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Grand Duchess Anna Pavlovna of Russia (Russian: Анна Павловна; St. Petersburg, 18 January 1795 – The Hague, 1 March 1865) was a queen consort of the Netherlands.
She was born as the eighth child and sixth daughter of Paul I of Russia and Empress Maria Feodorovna (born Sophie Dorothea of Württemberg), and thus was Her Imperial Highness Grand Duchess Anna Pavlovna of Russia. In the Netherlands, due to nineteenth century Dutch transliteration conventions, she is better known as Anna Paulowna.
At one time, Emperor Napoleon I of France had asked for her hand in marriage and been refused.
On 21 February 1816 at the Chapel of the Winter Palace in St Petersburg, she married the Prince of Orange, who would later become King William II of the Netherlands. The marriage had been suggested by her brother the Tsar Alexander I in 1815, as a symbol of the alliance created after the Congress of Vienna. As it had been decided that no member of the Romanov family should be forced to marry against their will, William was invited to Russia before the wedding so that Anna could get to know him and consent to marry him, which she did. She kept her own religion after the marriage. The couple remained in
David B. Rivkin Jr., (born in 1956 in the former Soviet Union) is an American attorney, political writer and media commentator on matters of constitutional and international law, as well as foreign and defense policy. Rivkin has gained national recognition as a representative of conservative viewpoints, frequently testifying before Congressional committees, and appearing as an analyst and commentator on a variety of television and radio stations. He is a Visiting Fellow at the Center for the National Interest, and a recipient of the U.S. Naval Proceedings Annual Alfred Thayer Mahan Award for the best maritime affairs article. He currently serves as Co-Chairman of the Center for Law and Counterterrorism at the Foundation for Defense of Democracies, and is a former member of the Sub-Commission on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights of the United Nations Commission on Human Rights.
Rivkin is a former U.S. government official, having served under Presidents Ronald Reagan and George H. W. Bush. In 2010, Rivkin took on his highest profile case to date when he agreed to represent a multi-state lawsuit—currently consisting of 26 state attorneys general against health care reform
Prince Oleg Konstantinovich of Russia (27 November [O.S. 15 November] 1892 - 12 October [O.S. 27 September] 1914), was a son of Grand Duke Konstantin Konstantinovich.
He died of wounds suffered in battle against the Germans during World War I.
Prince Oleg was generally considered to be the brightest of Grand Duke Konstantine's children. He had great curiosity and created complicated fantasy games for himself and his siblings to play.
Grand Duke Konstantine, a poet himself, arranged for his children to receive lessons from experts in a variety of fields. Well-known archaeologists told the children about their latest expeditions, architects showed the children slides and explained their works, choirs of Old Believers and peasants from all corners of the empire were brought to sing church music or folk songs to the children. Oleg was so intelligent that his father decided to send him to a prestigious school, the Alexander Lyceum, rather than to give him the standard military education that the other men in the family received. Konstantin's unconventional choice of education for Prince Oleg met with disapproval from his family members. Oleg was Grand Duke Konstantin's favorite son.
Sofa Landver (Hebrew: סופה לנדבר, born 28 October 1949) is an Israeli politician who currently serves as a member of the Knesset for Yisrael Beiteinu and as the country's Minister of Immigrant Absorption.
Radio Voice of Russia claims she was the first former Soviet citizen in the government of Israel.
Born in Leningrad in the Soviet Union (today Saint Petersburg in Russia), Landver made aliyah to Israel in 1979. She served on Ashdod city council, has been director with the Ashdod Development Company, and a member of the Jewish Agency's board of trustees.
In the 1996 elections she was elected to the Knesset on the Labor Party list. She was re-elected in 1999 and served as Deputy Minister of Transportation between 12 August and 2 November 2002. She lost her seat in the 2003 elections, but entered the Knesset on 11 January 2006 as a replacement for Avraham Shochat. However, she resigned on 8 February, and was replaced by Orna Angel.
Prior to the 2006 elections Landver joined Yisrael Beiteinu, and was placed seventh on its list. The party won 11 seats and she retained her place in the Knesset. She was re-elected again in the 2009 elections after winning fifth place on the party's
Alexander I of Russia (Russian: Александр I Павлович, Aleksandr I Pavlovich) (23 December [O.S. 12 December] 1777 – 1 December [O.S. 19 November] 1825), also known as Alexander the Blessed(Russian: Александр Благословенный, Aleksandr Blagoslovennyi), served as Emperor of Russia from 23 March 1801 to 1 December 1825 and the first Russian King of Poland from 1815 to 1825. He was also the first Russian Grand Duke of Finland and Lithuania.
He was born in Saint Petersburg to Grand Duke Paul Petrovich, later Emperor Paul I, and Maria Feodorovna, daughter of the Duke of Württemberg. Alexander was the eldest of four brothers. He succeeded to the throne after his father was murdered, and ruled Russia during the chaotic period of the Napoleonic Wars. In the first half of his reign Alexander tried to introduce liberal reforms, while in the second half his conduct became much more arbitrary, which led to the revocation of many earlier reforms. In foreign policy Alexander gained some successes, mainly by his diplomatic skills and by winning several military campaigns. In particular, Russia acquired Finland and part of Poland under his rule. His sudden death in Taganrog, under allegedly
Ekaterina Nikitichna Tolstaya, (Russian: Екатерина Никитична Толстая, November 22, 1939 – August 22, 2005) was a 20th century Russian artist. She was the granddaughter of the Russian writer Aleksey Nikolayevich Tolstoy and sister of contemporary Russian author Tatyana Tolstaya.
After graduating from the Leningrad State University in 1963 with a degree in biology she moved to Moscow (circa 1965) where she worked as a research scientist while pursuing a career as a painter. In the 1970s she gained a certain degree of recognition which allowed her to become a full-time professional artist. Her primary medium was pastel portraiture and she was quickly recognized for her unique artistic vision, which was often characterized by her mystical, psychologically charged, intense and melancholic observations of her subjects. Tolstaya's work can be found in private collections in Russia, Denmark, Greece, Germany, Sweden, Italy, United States and many other countries. Although she was a prolific portraitist and an active member of the Graphic Artists' Union whose work was widely collected around the world, she still remains relatively unknown to the public in Russia and abroad.
Wladimir Peter Köppen (Russian: Влади́мир Петро́вич Кёппен, Vladimir Petrovich Këppen) (September 25, 1846 – June 22, 1940) was a German geographer, meteorologist, climatologist and botanist of Russian descent. After studies in St. Petersburg, he spent the bulk of his life and professional career in Germany and Austria. His most notable contribution to science was the development of the Köppen climate classification system, which, with some modifications, is still commonly used. Köppen made significant contributions to several branches of science.
Köppen's grandfather belonged to the cohort of German physicians that were invited to Russia by empress Catherine II to improve sanitation in the provinces, and later became a personal physician to the tsar. His father Peter Köppen was a noted geographer, historian and ethnographer of ancient Russian cultures, and an important contributor to intellectual exchanges between western European slavists and Russian scientists. Wladimir attended secondary school in Simferopol, Crimea and began his studies of botany in 1864 at the University of St. Petersburg. He frequently travelled to his family's estate on the Crimean coast from St.
Valery Ilyich Rozhdestvensky (Russian: Валерий Ильич Рождественский, born February 13, 1939 in Leningrad, Russian SFSR; died August 31, 2011) was a USSR cosmonaut.
Rozhdestvensky was born in Leningrad and graduated from the Higher Military Engineering School of Soviet Navy in Pushkin in engineering. From 1961 to 1965 he was commander of deepsea diving unity in the Baltic Sea War Fleet.
Rozhdestvensky was selected as a cosmonaut on October 23, 1965 and flew as Flight Engineer on Soyuz 23. After his space flight he continued to work with the space program at the Yuri Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center. He retired on June 24, 1986 and worked with Metropolis Industries. He was married with one child.
He was awarded:
Joseph Bové (Russian: Осип Иванович Бове, Osip Ivanovich Bove) (November 4, 1784 — June 28, 1834, all n.s.) was a Russian neoclassical architect with Italian roots who supervised reconstruction of Moscow after the Fire of 1812.
Bove was born in St. Petersburg in the family of Vincenzo Giovanni Bova, a painter from Naples who settled in Russia in 1782. An oldest son in the family, he had two junior brothers, Michaele and Alessandro, who also trained in architecture and later became his associates. Soon after Joseph's birth, the family moved to Moscow.
In 1802–07 he attended the school of architecture at Expedition of Kremlin construction. Since 1807 he worked as an assistant to Matvei Kazakov and Carlo Rossi in Moscow and Tver. As a full-time employee of the Expedition, he was involved in various Kremlin maintenance jobs.
In 1813, after the Fire of Moscow (1812) that razed most of the city, Bove was hired by the Moscow Building Commission and assigned to lead the "Facade Department", responsible for approval of new facade designs and enforcing that new buildings are placed exactly at the new street lines according to the new master plan. The plan, however, was not finalized until
Elizaveta Mikhailovna Boyarskaya (Russian: Елизаве́та Миха́йловна Боя́рская, born 20 December 1985 in Leningrad) is a Russian actress.
Elizaveta was born on December the 20th of 1985 in Leningrad to a family of two famous Russian actors Mikhail Boyarsky and Larisa Luppian. Her father is of Russian and Polish descent and her mother is of Estonian, German, Russian and Polish ancestry. In 2007, she graduated from Saint Petersburg State Theatre Arts Academy under Lev Dodin's mastery.
The G. V. Plekhanov Saint Petersburg State Mining Institute and Technical University is Russia's oldest higher education institute devoted to engineering. Located in Saint Petersburg, the institute is one of the oldest mining schools in Europe, and home to one of the world's finest and most exclusive collections of gem and mineral samples.
The Institute was founded on October 21 OS/ November 1 NS 1773 by order of Empress Catherine II. It was known as the Mining School (Горное училище) until 1804 when it became the Mining Cadet's Corps (Горный кадетский корпус); in 1833, it became the Institute of the Corps of Mining Engineers (Институт корпуса горных инженеров). Since 1866, it has been known as the Mining Institute (Горный институт).
During the Soviet period, it was renamed after Georgi Plekhanov, who attended the institute in the 1870s, and became known as "the G. V. Plekhanov Leningrad State Mining Institute and Technical University." In 1958-1960 a branch of the institute was opened in Vorkuta and night schools at Slantsy, Monchegorsk, and Kirovsk.
Since 1869 the institute has been the headquarters of the Russian Mineralogical Society.
The institute is housed in an Empire style
Theodosius Harnack (3 January 1817, Saint Petersburg – 23 September 1889, Tartu) was a Baltic German theologian.
Harnack was a professor of Divinity at the University of Tartu in what is today Estonia. He was a staunch Lutheran and a prolific writer on theological subjects; his chief field of work was practical theology, and his important book on that subject summing up his long experience and teaching appeared at Erlangen (1877–1878, 2 vols.). The liturgy of the Lutheran church of Russia has, since 1898, been based on his Liturgische Formulare (1872).
His twin sons were the German theologian Adolf von Harnack (1851–1930) and mathematician Carl Gustav Axel Harnack (1851–1888).
Leonid Vitaliyevich Kantorovich (Russian: Леони́д Вита́льевич Канторо́вич) (19 January 1912 – 7 April 1986) was a Soviet mathematician and economist, known for his theory and development of techniques for the optimal allocation of resources. He was the winner of the Nobel Prize in Economics in 1975 and the only winner of this prize from the USSR.
Kantorovich was born on 19 January, 1912, to a Russian Jewish family. His father was a doctor practicing in Saint Petersburg.
Kantorovich worked for the Soviet government. He was given the task of optimizing production in a plywood industry. He came up (1939) with the mathematical technique now known as linear programming, some years before it was reinvented and much advanced by George Dantzig. He authored several books including The Mathematical Method of Production Planning and Organization and The Best Uses of Economic Resources. For his work, Kantorovich was awarded the Stalin Prize in 1949.
After 1939, he became the professor of Military engineering-technical university. During the Siege of Leningrad, Kantorovich was the professor of VITU of Navy and in charge of safety on the Road of Life. He calculated the optimal distance between
Véra Nabokov (January 5, 1902 – April 7, 1991) was the wife, muse, editor, and translator of Vladimir Nabokov.
Born Vera Evseevna Slonim in St. Petersburg into a Jewish family, she was the second of three sisters. Her father, who had studied law, was successful in the tile and timber businesses, among others. With the turmoil of the Russian Revolution, the family moved to Moscow, and after fleeing through Kiev, Odessa, Istanbul, and Sofia, arrived in Berlin, where they joined the large Russian émigré population.
In Berlin her father co-founded a publishing firm, Orbis, and Vera worked in the office. There when Vladimir Nabokov was considering a project to translate Dostoyevskey in English, he met Véra's father, and he started playing chess with him. Véra admired Vladimir's poetry, which was well-known through émigré publications, and went to his readings. The details of the first meeting between Véra and Vladimir are uncertain; he maintained it was at a charity ball on May 8 (or 9), 1923, but she denied this story. Sometime after that date, the two had a long conversation overlooking a canal, at which Véra wore a mask and recited Vladimir's poetry. They were married on April 15,
Maxim Aleksandrovich Usanov (Russian: Максим Александрович Усанов) (born March 5, 1985 in Saint Petersburg) is a Russian footballer who plays for FC Petrotrest Saint Petersburg.
Usanov began his career for FC Zenit Saint Petersburg, playing one game in the Russian Premier League Cup. He played with Latvian clubs FK Riga and Skonto FC, signing with the team on three different occasions. Usanov has also played for PFC Spartak Nalchik in the Russian Premier League and FC Alania Vladikavkaz in the Russian First Division. He last played with Russian club FC Krasnodar before signing with Toronto FC on April 12, 2010. He made his debut for Toronto FC against the Philadelphia Union on April 15, 2010. After making 21 appearances in all competitions in the 2010 season with Toronto he was released by the club on November 24.
Nicholas Roerich, (October 9, 1874 – December 13, 1947) also known as Nikolai Konstantinovich Rerikh (alternative transliteration) (Russian: Никола́й Константи́нович Ре́рих), was a Russian painter and philosopher.
Born in Saint Petersburg, Russia to the family of a well-to-do notary public, he lived around the world until his death in Punjab, India. Trained as an artist and a lawyer, his interests lay in literature, philosophy, archaeology and especially art. Roerich was a dedicated activist for the cause of preserving art and architecture in times of war. He earned several nominations for the Nobel Prize. The so-called Roerich Pact was signed into law by the United States and most member nations of the Pan-American Union in April 1935.
Raised in turn of the 19th to 20th century St. Petersburg, Roerich matriculated simultaneously at St. Petersburg University and the Imperial Academy of Arts in 1893. He received the title of "artist" in 1897 and a degree in law the following year. He found early employment with the Imperial Society for the Encouragement of the Arts, whose school he directed from 1906 to 1917. Despite early tensions with the group, he became a member of Sergei
Joseph Ruttenberg, A.S.C. (July 4, 1889 - May 1, 1983) was a Russian-born American photojournalist and cinematographer.
Ruttenberg was accomplished winning accolades. At MGM, Ruttenberg was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Cinematography ten times, winning four. In addition, he won the 1954 Golden Globe Award for his camera work on the film Brigadoon.
Born into a Jewish family in St. Petersburg, Russia, Joseph Ruttenberg was ten years old when his family emigrated to the United States, settling in Boston, Massachusetts. As a young man he went to work at the Boston Globe newspaper as a photojournalist but left in 1915 to accept a job with the Fox Film Corporation in New York City to train as a cinematographer. Two years later he was behind the camera for his first silent film--The Painted Madonna (1917)--in what would be a remarkably successful career.
In the late 1920s Ruttenberg went to work for Paramount Pictures in New York. His first talkie assignment was The Struggle (1931), D.W. Griffith's final film. Then in 1934 Ruttenberg signed on with MGM, moving to Hollywood where he was invited to join the American Society of Cinematographers.
Joseph Ruttenberg retired from MGM
Maria Vladimirovna Mukhortova (Russian: Мария Владимировна Мухортова, born November 20, 1985) is a Russian pair skater. With former partner Maxim Trankov, she is the 2008 European silver medalist, a five-time Grand Prix medalist (including one gold medal at Trophée Eric Bompard), 2005 World Junior champion, 2004 Junior Grand Prix Final champion, and 2007 Russian national champion. In her early career, she competed with Egor Golovkin and Pavel Lebedev. She also competed one season with Jérôme Blanchard.
Mukhortova was born in Saint Petersburg but began skating in her father's hometown of Lipetsk when she was 6 years old. She became attracted to pair skating, however, there were no related opportunities in Lipetsk so her mother took her back to Saint Petersburg when she was thirteen.
Mukhortova and Maxim Trankov trained in the same practice group under coaches Ludmila Velikova and Nikolai Velikov, but with different partners. Mukhortova first competed with Pavel Lebedev during the 2001-2002 and the 2002-2003 season, skating with him on the ISU Junior Grand Prix and finishing fourth at the 2002 and 2003 World Junior Championships. The pair had frequent arguments but due to good
Adolfo Hohenstein (Saint Petersburg, 18 March 1854 – Bonn, 12 April 1928) was a German painter, advertiser, illustrator, set designer and costume designer. He's considered the father of the Italian poster art and an exponent of the Stile Liberty, the Italian Art Nouveau. Together with Leonetto Cappiello, Giovanni Mario Mataloni, Leopoldo Metlicovitz and Marcello Dudovich, he's considered one of the most important Italian poster designers.
Adolfo Hohenstein was born in the town of Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire, to German parents, Julius and Laura Irack. His father was a forest engineer, whose career prompted him to travel extensively. Julius, forest engineer. Adolf moves to Vienna where he grows up and completes his studies. His travels take him to India, where he decorates the houses of the local nobility.
In 1879, he settles down in Milan, Italy. He becomes a set and costume designer for La Scala and other theatres. There he meets the musical publisher Giulio Ricordi, and in 1889 begins to work for the Ricordi Graphical Workshops, where he shortly becomes the artistic director in charge of the graphical part. He'll create the posters for La Bohème and Tosca, as well as
Boris Semyonovich Tsirelson (Hebrew: בוריס סמיונוביץ' צירלסון, Russian: Борис Семенович Цирельсон) is a Soviet-Israeli mathematician and Professor of Mathematics in the Tel Aviv University in Israel.
Boris Tsirelson was born in Leningrad to a Russian Jewish family. From his father Simeon's side, he is the great-nephew of rabbi Yehuda Leib Tsirelson, chief rabbi of Bessarabia from 1918 to 1941, and a prominent posek and Jewish leader.
Tsirelson obtained his M.S. from the university of Leningrad; he stayed in Leningrad to pursue his graduate studies, finishing his PhD in 1975.
Later, he participated in the refusenik movement, but only received permission to emigrate to Israel in 1991. Since then, he is a professor in Tel-Aviv University.
Tsirelson has made notable contributions to probability theory and functional analysis. They include:
Vyacheslav Aleksandrovich Malafeev (Russian: Вячеслав Александрович Малафеев; born 4 March 1979) is a footballer who plays as a goalkeeper for Russian Premier League team Zenit Saint Petersburg as well as for the Russian national team. He is a one-club man, having spent all 12 of his professional seasons with Zenit.
Vyacheslav Malafeev started attending the Smena football school at the age of nine. In 1997, he began to play for the farm club of FC Zenit, Zenit-2, in the Third Division. He got the chance to play for Zenit in the Premier League in 1999 during the suspension of Roman Berezovsky. Malafeev later became the first choice goalkeeper for Zenit in 2001, after Berezovsky left the club. Malafeev has since been the first choice goalkeeper ahead of Kamil Čontofalský and won the UEFA Cup in 2008 after keeping a clean sheet against Rangers F.C..
