluid aristocratic movements, her mime and above all for her expressively smiling visage. She wore her skirt hitched up to reveal an underskirt, without hoops or paniers, held out simply by a starched muslin petticoat. The portrait painter Mme Vigée-Lebrun said, "her dancing was but a sketch; she made only petits pas, simple steps, but with movements so graceful that the public preferred her to every other dancer." Other dancers, like Jean-Georges Noverre, praised her enthusiastically, but Sophie
Nadezhda Pavlova ((1956-05-15)May 15, 1956) is a Russian Chuvash ballerina of the late 20th century, People's Artist of the USSR, People's Artist of the Chuvashia, professor.
Nadia Pavlova at early age liked to dance. In 7 years has started to be engaged in a choreographic circle at the House of pioneers.
In 1966 the commission from the Perm choreographic school arrived to Cheboksary in search of exceptional children. The commission has estimated her talent and Nadia have suggested to study in Perm. Seven years — from 2nd class and before release — Nadia Pavlova studied at Lyudmila Pavlovna Saharova.
From 2nd class of Nadia Pavlova participates in concerts with the special numbers by M.Gazievym, — «the Girl and an echo», «the Small ballerina», "Mischievous person", and also performs all existing children's parts in performances of the Perm opera and ballet theater.
In 1970 during theater tours in Moscow Nadia Pavlova draws special attention of reviewers. In 15 years Nadia Pavlova becomes the winner of the first award of All-Union competition of ballet masters and ballet dancers, and year later, in 1973, wins Grand prize of II International competition of ballet dancers in Moscow.
Sara Webb is an American professional ballet dancer and a principal dancer with the Houston Ballet (1997–present).
Webb was born in Dallas, Texas and raised in Henderson, Nevada. She received her early training at the Academy of Nevada Dance Theatre and at the Harid Conservatory in Boca Raton, Florida, from which she graduated in 1996 at the age of 17. She then attended the Houston Ballet Academy for one year, during which time she completed her senior year of high school via correspondence courses.
Webb was invited to join Houston Ballet in 1997, at the age of 18. She was promoted to soloist in 2000 and to principal in 2003.
She has performed the lead roles in a number of Ben Stevenson’s classical productions, including Aurora and Blue Bird in The Sleeping Beauty, Juliet in Romeo and Juliet, Odette/Odile in Swan Lake, Kitri in Don Quixote, Swanilda in Coppélia, Alice and Tiger Lily in Alice in Wonderland, Cinderella in Cinderella, the pas de deux from Esmeralda, and both Sugar Plum Fairy and Snow Queen in The Nutcracker. Equally familiar with the work of other classical choreographers, she has also been featured in the lead roles in Sir Frederick Ashton’s La Fille Mal Gardée;
Allegra Kent (born August 11, 1937) is an American ballet dancer and actress.
Born in Santa Monica, Kent studied with Bronislava Nijinska and Carmelita Maracci before joining the School of American Ballet. After graduating, she joined the New York City Ballet in 1953 at the age of 15, and was promoted to principal in 1957. Many roles in George Balanchine's ballets were created for her, including Seven Deadly Sins, Ivesiana and Bugaku. She danced the role of Dewdrop in the 1958 Playhouse 90 telecast of Balanchine's version of The Nutcracker.
She performed in such ballets as Serenade, Agon and Dances at a Gathering. She retired in 1981, becoming a ballet teacher, and in 1997 published an autobiography, Once a Dancer. In 2012, Kent published her first book for children, Ballerina Swan, with Holiday House Books for Young People, illustrated by Caldecott Medalist Emily Arnold McCully. It has received rave reviews from The New York Times, Kirkus Reviews, and School Library Journal. Allegra currently teaches ballet at Barnard College, the women's college affiliated with Columbia University in the City of New York.
Delia Scala (25 September 1929 – 15 January 2004) was an Italian ballerina and actress.
Born Odette Bedogni in Bracciano, Lazio, Italy, as a young girl the family moved to Milan where she studied ballet at "La Scala" Ballet School for seven years. She performed in numerous ballets until World War II, after which she began appearing in motion pictures using the stage name, Delia Scala. In 1956, she began a career in television, an industry that at the time in Italy was still in its infancy. She starred in several variety shows during the 1950s and 1960s, and became one of her country's most beloved TV showgirls.