On 19 November 2003, Malafeev debuted as a goalkeeper for the national team in a Euro 2004 qualifiers play-off against Wales. He was chosen as the second choice goalkeeper behind Sergei Ovchinnikov and ahead of Igor Akinfeev. Malafeev participated in Euro 2004 coming on after Ovchinnikov's red card against Portugal and starting against
Vladimir Ivanovich Vernadsky (Russian: Влади́мир Ива́нович Верна́дский, Ukrainian: Володимир Іванович Вернадський; 12 March [O.S. 28 February] 1863 – 6 January 1945) was a Russian and Soviet mineralogist and geochemist who is considered one of the founders of geochemistry, biogeochemistry, and of radiogeology. His ideas of noosphere were an important contribution to Russian cosmism. He also worked in Ukraine, where he founded the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences (now National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine). He is most noted for his 1926 book The Biosphere in which he inadvertently worked to popularize Eduard Suess’ 1885 term biosphere, by hypothesizing that life is the geological force that shapes the earth. In 1943 he was awarded the Stalin Prize.
Vernadsky was born in Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire, on 12 March [O.S. 28 February] 1863, of mixed Russian and Ukrainian parents. His father, a descendent of Ukrainian Cossacks, had been a professor of political economy in Kiev before moving to Saint Petersburg, and his mother was a noblewoman of Russian ethnicity (Vernadsky considered himself both Russian and Ukrainian, and had some knowledge of the Ukrainian language.)
Nikolai Sergeyevich Valuev (Russian: Николай Сергеевич Валуев Russian pronunciation: [nʲɪkɐˈlaj sʲɪrˈɡʲejɪvʲɪtɕ vɐˈlʊjɪf]; born 21 August 1973) is a retired Russian professional boxer and former two-time WBA heavyweight champion. In his last fight (on 7 November 2009), he lost the title to David Haye as a result of a 12-round majority decision. Three days after the fight, Valuev announced his retirement. He is best known for his victory over Evander Holyfield.
Valuev was born on 21 August 1973, in Leningrad, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union (now Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation). He is of Russian descent, but he also had a Tatar grandfather.
He has two young children, daughter Irina and son Grisha (Grigoriy). In his professional boxing career Valuev has been defeated only twice by Ruslan Chagaev and David Haye.
Valuev is a Russian Orthodox Christian. During his youth he played water polo and basketball.
In 2005, Valuev squared off with WBA heavyweight champion John Ruiz, and won a twelve-round majority-decision, becoming both the tallest (7' or 2.1 m) and heaviest (323#) champion in boxing history. In his first defence he defeated challenger Owen Beck (25–3, 18 KOs) by a third-round
Boris Borisovich Piotrovsky (Russian: Бори́с Бори́сович Пиотро́вский; also written Piotrovskii; February 14 [O.S. February 1] 1908 – October 15, 1990) was a Soviet Russian academician, historian-orientalist and archaeologist who studied the ancient civilizations of Urartu, Scythia, and Nubia. He is best known as a key figure in the study of the Urartian civilization of the southern Caucasus. From 1964 until his death, Piotrovsky was also Director of the Hermitage Museum in Saint Petersburg.
Piotrovsky was born in Petersburg in 1908. He specialized in the history and archaeology of the Caucasus region and beginning in the 1930s, he began to acquaint himself with Urartian civilization. He was the head of 1939 excavations that uncovered the Urartian fortress of Teishebaini in Armenia (known in Armenian as Karmir Blur, or Red Hill). Evidence found there has been key in understanding the Urartian civilization. Piotrovsky lead further excavations in Armenia in the ancient settlements of Tsovinar, Redkig-lager, Vanadzor (formerly Kirovakan) and Aygevan until 1971.
These were not Piotrovsky's sole contributions in the archaeological field, however. Piotrovsky worked elsewhere in the
HSH Prince Vladimir Pavlovich Paley (Владимир Павлович Палей) (January 9, 1897 – July 18, 1918) was a Russian poet.
Prince Vladimir was born Vladimir von Pistohlkors in Saint Petersburg, Russia. His parents were Grand Duke Paul Alexandrovich of Russia, the youngest child of Emperor Alexander II, and his father's mistress, Olga Valerianovna Paley, who was then still married to her first husband. In 1902, Grand Duke Paul—who had previously been married to Princess Alexandra of Greece and Denmark and had two children by her—wed Olga morganatically. In 1904, she was created Countess von Hohenfelsen by Prince Regent Luitpold of Bavaria, making Vladimir Count Vladimir von Hohenfelsen. In 1915 Olga was created Princess Paley by Nicholas II, making Vladimir a prince.
Prince Vladimir had two elder half-siblings of his father's marriage to Alexandra Georgievna of Greece, née Princess Alexandra of Greece and Denmark: Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna of Russia and Grand Duke Dmitri Pavlovich of Russia. He had two full sisters, both of whom eventually were styled Her Serene Highness Princess Paley, Irina Pavlovna and Natalia Pavlovna. He also had three half siblings from his mother's first
Karl Weltzien (sometimes Carl Weltzien) (8 February 1813 in Saint Petersburg – 14 November 1870 in Karlsruhe) was a German scientist who was Professor of Chemistry at the Technische Hochschule of Karlsruhe from 1848 to 1869. Starting about 1840, Weltzien constructed new laboratories for chemistry research and teaching at Karlsruhe. Weltzien's successor as Professor of Chemistry was Lothar Meyer.
Weltzien is perhaps best known today as one of three organizers of the Karlsruhe Congress of 1860, an early international meeting of chemists, the other organizers being Wurtz and Kekulé. Weltzien acted as the local organizer, opened the meeting with a brief welcoming speech, and chaired the first session.
Prince John Constantinovich of Russia (Russian: Иоанн Константиович) (5 July 1886 – 18 July 1918), sometimes also known as Prince Ioann, Prince Ivan or Prince Johan, was the eldest son of Grand Duke Constantine Constantinovich of Russia by his wife Elisaveta Mavrikievna, née Princess Elisabeth of Saxe-Altenburg. He was described by contemporaries as a gentle, religious person, nicknamed Ioannchik by his relatives.
John Constantinovich was born as a Grand Duke of Russia with the style Imperial Highness, but at the age of 9 days, a Ukaz of his cousin Emperor Alexander III of Russia stripped him of that title, as the Ukaz amended the House Law by limiting the grand-ducal title to grandsons of a reigning emperor. As a result he received the title Prince of the Imperial Blood (Prince of Russia) with the style Highness.
He once entertained the possibility of becoming an Orthodox monk, but eventually fell in love with Princess Helen of Serbia. They married on 2 September 1911, and Helen took the name Princess Helen Petrovna of Russia. They had a son, Prince Vsevolod Ivanovich (20 January 1914 – 18 June 1973), and a daughter, Princess Catherine Ioannovna (12 July 1915 – 13 March 2007), who
Assia Noris (16 February 1912 - 27 January 1998) was a Russian-Italian film actress.
She appeared in over 35 films between 1932 and 1965.
She starred in films such as the Mario Mattoli 1936 film L' Uomo che sorride and Il signor Max (1937). She made several appearances alongside Vittorio De Sica when he was a younger actor.
Friedrich Konrad Beilstein (17 February 1838 – 18 October 1906), Russian name "Бейльштейн, Фёдор Фёдорович", was a chemist and founder of the famous Handbuch der organischen Chemie (Handbook of Organic Chemistry). The first edition of this work, published in 1881, covered 1,500 compounds in 2,200 pages. This handbook is now known as the Beilstein database.
Beilstein was born in Saint Petersburg in a family of German descent. Although he mastered Russian language, he was educated in a German school. At the age of 15, he left for University of Heidelberg where he studied chemistry under the tuition of Robert Bunsen. After two years he moved to the University of Munich and became a pupil of Justus Liebig, but soon returned to Heidelberg. There he acquired the interest and preference for organic chemistry, which became his major. For his Ph.D., Beilstein joined Friedrich Wöhler at the Georg-August University of Göttingen, receiving his doctorate in February 1858, two days before his twentieth birthday. To increase his skill and experience he went to Paris to work with Adolphe Wurtz and Charles Friedel. In autumn of 1859, he accepted an invitation for a post of laboratory assistant at
Grand Duchess Vera Constantinovna of Russia (16 February 1854 – 11 April 1912, великая княгиня Вера Константиновна) was a daughter of Grand Duke Konstantine Nicholaievich of Russia. She was a granddaughter of Tsar Nicholas I and first cousin of Tsar Alexander III of Russia.
She had a difficult childhood marked by illness and tantrums. In 1863, while his father was Viceroy of Poland, she was given away to be raised by her childless uncle and aunt, King Karl and Queen Olga of Württemberg. Vera's condition improved in their home and she outgrew her disruptive behavior. In 1871 she was legally adopted by Karl and Olga, who arranged her marriage in 1874 to Duke Eugen of Württemberg (1846–1877), a member of the Silesian ducal branch of the family. Her husband died suddenly three years later. Vera, only twenty-three years old, did not remarry, instead dedicating her time to her twin daughters. At the death of King Karl in 1891, Vera inherited a considerable fortune and she turned her home into a cultural gathering place. She was a popular figure in Württemberg, notable for her charitable work.
Grand Duchess Vera was known in royal circles as an eccentric both in appearance and behavior.
Sergei Lvovich Sobolev (Russian: Серге́й Льво́вич Со́болев; 6 October 1908 – 3 January 1989) was a Soviet mathematician working in mathematical analysis and partial differential equations. He was born in St. Petersburg, and died in Moscow.
Sobolev introduced the notions that are now fundamental for several areas of mathematics. Sobolev spaces can be defined by some growth conditions on the Fourier transforms; they and their embedding theorems are an important subject in functional analysis. Generalized functions (later known as distributions) were first introduced by Sobolev in 1935 for weak solutions, and further developed by Laurent Schwartz. Sobolev abstracted the classical notion of differentiation so expanding the ranges of applications of the technique of Newton and Leibniz. The theory of distribution is considered now as the calculus of the modern epoch.
Sobolev graduated from Leningrad University in 1929, where he was a student of Nikolai Maksimovich Günter. After graduation he worked with Vladimir Smirnov who he considered as his second teacher. He worked in Leningrad from 1932, and at the Steklov Institute of Mathematics in Moscow from 1934. He headed the institute in
Anatoly Konstantinovich Lyadov or Liadov (Russian: Анато́лий Константи́нович Ля́дов; May 11 [O.S. April 29] 1855 – August 28 [O.S. August 15] 1914) was a Russian composer, teacher and conductor.
Lyadov was born in St. Petersburg into a family of eminent Russian musicians. He was taught informally by his conductor father from 1860 to 1868, and then in 1870 entered the St. Petersburg Conservatory to study piano and violin. He soon gave up instrumental study to concentrate on counterpoint and fugue, although he remained a fine pianist. His natural musical talent was highly thought of by, among others, Modest Mussorgsky, and during the 1870s he became associated with the group of composers known as The Mighty Handful. He entered the composition classes of Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, but was expelled for absenteeism in 1876. In 1878 he was readmitted to these classes to help him complete his graduation composition.
He taught at the St. Petersburg Conservatory from 1878, his pupils including Sergei Prokofiev, Nikolai Myaskovsky, Mikhail Gnesin, Lazare Saminsky and Boris Asafyev. Consistent with his character, he was a variable but at times brilliant instructor. Conductor Nikolai Malko, who
Fyodor Osipovich Schechtel (Russian: Фёдор Осипович Шехтель, August 7, 1859 - July 7, 1926) was a Russian architect, graphic artist and stage designer, the most influential and prolific master of Russian Art Nouveau and late Russian Revival.
Baptised as Franz Albert Schechtel (also transliterated as Shekhtel), he created most of his work as Franz Schechtel (Франц Шехтель), changing his name to Fyodor with the outbreak of World War I. In two decades of independent practice he completed five theaters, five churches, 39 private residences, Yaroslavsky Rail Terminal and various other buildings, primarily in Moscow. Most of his legacy survives to date.
Franz Schechtel (Russified as Fyodor Osipovich) was born to a family of ethnic German engineers in Saint Petersburg, the second of five children. His parents were Volga Germans of Saratov. His mother, born Daria Karlovna Zhegin, came from a family of Saratov merchants. Schechtel's uncle on his father's side, also named Franz Schechtel, was an established businessman in Saratov. He is credited with building the first theater in Saratov. See also a photocopy of the Schechtel family tree.
The Schechtel family relocated to Saratov in 1865 to
Peter Veniaminovich Svidler (Russian: Пётр Вениами́нович Сви́длер; Pyotr Veniaminovich Svidler, born June 17, 1976, in Leningrad) is a Russian chess Grandmaster. He is six-time Russian champion (1994, 1995, 1997, 2003, 2008, 2011). He placed shared second (together with Viswanathan Anand) in the FIDE World Chess Championship 2005 with 8½ points out of 14 games, finishing 1½ points behind the winner, Veselin Topalov. In the World Chess Championship 2007, he placed 5th among the eight players. He has won five team gold medals and one individual bronze medal at Chess Olympiads.
Svidler learned to play chess when he was six years old. In 1992, he tied for 1st–2nd with Ragim Gasimov in the USSR Junior Open Chess Championship. He became Grandmaster in 1994.
In 2001, he reached the semifinals of the FIDE World Championship. Andrei Lukin is his coach.
Svidler is a noted proponent of Fischer Random Chess (also called Chess960). He won the first edition of the Chess960 Open held in Mainz, Germany. At the 2003 Mainz Chess Classic, he became Chess960 World Champion by beating Péter Lékó in an eight-game match. He successfully defended his title twice, defeating Levon Aronian in 2004 and Zoltán
Vadim Kozin (Вадим Козин) (March 21, 1903 – December 19, 1994) was a Russian tenor.
Vadim Alexeych Kozin was born the son of a merchant in Saint Petersburg to Alexei Gavrilovich Kozin and Vera Ilinskaya in 1903. His mother was a gypsy and often sang in the local gypsy choir. Their house was frequently full of musicians, exposing Vadim to tradition from an early age.
He began to sing professionally in the 1920s, and gained success almost immediately. In the 1930s he moved to Moscow and began playing with the accompanist David Ashkenazi.
During World War II he served in the entertainment brigade and sang for the Russian troops.
In 1944, shortly before the birthday of Stalin, the police chief Lavrenty Beria called him up and asked why his songs didn't involve Stalin. Kozin famously replied that songs about Stalin were not suited for tenor voices. In late 1944, Kozin was sentenced to five years in jail as part of the repression campaign against prominent Soviet performers and was sent to Magadan. It was rumored however that the official reason to exile Kozin was a pretext to eliminate him from Soviet stardom because he allegedly was homosexual.
He was initially released in 1950 and was
Dmitri Sergeyevich Akimov (Russian: Дмитрий Сергеевич Акимов; born September 14, 1980 in Leningrad (now St. Petersburg)) is a Russian football player. Currently, he plays for FC Fakel Voronezh. He made his debut in the Russian Premier League in 2000 for FC Zenit St. Petersburg. He was the top scorer in the Russian First Division in 2007, scoring 34 goals. He was also the top scorer in the Russian Second Division, East Zone in 2002 (22 goals) and 2004 (24 goals).
Yuri Yuryevich Lebedev (Russian: Юрий Юрьевич Лебедев; born 21 January 1987) is a Russian football defender who last played for Russian side FC Petrotrest Saint Petersburg.
Lebedev began his career at FC Kirovets St. Petersburg, then joined Smena St. Petersburg, before in 2005 he was scouted by Zenit, for which he played his first game on 15 July 2007 against FC Rostov.
Ksenia Mikhailovna Ozerova (Russian: Ксения Михайловна Озерова, born April 24, 1991 in Leningrad) is a Russian pair skater.
Ozerova initially competed with Alexander Enbert, coached by Oksana Kazakova. They won a silver and bronze on the Junior Grand Prix series. This qualified them for the 2008–2009 ISU Junior Grand Prix Final, however they withdrew after the short program.
They made their senior international debut at the 2008 Cup of Russia, where they placed 5th. They were given a berth to the 2009 World Championships after Lubov Iliushechkina and Nodari Maisuradze gave up their spot due to injury. They finished 24th at the event.
The following season, they won silver at Coupe de Nice, finished 8th at Skate Canada International and 6th at Russian senior nationals and split shortly afterward.
Ozerova teamed up with Denis Golubev and finished 11th at 2011 Russian Nationals.
Eugen Leviné (born May 10, 1883 – July 5, 1919) was a Communist, revolutionary and leader of the short lived Bavarian Soviet Republic.
Leviné was born in St. Petersburg to Jewish parents and educated in Germany. He returned to Russia to participate in the failed Russian Revolution of 1905 against the Tsar. For his actions, he was exiled to Siberia. He eventually escaped to Germany and began studying at Heidelberg University and, in 1915, married Rose Leviné, daughter of a rabbi in the Polish town of Grodek. They had at least one child (a son, whom they named Eugen). For a short time, he served in the Imperial German Army during World War I.
After the war ended, Leviné joined the Communist Party of Germany and helped to create a socialist republic in Bavaria. However, this republic lasted a few months, replaced quickly by a soviet republic after the assassination of Kurt Eisner, who was then leader of the Independent Social Democratic Party of Germany (USPD).
The ruling government of the new republic lasted only six days, due to poor leadership under the German playwright Ernst Toller. Leviné rose to power as the Communists assumed control of the government.
Leviné attempted to pass
Georg Ferdinand Ludwig Philipp Cantor ( /ˈkæntɔr/ KAN-tor; German: [ɡeˈɔʁk ˈfɛʁdinant ˈluːtvɪç ˈfiːlɪp ˈkantɔʁ]; March 3 [O.S. February 19] 1845 – January 6, 1918) was a German mathematician, best known as the inventor of set theory, which has become a fundamental theory in mathematics. Cantor established the importance of one-to-one correspondence between the members of two sets, defined infinite and well-ordered sets, and proved that the real numbers are "more numerous" than the natural numbers. In fact, Cantor's method of proof of this theorem implies the existence of an "infinity of infinities". He defined the cardinal and ordinal numbers and their arithmetic. Cantor's work is of great philosophical interest, a fact of which he was well aware.
Cantor's theory of transfinite numbers was originally regarded as so counter-intuitive—even shocking—that it encountered resistance from mathematical contemporaries such as Leopold Kronecker and Henri Poincaré and later from Hermann Weyl and L. E. J. Brouwer, while Ludwig Wittgenstein raised philosophical objections. Some Christian theologians (particularly neo-Scholastics) saw Cantor's work as a challenge to the uniqueness of the
Aleksandra Aleksandrovna Yablochkina (November 3, 1866 - March 20, 1964) was a leading actress of the Maly Theatre in Moscow for more than 75 years. She studied acting under her father before joining the Korsh Theatre troupe in 1886. Two years later, she moved to the Maly, where she worked with Maria Yermolova and Alexander Yuzhin. Yablochkina specialized in comedy roles and was renowned for the purity of her enunciation. In 1915, she was selected to lead the All-Russian Theatrical Society. In 1937, she became one of the first individuals to be awarded the title of People's Artist of the USSR. In 1943, she was awarded the USSR State Prize. She wrote two volumes of memoirs, My Life in Theatre (1953) and 75 Years in Theatre (1960).