Although Scala achieved great fame and success, her life was plagued by misfortune and sorrowful losses. She married a Greek military officer at age 15 (in 1944), but separated from him two years later, and got the marriage annulled in 1956. During the mid 1950s she gained much publicity for her relationship with Formula One race car driver Eugenio Castellotti. He died in 1957 when his Ferrari crashed while attempting a speed record at the Modena race track.
She married in 1967 to Piero Giannotti, but was widowed when he died in 1982 of a heart attack while bicycling along
Lauren Anderson (born February 19, 1965) is an American ballet dancer and a former principal dancer with the Houston Ballet. In 1990, she was the first black American ballerina to become a principal for a major dance company, an important milestone in American ballet.
Lauren is the only child of Lawrence Anderson, a school administrator, and Doris Parker-Morales, a classical piano teacher. From the age of seven she trained at Houston Ballet's Ben Stevenson Academy. She is a Houston native and graduated from Lamar High School in 1982.
Anderson joined the Houston Ballet in 1983 and became a principal dancer in 1990.
Her performance of the title role in Cleopatra gave her international recognition. She has also performed works by George Balanchine and Sir Kenneth MacMillan, among others. Ms. Anderson originated the role of Cleopatra in the ballet of the same name created by Ben Stevenson, and her performance received reviews; the Boston Globe called Ms. Anderson "a powerhouse in interpreting the role that Stevenson created on her."
Anderson retired from performance in 2006. In January 2007, she became an outreach associate in the Houston Ballet’s education department. In that
Dame Catherine Margaret Mary Scott, AC, DBE (born 26 April 1922, Johannesburg, South Africa), best known as Margaret Scott, is a South African-born Australian dancer.
Scott arrived in Australia in 1947 on tour with the Ballet Rambert and stayed there. She danced with the Sadler's Wells Ballet, appointed a principal dancer in 1941, and Ballet Rambert as a principal from 1943 to 1948. She studied teaching at the Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology.
In Australia, she danced with the National Theatre Ballet Company as a principal. She participated in the negotiations with the Australian Elizabethan Theatre Trust that led to the formation of the Australian Ballet in 1962, and in 1964 was appointed director of the Australian Ballet School, heading the school until 1990.
She appeared in Graeme Murphy's version of The Nutcracker in the 1992, 1994 and 2000 seasons. She represents Australia on the Council of the World Dance Alliance.
Scott was appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in 1976, Dame Commander (DBE) in 1981 and Companion of the Order of Australia (AC) in 2005. She has been the recipient of many other honours and awards including the award for lifetime
Suzanne Farrell (born August 16, 1945) is an eminent 20th century ballerina (often referred to as the greatest American lyric ballerina) and the founder of the Suzanne Farrell Ballet at the Kennedy Center in Washington, D.C.
She was born as Roberta Sue Ficker in Cincinnati, and received her early training at the Cincinnati Conservatory of Music. In 1960 she was selected to study at George Balanchine's School of American Ballet with a Ford Foundation scholarship; she started there in 1960, and joined the New York City Ballet (NYCB) in 1961.
Initially part of the corps de ballet at NYCB, Farrell soon moved on to dancing featured roles. The first ballet choreographed for her was Passage, now Arcade, by John Taras in 1963. Balanchine first paired her with Jacques d' Amboise to choreograph his Meditation, which debuted in Winter 1963. One of her most notable roles was Dulcinea in Balanchine's Don Quixote, which premiered in May 1965. Balanchine performed in the of Don Quixote on opening night. She re-scaled many ballets and expanded them to a new level of technique. In 1965 she was promoted to principal dancer. Her first role in her new title was Agon with Arthur Mitchell at the Paris
Adabel Anahí Guerrero Melachenko (born July 18, 1978), better known simply as Adabel Guerrero, is an Argentine professional theater and burlesque dancer, actress, and supervedette, who has also dabbled as a singer in several of her television appearances as well as in theater singing a cappella and Ballads. She is currently working as a TV hostess and panelist as well.
Guerrero has participated in multiple seasons of the Argentine version of Dancing with the Stars, Bailando por un Sueño, competing together with professional dancers Martin Whitecamp, Joel Ledesma, Reynaldo Ojeda and may others. As well as many spin-offs of the show.
Guerrero was recently voted as the best vedette of 2012 competing against 17 others vedettes like Jésica Cirio, Claudia Albertario, Andrea Ghidone, Mónica González de Listorti, Valeria Archimó and Mónica Farro, with the 25.00% of the public votes(2,611 votes, with a total of 10,393 votes).