Aleksandr Vladimirovich Mostovoi (Russian: Александр Владимирович Мостовой; born 22 August 1968) is a Russian retired footballer who played as an attacking midfielder.
Known as El Zar, from his lengthy spell at Spain's Celta de Vigo, he was often referred to as a 'genius playmaker' during his time there, in addition to a volatile temperament.
Mostovoi signed for country giants FC Spartak Moscow, from second division outfit FC Presnya Moscow, quickly making an impression. His talent was already recognized during this period. He reached his peak early in the 1990-1991 season, leading Spartak to semi-final of European Cup (called Cup C1 at the time).
In January 1992, he joined compatriots Vasili Kulkov and Sergei Yuran at S.L. Benfica; months before arriving, he was controversially awarded Portuguese citizenship through marriage, but never imposed himself in the first team.
In 1993–94, Mostovoi joined French first division side SM Caen, then left after the sole campaign to RC Strasbourg, rejoining coach Daniel Jeandupeux; with the latter side, he first displayed glimpses of an emerging talent.
Mostovoi's big break came when he signed for Celta de Vigo in 1996, for 325 million pesetas
Alisa Brunovna Freindlich (Russian: Али́са Бру́новна Фре́йндлих, born 8 December 1934, Leningrad, Soviet Union) is a Soviet and Russian actress, People's Artist of the Soviet Union.
Alisa Freindlich was born into the family of Bruno Freindlich, a prominent actor and People's Artist of the Soviet Union. She is of German and Russian ancestry. Her father and paternal relatives were ethnic Germans living in Russia for more than a century. She worked in the Lensovet Theatre from 1961 but had to leave it following her divorce with the theatre's director in 1982. Thereupon Georgy Tovstonogov invited her to join his company, Bolshoi Drama Theater in which she works to this day.
Although Freindlich put a premium on her stage career, she starred in several notable movies, including Eldar Ryazanov's enormously popular comedy Office Romance (1977), the long-banned epic Agony (1975) and Tarkovsky's sci-fi movie Stalker (1979). Another notable role was the Queen Anne of Austria in the Soviet TV series D'Artagnan and Three Musketeers (1978) and its later Russian sequels Musketeers 20 Years Later (1992) and The Secret of Queen Anna or Musketeers 30 Years Later (1993).
On her 70th birthday,
Princess Tatiana Constantinovna of Russia (Княжна Татьяна Константиовна) (23 January 1890–28 August 1979) was the third child and oldest daughter of HIH the Grand Duke Konstantin Konstantinovich of Russia by his wife Elisaveta Mavrikievna née HH Princess Elisabeth of Saxe-Altenburg.
Princess Tatiana (not to be confused with her cousin, Grand Duchess Tatiana Nikolayevna, second daughter of Nicholas II, 1897–1918) had eight brothers and sisters.
On 14 July 1886 Emperor Alexander III of Russia modified the Romanov house laws by restricting the title of grand duke and grand duchess to children and grandchildren in the male line of a Russian emperor. More distant agnatic descendants would henceforth bear the title of prince or princess of the Blood Imperial. Thus, Tatiana, being a great-granddaughter of Nicholas I of the so-called "Konstantinovich" branch of the Romanovs was only a princess from birth, entitled to be addressed as Highness rather than Imperial Highness.
In early 1911, Tatiana was rumored to be marrying Prince Alexander of Serbia (later Alexander I of Yugoslavia), but nothing came of this; Alexander later married Princess Maria of Romania.
In the spring of 1911, Tatiana
Vladimir Filippovich Tributs (Russian: Влади́мир Фили́ппович Три́буц) (July 28 [O.S. July 15] 1900, Saint Petersburg – August 30, 1977) was a Soviet naval commander and admiral from 1943.
Tributs joined the Navy in 1918 and during the Russian Civil War participated in combat actions on the Volga and in the Caspian. Graduated and received his commission from M.V. Frunze Higher Naval School in 1926 and graduated from the Naval Academy in 1932. From 1932 to 1936 he served on ships of the Baltic Fleet (the Parizhskaya Kommuna and the Battleship Marat) and commanded the destroyer Yakov Sverdlov. From February 1938 to April 1939 Tributs served as the Chief of Staff of the Baltic Fleet and from April 1939 to 1947 he commanded it.
As war approached, Tributs observed the growing evidence of hostile German activity with apprehension; in the summer of 1940, he "advanced Baltic Fleet headquarters from its historic seat at the Kronstadt fortress in Leningrad to the port of Tallinn, two hundred miles to the west" despite his worries about security problems and the difficulty of constructing a new base. On June 19 he put the Baltic Fleet up to "Readiness No. 2" state, which meant fueling the
Grand Duke Alexander Alexandrovich of Russia (Russian: Великий Князь Александр Александрович Романов; 7 June 1869 – 2 May 1870) was the infant son of Emperor Alexander III–the heir apparent, styled Tsesarevich, to the Russian throne as the eldest living son of Emperor Alexander III–and his consort, Empress Marie Fyodorovna of Russia. He was Alexander's and Marie's second child, second son, and the younger brother of the future Emperor Nicholas II. He died of meningitis in 1870, one month before his first birthday. "The doctors maintain he did not suffer, but we suffered terribly to see and hear him," his mother wrote to her own mother, Queen Louise of Denmark. His parents had him posthumously photographed and sketched to remember him, therefore it is likely that the only existing photograph of Grand Duke Alexander is the one to the right, of the infant in his coffin surrounded by flowers.
Igor Mikhailovich Diakonoff (Russian: И́горь Миха́йлович Дья́конов) was a Russian historian, linguist, and translator and a renowned expert on the Ancient Near East and its languages. His last name is occasionally spelled Diakonov. His brothers were also distinguished historians.
Diakonoff was brought up in Norway. He graduated from Leningrad University in 1938. In the same year he joined the staff of the Hermitage Museum in Leningrad (now St. Petersburg). In 1949 he published a comprehensive study of Assyria, followed in 1956 by a monograph on Medea. Later on, he teamed up with the linguist Sergei Starostin to produce authoritative studies of the Caucasian, Afro-Asiatic, and Hurro-Urartian language families.
Diakonoff was honored in 2003 with a volume published in his memory, edited by Lionel Bender, Gábor Takács, and David Appleyard. In addition to articles on Afro-Asiatic languages, it contains a five-page list of his publications compiled by Takács.
Kazan Cathedral or Kazanskiy Kafedralniy Sobor (Russian: Каза́нский кафедра́льный собо́р), also known as the Cathedral of Our Lady of Kazan, is a cathedral of the Russian Orthodox Church on the Nevsky Prospekt in St. Petersburg. It is dedicated to Our Lady of Kazan, probably the most venerated icon in Russia.
The construction was started in 1801 and continued for ten years (supervised by Alexander Sergeyevich Stroganov). Upon its completion the new temple replaced the Church of Nativity of the Theotokos which was disassembled when the Kazan Cathedral was baptized.
It was modelled by Andrey Voronikhin after St. Peter's Basilica in Rome. Some art historians assert that Emperor Paul intended to build a similar church on the other side of the Nevsky that would mirror the Kazan Cathedral but his plans failed to materialize. Although the Russian Orthodox Church strongly disapproved of the plans to create a replica of the Catholic basilica in Russia's then capital, several courtiers supported Voronikhin's Empire Style design.
After Napoleon invaded Russia in 1812, and the commander-in-chief Mikhail Kutuzov asked Our Lady of Kazan for help, the church's purpose was to be altered. The
Vladislav Nikolayevich Radimov (Russian: Владислав Николаевич Радимов) (born 26 November 1975 in Saint Petersburg, then Leningrad) is a retired association footballer who played midfielder. Currently, he works as an assistant coach with FC Zenit St. Petersburg. He was previously the captain of FC Zenit Saint Petersburg and is a former Russian international player. He was a right-sided midfielder or playmaker. At Zenit Saint Petersburg he often played a free playing holding midfielder (like a deep lying playmaker) or a central midfielder.
As a child, Radimov attended fencing school, but at the age of 9 left it for the Smena football school. He did not receive much attention from the Saint Petersburg clubs, and in 1992 he appeared in only one match for the Second Division team Smena-Saturn. In June 1992 he moved to Moscow to play for the reserve team of CSKA Moscow. Radimov debuted for the first team of CSKA on 30 July 1992 when a number of players did not fly to an away match against Okean Nakhodka.
In 1994 Radimov became a first-team regular for CSKA, and was first capped for the national team in a friendly against Austria. In 1994 he was named the best new player of the league by
Dima Grigoriev (Dmitry Grigoryev) (born 10 May 1954) is a mathematician. His research interests include algebraic geometry, symbolic computation and computational complexity theory in computer algebra, with over 130 published articles.
Dima Grigoriev was born in Leningrad, Russia and graduated from the Leningrad State University, Dept. of Mathematics and Mechanics, in 1976 (Honours Diploma). During 1976-1992 he was with LOMI, Leningrad Department of the Steklov Mathematical Institute of the USSR Academy of Sciences.
In 1979 he earned Ph.D. (Candidate of Sciences) in Physics and Mathematics with thesis "Multiplicative Complexity of a Family of Bilinear Forms" (from LOMI, under the direction of Anatol Slissenko). In 1985 he earned Doctor of Science (higher doctorate) with thesis "Computational Complexity in Polynomial Algebra". Since 1988 till 1992 he was the head of Laboratory of algorithmic methods Leningrad Department of the Steklov Mathematical Institute. During 1992-1998 Grigoriev hold the position of full professor at Penn State University.
Since 1998 he hold the position of Research Director at CNRS, University of Rennes 1, and since 2008 — Research Director at CNRS,
Mikhail Sergeevich Boyarsky (Russian: Михаи́л Серге́евич Боя́рский; b. December 26, 1949 in Leningrad) is a Soviet/Russian actor and singer, living in the city of Saint Petersburg. He is best known for the role of d'Artagnan in the film d'Artagnan and Three Musketeers (1978) and its sequels (1992, 1993). He was also a popular singer of the 1980s and completed several tours. He is an Honored Artist of the RSFSR (1984) and a People's Artist of Russia (1990).
Mikhail Sergeevich Boyarsky was born in the family of Sergey Boyarskiy and Ekaterina Milenteva, both Komissarzhevskaya Theatre actors.
He studied piano in a music school affiliated with the Conservatory. After school, Boyarsky entered Institute of Theatre Music and Cinema, finishing in 1972 and begun working in the Lensovet Theatre for Igor Vladimirov.
In the cinema, the actor made a debut in the films Bridges and The Straw Hat (1974), becoming well known in 1975 after his role in the picture Eldest Son. He found much greater popularity in the main role of Troubadour in the theatre musical The Troubadour and His Friends, with the princess played by Larissa Luppian, who soon became his wife. In 1976, he played the big bad wolf in
Nikolai Baranov (1843 – April 4, 1895) was a Russian politician.
Born in Saint Petersburg, he was arrested for possessing a piece of anti-tsarist propaganda and was sentenced to exile in Siberia. The experience greatly changed Baranov and upon his release he joined the radical revolutionary movement Narodnaya Volya.
Alexander Osipovich Gelfond (Russian: Алекса́ндр О́сипович Ге́льфонд; October 24, 1906 – November 7, 1968) was a Soviet mathematician. Gelfond's theorem is named after him.
Alexander Gelfond was born in Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire in the family of a professional physician and amateur philosopher Osip Isaakovich Gelfond. He entered the Moscow State University in 1924, started his postgraduate studies there in 1927 and obtained his PhD in 1930. His advisors were Alexander Khinchin and Vyacheslav Stepanov.
In 1930 he stayed for five months in Germany (in Berlin and Göttingen) where he worked with Edmund Landau, Carl Ludwig Siegel and David Hilbert. In 1931 he started teaching as a Professor at the Moscow State University and worked there until the last day of his life. Since 1933 he also worked at the Steklov Institute of Mathematics.
In 1939 he was elected a Corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of the Soviet Union for his works in the field of Cryptography. According to Vladimir Arnold, during World War II Gelfond was the Chief Cryptographer of the Soviet Navy
Gelfond obtained important results in several mathematical domains including number theory, analytic
Nikolai Gerasimovich Pomyalovsky (Russian: Никола́й Гера́симович Помяло́вский), (23 April [O.S. 11 April] 1835 – 17 October [O.S. 5 October] 1863), was a Russian writer.
Pomyalovsky was born in Saint Petersburg in 1835. His father was a deacon in the Orthodox Church in Malaya Okhta, a village on the bank of the Neva River, across from Saint Petersburg. Pomyalovsky studied at the Alexander Nevsky Theological School (1843–51), where his lifelong problem with alcoholism began, and at the Saint Petersburg Theological Academy (1851–1857). His work Seminary Sketches is a harrowing description of his years in these schools. Though a talented student, he graduated next to last in his class, and wasn't recommended for a deaconship.
Upon leaving the seminary, he earned a living by serving at funerals, singing in choirs, and giving private lessons. He also attended lectures at Saint Petersburg State University. His story Vukol: A Psychological Sketch was published in the Journal for Education in 1859. The story tells of the progress of an intelligent but awkward orphan boy under the abuse and mistreatment of guardians and educators before he finally finds a teacher whose fatherly love he can
Marina Anatolyevna Palei (in Russian: Мари́на Анато́льевна Пале́й; born 1 February 1955 in Leningrad) is a Russian prose-writer, scriptwriter, publicist, novelist and translator.
Palei was born in Leningrad, or, as she prefers to put it, in Ingria. In 1978 she graduated from The St. Petersburg I. I. Mechnikov State Medical Academy(SPSMA) and for some years worked as a doctor. In 1991 she graduated (cum laude) from Maxim Gorky Literature Institute (in Russian: Литературный институт им. А. М. Горького). Since 1995 Palei has been residing in the Netherlands.
She started publishing literary critics in 1987. Her first work that saw the light was a short story "Composition on Red and Blue". The story was printed in "Sobesednik" (weekly supplement to "Komsomolskaya Pravda") in 1989. However, it was the novella "Evgesha and Annushka" ("Znamya" 1990) that made her famous. In 1991 "Novy Mir" magazine published an even more thrilling novella "Cabiria from the Obvodnyi Channel". Palei's first book "Ward of Lost Souls" (in other translations "Department of the Lost") was published in the same year.
In 1995 at the Story International Festival in Rotterdam Palei received the title Russische
Alexander Valeryevich Khalifman (Russian: Александр Валерьевич Халифман; born January 18, 1966, in Leningrad) is a Soviet and Russian chess Grandmaster of Jewish descent; he is also a former FIDE World Chess Champion.
When Khalifman was 6 years old, he was taught chess by his father.
He gained the Grandmaster title in 1990 with one particularly good early result being his first place in the 1990 New York Open ahead of a host of strong players.
His most notable achievement was winning the FIDE World Chess Championship in 1999, a title he held until the following year. He was rated 44th in the world at the time, which some compared unfavorably to "Classical" World Champion Garry Kasparov being rated #1. Khalifman said after the tournament, "Rating systems work perfectly for players who play only in round robin closed events. I think most of them are overrated. Organizers invite same people over and over because they have the same rating and their rating stays high". Perhaps in response, Khalifman was invited to the next Linares chess tournament, and performed credibly (though placing below joint winner Kasparov).
He also won the 1982 Soviet Union Youth Championship, 1984 Soviet Union
Baroness Sophie Buxhoeveden, also known as Sophia Karlovna Buxhoeveden (Russian: София Карловна Буксгевден, September 6, 1883 - November 26, 1956), was a lady in waiting to Tsarina Alexandra of Russia. She was the author of three memoirs about the imperial family and about her own escape from Russia. In her book "Before the Storm", Sophie describes a side of old Russia seldom seen elsewhere, a family in the old-fashioned provincial country life of the gentry in the years before the revolution. As a child, Sophie shared picnics and mushroom hunts with other famous players in the tragic story such as Anna Vyrubova, Felix Yussoupov, Dmitri Pavlovich, and the sons of poet Konstantin Romanov.
According to her memoirs, Buxhoeveden's father, Karlos Buxhoeveden, was the Russian minister in Copenhagen, Denmark during World War I. Her mother was Ludmilla Ossokina.
In her youth, she was a part of the social life of St. Petersburg. Buxhoeveden was chosen as an honorary Lady in Waiting to the Tsarina in 1904, and became an official Lady in Waiting in 1913. She was nicknamed "Isa" by the Tsarina and her four daughters and, during World War I, was often chosen by the Tsarina to accompany the four
Helena Ivanovna Roerich (born Shaposhnikova) (Russian: Елéна Ивáновна Рéрих; February 12, 1879 – October 5, 1955) was a Russian philosopher, writer, and public figure. In the early 20th century, she created, in cooperation with the Teachers of the East, a philosophic teaching of Living Ethics («Agni Yoga»). She was an organizer and participant of cultural and enlightened creativity in the U.S., conducted under the guidance of her husband, Nicholas Roerich. Along with her husband, she took part in expeditions of hard-to-reach and little-investigated regions of Central Asia (1924—1928). She was an Honorary President-Founder of the Institute of Himalayan Studies «Urusvati» in India and co-author of the idea of the International Treaty for Protection of Artistic and Scientific Institutions and Historical Monuments (Roerich’s Pact). She translated two volumes of the «Secret Doctrine» of H. P. Blavatsky, and also selected Mahatma’s Letters («Cup of the East»), from English to Russian.
Helena was born into the family of the well-known architectural academician of Saint-Petersburg, Ivan Ivanovich Shaposhnikov. Her father's great-grandfather was the burgomaster of Riga. He presented the cap
Olena Ivanivna Teliha (Ukrainian: Олена Іванівна Теліга, July 21, 1906 - February 21, 1942) was a Ukrainian poet and Ukrainian activist of Ukrainian and Belarusian ethnicity.
Olena Teliha was born Elena Ivanovna Shovgeneva (Russian: Елена Ивановна Шовгенева) in the village of Ilyinskoe, near Moscow in Russia where her parents spent summer vacations. There are a several villages by this name in that area, and it is unknown exactly which one of them is Olena Teliha's birthplace. Her father was a civil engineer while her mother came from a family of Russian Orthodox priests. In 1918, she moved to Kiev with her family, when her father became a minister in the new UNR government. There they lived through the years of Ukrainian Civil War. When the Bolsheviks took over, her father moved to Czechoslovakia, and the rest of the family followed him in 1923. After living through the rise and fall of Ukrainian National Republic, Olena took an avid interest in Ukrainian language and literature. In Prague, she attended a Ukrainian teacher's college where she studied history and philology. She met a group of young Ukrainian poets in Prague and started writing poetry herself. After marrying, she
Pyotr Nikolayevich Krasnov (Russian: Пётр Никола́евич Красно́в, September 22 (10 old style), 1869 – January 17, 1947), sometimes referred to in English as Peter Krasnov, was Lieutenant General of the Russian army when the revolution broke out in 1917, and one of the leaders of the counterrevolutionary White movement afterward.
Pyotr Krasnov was born in 1869 in Saint Petersburg, son to lieutenant-general Nikolay Krasnov and grandson to general Ivan Krasnov. In 1888, Krasnov graduated from Pavlovsk Military School and later served in the Ataman regiment of the Life Guards. During World War I, he commanded a Cossack brigade and a division, in August–October 1917, of the 3rd Cavalry Corps. During the October Revolution, Alexander Kerensky appointed Krasnov commander of the army, which was sent to Petrograd from the front to suppress the Bolshevik revolution (see Kerensky-Krasnov uprising). However, Krasnov was defeated and taken prisoner. He was released by the Soviet authorities on the condition that he would not continue his struggle against the revolution. He agreed to this but reneged on his promise to do so.
Krasnov fled to the Don region and in May 1918, in Novocherkassk, was
Dawna Stone is the founder and publisher of Her Sports magazine, aimed towards real women athletes. She was hired by Martha Stewart on The Apprentice: Martha Stewart, which ran during the fall of 2005. Stone accepted Martha's job offer within Martha Stewart Living Omnimedia during the live series finale in New York on December 21, 2005.
Stone earned her M.B.A. at The Anderson School at UCLA and her B.S. from the University of California, Berkeley.
Stone was one of the few contestants in the show to have a spotless record as Project Manager, winning every time during her three turns as PM.
Working with a background in independent niche magazine publishing, Stone served throughout 2006 as Vice President of Business Development for MSLO's recently acquired magazine, Body + Soul. This position came with a one-year, US$250,000 introductory contract.
At the end of the year she was given the opportunity to extend her time with MSLO with performance-based pay raises on her starting yearly salary, but she decided to go back to Florida and continue running Her Sports.
On September 18, 2007, Stone gave birth to daughter Kaelie Joyce.
Vladimir Yakovlevich Propp (Russian: Владимир Яковлевич Пропп; 29 April [O.S. 17 April] 1895 — 22 August 1970) was a Soviet formalist scholar who analyzed the basic plot components of Russian folk tales to identify their simplest irreducible narrative elements.
Vladimir Propp was born on April 17, 1895 in St. Petersburg to a German family. He attended St. Petersburg University (1913–1918) majoring in Russian and German philology. Upon graduation he taught Russian and German at a secondary school and then became a college teacher of German.
His Morphology of the Folktale was published in Russian in 1928. Although it represented a breakthrough in both folkloristics and morphology and influenced Claude Lévi-Strauss and Roland Barthes, it was generally unnoticed in the West until it was translated in 1958. His character types are used in media education and can be applied to almost any story, be it in literature, theatre, film, television series, games, etc.
In 1932, Propp became a member of Leningrad University (formerly St. Petersburg University) faculty. After 1938, he shifted the focus of his research from linguistics to folklore. He chaired the Department of Folklore until it
Danila Andreevich Medvedev (Russian: Данила Медведев) (born March 21, 1980 in Leningrad (now Saint Petersburg)) is a Russian futurologist (specializing in the science and future of Russia), a politician and a member of coordination council of the Russian Transhumanistic Movement.
He is also one of founders and the general director of KrioRus (since May, 2005), the first cryonics company outside of the United States. Since August 2008 he works as a Chief Planning Officer and a Vice-President of the "Science for Life Extension" Foundation in Moscow, Russia.
Danila Medvedev graduated from the International Management Institute of St. Petersburg (IMISP) in 2000. The title of his master's thesis was "Methods of the account of conditions of financing at an estimation of investment projects".
He was one of the transhumanist representatives who gave the presentation "Influence of science on political situation in Russia. A view into the future" organised by the Liberal Democratic Party of Russia in Russian State Duma (parliament) on March 21, 2007.
Oksana Aleksandrovna Akinshina (Russian: Оксана Александровна Акиньшина; born 19 April 1987), also known as Oksana Akinsjina, is a Russian actress. She is probably best known for her roles in films Sisters, Lilya 4-ever, The Bourne Supremacy, and Hipsters.
Akinshina was born in Leningrad (now Saint Petersburg; then Soviet Union, now Russia), where she currently lives. She has a younger sister. At the time she landed the role in Lilya 4-ever, Akishnina only spoke Russian, and communicated with director Lukas Moodysson with the help of a translator.
From 2007 to 2010, Akinshina was married to businessman Dmitry Litvinov.
Starting acting at age 12, Akinshina was discovered by Sergei Bodrov, Jr., and she made her screen début in the Russian crime film Sisters (2001), Bodrov's own directorial début.
Her second film, Lilya 4-Ever (2001), earned her a 2002 European Film Award nomination for Best Actress. She lost, however, to the eight actresses of the film 8 Women (2002), directed by François Ozon. For her role in Lilya 4-Ever, she also received the award for Best Actress in Leading Role from the Guldbagge Awards, Sweden's national film awards.
Since then Akinshina has acted in the films
Sofya Skya (born Sofya Arzhakovskaya in 1987) is a Russian ballerina and actress.
She attended Vaganova Ballet Academy and moved to Hollywood, California in 2007 to pursue a career in acting.
In 2006, Skya ranked in the top five and won the Mrs. World pageant. The event took place in St. Petersburg, Russia.
In 2006, she married Russian industrialist Sergey Veremeenko.
Diana Vishneva (born July 13, 1976) is a Russian ballet dancer who performs as a principal dancer with both the Mariinsky Ballet (formerly the Kirov Ballet) and the American Ballet Theatre.
Vishneva was born in St. Petersburg and was trained at the Vaganova Choreographic Institute. While at the Vaganova school, she scored the highest scores known to the school's history. Upon her graduation in 1995, joined the company of the Mariinsky Theatre. There, in 1996 she was promoted to the level of principal dancer and received the Prix Benois de la Danse.
Vishneva first appeared with the American Ballet Theatre during its 2003 spring season.
In 2008, Vishneva joined the Honorary Board of Directors of the Russian Children's Welfare Society (RCWS).
Vishneva's repertoire includes Don Quixote, Romeo and Juliet, La Bayadère, Sleeping Beauty, Swan Lake, and Giselle. She also performs the works of modern choreographers, especially those of George Balanchine, William Forsythe and Roland Petit. She has enjoyed critical acclaim for her interpretation of Rubies, (the second movement of Balanchine's evening-length, ballet, Jewels) Giselle, and Kenneth MacMillan's Manon. Her partners have included
Grand Duchess Elena Pavlovna of Russia (Russian: Великая Княжна Елена Павловна) (24 December 1784 – 24 September 1803) was a daughter of Grand Duke, later Tsar Paul I of Russia and his second wife Sophie Dorothea of Württemberg. After marrying the son and heir of the Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin she became spouse to the heir and thus dropped her Russian title.
Grand Duchess Elena Pavlovna was born in Saint Petersburg, capital city of the Russian Empire. The arrival of a second daughter was happy news to her father, Tsarevich Paul Petrovich, who had lost his first wife Wilhelmina Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt in childbirth, eight years before. She was also said to be very beautiful so her grandmother, the Empress Catherine, named her after Helen of Troy.
As a girl, Elena was educated privately at home, her first years' education being supervised by her paternal grandmother, the formidable Catherine II of Russia. As any other royal of her time, the Grand Duchess' education was focused mainly on art, literature and music. Her real purpose in life, eventually, would be to marry well and provide her husband-to-be with children. Out of all her siblings, Elena was closest to her older
Sergei (Serge) Platonovich, 5th Knyaz Obolensky-Neledinsky-Meletzky (Tsarskoye Selo, November 3, 1890 - Grosse Pointe, Wayne County, Michigan, September 29, 1978) was a Russian Prince and Vice Chairman of the Board of Hilton Hotels Corporation.
He was the son of General Platon Sergeievich 4th Knyaz Obolensky-Neledinsky-Meletzky (Moscow, 12 June 1850 - Saint Petersburg, 27 June 1913) and wife (m. Saint Petersburg, 31 January 1888, div. 1897) Maria Konstantinovna Naryshkina (Moscow, 22 December 1861 - Paris, 2 February 1929). He had a younger brother, Wladimir Platonovich Knyaz Obolensky-Neledinsky-Meletzky (Saint Petersburg, 14 March 1896 - New York, New York County, New York, 12 October 1968), who died unmarried and without issue.
He married firstly Alexander II of Russia's daughter, Catherine Alexandrovna Yurievskaya (1878-1959) at Yalta on 6 October 1916. He divorced Catherine in 1924 without any issue and then Obolensky married Ava Alice Muriel Astor in London, Middlesex, on 24 July 1924, divorcing in 1932.
He was a soldier in two World Wars and in the Russian Civil War. He was a Lieutenant Colonel in the U.S. paratroopers and a member of the Office of Strategic Services (OSS),
Vasily Pavlovich Butusov (Russian: Василий Павлович Бутусов born 26 January 1892 (OS)/7 February 1892 (NS) in Saint Petersburg – died 28 September 1971 in Leningrad) was a Russian amateur football (soccer) player who competed in the 1912 Summer Olympics.
He was a member of the Russian Olympic squad and played one match in the main tournament as well as one match in the consolation tournament. He scored the only goal for Russia in this competition. In fact that this was also the first ever international game for Russia, he became the first goal scorer for Russia ever.
He was the brother of Mikhail Butusov.
Alexander Nikolayevich Serov (Алекса́ндр Никола́евич Серо́в in Cyrillic; Aleksandr Nikolaevič Serov in transliteration) 23 January [O.S. 11 January] 1820 – 1 February [O.S. 20 January] 1871 was a Russian composer and music critic. He and his wife Valentina were the parents of painter Valentin Serov. He was not only one of the most important music critics in Russia during the 1850s and 1860s, but also the most significant Russian composer of opera in the years between Dargomyzhsky's Rusalka and the early operas by Cui, Rimsky-Korsakov, Mussorgsky, and Tchaikovsky.
Early in life Serov made friends with Vladimir Stasov, but later the two became enemies over the relative values of Glinka's two operas. Serov's admiration for Richard Wagner likewise did not endear him to The Mighty Handful, especially the younger competing critic César Cui, who, like Stasov, had been on better terms with Serov earlier.
Although Serov's operas Judith and Rogneda were quite successful in their day, none of his operas are frequently performed today. A CD recording of Judith (with some cuts) was made in 1991 by the forces of the Bolshoi Theatre under conductor Andrey Chistiakov.
Alexander Ustinovich Zelenko (Russian: Александр Устинович Зеленко; 1871–1953), was a Russian and Soviet architect and educator, a pioneer in settlement movement and vocational education. Originally a practitioner of provincial Art Nouveau in Samara and Moscow, he later joined the camp of rationalists and focused on perfecting school and museum designs.
Alexander Zelenko grew up in a family of Saint Petersburg Medical Academy professor. He trained first in Cadet Corps, graduated from Saint Petersburg Civil Engineers Institute in 1892, trained in Vienna and in Fyodor Shekhtel's firm in Moscow.
Zelenko relocated to Samara, bringing Art Nouveau to this Volga town. For a while, he enjoyed steady flow of commissions and the title of Town Architect (1899-1900). Later, he taught in graphic arts in Moscow, travelled to United States in 1903-1904; in this period, Zelenko switched from architectural practice to education.
In 1905 Zelenko joined educators Stanislav Shatsky and Louise Shleger on their Summer Labor Commune project in Shchyolkovo, then on Russia's first club for the children. Next year, they set up state-funded Settlement Society for training and professional education. Funded
Dmitri Vladimirovich Borodin (born 8 October 1977 in Leningrad) is a Russian football (soccer) goalkeeper. He plays for FC Zenit St. Petersburg.
Born in Leningrad, USSR, Dimitri Borodin began playing in the junior squad for Lokomotiv St. Petersburg in 1998. After establishing himself, he transferred to FC Zenit St. Petersburg where he was a reserve goalkeeper behind Roman Berezovsky and Vyacheslav Malafeev. In 2002, Borodin transferred to FC Torpedo Moscow and quickly established himself as the first choice goalkeeper (in 2003–04 UEFA Cup series against PFC CSKA Sofia, he saved 3 penalty shots in the deciding shootout, taking Torpedo to the second round). However by 2007, Borodin became the third reserve goalkeeper behind Ilya Madilov and Maksim Kabanov. After his career with Torpedo, Borodin had a brief stint with FC Sibir Novosibirsk during the spring of 2008 before transferring to FC Anzhi Makhachkala. On 25 February 2009 FC Zenit St. Petersburg signed the goalkeeper, who already played for Zenit in 2001, to a four years contract. In 2009, he was loaned out to FC Khimki and in August, he returned to Zenit.
Dmitri Borodin was called up to the Russian national side on August 16,
Grand Duke Konstantin Nikolayevich of Russia (Russian: Константин Николаевич Романов; 9 September 1827 – 13 January 1892) was the second son of Tsar Nicholas I of Russia.
During the reign of his brother Alexander II, Konstantin was an admiral of the Russian fleet and reformed the Russian Navy. He was also an instrumental figure in the emancipation of the serfs. He was less fortunate as viceroy of Poland and had to be recalled to Russia where he was attacked for his liberalism.
After the assassination of his brother, Alexander II, Konstantin fell from favour. The new tsar, Alexander III, his nephew, opposed Konstantin's liberal ideas and gradually stripped him of all his governmental positions. His retirement was marked with personal turmoil and family setbacks. After suffering a stroke, he spent his last years as an invalid. He is a paternal great-great grandfather of Charles, Prince of Wales, heir apparent to the British throne, since his daughter Olga married George I of Greece, whose son Andrea married Alice Battenberg and begat Philip, Charles' father.
Konstantin was born in St. Petersburg, the second son and fifth child of Tsar Nicholas I of Russia and Empress Alexandra
Konstantin Alexandrovich Menshov (Russian: Константин Александрович Меньшов, born February 23, 1983 in Leningrad) is a Russian figure skater. He is a two-time (2010, 2012) Nebelhorn Trophy silver medalist and the 2011 Russian national champion.
Menshov won the silver medal at the 2010 Nebelhorn Trophy. At the 2011 Russian Championships, Menshov placed first in both the short and long program, to win the title. He was the only contender to attempt a quadruple toe loop in the long program. He finished 7th in his first trip to the European Championships. In 2012, Menshov won another silver medal at the Nebelhorn Trophy.
Menshov trains in Saint Petersburg with coach Evgeni Rukavitsyn. During summers, he also has training camps in Lulea, Sweden and Jelgava, Latvia.
In 2011, Menshov received his diploma from the Saint Petersburg's Lesgaft University for Physiculture and Sport. He has a non-identical twin brother, Nikita.
Prince Nikita Alexandrovich of Russia (13 January 1900 – 12 September 1974) was a son of Grand Duke Alexander Mikhailovich of Russia and Grand Duchess Xenia Alexandrovna of Russia. He was a nephew of Tsar Nicholas II of Russia.
Born in Imperial Russia during the reign of his uncle, Prince Nikita escaped the fate of many of his relatives killed by the Bolsheviks. He left Russia in April 1919, at age nineteen. In 1922 he married Countess Maria Vorontsova-Dashkova. The couple had two children.
Prince Nikita Alexandrovich was born in Saint Petersburg at his parent's palace on 106 Moika street. He was the son of Grand Duke Alexander Mikhailovich of Russia and Grand Duchess Xenia Alexandrovna of Russia. He was a grandson of Emperor Alexander III of Russia and his consort, Empress Maria Feodorovna of Russia (born Princess Dagmar of Denmark)
Prince Nikita spent his childhood and adolescence in fabulous splendor under the reign of his uncle, Tsar Nicholas II. He also traveled with his parents through Europe. A favorite destination was Ai-Todor, his father's estate, located in Crimea on the shores of the Black Sea. It was there, where Prince Nikita and his immediate family found refuge from
Georgy Mikhaylovich Grechko (Russian: Георгий Михайлович Гречко; born May 25, 1931 in Leningrad) is a retired Soviet cosmonaut who flew on several space flights among which Soyuz 17, Soyuz 26, and Soyuz T-14.
Grechko graduated from the Leningrad Institute of Mechanics with a doctorate in mathematics. He was a member of Communist Party of Soviet Union. He went on to work at Sergei Korolev's design bureau and from there was selected for cosmonaut training for the Soviet moon programme. When that program was cancelled, he went on to work on the Salyut space stations.
Georgy Mikhaylovich Grechko made the first spacewalk in an Orlan space suit. This spacewalk was made on December 20, 1977 during the Salyut 6 EO-1 mission.
He was awarded twice the medal of Hero of the Soviet Union.
He resigned from the space programme in 1992 to lecture in atmospheric physics at the Russian Academy of Sciences.
A minor planet 3148 Grechko discovered by Soviet astronomer Nikolai Stepanovich Chernykh in 1979 is named after him.
Grechko, along with Alexey Leonov, Vitaly Sevastyanov and Rusty Schweickart established the Association of Space Explorers in 1984. Membership is open to all people who have flown
Anton Tarielyevich Sikharulidze (Russian: Антон Тариэльевич Сихарулидзе, born 25 October 1976 in St. Petersburg) is a Russian pair skater. With Elena Berezhnaya, he is the 1998 and 1999 World champion, 1998 Olympic silver medalist and 2002 Olympic champion.
His first partner was Maria Petrova, with whom he became the 1994 and 1995 World Junior Champion. He began competing with Berezhnaya in 1996 after helping her recover from an accident with her previous partner. Within two years of the accident, Berezhnaya and Sikharulidze had established themselves as one of the best pair teams in the world. During their competitive career, they were coached by Tamara Moskvina at the Yubileyny Sports Palace in Saint Petersburg, Russia, and the Ice House in Hackensack, New Jersey. Their Olympic gold medals are shared with Canadian pair Jamie Salé and David Pelletier.
Sikharulidze was born in Saint Petersburg. After seeing a neighbor's boy with skates, he asked his parents for skates as well. At the age of 15, with skating taking up a lot of his time and limiting his personal life, he considered leaving the sport but his father encouraged him to persevere.
Sikharulidze took up pair skating at age
Blessed Leonid Ivanovich Feodorov (Russian: Леонидъ Ивановичъ Фёдоровъ; 1879–1935) was Exarch of the Russian Catholic Church, in addition to being a survivor of the GULAG. After painstaking investigation, he was beatified by Pope John Paul II on June 27, 2001.
Feodorov was born in Saint Petersburg, Russia on November 4, 1879 into a Russian Orthodox family. His father, Ivan, was a moderately successful restaurant owner and the son of a serf. His mother, Lyuba Feodorov, a woman of Greek descent, raised him as a single mother after his father's early death. Although she attempted to raise her son as a devout member of the Russian Orthodox Church, she simultaneously encouraged him to read the popular novelists of the day.
He later recalled,
"So I began to devour the best known French novelists of the day, Zola, Hugo, Maupassant, and Dumas. I became acquainted with the Italian Renaissance and its corrupt literature, Boccaccio and Ariosto. My head came to be like a sewer into which the foulest muck was emptied."
After his graduation from the Second Imperial Gymnasium in 1901, he enrolled in the Orthodox Ecclesiastical Academy in order to study for the priesthood in the Russian Orthodox
Maria Igorevna Petrova (Russian: Мария Игоревна Петрова; born 29 November 1977 in Leningrad, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union) is a Russian pair skater. With partner Alexei Tikhonov, she is the 2000 World Champion and the 1999 & 2000 European Champion.
Petrova was a sickly child and her doctor recommended she take up a sport; her parents got her into figure skating when she was seven. She started out in singles but always preferred pair skating and admired Ekaterina Gordeeva and Sergei Grinkov so she made the switch to pairs at 13.
She initially competed with Anton Sikharulidze with whom she is the 1994 & 1995 World Junior Champion. They split in 1996 and she teamed up with Teimuraz Pulin, winning the silver medal at the 1997 World Junior championships.
Petrova teamed up with Alexei Tikhonov in the summer of 1998. Together, they won the World Championship in 2000. They placed 6th at the 2002 Winter Olympics and 5th at the 2006 Games. They won a silver medal at the 2005 Worlds, and a bronze in 2006.