Adabel Guerrero began her career in dance school in the city of La Plata. At the time, and being a professor of classical dance, she became part of the play "Ballet del Teatro Argentino", and from their becoming a dancer for professional dancer Iñaki Urlezaga for 7
Dame Beryl Elizabeth Grey (née Groom), DBE, DMus, DLitt, Ed.D, FRSA (born 11 June 1927, Highgate, London) is a retired English ballerina. She began dance classes at the age of 4 while attending Sherbourne Preparatory School, and by age 8 was being taught ballet by Phyllis Bedells. By the age of nine she had become the star pupil of her school, had been presented a silver medal by Tamara Karsavina and had passed all the examination of the Royal Academy of Dancing it was possible for her to take. Her talent was recognised by Ursula Moreton and Ninette de Valois who offered her a scholarship for four years at the age of 10 with the option of joining their dance company for a further four years. She began to attend the Sadler's Wells School in 1937.
In August 1941, Beryl Grey was taken into the company at the age of fourteen and joined them during a provincial tour, at Burnley. Her first appearance with the company was in the corps de ballet of Le Lac des Cygnes. She progressed through the company at a steady rate, particularly as during the war years it was difficult to maintain a company at full strength. Her first solo role was as one of the Blue Skaters in Les Patineurs. Her first
Birmingham Royal Ballet (BRB) is one of the three major ballet companies of the United Kingdom, alongside The Royal Ballet and the English National Ballet.
Founded in 1947 as the Sadler's Wells Theatre Ballet, the company was established under the direction of John Field, and was formed to continue ballet performances at Sadler's Wells Theatre, after its predecessor (today's Royal Ballet) moved to become the resident ballet company at the Royal Opera House in Covent Garden, London. The company was later granted a Royal Charter, becoming the Sadler's Wells Royal Ballet and following relocation to Birmingham in 1990, the name was changed to Birmingham Royal Ballet, with the company becoming the resident ballet company at the Birmingham Hippodrome theatre.
It is now independent of the Royal Ballet in London, although it retains strong links with the company and the Royal Ballet School. As a resident company, Birmingham Royal Ballet has extensive custom-built facilities, including a suite of dance studios, the Jerwood Centre for the Prevention and Treatment of Dance Injuries and a studio theatre known as the Patrick Centre. In 2002, the need for Birmingham Royal Ballet to have its own
Carlo Blasis (4 November 1797 – 15 January 1878) was an Italian dancer, choreographer and dance theoretician. He is well known for his very rigorous dance classes, sometimes lasting four hours long.
Blasis was born in Naples. He was the first who published an analysis on the ballet techniques in 1820, in a work named Traité élémentaire, théorique, et pratique de l'art de la danse ("Elementary, Theoretical, and Practical Treatise on the Art of the Dance"). He is most known for the pose "Attitude" derived from the famous statue Mercury by Giovanni da Bologna. Enrico Cecchetti expanded his method of instruction and theories.
From 1838 to 1853, Blassis was the Artistic Director of what is now the La Scala Theatre Ballet School
Blasis died in Cernobbio.
Elizaveta Pavlovna Gerdt (Russian: Елизавета Павловна Гердт; 29 January [O.S. 17 January] 1891 – 6 November 1975) was a Russian dancer and teacher whose career links the Russian imperial and Soviet schools of classical dance.
A daughter of celebrated Paul Gerdt, she studied under Michel Fokine at the Imperial Ballet School, where her chief partner was Vaslav Nijinsky. She married another popular danseur, Samuil Adrianov (1884-1917), who danced with Pierina Legnani and Mathilde Kschessinska, two ballerinas she sought to emulate.
After the Russian Revolution Elizaveta Gerdt and Olga Spesivtseva were the only world-class dancers who chose to remain in Russia, while others emigrated to the West. Quite unexpectedly, in 1928, she resolved to abandon the stage and devote herself to teaching in Moscow. She coached innumerable prima ballerinas of the Bolshoi Ballet, including Alla Shelest, Sulamith Messerer, Maya Plisetskaya, Ekaterina Maksimova, and Raisa Struchkova.
Fabio Grossi (born 1 October 1977, Rome) is an Italian dancer and ballet teacher.
He trained at the Accademia Nazionale di Danza in Rome, where he graduated with full marks.
He also studied with Marika Besobrasova in Monte-Carlo, Rosella Hightower in Cannes, Wilhelm Burmann in Geneva and Milan, Philip Beamish in London and Milan, Raymond Franchetti in Marseilles - among others.