Petrova and Tikhonov announced they would retire after the 2006 Worlds, but at the request of the Russian Skating Federation they later agreed to remain eligible for another year. During their
Alexander Vasilyevich Kolchak (Russian: Алекса́ндр Васи́льевич Колча́к, 16 November [O.S. 4 November] 1874 – 7 February 1920) was a Russian naval commander, polar explorer and later - the Supreme ruler of the counter-revolutionary anti-communist White forces during the Russian Civil War. As Supreme ruler of Russia (1918–1920), he was recognized in this position by all the heads of the White movement, "De jure" - Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, "De facto" - Entente States. He was also a prominent expert on naval mines and a member of the Russian Geographical Society. Among Kolchak's awards are the St. George Gold Sword for Bravery given for his actions in the battle of Port Arthur and the Great Gold Constantine Medal from the Russian Geographic Society.
Kolchak was born in Saint Petersburg in 1874. His father was a retired major-general of the Marine Artillery, who was actively engaged in the siege of Sevastopol in 1854-55 and after his retirement worked as an engineer in ordnance works near St. Petersburg. Kolchak was educated for a naval career, graduating from the Naval Cadet Corps in 1894 and joining the 7th Naval Battalion of the city. He was soon transferred to the Far
Anton Viktorovich Yelchin (Russian: Анто́н Ви́кторович Ельчи́н; born March 11, 1989) is an American film and television actor. He began performing in the late 1990s, appearing in several television roles, as well as the Hollywood films Along Came a Spider and Hearts in Atlantis (both 2001). Yelchin later appeared on the television series, Huff, and has starred in the films House of D (2005), Star Trek (2009), Terminator Salvation (2009), The Smurfs (2011), Fright Night (2011), and Like Crazy (2011). Yelchin's role as "Jacob Clarke" in the Steven Spielberg mini series, Taken, was significant in facilitating the further development of the then-child actor's career.
Yelchin was born on March 11, 1989 in Leningrad, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union (modern day Saint Petersburg, Russia). His family is Jewish. His parents, Irina Korina and Viktor Yelchin, were pair figure skaters who were celebrities as stars of the Leningrad Ice Ballet for 15 years. Nationally, Yelchin's parents were the third-ranked pair team; they thus qualified for the 1972 Winter Olympics, but were not permitted to participate by the Soviet authorities (Yelchin has said the reason was unclear: "I don't exactly know what
Dmitri Leonidovich Radchenko (Russian: Дмитрий Леонидович Радченко; born 2 December 1970 in Leningrad) is a Russian retired footballer who played as a striker. He works as a youth coach with FC Zenit Saint Petersburg.
During his professional career, he played in four different countries, namely in La Liga.
Radchenko started his professional career in his hometown, moving in 1991 to FC Spartak Moscow, and helping the capital side to the first two editions of the Russian Premier League. In 1993–94, he signed with Racing Santander in Spain, alongside teammate Dmitri Popov, and experienced arguably the best seasons in his career, notably scoring in a 5–0 home routing of FC Barcelona in his second year.
A move to rising Deportivo de La Coruña followed, but Radchenko failed to establish in the starting XI, although heavily featured. The next three seasons combined, he only netted once, with Rayo Vallecano, CP Mérida (both relegated from La Liga) and SD Compostela (Segunda División – where he shared teams again with Popov).
After relative success with Jubilo Iwata and HNK Hajduk Split, Radchenko finished his career in 2008, in the lower leagues of Spain (with some periods of inactivity in
Princess Olga Valerianovna Paley (Ольга Валериановна Палей) (2 December 1865–2 November 1929), was the second wife of Grand Duke Paul Alexandrovich of Russia.
She was born Olga Karnovitsch at St. Petersburg, the daughter of Valerian Karnovich and his wife Olga Vasilyevna Meszaros. She married to Erich Gerhard von Pistohlkors (1853–1935 Riga) in 1884, by whom she had four children:
She later began an affair with Grand Duke Paul Alexandrovich of Russia, causing a great society scandal, and bore him a child, Vladimir. Her marriage to Pistohlkors was terminated by divorce, and Paul asked permission of Tsar Nicholas II to marry Olga, but he refused.
In 1902, Paul married her morganatically, but the marriage was not approved, and she was given no titles. In 1904, Luitpold, Prince Regent of Bavaria granted Olga the title of Countess von Hohenfelsen. Nicholas II later acquiesced to the marriage and made her Princess Paley.
Olga and Paul had three children:
Olga left Russia in 1920 with her two daughters to Finland, after her son and her husband were executed by the revolutionary government. She died in exile in Paris on 2 December 1929, at the age of 64.
The Peter and Paul Cathedral is a Russian Orthodox cathedral located inside the Peter and Paul Fortress in St. Petersburg, Russia. It is the first and oldest landmark in St. Petersburg, built between 1712 and 1733 on Zayachy Island along the Neva River. Both the cathedral and the fortress were originally built under Peter the Great and designed by Domenico Trezzini. The cathedral's bell tower is the world's tallest Orthodox bell tower. Since the belfry is not standalone, but an integral part of the main building, the cathedral is sometimes considered the highest Orthodox Church in the world.
The cathedral is dedicated to Saints Peter and Paul, the patron saints of the fortress (Saint Peter being the patron saint of the city). The current cathedral is the second one on the site. The first, built soon after Peter's founding of the city, was consecrated by Archbishop Iov of Novgorod the Great in April 1704.
The current building, the first stone church in St. Petersburg, was designed by Trezzini and built between 1712 and 1733. Its golden spire reaches a height of 404 feet and features at its top an angel holding a cross. This angel is one of the most important symbols of St.
Ossip Gabrilowitsch (Осип Сoломонович Габрилович, Osip Solomonovich Gabrilovich; he used the German transliteration Gabrilowitsch in the West) (7 February [O.S. 26 January] 1878 – 14 September 1936) was a Russian-born American pianist, conductor and composer.
Ossip Gabrilowitsch was born in Saint Petersburg. He studied the piano and composition at the Saint Petersburg Conservatory, with Anton Rubinstein, Anatoly Lyadov, Alexander Glazunov and Nikolai Medtner among others. After graduating in 1894, he spent two years studying piano with Theodor Leschetizky in Vienna.
In July 1905 he recorded ten pieces for the reproducing piano Welte-Mignon, one of the first pianists to do so.
From 1910 to 1914, he was conductor of the Munich Konzertverein (later known as the Munich Philharmonic). He was still in Munich in 1917 and was put in jail following a pogrom. Through the intervention of the nuncio to Bavaria, Archbishop Eugenio Pacelli (later Pope Pius XII), Gabrilowitsch was freed from jail, and then he headed to Zürich and the United States.
He settled in the US, and in 1918 was appointed the founding director of the Detroit Symphony Orchestra, while still maintaining his life as a concert
Alexander Yuryevich Enbert (Russian: Александр Юрьевич Энберт; born April 17, 1989 in Leningrad) is a Russian pair skater who competes with partner Katarina Gerboldt.
His first partner was Viktoria Kazantseva. He then teamed up with Ksenia Ozerova, coached by Oksana Kazakova. During the 2008–2009 season, they won silver and bronze medals on the Junior Grand Prix series. This qualified them for the Junior Grand Prix Final, however, they withdrew after the short program. They made their senior international debut at the 2008 Cup of Russia, where they placed 5th. They were given a berth to the 2009 World Championships after Lubov Iliushechkina and Nodari Maisuradze withdrew due to injury. They finished 24th at the event.
The following season, they won silver at Coupe de Nice, finished 8th at Skate Canada International and 6th at Russian senior nationals. They split up at the end of the season.
After the split, Enbert's coaches suggested he try out with Katarina Gerboldt. In March 2010, it was announced that he and Gerboldt had teamed up. They have known each other since childhood. They are trained by Tamara Moskvina and Artur Dmitriev at Yubileyny Sports Palace in Saint
Andrey Sergeyevich Arshavin (Russian: Андре́й Серге́евич Арша́вин; born 29 May 1981), also known as Shava, is a professional footballer who plays as a forward for Arsenal and as ex-captain of the Russian national team.
Arshavin began his career at Zenit in the year 2000. He won numerous trophies with the club until his departure in 2009 including the Russian Premier League, Russian Premier League Cup, Russian Super Cup, UEFA Cup and the UEFA Super Cup. During his time with Zenit, Arshavin was named Russian Footballer of the Year.
In 2009, Arshavin signed for the English Premier League club Arsenal, becoming the second most expensive player in Arsenal's history with a fee of £15 million. Arshavin returned to Zenit on 24 February 2012 for a loan deal that concluded in July 2012.
Andrey Sergeyevich Arshavin was born in Leningrad, now called Saint Petersburg on 29 May 1981. Andrey's father Sergey played as an amateur footballer. Arshavin survived an accident that could have potentially killed him when he was hit by a car as a child. His upbringing was made a lot harder when his parents divorced when he was aged 12 with Andrey having to sleep on the floor of a cramped flat with his
Grand Duke Peter Nikolaevich of Russia (10 January 1864 – 17 January 1931) was a Russian Grand Duke and a member of the Russian Imperial Family.
Grand Duke Peter Nikolaevich was the second son of Grand Duke Nicholas Nicolaievich the Elder (1831 – 1891) and Duchess Alexandra of Oldenburg (1838 – 1900).
He was born in Saint Petersburg. As was the custom for Russian Grand Dukes (the title applied to all sons and grandsons of a Russian Emperor), the Grand Duke Peter served in the Russian army as a Lt.-General and Adjutant-General.
On 26 July 1889, he married Princess Milica of Montenegro (1866 – 1951), daughter of King Nicholas I of Montenegro (1841 – 1921). The Grand Duke and Duchess had four children:
In 1907, his elder brother, Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich, married Grand Duchess Militza's sister, Princess Anastasia of Montenegro, known as Stana. The two couples were socially very influential at the Russian Imperial Court in the early 20th century. Nicknamed joined "the black peril", a group interested in the occult. They are credited with introducing first a charlatan mystic named merely Philippe, and then, with graver consequences, Grigori Rasputin (1869–1916) to the Imperial
Gregory Gaye (October 10, 1900 – August 23, 1993) was a Russian-American actor. The son of an actor, he was born Gregory De Gay in St. Petersburg, Russia.
He was a cadet in the Russian navy and began his stage career in Europe and in the Orient before going to the United States after the Russian Revolution in 1917. He appeared in small roles in over a hundred movies.
His first was a bit part in the 1928 John Barrymore silent movie Tempest. His first credited role was as Prince Ordinsky in the Will Rogers comedy They Had to See Paris in 1929. Gaye appeared in three of Rogers' movies including; Young As You Feel and Handy Andy.
Later in 1929, Gaye received a bit part in the John Ford film The Black Watch starring Victor McLaglen (John Wayne and Randolph Scott also had bit parts in this movie). In 1930, Gaye received a good role as Baslikoff, a suave violinist, chasing Gloria Swanson in the romance comedy What a Widow! Later that year, he appeared as Vologuine in the Victor Fleming film Renegades with Myrna Loy and Bela Lugosi. In 1932, Gaye played Rudolph Kammerling in the comedy Once in a Lifetime about a Hollywood studio during the transition from silents to talkies.
In 1934, Gaye
Grigori Yakovlevich Perelman (/ˈpɛrɨlmən/PERR-il-mən; Russian: Григо́рий Я́ковлевич Перельма́н; born 13 June 1966) is a Russian mathematician who has made landmark contributions to Riemannian geometry and geometric topology.
In 1994, Perelman proved the soul conjecture. In 2003, he proved Thurston's geometrization conjecture. This consequently solved in the affirmative the Poincaré conjecture, posed in 1904, which before its solution was viewed as one of the most important and difficult open problems in topology.
In August 2006, Perelman was awarded the Fields Medal for "his contributions to geometry and his revolutionary insights into the analytical and geometric structure of the Ricci flow." Perelman declined to accept the award or to appear at the congress, stating: "I'm not interested in money or fame, I don't want to be on display like an animal in a zoo." On 22 December 2006, the journal Science recognized Perelman's proof of the Poincaré conjecture as the scientific "Breakthrough of the Year", the first such recognition in the area of mathematics.
On 18 March 2010, it was announced that he had met the criteria to receive the first Clay Millennium Prize for resolution of the
John Arnatt (9 May 1917 – 21 December 1999) was a British actor born in Russia.
John Arnatt was born in Petrograd on 9 May 1917. His parents were Francis Arnatt and Ethel Marion Arnatt (née Jephcott). He attended Epworth College. Arnatt trained for the stage at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art. John Arnatt died at the age of 82 on 21 December 1999.
Never well known, he amassed numerous television credits in popular productions such as Keeping Up Appearances, Dangerfield, Lovejoy, The Professionals, House of Cards and Z-Cars. Doctor Who fans will recall him as the second actor to play Time Lord Cardinal Borusa in the serial The Invasion of Time. He had a recurring role in the early episodes of the ITV legal drama The Main Chance.
One of Arnatt's most high profile roles was as "The Deputy Sheriff of Nottingham" in the fourth and final season of 1955-60 TV series The Adventures of Robin Hood starring Richard Greene. His character filled in for Alan Wheatley, who played the regular sheriff. Arnatt's character was introduced and interacted with Wheatley's character in the episode "The Devil You Don't Know". In the 1962 film Dr Crippen, starring Donald Pleasence, Arnatt played Chief
Nikolai Alexandrovich Kozyrev (September 2, 1908–February 27, 1983) was a Russian astronomer/astrophysicist.
He was born in St. Petersburg, and by 1928 he had graduated from the Leningrad State University. In 1931 he began working at the Pulkovo Observatory, located to the south of Leningrad. He was considered to be one of the most promising astrophysicists in Russia. Kozyrev was a victim of the Stalinist purges of the Pulkovo Observatory. Started by the accusations of a disgruntled graduate student, most of the observatory staff died as a result. Kozyrev was arrested in November 1936 and sentenced to 10 years for counterrevolutionary activity. In January 1941, he was given another 10-year sentence for "hostile propaganda". While incarcerated, he was allowed to work in engineering-type jobs. Due to the lobbying by his colleagues, he won an early release from detention in December 1946. As a result of his imprisonment he was mentioned in The Gulag Archipelago by Alexandr Solzhenitsyn.
During his imprisonment, Kozyrev attempted to continue working on purely theoretical physics. He considered the problem of the energy source of stars and formulated a theory. But in his isolation, he
Oleg Gennadyevich Kozhanov (Russian: Олег Геннадьевич Кожанов; born June 5, 1987 in Leningrad (now St. Petersburg)) is a Russian football player. Currently, he plays for FC Yenisey Krasnoyarsk. He made his debut in the Russian Premier League in 2005 for FC Zenit St. Petersburg.
Tsarskoye Selo (Russian: Ца́рское Село́; [ˈt͡sarskəjɪ sʲɪˈlo] ( listen); "Tsar's Village") is the town containing a former Russian residence of the imperial family and visiting nobility, located 24 kilometres (15 mi) south from the center of St. Petersburg. It is now part of the town of Pushkin and of the World Heritage Site Saint Petersburg and Related Groups of Monuments.
In the 17th century, the estate belonged to a Swedish noble. Its original Finnish name is usually translated as "a higher ground". Max Vasmer, on the other hand, derives this toponym from the Finnish word for island, "saari". In any case, the Finnish name came to be pronounced by the 18th-century Russians as "Sarskoye Selo", later changed to "Tsarskoye Selo" (i.e., "the royal village").
In 1708, Peter the Great gave the estate to his wife, the future Empress Catherine I, as a present. She founded the Blagoveschensky (Annunciation) church there in 1724, and changed the name of the settlement to Blagoveschenskoye, but this did not stand the test of time and quickly went out of use.
It was Catherine I who started to develop the place as a royal country residence. Her daughter, Empress Elizabeth and her architect
Oleg Anatolyevich Salenko (Russian: Олег Анатольевич Саленко; Ukrainian: Олег Анатолійович Саленко; Oleh Anatoliyovich Salenko born 25 October 1969 in Leningrad, Russia) is a retired Russian and Ukrainian footballer, who played as a striker. He scored a record of five goals in a group stage match in the 1994 World Cup, helping him earn the Golden Shoe as joint-top tournament goalscorer.
Salenko played at Zenit Leningrad, Dynamo Kyiv, Logroñés, Córdoba, Valencia, Rangers and İstanbulspor in a club career that lasted from 1986 to 2000.
Eventually, he faded from the international soccer scene and finally had to end his career prematurely for health reasons stemming from injuries. Salenko returned to playing professional football in the 2000–01 season and signed for Pogoń Szczecin. He retired after playing a single game however due to his physical conditioning.
Salenko set a World Cup record by scoring five goals in one game, for Russia against Cameroon on 28 June 1994. Salenko finished the 1994 World Cup with six goals (scoring his sixth goal from the penalty spot against Sweden), sharing the Golden Boot with Hristo Stoichkov, a remarkable feat since Russia was knocked out in the
Alex Shnaider (born 1968) is a Russian-born Canadian entrepreneur and former commodities trader. He is co-founder with Eduard Shifrin of the Midland Group. He was educated at York University in Toronto.
Alex Shnaider partnered with Donald Trump in the construction of the Trump International Hotel and Tower, which is currently under construction in Toronto. Donald Trump is a minority shareholder in the project. Shnaider has reportedly decided to keep the penthouse suite for himself, at an estimated value of $20 million.
Shnaider bought Jordan Grand Prix from Eddie Jordan in February 2005 for approximately USD $50 million, and renamed it Midland F1 Racing for the 2006 Formula One season. On 9 September 2006, the team was sold to Spyker Cars.
Alexander Alexandrovich (Russian: Александр Александрович) (10 March 1845 – 1 November 1894), known historically as Alexander III or Alexander the Peacemaker reigned as Emperor of Russia from 13 March [O.S. 1 March] 1881 until his death on 1 November [O.S. 20 October] 1894. He reversed some of the liberal measures of his predecessor, his father, Alexander II.
Alexander Alexandrovich Romanov was born on 10 March 1845 in Saint Petersburg, Russia, the second son of Emperor Alexander II of Russia and his wife Maria Alexandrovna (Marie of Hesse).
In disposition Alexander bore little resemblance to his soft-hearted, liberal father, and still less to his refined, philosophic, sentimental, chivalrous, yet cunning granduncle, emperor Alexander I of Russia, who could have been given the title of "the first gentleman of Europe". Although an enthusiastic amateur musician and patron of the ballet, Alexander was seen as lacking refinement and elegance. Indeed, he rather relished the idea of being of the same rough texture as some of his subjects. His straightforward, abrupt manner savoured sometimes of gruffness, while his direct, unadorned method of expressing himself harmonized well with his
Iosif Aleksandrovich Brodsky (Russian: Ио́сиф Алекса́ндрович Бро́дский, IPA: [ɪˈosʲɪf ˈbrot͡skʲɪj] ( listen); 24 May 1940 – 28 January 1996) was a Russian poet and essayist.
Born in Leningrad in 1940, Brodsky ran afoul of Soviet authorities and was expelled from the Soviet Union in 1972, settling in America with the help of W. H. Auden and other supporters. He taught thereafter at universities including those at Yale, Cambridge and Michigan.
Brodsky was awarded the 1987 Nobel Prize in Literature "for an all-embracing authorship, imbued with clarity of thought and poetic intensity". He was appointed United States Poet Laureate in 1991.
Brodsky was born into a Jewish family in Leningrad. His father, Aleksandr Brodsky, was a professional photographer in the Soviet Navy and his mother, Maria Volpert Brodsky, was a professional interpreter whose work often helped to support the family. They lived in communal apartments, in poverty, marginalized by their Jewish status. In early childhood Brodsky survived the Siege of Leningrad where he and his parents nearly died of starvation; an aunt of his did die of hunger. He later suffered from various health problems caused by the siege. Brodsky
Grand Duchess Olga Nikolaevna of Russia (11 September 1822 – 30 October 1892), later Queen Olga of Württemberg, was a member of the Russian imperial family who became Queen Consort of Württemberg.
She was the second daughter of Nicholas I of Russia and Charlotte of Prussia. She was thus a sister of Alexander II of Russia. She married Charles I of Württemberg, with whom she had no children.
Grand Duchess Olga of Russia was born on 11 September 1822 in St. Petersburg, Russia. Her father was Emperor Nicholas I of Russia, the son of Emperor Paul I of Russia and Empress Maria of Russia (née Princess Sophia Dorothea of Württemberg). Her mother was Empress Alexandra of Russia (née Princess Charlotte of Prussia), the daughter of King Frederick William III of Prussia and Queen Louise of Prussia (née Princess Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz).
Olga grew up as part of a close family of eight sisters and brothers. She had two elder siblings: Emperor Alexander II of Russia and Grand Duchess Maria of Russia; and five younger siblings: Grand Duchess Alexandra of Russia, Grand Duchess Elizabeth of Russia (died in infancy), Grand Duke Constantine of Russia, Grand Duke Nicholas of Russia and Grand
Svetlana Olegovna Abrosimova (Russian: Светлана Олеговна Абросимова) (born July 9, 1980) is a Russian basketball player who has played in college, the Olympics, and in professional leagues. She most recently played for the Seattle Storm in the WNBA. She is usually called by her nickname, "Svet" or "Sveta".
Abrosimova was born in Leningrad, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union (today St. Petersburg, Russia), to Oleg and Ludmilla Abrosimov. Her father Oleg works as a welder in a shipyard and her older sister, Tatiana, was a professional ballroom dancer.
While attending Petrogradskoi N86 (high school), Abrosimova was trained for the then Soviet Olympic team. She was named the MVP of the 1996 European Basketball Championship (also known as Eurobasket), averaging 18 points, six rebounds and three assists per game. She was also a member of all-star teams that won the 1995 and 1996 European Championship.
Abrosimova was a member of the Russian national basketball team that participated in the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney, Australia and won a silver medal in the 1998 Basketball World Championship.
In her freshman season, Abrosimova's team went 28–2 in the regular season, losing only to Tennessee
Anatoly Abramovich Shalyto (Russian: Анато́лий Абра́мович Шалы́то, May 28 1948, Leningrad, Soviet Union) is a Russian scientist, doctor of sciences, professor, awarded by Russian State Government in 2008 for achievements in education, developer of technology for Automata-based programming named "Switch-technology", initiator of Open Project Documentation Initiative and of "Save the best in the universities of Russia".
Anatoly Shalyto introduced a Switch-technology — technology for Automata-Based Programming. He is also a coauthor of a UniMod tool that supports Automata-Based Programming.
Initiator of Foundation for Open Project Documentation.
Author of a series of articles devoted to the problems of Computer Science and education in Russia.
Anatoly Shalyto also has scientific results in Boolean functions and Logic Control.
Artur Nikolayevich Chilingarov (Russian: Артур Николаевич Чилингаров; born 25 September 1939) is a Russian polar explorer. He is a corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, he was awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union in 1986 and the title of Hero of the Russian Federation in 2008. Chilingarov is also a member of the State Duma from Nenets Autonomous Okrug (since 1993). Member of the United Russia party.
He was born in Leningrad. In 1963, he graduated from the Arctic faculty of the Leningrad Maritime Institute named after admiral S.O. Makarov. As an engineer-oceanographer, he was directed to the Tiksi observatory of the Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute. In 1965, he was elected first secretary of the Bulun Komsomol district committee. In 1969, he was appointed head of the drift ice station “North Pole-19” and, in 1971, Chilingarov headed the Bellingshausen Station of the 17th Soviet Antarctic Expedition.
Between 1974 and 1979, he worked in the Western sector of the Arctic as head of the Amderma Administration of hydrometeorology and environmental control. Under his direction, new forms of Arctic operative navigation support were implemented; for the
Boris Rotenberg (Russian: Борис Борисович Ротенберг; born 19 May 1986 in Leningrad) is a Finnish-Russian professional footballer who played briefly for Olympiakos Nicosia on loan from FC Dynamo Moscow.
His father, also named Boris Rotenberg, was listed by the Forbes magazine as 100th wealthiest person in Russia in 2010 with net worth of US$700,000,000. He was a friend of former Russian president and current PM, Vladimir Putin, since 1960s, when they were taking judo lessons together. His uncle Arkadi Rotenberg (another Putin's judo friend) was 99th wealthiest in Russia, according to the same list.
In July 2008, Rotenberg and fellow Jewish Russian, Yakov Ehrlich, joined Israeli club, Hapoel Petah Tikva on trial. The club was interested in both their services since they are Jewish and would not count as foreigners.
Princess Catharina Frederica of Württemberg (21 February 1783 – 29 November 1835) was the second wife of Jérôme Bonaparte.
Catharina was born in Saint Petersburg, Russia to the later King Frederick I of Württemberg and Duchess Augusta of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel. At age 5, her mother died and her father married her mother's first cousin Charlotte, Princess Royal, eldest daughter of British King George III.
She was Jérôme Bonaparte's second wife, married on 22 August 1807 in the Royal Palace at Fontainebleau, France.
She was queen consort of the Kingdom of Westphalia. When the kingdom was dissolved after the downfall of the Napoleonic Empire, she followed her husband into exile.
Catharina died in Lausanne, Switzerland.
Media related to Catharina of Württemberg at Wikimedia Commons
Konstantin Andreyevich Thon, also spelled Ton (Russian: Константи́н Андре́евич Тон; October 26, 1794 – January 25, 1881) was an official architect of Imperial Russia during the reign of Nicholas I. His major works include the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour, the Grand Kremlin Palace and the Kremlin Armoury in Moscow.
Konstantin, born in St. Petersburg to the family of a German jeweller, was one of three Thon brothers who all rose to become notable architects. He studied at the Imperial Academy of Arts (1803–15) under the Empire Style architect Andrey Voronikhin, best remembered for his work on the Kazan Cathedral, situated right in the middle of the Nevsky Prospekt. He studied Italian art in Rome from 1819 to 1828, and on his return home was admitted to the academy as its member (1830) and professor (1833). In 1854, he was appointed rector of the architectural division of the academy.
Thon first attracted public attention with his sumptuous design for the interiors of the Academy building on the Neva embankment. In 1827, he submitted to the tsar his project of St Catherine church at the Obvodnyi Canal, the first ever design in the Russian Revival style. Nicholas I, who felt
Kseniya Aleksandrovna Rappoport (Russian: Ксения Александровна Раппопорт; born 25 March 1974 in Leningrad) is a Russian actress. She graduated in 2000 from Saint Petersburg Academy of Theatrical Arts and was immediately invited to join the Maly Drama Theatre. She played Nina Zarechnaya in The Seagull, Elena in Uncle Vania, and Sofia in A Play Without a Title.
She has appeared in such films and TV series as Streets of Broken Streetlights, Baron, Anna Karenina, Nicholas II (Germany), The Russian Bride, National Security Agent, Empire Under Fire, Calendula Flowers, Prokofiev (Germany), Get Thee From Me, Criminal Petersburg, Homicide, and I Pay Up Front. She starred in the Italian film La sconosciuta (2006) and in the Golden Lion nominated movie La doppia ora (2009), for which she won Volpi Cup (the Best Actress award) at the 66th Venice Film Festival.
Rappoport has two daughters, Darya (born in April 1994) and Sophia (born in January 2011).
Nikolai Nikolayevich Tcherepnin (Russian: Никола́й Никола́евич Черепни́н May 15 [O.S. May 3] 1873 – 26 June 1945) was a Russian composer, pianist, and conductor. He was born in Saint Petersburg and studied under Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov at the Saint Petersburg Conservatory. He conducted for the first Paris season of Sergei Diaghilev's Ballets Russes.
Nikolai Tcherepnin was born in 1873 to a well-known and wealthy physician of the same name. The elder Nikolai moved in elite circles of artists including Fyodor Dostoyevsky and Modest Mussorgsky. Young Nikolai's mother died when he was a baby, and when his father remarried, was replaced by an ambivalent stepmother. As a child, Nikolai's father beat him regularly and enforced a general code of strict discipline.
At his father's insistence, Nikolai earned a law degree, though during this time he composed steadily. In 1895 he graduated with his degree in law from the University of Saint Petersburg. In 1898, he earned a degree in composition under Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov and a degree in piano under K.K. Fan-Arkh. His talents and high family status earned him a job as the orchestral teacher at the Court Chapel in 1899. For six years he
Prince Constantine Constantinovich of Russia (Константин Константинович) (1 January 1891 – 18 July 1918), nicknamed Kostia by the family, was the fourth child of Grand Duke Constantine Constantinovich of Russia by his wife Elisbeth Mavrikievna née HH Princess Elisabeth of Saxe-Altenburg.
The Prince was a silent, shy person who fancied theatre and was educated in the Corps des Pages, a military academy in Saint Petersburg. He served in the army during the First World War. A priest who met him at the front, Hegumen Seraphim, wrote: "He was an extremely modest officer of the Guard of the Izmaylovsky Regiment, much beloved by officers and soldiers alike; along with them he was a brave soldier who distinguished himself. I personally remember seeing him in the trenches among the soldiers, risking his life."
After seeing the happiness of his two elder siblings, John and Tatiana, Constantine was keen to start his own family. He fancied the Tsar's oldest daughter, Olga, but was also keen on Princess Elisabeth of Romania. Elisabeth's grandmother, the former Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia, wrote to her daughter, the Crown Princess Marie of Romania in 1911, saying, "The young
Saint Petersburg State University (SPbGU, Russian: Санкт-Петербургский государственный университет, СПбГУ) is a Russian federal state-owned higher education institution based in Saint Petersburg and one of the oldest and largest universities in Russia.
It is made up of 22 specialized faculties, 13 research institutes, the Faculty of Military Studies, the Academic Classical School, and the Department of Physical Culture and Sports. As of 2010, the university has a teaching staff of 6,855. The university has two primary campuses: one on Vasilievsky Island and the other in Peterhof. During the Soviet period, it was known as Leningrad State University (Russian: Ленинградский государственный университет), in 1948—1989 named after Zhdanov.
Saint Petersburg State University is considered the second best multi-faculty university in Russia after Moscow State University, however, it performs relatively poorly in both national and international rankings. While the university was ranked 251st in 2011 by the QS World University Rankings, it was placed 351-400th by the Times Higher Education World University Rankings and 301-400th by the Academic Ranking of World Universities. Furthermore,
Yevstigney Ipat'yevich Fomin (Russian: Евстигне́й Ипа́тьевич Фоми́н) (born St Petersburg 16 August [O.S. 5 August] 1761 – died St. Petersburg c 27 April [O.S. 16 April] 1800) was a Russian opera composer of the 18th century.
Fomin was born in St. Petersburg into the family of a cannoneer, an artillery soldier of the Tobolsk infantry regiment. His father died when he was 6, and he passed into the care of his stepfather, I. Fedotov, a soldier. Fedotov took him to the Academy of Fine Arts in St. Petersburg on 21 April 1767, where Fomin studied architecture. As a full student there, he began learning the harpsichord in 1776 with Matteo Bumi. From 1777 he studied theory and composition with Hermann Raupach, and from 1779 with Blasius Sartori.
In 1782 he went to Bologna to study with Padre Martini and Stanislao Mattei; three years later he was accepted into the Accademia filarmonica. Returning to St. Petersburg in 1785, he taught at the theatrical school and composed operas. From 1797 he was répétiteur for the imperial theater under Paul I. He composed about 30 operas including Yamshchiki na podstave [The Coachmen at the Relay Station] (1787); Vecherinki [Soirées] (1788); Orfey i
Albert Coates (23 April 1882 –11 December 1953) was an English conductor and composer. Born in Saint Petersburg where his English father was a successful businessman, he studied in Russia, England and Germany, before beginning his career as a conductor in a series of German opera houses. He was a success in England at the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden, and in 1919 was appointed chief conductor of the London Symphony Orchestra.
His strengths as a conductor lay in opera and the Russian repertoire, and he was not thought as impressive in the core Austro-German symphonic repertoire. After 1923 he failed to secure a permanent conductorship in the UK, and for much of the rest of his life he guest conducted in continental Europe and the U.S. In his last years he took orchestral appointments in South Africa, where he died at 71.
As a composer, Coates is little remembered, but he composed seven operas, one of which was performed at Covent Garden. He also wrote some concert works for orchestral forces.
Coates was born in St. Petersburg, Russia, the youngest of seven sons of a Yorkshire father, Charles Thomas Coates, who managed the Russian branch of an English company, and Mary Ann
Alexander Konstantinovich Glazunov (10 August 1865 – 21 March 1936) was a Russian composer of the late Russian Romantic period, music teacher and conductor. He served as director of the Saint Petersburg Conservatory between 1905 and 1928 and was also instrumental in the reorganization of the institute into the Petrograd Conservatory, then the Leningrad Conservatory, following the Bolshevik Revolution. He continued heading the Conservatory until 1930, though he had left the Soviet Union in 1928 and did not return. The best known student under his tenure during the early Soviet years was Dmitri Shostakovich.
Glazunov was significant in that he successfully reconciled nationalism and cosmopolitanism in Russian music. While he was the direct successor to Balakirev's nationalism, he tended more towards Borodin's epic grandeur while absorbing a number of other influences. These included Rimsky-Korsakov's orchestral virtuosity, Tchaikovsky's lyricism and Taneyev's contrapuntal skill. His weaknesses were a streak of academicism which sometimes overpowered his inspiration and an eclecticism which could sap the ultimate stamp of originality from his music. Younger composers such as Prokofiev
Alexander Nikolayevich Tcherepnin (Russian: Александр Николаевич Черепнин) (21 January 1899 – 29 September 1977) was a Russian-born composer and pianist.
His father, Nikolai Tcherepnin (pupil of Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov) and his son, Ivan Tcherepnin were also composers, as are two of his grandsons, Sergei and Stefan. His son Serge was involved in the roots of electronic music and instruments. His mother was a member of the artistic Benois family, a niece of Alexandre Benois.
He was born in Saint Petersburg, Russia, and played the piano and composed prolifically from a very early age. He was stimulated in this activity by the atmosphere at home, which--thanks to his family's Benois-Diaghilev connection--was a meeting place for many well-known musicians and artists of the day. By the time he began formal theory and composition studies in his late teens, he had already composed hundreds of pieces, including more than a dozen piano sonatas. Among his teachers in Russia were composer Victor Belyayev (pupil of Anatoly Lyadov and Alexander Glazunov), who prepared Tcherepnin for St. Petersburg Conservatory; Leocadia Kashperova (renowned pianist, protégée of Anton Rubinstein); and his
Gary Shteyngart (born Igor Shteyngart; July 5, 1972) is a Jewish-American writer born in Leningrad, USSR. Much of his work is satirical and relies on the invention of elaborately fictitious yet somehow familiar places and times.
Shteyngart spent the first seven years of his childhood living in a square dominated by a huge statue of Vladimir Lenin in what is now St. Petersburg, Russia; (he alternately calls it "St. Leningrad" or "St. Leninsburg"). He comes from a Jewish family and describes his family as typically Soviet. His father worked as an engineer in a LOMO camera factory; his mother was a pianist. Shteyngart emigrated to the United States in 1979 and was brought up with no television in the apartment in which he lived, where English was not the household language. He did not shed his thick Russian accent until the age of 14.
Shteyngart took a trip to Prague, and this experience helped spawn his first novel, set in the fictitious European city of Prava. He is a graduate of Stuyvesant High School in New York City, Oberlin College in Ohio, where he earned a degree in politics, and Hunter College of the City University of New York, where he earned an MFA in Creative
Viktor Lvovich Korchnoi (Russian: Ви́ктор Льво́вич Корчно́й; IPA: [kɐrt͡ɕˈnoj]; born March 23, 1931) is a professional chess player, author and currently the oldest active grandmaster on the tournament circuit. He was born in Leningrad, USSR, defected to the Netherlands in 1976, and has been residing in Switzerland for many years.
Korchnoi played three matches against Anatoly Karpov, the latter two for the World Chess Championship. In 1974, he lost the Candidates final to Karpov, who was declared world champion in 1975 when Bobby Fischer failed to defend his title. Then he won consecutive Candidates cycles to qualify for World Championship matches with Karpov in 1978 and 1981, losing both.
In all, Korchnoi was a candidate for the World Championship on ten occasions (1962, 1968, 1971, 1974, 1977, 1980, 1983, 1985, 1988 and 1991). Korchnoi was also a four-time USSR chess champion, a five-time member of Soviet teams that won the European championship, and a six-time member of Soviet teams that won the Chess Olympiad. In September 2006, he won the World Senior Chess Championship.
Korchnoi graduated from Leningrad State University with a major in history.
He learned to play chess from
Catherine Gavrilovna Chislova (Russian: Екатерина Гавриловна Числова) (September 21, 1846 – December 13, 1889) was a Russian ballerina. She was the mistress of Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich; they had five children.
Catherine Chislova was born on September 21, 1846, the daughter of Gabriel Chislov. She became a danceuse with the Imperial Ballet. She was an unrivalled partner to the famous Felix Kschessinsky in the Polish mazurka.
In the mid 1860s, Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich, the third son of Emperor Nicholas I, fell in love with her and they became lovers. Although the Grand Duke was married, they have an open affair that caused a great scandal. He installed her in a fashionable house situated directly across from his own palace in the capital. When Chislova wanted her paramour to visit, she would light two candles and set them on her windowsill, where the Grand Duke could see them from the windows of his study. In 1868, Catherine gave birth to the first of their five children.
Tsar Alexander II advised his brother to be more discrete and the couple traveled to San Remo and the Crimea. In 1881, the Grand Duke’s wife, Grand Duchess Alexandra Petrovna, retired to a convent in
Karl Blank (Russian: Карл Иванович Бланк) (1728–1793) was a Russian architect, notable as one of the last practitioners of Baroque architecture and the first Moscow architect to build early neoclassical buildings. His surviving, undisputed legacy consists of three baroque churches and Moscow Orphanage. The Ukrainian palace of Kachanovka is also attributed to him.
Blank's ancestors were French Huguenot refugees who settled in Germany. His grandfather, Jacob, a skilled blacksmith, migrated to Russia during the reign of Peter I. Father, already having a russified name, Ivan Yakovlevich Blank, began his career as an interpreter for the German architects in Saint Petersburg. Eventually, he became an assistant to Russian architect, Pyotr Yeropkin, who was closely associated with then-powerful courtier Artemy Volynsky. In June 1740, Volynsky and Yeropkin lost their heads for the alleged conspiracy against Anna of Russia. Ivan Blank was sentenced to lifelong exile in Siberia with all his family. Karl's mother died during the long way to Tobolsk. In Tobolsk, Ivan and Karl met a talented local boy, Alexander Kokorinov. In 1741, when Elizabeth of Russia came to power and pardoned all involved
Ladislaus Josephovich Bortkiewicz (Russian: Владисла́в Ио́сифович Бортке́вич, Polish: Władysław Bortkiewicz, German: Ladislaus von Bortkewitsch, Czech: L. Bortkevič or Czech: L. Bortkěvič), August 7, 1868 – July 15, 1931) was an economist and statistician of Polish descent, who lived most of his professional life in Germany, where he taught at Strassburg University (Privatdozent, 1895–1897) and Berlin University (1901–1931). He was of minor nobility: for his earlier publication he used the German style "von" as Ladislaus von Bortkewitsch, for his later publications he changed it slightly to Ladislaus von Bortkiewicz.