At age 19, Grossi was a First Prize Winner at the Rieti Dance Competition in Italy and the only Italian to be a Finalist and a Diploma Winner at the 1997 Moscow International Ballet Competition in Russia, which was directed by Yuri Grigorovich.
On October 11, 1997 he made his debut with Aterballetto (Italy). Then he successively joined:
From 2003 to 2007, he has been one of the leading dancers of the Teatro dell'Opera di Roma performing as partner of Italian ballerina Carla Fracci.
As a Principal Dancer, Grossi's repertoire included most of the major classical, neoclassical and romantic roles of the ballet tradition such as Giselle, Swan Lake, The Sleeping Beauty, The Nutcracker, Mikhail Fokine's Les Sylphides and Petrushka, Léonide Massine's Pulcinella and George Balanchine's re-created pieces La Chatte
José Manuel Carreño (born 25 May 1968 in Havana, Cuba) is a retired Cuban ballet dancer, who performed as a principal dancer with the English National Ballet, Royal Ballet and American Ballet Theatre.
Carreño started dancing at the age of ten and received his training at the Provincial School of Ballet and the Cuban National Ballet School. He won the Gold Medal at the New York International Ballet Competition in 1987 and the Grand Prix at the International Ballet Competition in Jackson, Mississippi in 1990. He has appeared extensively in Europe, Latin America and the United States, dancing such roles as Franz in Coppélia, Basilio in Don Quixote, Albrecht in Giselle and Prince Siegfried in Swan Lake. He has also performed in the principal roles in such works as Le Corsaire, the Diane and Actéon pas de deux and the Black Swan pas de deux.
He has been principal dancer in the English National Ballet in 1990, The Royal Ballet in 1993 and the American Ballet Theater starting in 1995.
In 2004 Carreño received the Dance Magazine Award for significant contributions to dance. He lives in New York City with his wife Ana Lourdes Novoa (a former Cuban National Ballet dancer) his new stepson,
Larisa Lezhnina (Russian: Лариса Лежнина) is a principal dancer with Dutch National Ballet, Amsterdam. She was born on March 17, 1969 in Leningrad (now St. Petersburg), Russia. She graduated from the Vaganova Ballet Academy in Leningrad in 1987 and joined the Kirov Ballet (now the Mariinsky Ballet). In 1990 she became a First Soloist. She left the Mariinsky in 1994 and joined the Dutch National Ballet as a principal.
Ludmilla Chiriaeff, CC GOQ (January 10, 1924 – September 22, 1996) was a Canadian ballet dancer, choreographer, teacher, and company director.
Born in Riga, Latvia, to a Russian father and a Polish mother, Ludmilla Alexandrovna Otsup was raised and trained in Berlin, where she studied with Alexandra Nikolaeva, a former ballerina of the Bolshoi Ballet, with Nikolaeva's daughter and son-in-law Xenia and Édouard Borovanky, and with Evgenia Eduardova. Her career was interrupted by the conflict of World War II, during which she was confined to a Nazi labor camp on the unfounded suspicion of being Jewish. She escaped during a bombing raid and, with the assistance of the Red Cross, made her way to Switzerland, where she was able to resume her ballet training and revive her professional career in Lausanne and Geneva. While resident in the Suisse romande, she married Russian artist Alexis Shiriaev, whose surname was spelled Chiriaeff, in the French style.
After immigrating with her family to Canada in 1952, Chiriaeff settled in Montreal, Quebec, opened a ballet school, and soon began to create dances for Société Radio-Canada, the French-language public television service. Because of the
Olga Alexandrovna Spessivtseva (18 July [O.S. 6 July] 1895 – 16 September 1991) was a Russian ballerina whose stage career spanned from 1913 to 1939. She was one of the outstanding classical ballerinas of the 20th century.
Olga Spessivtseva was born in Rostov-on-Don, the daughter of an opera singer. After her father's death, she was sent to an orphanage in St. Petersburg with theatrical connections. She entered St. Petersburg's Imperial Ballet Academy in 1906, where she was a student of Klavdia Kulichevskaya and later of Yevgenia Sokolova and Agrippina Vaganova. After graduating in 1913, she joined the Mariinsky Theatre, where she was promoted to soloist in 1916. An exquisite romantic dancer with perfect technique, ideally suited for roles such as Giselle and Odette-Odile in Swan Lake, she quickly became one of the most admired dancers in the company. In later years George Balanchine, then a student at the Imperial Ballet school, remembered her dancing with awe and admiration.
In 1916, Sergei Diaghilev invited her to tour with the Ballets Russes in the United States, where she danced with Nijinsky in Le Spectre de la Rose, Les Sylphides and the Bluebird pas de deux from The
Pat Colgate is currently the artistic director of the Placer Theatre Ballet dance company, which she founded. She designs all costumes and directs choreography for each original ballet staged there.
Pat Colgate trained in ballet in Boston, USA, and became a member of the Boston Ballet. From there, she trained with American Ballet Theatre school (ABT) in New York City at the age of 15.
She has performed with the Boston Ballet, Opera Company of Boston, and the New York City Rockettes. In New York, she appeared in Bye Bye Birdie, Hit the Deck, and Destry Rides Again. In San Francisco, she appeared in Funny Girl, Annie Get Your Gun, 42nd Street, Follies, La Cage Aux Folles, A Chorus Line, No, No, Nanette, Good News, The Pajama Game, Gypsy: A Musical Fable, The Music Man, Of Thee I Sing, Godspell, Sugar and Guys and Dolls.
She has owned her own dance company for 25 years in the San Francisco Bay Area before relocating to Placer County, California.
The Royal Winnipeg Ballet is one of the world's premier dance companies. Based in Winnipeg, Manitoba, it is Canada's oldest ballet company and the longest continuously operating ballet company in North America.
It was founded in 1939 as the "Winnipeg Ballet Club" by Gweneth Lloyd and Betty Farrally. The name was changed to the "Winnipeg Ballet" in 1941 and the company began touring Canada in 1945. In 1948, with the initiative of the Winnipeg Ballet, the Canadian Ballet Festival was formed.
The Royal Winnipeg Ballet was granted its royal title in 1953, the first granted under the reign of Queen Elizabeth II. It completed its first American tour in 1954. In June that year the RWB's rented premises were devastated by fire; the company's entire stock of costumes, original music, choreographic scores and sets was destroyed. Conductor Eric Wild served as the company's music director from 1955 to 1962.
The company solidified its reputation under the artistic directorship of Saskatchewan-born Arnold Spohr from 1958 to 1988. Spohr, who first joined the company as a dancer in 1945, during his tenure maintained a strong focus on developing Canadian talent, and, at the same time, he developed
Rudolf Khametovich Nureyev (Bashkir: Рудольф Хәмит улы Нуриев, Tatar: Rudolf Xämit ulı Nuriev, Russian: Рудо́льф Хаме́тович Нуре́ев) (17 March 1938 – 6 January 1993) was a dancer of ballet and modern dance, one of the most celebrated of the 20th century. Nureyev's artistic skills explored expressive areas of the dance, providing a new role to the male ballet dancer who once served only as support to the women.
Originally a Soviet citizen, Nureyev defected to the West in 1961, despite KGB efforts to stop him. According to KGB archives studied by Peter Watson, Nikita Khrushchev personally signed an order to have Nureyev killed.
Nureyev was born on a Trans-Siberian train near Irkutsk, Siberia, Soviet Union, while his mother Feride was travelling to Vladivostok, where his father Hamit, a Red Army political commissar, was stationed. He was raised as the only son in a Bashkir-Tatar family in a village near Ufa in Soviet republic of Bashkortostan. When his mother took him and his sisters into a performance of the ballet "Song of the Cranes", he fell in love with dance. As a child he was encouraged to dance in Bashkir folk performances and his precocity was soon noticed by teachers who
Salvatore Viganò (March 25, 1769 – August 10, 1821), was an Italian choreographer, dancer and composer.
Viganò was born in Naples. He studied composition with Luigi Boccherini (his uncle) and by the mid-1780s was composing original music. In 1788, he appeared as a dancer on the stage in Venice. He performed in the coronation festivities of Charles IV of Spain in 1789. He became a pupil of the French dancer and choreographer Jean Dauberval. In 1791, he and his wife achieved success as a dancing team in Venice, where he choreographed his first ballet, Raoul de Créqui. He was ballet master in Vienna and collaborated with Beethoven on the ballet The Creatures of Prometheus. He returned to Italy in 1804 and became the ballet master of La Scala ballet school in Milan. He is considered the father of a new kind of performance called "coreodramma" where the pantomime served the dance and the ensembles where very significant. He died in Milan.