Bortkiewicz was born in Saint Petersburg, Imperial Russia (today Russia) where he graduated from the Law Faculty in 1890.
In 1898 he published a book about the Poisson distribution, titled The Law of Small Numbers. In this book he first noted that events with low frequency in a large population follow a Poisson distribution even when the probabilities of the events varied. It was that book that made the Prussian horse-kick data famous. The data give the number of soldiers killed by being kicked by a horse each year in each of 14 cavalry corps over a 20-year period.
Paul I (Russian: Па́вел I Петро́вич; Pavel Petrovich) (1 October [O.S. 20 September] 1754 – 23 March [O.S. 11 March] 1801) was the Emperor of Russia between 1796 and 1801. He also was the 71st Grand Master of the Order of Malta (de facto).
Paul was born in the Palace of Empress Elisabeth in St Petersburg. He was the son of Elizabeth's heir, her nephew, the Grand Duke Peter, later Emperor Peter III, and his wife, the Grand Duchess Catherine, later Empress Catherine II. In her memoirs, Catherine strongly implies that Paul's father was not Peter, but her favorite at the time, Sergei Saltykov. Peter's behavior was infantile and immature and he chose other favorites among Catherine's ladies in waiting but he was not sterile as many believed; he later sired an illegitimate child with one lover. However, it was no secret that Peter and Catherine were estranged through much of their marriage. Paul does in fact seem to have physically resembled the Grand Duke (Peter III) so one might doubt any claims of illegitimacy.
During his infancy, Paul was taken immediately from his mother by the Empress Elisabeth, whose overwhelming attention may have done him more harm than good. As a boy, he was
Pierre Vladimiroff, or Pyotr Nikolayevich Vladimirov (Russian: Пётр Николаевич Владимиров; born February 13, 1893 in Gatchina, Saint Petersburg Governorate, Russian Empire – died November 25, 1970 in New York, United States), was a Russian dancer and teacher.
Vladimirov graduated from the Imperial Ballet School in 1911 and remained a member of the Imperial Ballet company until 1918. In 1915, he received the title of the first dancer.
In 1920, he and his later wife Felia Doubrovska emigrated to the West, where they joined the Ballets Russes. Later, he danced with the Mordkin Ballet and joined Anna Pavlova's company on Pavlova's last tour, becoming her last partner.
From 1934 to 1967, he taught at the School of American Ballet, being the first teacher of the newly founded school to teach the male students.
Among his students were Todd Bolender, John Taras, Willam Christensen, William Dollar, Tanaquil LeClercq, and Maria Tallchief.
Anri Mikhail-ipa Jergenia (Abkhaz: Анри Михаил-иҧа Џьергьениа) (born 1941) has been one of the leading politicians of the internationally unrecognised Republic of Abkhazia since it achieved de facto independence from Georgia. From June 2001 to November 2002 he was the republic's Prime Minister and for a time Jergenia looked to be the favourite to succeed Abkhazia's first president Vladislav Ardzinba.
Jergenia was born on 8 August 1941 in Leningrad, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union. He graduated from the Moscow State University with a diploma in Law in 1963. During Soviet times, he held several offices within the administration of the Abkhazian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic: investigator at the Interior Ministry, chief investigator of the Prosecutor’s Office of Sukhumi, Public Court Chairman of Sukhumi and member of the Supreme Court of the Abkhazian ASSR.
After the break-up of the Soviet Union, from 1992 to 2001, Jergenia served as the Prosecutor General of the Republic of Abkhazia, as which, amongst other things, he had to defend Abkhazia's treatment of its prisoners of war. On 14 April 1999 Jergenia was re-appointed by the People's Assembly to a second term as Prosecutor General
Ayn Rand ( /ˈaɪn ˈrænd/; born Alisa Zinov'yevna Rosenbaum; February 2 [O.S. January 20] 1905 – March 6, 1982) was a Russian-American novelist, philosopher, playwright, and screenwriter. She is known for her two best-selling novels, The Fountainhead and Atlas Shrugged, and for developing a philosophical system she called Objectivism.
Born and educated in Russia, Rand moved to the United States in 1926. She worked as a screenwriter in Hollywood and had a play produced on Broadway in 1935–1936. After two early novels that were initially less successful, she achieved fame with her 1943 novel The Fountainhead. In 1957, she published her best-known work, the novel Atlas Shrugged. Afterward she turned to nonfiction to promote her philosophy, publishing her own magazines and releasing several collections of essays until her death in 1982.
Rand advocated reason as the only means of acquiring knowledge and rejected all forms of faith and religion. She supported rational and ethical egoism, and rejected ethical altruism. In politics, she condemned the initiation of force as immoral and opposed all forms of collectivism and statism, instead supporting laissez-faire capitalism, which she
Saint Petersburg was built in the delta of Neva river. There are total of 93 rivers, creeks and canals crossing the city. Additionally there are about 100 lakes, swamps and other bodies of water that have bridges across them.
There are 342 bridges inside the city limits, 5 in Kronstadt, 54 in Tsarskoye Selo, 51 in Peterhof, 16 in Pavlovsk and 7 in Oranienbaum.
22 are drawbridges (the traditional time of draw during regular navigation is specified in the parethesis).
The longest bridge is Alexander Nevsky Bridge across Neva River (909 meters), the widest bridge is Blue Bridge across Moyka River (97.3 meters), which is also widest bridge in the world.
Web Link(s):Евгений Мравинский has a fan page at http://www.mravinsky.org
Yevgeny Aleksandrovich Mravinsky (Russian: Евге́ний Алекса́ндрович Мрави́нский) (4 June [O.S. 22 May] 1903 – 19 January 1988) was a Soviet-Russian conductor.
Mravinsky was born in Saint Petersburg. The soprano Yevgeniya Mravina was his aunt. His father died in 1918, and in that same year, he began to work backstage at the Mariinsky Theatre. He first studied biology at the university in Leningrad, before going to the Leningrad Conservatory to study music. He served as a ballet repetiteur from 1923 to 1931. His first public conducting appearance was in 1929. Through the 1930s he conducted at the Kirov Ballet and Bolshoi Opera. In September 1938, he won the All-Union Conductors Competition in Moscow.
In October 1938, Mravinsky took up the post that he was to hold until 1988: principal conductor of the Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra, with whom he had made his debut as a conductor in 1931. Under Mravinsky, the Leningrad Philharmonic gained a legendary reputation, particularly in Russian music such as Tchaikovsky and Shostakovich. During World War II, Mravinsky and the orchestra were evacuated to Siberia. But members of the Leningrad Philharmonic's reserve orchestra and the Leningrad
Nadezhda Konstantinovna "Nadya" Krupskaya (Russian: Наде́жда Константи́новна Кру́пская, scientific transliteration Nadežda Konstantinovna Krupskaja) (26 February [O.S. 14 February] 1869 – February 27, 1939) was a Russian Bolshevik revolutionary and politician. She married the Russian revolutionary leader Vladimir Lenin in 1898. She was deputy minister (Comissar) of Education in 1929–1939, Doctor of Education.
She was born to an upper-class, but impoverished, family. Her father was a Russian military officer, a nobleman of the Russian Empire. Nadya’s father, Konstantin Ignat’evich Krupski, was orphaned in 1847 at nine years of age. He was educated and given a commission as an infantry officer in the Russian Army. Just before leaving for his assignment in Poland he married Nadya’s mother. After six years of service, Krupski lost favor with his supervisors and was charged with “un-Russian activities.” He may have been suspected of being involved with revolutionaries. Following this time, he worked in factories or wherever he could find work until later in life when he was recommissioned just before his death.
Her mother, Elizaveta Vasilyevna Tistrova was the daughter of landless
Nikolai Semenovich Tikhonov (Russian: Никола́й Семёнович Ти́хонов; 4 December [O.S. 22 November] 1896 — 8 February 1979) - a Soviet writer, a member of the Serapion Brothers literary group.
Born of parents who were petty tradesmen of serf descent, Tikhonov trained as a clerk, graduating from the Petersburg School of Commerce in 1911. He volunteered for the army at the outbreak of World War I and served in a hussar regiment; he entered the Red Army in 1918 and was demobilized in 1922. He began writing poetry early; his first collection, Orda (The horde, 1922), "shows startling maturity" and "contains most of the few short poems which have made him famous." After 1922 he devoted himself to traveling and writing, and his later work, both verse (the collection Ten' druga [The shadow of a friend, 1936) and prose (many adventure stories and the novel Voina [War, 1931]) reflects his delight in what he found in his travels, particularly in Georgia. His cycle of war stories Voennye koni (Military horses, 1927) is "perceptive and well constructed."
He served on the Finnish front in the Winter War and was in Leningrad for the Siege. In 1944 he became chair of the Union of Soviet Writers, but
Prince Igor Constantinovich of Russia (Игорь Константинович) (10 June 1894 – 18 July 1918), was the sixth child of HIH Grand Duke Constantine Constantinovich of Russia by his wife Elisaveta Mavrikievna née HH Princess Elisabeth of Saxe-Altenburg.
Igor was born on June 10, 1894 and attended the Corps des Pages, an imperial military academy in Saint Petersburg. He enjoyed theatre.
During World War I, he was a captain in the Ismailovsky Guard Regiment and became a decorated war hero. However, his health was quite fragile: he suffered from pleurisy and lung complications in 1915, and even if he returned to the trenches, he couldn't walk quickly and often coughed and spat blood.
On 4 April 1918, he was exiled to the Urals by the Bolsheviks and murdered in July the same year in a mineshaft near the town of Alapaevsk, along with his brothers HH Prince John Constantinovich and HH Prince Constantine Constantinovich, his cousin His Serene Highness Prince Vladimir Pavlovich Paley and other relatives and friends. His body was eventually buried in the Russian Orthodox Church cemetery in Beijing, which was destroyed years later to build a park.
Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербург, tr. Sankt-Peterburg; IPA: [sankt pʲɪtʲɪrˈburk] ( listen)) is a city and a federal subject (a federal city) of Russia located on the Neva River at the head of the Gulf of Finland on the Baltic Sea. In 1914 the name of the city was changed to Petrograd (Russian: Петроград; IPA: [pʲɪtrɐˈgrat]), in 1924 to Leningrad (Russian: Ленинград; IPA: [lʲɪnʲɪnˈgrat]) and in 1991 back to Saint Petersburg.
In Russian literature, informal documents, and discourse, the "Saint" (Санкт-) is usually omitted, leaving Petersburg (Петербург, Peterburg). In common parlance Russians may drop "-burg" (-бург) as well, leaving only Peter (Питер, Russian: [ˈpʲitʲɪr]).
Saint Petersburg was founded by Tsar Peter the Great on May 27 [O.S. 16] 1703. From 1713 to 1728 and from 1732 to 1918, Saint Petersburg was the Imperial capital of Russia. In 1918 the central government bodies moved from Saint Petersburg (then named Petrograd) to Moscow. It is Russia's second largest city after Moscow with almost 5 million inhabitants. Saint Petersburg is a major European cultural center, and also an important Russian port on the Baltic Sea.
Saint Petersburg is often described as the
Samson Semenovich Kutateladze (Russian: Самсо́н Семёнович Кутатела́дзе) (July 18, 1914– March 20, 1986) was a Soviet heat physicist and hydrodynamist.
Kutateladze's parents divorced when he was four, and he was raised by his mother, Aleksandra Vladimirovna, an obstetric nurse. His father, Semen Samsonovich, had been a nobleman; he was before the Great October Revolution a student at Petrograd University and then an army officer. He was arrested in 1937 and died in a camp near Novosibirsk. Following the divorce, Kutateladze and his mother lived for a few years in Georgia, returning in 1922 to Petrograd.
Hoping to supplement the family's low income, Kutateladze left school to find work on completing the eighth grade at Leningrad's Secondary School 193. His first job was as a fitter apprentice at the Chimgaz plant; shortly afterwards he entered a technical school associated with the Leningrad Regional Heat Engineering Institute, now known as the Polzunov Boiler and Turbine Institute. Kutateladze started his research without higher education and worked in the institute until 1958, rising to the position of full professor and head of a major department. His career was interrupted only
Vasily Vladimirovich Bartold (Russian: Васи́лий Влади́мирович Барто́льд, Polish: Wasilij Władimirowicz Bartołd, German: Wilhelm Barthold, also known as Wilhelm Barthold; 15 November [O.S. 3 November] 1869 – 19 August 1930) was a Russian and Soviet historian who specialized in the history of Islam and the Turkic peoples (Turkology).
Bartold's lectures at the University of Saint Petersburg were annually interrupted by extended field trips to Muslim countries. In the two volumes of his dissertation (Turkestan down to the Mongol Invasion, 1898-1900), he pointed out the many benefits the Muslim world derived from Mongol rule after the initial conquests. Bartold was the first to publish obscure information from the early Arab historians on Kievan Rus'. He also edited several scholarly journals of Muslim studies, and contributed extensively to the first edition of the Encyclopaedia of Islam. In 1913, he was elected to the Russian Academy of Sciences. In February 1917 he was appointed to the Commission for the Study of the Tribal Composition of the Population of the Borderlands of Russia.
After the Russian Revolution, Bartold was appointed director of the Peter the Great Museum of
The Kunstkamera (Russian: Кунсткамера) was the first museum in Russia. Established by Peter the Great and completed in 1727, the Kunstkammer Building hosts the Peter the Great Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography (Russian: Музей антропологии и этнографии имени Петра Великого Российской академии наук), with a collection of almost 2,000,000 items. It is located on the Universitetskaya Embankment in Saint Petersburg, facing the Winter Palace.
The Kunstkamera was established by Peter the Great on the Neva Riverfront. The turreted Petrine Baroque building of the Kunstkamera designed by Georg Johann Mattarnovy was completed by 1727. The foundation stone for the Kunstkammer was laid in 1719.
Peter's museum was a cabinet of curiosities dedicated to preserving "natural and human curiosities and rarities", a very typical type of collection in the period. The tsar's personal collection, originally stored in the Summer Palace, features a large assortment of human and animal fetuses with anatomical deficiencies, which Peter had seen in 1697 visiting Frederick Ruysch and Levinus Vincent. The underlying idea of their kunstkammers was to acquire full knowledge of the world. The Dutch word
Alexei Viktorovich Kasatonov (Russian: Алексей Викторович Касатонов; born October 14, 1959 in Leningrad, Soviet Union now Russia) is a retired ice hockey defenceman, a long-time member of the Soviet Union national team.
On the international stage, Kasatonov won two golds (1984, 1988) and one silver (1980) in the Olympics, and five golds (1981, 1982, 1983, 1986, 1989) in the World Championships. On the club level, Kasatonov played for SKA Leningrad, CSKA Moscow, New Jersey Devils, Mighty Ducks of Anaheim, St. Louis Blues, and Boston Bruins. He was Anaheim's lone representative in the 45th National Hockey League All-Star Game.
After retiring from the NHL in 1996, following a shoulder injury in an AHL game for the Prividence Bruins, Alexei returned to play one last season for his former soviet club HC CSKA Moscow. Due to the severity of Alexei's injury his playing days were now behind him as he chose to return to New Jersey and settle down with his wife and son. In 1998 Alexei was the general manager of the Russian Olympic Team that captured the Silver Medal in Nagano. After the Olympics Alexei could not stay away from Hockey as he began to train his son and soon began coaching youth
Dmitri Dmitriyevich Shostakovich (25 September 1906 – 9 August 1975) was a Soviet Russian composer and pianist and a prominent figure of 20th century music.
Shostakovich achieved fame in the Soviet Union under the patronage of Leon Trotsky's chief of staff Mikhail Tukhachevsky, but later had a complex and difficult relationship with the government. Nevertheless, he received accolades and state awards and served in the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR (1947–1962) and the USSR (from 1962 until death).
After a period influenced by Sergei Prokofiev and Igor Stravinsky, Shostakovich developed a hybrid style, as exemplified by Lady Macbeth of the Mtsensk District (1934). This single work juxtaposed a wide variety of trends, including the neo-classical style (showing the influence of Stravinsky) and post-Romanticism (after Gustav Mahler). Sharp contrasts and elements of the grotesque characterize much of his music.
Shostakovich's orchestral works include 15 symphonies and six concerti. His chamber output includes 15 string quartets, a piano quintet, two piano trios, and two pieces for string octet. His piano works include two solo sonatas, an early set of preludes, and a later set of 24
Princess Irina Felixovna Yusupova (in Russian : Ирина Феликсовна Юсупова), nicknamed "Bébé", (21 March 1915 – 30 August 1983 in Cormeilles, France) was born in Petrograd, Russia, the only child of Prince Felix Yusupov and Princess Irina of Russia.
Prince Felix was the heir of one of the wealthiest families of Russia and of Europe. Princess Irina Alexandrovna of Russia was the daughter of Grand Duke Alexander Mikhailovich and Grand Duchess Xenia Alexandrovna, sister of Tsar Nicolas II and the daughter of Alexander III.
After the February Revolution, the Yusupovs fled Russia and settled in Paris, leaving behind most of their wealth. At first, the little girl was raised by her paternal grandparents until, at the age of nine, they returned the little princess to her parents. According to his father, Prince Felix Yusupov Feliksovitch, her daughter received a poor education causing an alteration in the character of the girl, who became capricious. Princess Irina Felixovna Yusupova was raised by nannies, and she adored her father but was very distant with her mother.
Princess Irina married on 19 June 1938 in Paris, France, Count Nikolai Dmitrievich Sheremetev (28 October 1904, Moscow,
Nikolay Andreevich Suslov (Russian: Николай Андреевич Суслов);
born 08.09.1969. in Leningrad, USSR,
is a Russian film producer and writer. Graduated from Moscow State Institute of International Relations of Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Russia), Doctor of Law, 1992).
Since 1998 he is a film producer and CEO/owner of Svarog Films company.
Viktoria Yevgenyevna Volchkova (Russian: Виктория Евгеньевна Волчкова (help·info); married name: Butsaeva (Russian: Буцаева); born July 30, 1982 in Leningrad) is a Russian figure skating coach and former competitor. She is a four-time European bronze medalist, the 1998 Junior Grand Prix Final champion, the 1998 and 1999 World Junior bronze medalist, and a seven-time Russian national medalist.
Volchkova began skating at age six in Saint Petersburg after her parents heard a radio announcement about skating lessons. She was interested in pair skating but was too tall. After a few years, she moved to train in Moscow under coach Viktor Kudriavtsev.
Volchkova won four consecutive European bronze medals from 1999 to 2002. She represented Russia at the 2002 Winter Olympics and placed 9th. She withdrew from the 2006 Winter Olympics due to inflammation in her right arm. She last competed at the 2007 Russian Nationals in January 2007. Volchkova trained at the Moskvich rink in south-east Moscow and, after retiring from competition, remained at the rink as a coach. Butsaeva's students include:
Volchkova studied at the Institute for Physical Culture. Her mother is an engineer.
Andrei Vladimirovich Semenov (Russian: Андрей Владимирович Семенов, also sometimes transliterated as Andrei Semyonov; born June 17, 1977) is a Russian mixed martial artist and Sambo practitioner. He has also made forays into acting.
Semenov has fought within the UFC middleweight division, in M-1 events and Pride Bushido, with an overall MMA record of 30 wins, 9 losses and 2 draws. He has been fighting in Mixed Martial Arts since 1998, and is famed for excellent throws, strong submission defense, superior stamina and being very resilient and hard to finish.