Sophie Hagman née Anna Stina Hagman or Anna Sophia Hagman, (31 December 1758 in Eskilstuna, Södermanland, Sweden – 6 May 1826 in Stockholm, Sweden), was a Swedish ballet dancer. She was the official royal mistress to Prince Frederick Adolf of Sweden from 1778 to 1793.
Information about her background is not entirely confirmed Sophie Hagman was likely the daughter of a gamekeeper and former member of the Södermanland regiment. In 1780, Prince Frederick expressed his intention to do something for the soldier Lars Hagman from Strängnäs, who was active in the Södermanland regiment and previously unknown to him, probably because he was the brother of Sophie Hagman, and it was the custom for soldiers to serve in the same regiment as their fathers
At some point, Hagman was employed to look after the children to Louis Gallodier, dance master of the Royal Swedish Ballet at the Royal Swedish Opera in Stockholm. She was then the maid to the lady-in-waiting Baroness Virginia Manderström and later served as the maid to countess Hedvig Catharina Piper. During her employment with Piper, according to courtier count Lars von Engeström, she was "a little girl, and everyone laughed at her because she
Tamara Platonovna Karsavina (10 March 1885 – 26 May 1978) was a famous Russian ballerina, renowned for her beauty, who was most noted as a Principal Artist of the Imperial Russian Ballet and later the Ballets Russes of Serge Diaghilev. After settling in Hampstead, England, she began teaching ballet professionally and would become recognised as one of the founders of modern British ballet. She assisted in the establishment of The Royal Ballet and was a founder member of the Royal Academy of Dance, which is now the world's largest dance teaching organisation.
Karsavina was born in St. Petersburg, Russia, the daughter of Platon Konstantinovich Karsavin. A principal dancer and mime with the Imperial Ballet, Platon was also employed as an instructor at the Imperial Ballet School (Vaganova Ballet Academy) and counted among his students Karsavina's future dancing partner and paramour, Michel Fokine.
She was the sister of religious philosopher and medieval historian Lev Karsavin. Her niece, Marianna Karsavina, was married to Ukrainian author and artistic patron Pyotr Suvchinsky. Through her mother, Karsavina was distantly related to the religious poet and co-founder of the Slavophile
Valda Valkyrien (September 30, 1895 – October 22, 1956) was a Danish prima ballerina and a silent film actress.
Born Adele Eleonore Freed in Reykjavík, Iceland, under the stage name Valda Valkyrien she was prima ballerina of the Royal Danish Ballet. She married Danish nobleman and author, Baron Hrolf von Dewitz and in 1912 began appearing in motion pictures for Nordisk Film productions of Copenhagen. For them, she performed in at least six silent films including one feature-length production. Of these, the film Den Stærkeste (Vanquished) was an American/Danish production released in the United States by the Great Northern Film Company, the Nordisk Film subsidiary in New York City. This led to Valkyrien going to the U.S. where she was signed by the Bayonne, New Jersey, studio owner David Horsley. In 1914, she made her American film debut in the "Baroness Film Series" for Horsley's Centaur Film Company.
With World War I raging in Europe, in 1915 a New York City publisher released her husband's book titled War's New Weapons which received considerable publicity. That same year, Thanhouser Studios capitalized on her husband's success and her aristocratic title, billing her as Baroness
Yvonne Joyce Craig (born May 16, 1937) is an American ballet dancer and actress best known for her role as Batgirl from the 1960s TV series Batman, and as the Orion Marta in the Star Trek: The Original Series episode “Whom Gods Destroy”.
Yvonne Craig was born in Taylorville, Illinois and grew up in Columbus, Ohio for the first 14 years of her life. She originally trained to be a ballet dancer and was a member of the corps de ballet of the Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo in the 1950s. Gradually, she moved into acting, and in 1959 appeared in three films: The Young Land, The Gene Krupa Story, and Gidget. In 1960, she appeared as a busty young coed with Bing Crosby in High Time, where she met and married singer/actor Jimmy Boyd. In the following year, she appeared with Cesar Romero in Seven Women from Hell. Romero would later play the Joker in Batman. Another connection to Batman occurred when Craig appeared in "The Case of the Lazy Lover", a 1958 episode of the television series Perry Mason, which also featured Neil Hamilton as her stepfather. Hamilton would later play her father, Commissioner Gordon, in Batman.
After divorcing Boyd in 1962, Yvonne starred in several films, including