Mixed Martial Arts
Among the films in which he has acted is the 2004 Russian film Dark Night (Темная ночь).
Dinara Drukarova (Russian: Динара Друкарова, born January 3, 1976) is a Russian actress.
She was born in St. Petersburg, and still lives there half the year, spending the other half in France, where she tends to pursue most of her film roles. She made her debut in the 1989 film It Was Near Sea, but it was her second film, Don't Move, Die and Rise Again!, which first saw her receiving attention, when the film won the Golden Camera at the 1990 Cannes Film Festival. She starred in a number of minor Russian films in the early 1990s, but began to pursue European (and predominantly French) productions after making her first film there, The Son of Gascogne in 1996. She made a brief foray into music soon after, recording a not-widely-released single, Made in Leningrad. However, Drukarova has remained focused on acting, and has not recorded anything since.
One of Drukarova's few Russian films during the latter half of the 1990s was the controversial 1998 cult film Of Freaks and Men, in which she played the female lead role of Lisa. This performance saw her nominated in the category of "Best European Actress" at the 1998 European Film Awards. She was subsequently interviewed in a number of
Dmitri Borisovich Kabalevski (Russian: Дми́трий Бори́сович Кабале́вский; 30 December [O.S. 17 December] 1904 – 14 February 1987) was a Russian composer.
He helped to set up the Union of Soviet Composers in Moscow and remained one of its leading figures. He was a prolific composer of piano music and chamber music; many of his piano works have been performed by Vladimir Horowitz. He is probably best known in the West for the "Comedians' Galop" from The Comedians Suite, Op. 26 and his second piano concerto.
Kabalevski was born in Saint Petersburg. His father was a mathematician and encouraged him to study mathematics; however, in early life he maintained a fascination with the arts, and became an accomplished young pianist, including a three year stint as a pianist in silent theaters. He also dabbled in poetry and painting. In 1925, against his father's wishes, he accepted a place at the Moscow Conservatory, studying composition under Nikolai Myaskovsky and piano with Alexander Goldenweiser. In the same year he joined PROKULL (Production Collective of Student Composers), a student group affiliated with Moscow Conservatory aimed at bridging the gap between the modernism of the ACM and
Mikhaylova Elena (Russian: Михайлова Елена Владимировна, born on 5 September 1986(1986-09-05) in Leningrad) is a Russian alpine skier (FIS Code 485397).
Mikhailova was a medalist in several national and international competitions between juniors. In particular, she won gold in downhill and in giant slalom in Monchegorsk (2000), silver in slalom in Kirovsk (1998), in Monchegorsk (2000), and in Abzakovo (2000), bronze in slalom in Mezhdurechensk (1999), in Monchegorsk (2000), in giant slalom in Kirovsk (1999) and in Monchegorsk (2000).
Elena Mikhailova was born in 1986 in Leningrad.
She started skiing since at the age of 3. Her coaches were famous Natalia Zakharova, Lyudmila Kedrina, Nikolay Artsybyshev.
In 2000 Elena Mikhailova became a Candidate for the Master of Sports of Russian federeation.
In 2004 she became a student at St Petersburg Lesgaft Institute of Physical Culture.
Lev Sergeyevich Termen; Russian: Ле́в Серге́евич Терме́н) (27 August [O.S. 15 August] 1896 – 3 November 1993 (Léon Theremin in America) was a Russian and Soviet inventor. He is most famous for his invention of the theremin, one of the first electronic musical instruments, and the first to be mass produced. He is also the inventor of interlace, a technique of improving the picture quality of a video signal, widely used in video and television technology. His invention of "The Thing", an espionage tool, is considered a predecessor of RFID technology.
Léon Theremin was born Lev Sergeyevich Termen in Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire in 1896 into a family of French and German ancestry. He had a sister named Helena.
He started to be interested in electricity at the age of 7, and by 13 he was experimenting with high frequency circuits. In the seventh class of his high school before an audience of students and parents he demonstrated various optical effects using electricity.
By the age of 17 he was in his last year of high school and at home he had his own laboratory for experimenting with high frequency circuits, optics and magnetic fields. His cousin, Kirill Fedorovich Nesturkh, then a
Mikhail Borisovich Ignatiev (Russian: Михаил Борисович Игнатьев) (born 7 May 1985) is a Russian professional track and road bicycle racer. He currently rides for UCI ProTour team Team Katusha, as well as participating in various track events. He is known as a time trial specialist, and also has a reputation for making the breakaway in road races and trying, often with success, to solo to victory.
In 2004 Ignatiev achieved his biggest success to date, winning a gold medal in the points race at the Athens Olympics. On the road, Ignatiev came to prominence with his ability in the individual time trial. In 2002 and 2003, he was the World Junior Champion, while in 2005 he became the World Under 23 Champion.
Ignatiev signed his first professional contract in 2006, when he started riding for the Tinkoff Restaurants cycling team. This team competed mainly in Russia, but Ignatiev made a big impact during a series of Spanish races in the middle part of the season.
When Tinkoff Credit Systems was established from Tinkoff Restaurants in 2007, Ignatiev moved to Marina di Massa, Italy. Early in the 2007 cycling season, Ignatiev made a name for himself by winning a stage of the Tour Méditerranéen
Mischa Auer (17 November 1905 – 5 March 1967) was a Russian-born American actor.
Auer was born Mikhail Semyonovich Unskovsky (Михаил Семёнович Унсковский) in St. Petersburg, Russia. His name is usually seen as Mischa Ounskowsky, Mischa being the German transliteration of Misha (the diminutive form of Mikhail), and Ounskowsky being the French transliteration of his surname. Auer's maternal grandparents were Hungarian-born violinist Leopold Auer, and his Russian wife, Nadine Pelikan. Mischa renamed himself after his grandfather.
He began stage work in the 1920s, then moved to Hollywood, where he first appeared in 1928 in Something Always Happens. He appeared in several small and mostly uncredited roles into the 1930s, appearing in such films as Rasputin and the Empress, Viva Villa!, The Yellow Ticket, the George Gershwin musical Delicious, the Paramount Pictures all-star revue Paramount on Parade and The Lives of a Bengal Lancer.
In 1936, Auer was cast as Alice Brady's protégé in the comedy My Man Godfrey, for which he was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor. From then on, he was regularly cast in zany comedy roles. Auer is at his zenith in such roles as the
Nikolai Ivanovich Yezhov or Ezhov (Russian: Никола́й Иванович Ежо́в) (IPA: [nʲɪkɐˈlaj jɪˈʐof]; May 1, 1895 – February 4, 1940) was the senior figure in the NKVD (the secret police of the Soviet Union) under Joseph Stalin during the period of the Great Purge in the 1930s. His reign is sometimes known as the "Yezhovshchina" (Russian: Ежовщина, "the Yezhov era"), a term coined during the de-Stalinization campaign of the 1950s. After presiding over mass arrests and executions during the Great Purge, Yezhov became its victim. He was arrested, confessed under torture to a range of anti-Soviet activity, and was executed in 1940. By the beginning of World War II, his status within the Soviet Union became that of a political unperson. Among art historians he has the nickname, "The Vanishing Commissar" because after his execution, his likeness was retouched out of an official press photo.
Yezhov was born in Saint Petersburg, according to his official Soviet biography, though other records point to the possibility that he was born in Marijampolė. In a form filled out in 1921, Yezhov claimed some ability to speak Polish and Lithuanian.
He completed only his elementary education. From 1909 to
Sergei Konstantinovich Krikalev (Russian: Сергей Константинович Крикалёв, also transliterated as Sergei Krikalyov, born August 27, 1958) is a Russian cosmonaut and mechanical engineer. As a prominent rocket scientist, he is a veteran of six space flights and currently has spent more time in space than any other human being.
On August 16, 2005 at 1:44 a.m. EDT he passed the record of 748 days held by Sergei Avdeyev. He now has spent a total of 803 days and 9 hours and 39 minutes in space.
Krikalev was born in Leningrad (now St. Petersburg), Russia. He enjoys swimming, skiing, cycling, aerobatic flying, and amateur radio operations, particularly from space (callsigns U5MIR and X75M1K).
On February 15, 2007, Krikalev was appointed Vice President of the S.P. Korolev Rocket and Space Corporation Energia (Russian: Ракетно-космическая корпорация "Энергия" им. С.П.Королева) in charge of manned space flights. In that capacity, he is the administrator of the Yuri Gagarin Cosmonauts Training Center.
Krikalev was dubbed by many "the last Citizen of the USSR". He spent 10 months aboard the Mir space station from May 1991 through March 1992 as the dissolution of the Soviet Union occurred. These
Svetlana Aleksandrovna Kuznetsova ( Светла́на Алекса́ндровна Кузнецо́ва (help·info)); born June 27, 1985) is a Russian professional tennis player and as of June 11, 2012 ranked No. 33 in the WTA singles and No. 34 in the doubles ranking. Kuznetsova has appeared in four singles Grand Slam finals, winning two, and has also appeared in seven doubles finals, winning twice. She has qualified five times for the round-robin stage of the WTA Tour Championships but has never qualified for the semifinals.
Her first Grand Slam title came at the 2004 US Open, making her the third Russian woman to win a Grand Slam title, after Anastasia Myskina and Maria Sharapova who won at the 2004 French Open and 2004 Wimbledon tournaments respectively. Kuznetzova's second Grand Slam title was the 2009 French Open, defeating Serena Williams in the quarterfinal, Samantha Stosur in the semifinal, and compatriot Dinara Safina in the final in straight sets. At the 2006 French Open and the 2007 US Open singles tournament she was the runner-up, both times to Belgian player Justine Henin. As a result, Kuznetsova obtained her new WTA ranking of No. 2, her best to that date. Kuznetsova has won a total of 13 WTA and 1
Viacheslav Vasilyevich Ragozin (October 8, 1908 – March 11, 1962) was a Soviet chess Grandmaster, an International Arbiter of chess, and a World Correspondence Chess Champion. He was also a chess writer and editor.
Born in the city of St.Petersburg, Ragozin's chess career first came to the fore with a series of excellent results in the 1930s. In the earliest of these, he defeated the respected master Ilyin-Zhenevsky in a 1930 match and was himself awarded the title of soviet master. At Moscow 1935, he won the best game prize for his victory against Lilienthal. At the very strong Moscow tournament of 1936, he beat Flohr and Lasker and came very close to defeating Capablanca, the ever-resourceful ex-world champion scrambling to find a draw by perpetual check at the game's frantic conclusion. There followed a victory at the Leningrad championship of 1936 and second place shared with Konstantinopolsky (behind Levenfish) at the Soviet Championship of 1937. At the 1939 Leningrad-Moscow tournament, he finished third equal, behind Flohr and Reshevsky, but ahead of Keres.
Success continued into the 1940s with first prize at Sverdlovsk in 1942 and a repeat triumph at the Leningrad
Vladimir Vasilievich Stasov (often seen as Stassov; Russian: Влади́мир Васи́льевич Ста́сов; 14 January [O.S. 2 January] 1824, Saint Petersburg – 23 October [O.S. 10 October] 1906, Saint Petersburg), son of Russian architect Vasily Petrovich Stasov (1769–1848), was probably the most respected Russian critic during his lifetime. He graduated from the School of Jurisprudence in 1843, was admitted to the Imperial Academy of Arts in 1859, and was made honorary fellow of the Russian Academy of Sciences in 1900, together with his friend Leo Tolstoy.
Stasov became a huge figure—and, some critics argue, a tyrant—in mid-19th-century Russian culture. He discovered a large number of its greatest talents, inspired many of their works and fought their battles in numerous articles and letters to the press. As such, he carried on a lifelong debate with Russian novelist and playwright Ivan Turgenev, who considered Stasov "our great all-Russian critic.". He wanted Russian art to liberate itself what he saw as Europe's hold. By copying the west, he felt, the Russians could be at best second-rate. However, by borrowing from their own native traditions, they might create a truly national art that could
Lazar Naumovich Berman (Russian: Лазарь Наумович Берман, Lazarʹ Naumovič Berman; February 26, 1930 – February 6, 2005) was a Soviet Russian classical pianist. As a technician, Berman was extraordinary in terms of sheer evenness, control, and rhythmic panache, yet he always channeled his considerable craft toward musical ends.
Berman was appointed an Honoured Artist of the RSFSR in 1988.
Berman was born to Jewish parents in Leningrad. His mother, Anna Lazarevna Makhover, had played the piano herself until ear problems stopped her. She introduced the boy to the piano, and he entered his first competition at the age of three, and recorded a Mozart fantasia and a mazurka that he had composed himself at the age of seven, before he could even read music. Emil Gilels described him as a "phenomenon of the musical world". When Lazar was nine, the family moved to Moscow so that he could study with Aleksandr Goldenweiser at the Conservatoire, as well as Sviatoslav Richter, Vladimir Sofronitsky and Maria Yudina. The next year he made his formal debut playing Mozart's Piano Concerto No. 25 with the Moscow Philharmonic Orchestra. In 1941, students, pupils and parents were evacuated to Kuibishev,
Count Aleksey Konstantinovich Tolstoy, often referred to as A. K. Tolstoy (Russian: Алексе́й Константи́нович Толсто́й) (September 5 [O.S. August 24] 1817 – October 10 [O.S. September 28] 1875), was a Russian poet, novelist and playwright, considered to be the most important nineteenth-century Russian historical dramatist, primarily on the strength of his dramatic trilogy The Death of Ivan the Terrible (1866), Tsar Fyodor Ioannovich (1868), and Tsar Boris ( 1870). He also gained fame for his satirical works, published under his own name (History of the Russian State from Gostomysl to Timashev, The Dream of Councillor Popov) and under the collaborational pen name of Kozma Prutkov. His fictional works include the novella The Vampire (1841), and the historical novel Prince Serebrenni (1862).
Aleksey was a member of the Tolstoy family, and a second cousin of Leo Tolstoy. Due to his mother's closeness with the court of the Tsar, Aleksey was admitted to the future Alexander II's childhood entourage and became "a comrade in games" for the young Crown Prince. As a young man Tolstoy traveled widely, including trips to Italy and Germany, where he met Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. Tolstoy began
Alexander Alexandrovich Friedmann (also spelled Friedman or Fridman, Russian: Алекса́ндр Алекса́ндрович Фри́дман) (June 29 (17 old style) by himself, June 16 (4 old style) by J. O'Conor in 1888, Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire – September 16, 1925, Leningrad, USSR) was a Russian and Soviet physicist and mathematician.
Alexander Friedmann was born to the composer and ballet dancer Alexander Friedmann (who was a son of baptized Jewish cantonist) and the pianist Ludmila Ignatievna Voyachek. He lived much of his life in Saint Petersburg. He fought in World War I (on behalf of Imperial Russia) as a bomber and later lived through the Russian Revolution of 1917.
Friedmann obtained his degree in St. Petersburg State University (1910), became a lecturer in St.-Petersburg State College of Mines, and a professor in Perm State University in 1918.
In June 1925 he was given the job of the director of Main Geophysical Observatory in Leningrad. In July 1925 he participated in a record-setting balloon flight, reaching the elevation of 7,400 m (24,300 ft).
Friedmann died on September 16, 1925, at the age of 37, from typhoid fever that he contracted during a vacation in Crimea.
The moon crater
Prince Alexander Chavchavadze (Georgian: ალექსანდრე ჭავჭავაძე, Alek'sandre Ch'avch'avadze; Russian: Александр Герсеванович Чавчавадзе, Aleksandr Garsevanovich Chavchavadze) (1786 – November 6, 1846) was a notable Georgian poet, public benefactor and military figure. Regarded as the "father of Georgian romanticism", he was also known as a preeminent aristocrat of Georgia and a talented general in the Imperial Russian service.
Alexander Chavchavadze was a member of the noble family elevated to the princely rank by the Georgian king Constantine II of Kakhetia in 1726. The family was of Khevsur origin but had intermarried with other Georgian military and noble families.
He was born in 1786, in St Petersburg, Russia, where his father, Prince Garsevan Chavchavadze, served as an ambassador of Heraclius II, king of Kartli and Kakheti in eastern Georgia. Tsarina Catherine II of Russia became a godmother at the baptism of infant Alexander, showing her benevolence to the Georgian diplomat.
Alexander’s early education was Russian. He first saw his native Georgia at the age of 13, when the family moved back to Tiflis after the Russian annexation of eastern Georgia (1801). Aged 18, Alexander
Alexander Kudryavtsev (born 26 October 1985, in St. Petersburg, Russia) is a Russian professional tennis player who has played professionally since 2003. He made his breakthrough in 2008, playing in his first top-level international tournaments on the ATP tour, having spent time playing in "Challenger" and "Futures" events. He reached his career-high singles ranking of # 123 in September 2011.
Kudryavtsev reached the quarter-finals in a futures event in Bucharest in 2003. In 2004 he advanced to the second round in three futures events, and won a doubles challenger title. In 2005 he was a semi-finalist in a Beijing futures tournament, and reached the quarterfinals in Korolev (Russia) and Minsk (Belarus). In 2006 he became a finalist for the first time in Uzbekistan, as well as reaching the semi-finals once and the quarter-finals twice in other events.
In 2007 he started by winning his first Futures title in India and followed it up by winning a second in Belarus in May. In the second half of the season he was a quarter- or semi-finalist in six Challenger events with a 15–11 win-loss record. He also reached 9 finals (5 wins with three different partners) in doubles competitions and
Bruno Arturovich Freindlich (Russian: Бруно Артурович Фрейндлих; 10 October 1909 – 9 July 2002) was a Soviet/Russian actor of German ancestry who became People's Artist of the Soviet Union in 1974. His daughter Alisa Freindlich is also a notable actress.
A native of Saint Petersburg, Bruno Freindlich began his career as an actor performing for audiences of children. For two years he worked at the Bolshoi Theatre of Drama. Since 1948, he was a leading actor of the former Alexandrine Theatre. Among his stage works were Khlestakov in The Government Inspector and Hamlet in Grigori Kozintsev's staging of Shakespeare's play. He played the roles of Peer Gynt, père Goriot, Gayev in The Cherry Orchard, Baron in The Lower Depths. One of the dearest roles of Freindlich, which he played for many years, was the part of writer Ivan Sergeyevich Turgenev in the play Elegy. For the role of Guglielmo Marconi in the propaganda film Alexander Popov he won the Stalin Prize (1951).
Freindlich died in Petersburg at the age of 92 and was buried on 11 July 2002 at the Volkovo Cemetery.
Grand Duchess Elena Vladimirovna of Russia 17 January 1882 – 13 March 1957, sometimes known as Helen, Helena, Helene, Ellen, Yelena, Hélène, or Eleni, was a Russian grand duchess as the daughter of Grand Duke Vladimir Alexandrovich of Russia and Duchess Marie of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. She was the wife of Prince Nicholas of Greece and Denmark.
Elena and her three brothers, Kirill, Boris, and Andrei, had an English nanny and spoke English as their first language. The young Elena had a temper and was sometimes out of control. When she posed for an artist at age four, she grabbed a paper knife and threatened her nurse, who hid behind the artist. "The little lady then transferred her attentions to me, her black eyes ablaze with fury," recalled the artist. Elena, raised by a mother who was highly conscious of her social status, was also considered snobbish by some. "Poor little thing, I feel sorry for her," wrote her mother's social rival, Dowager Empress Maria Feodorovna, "for she is really quite sweet, but vain and pretty grandiose."
She was initially engaged to Prince Max of Baden, but Max backed out of the engagement. Elena's mother was furious and society gossiped about Elena's
Grand Duchess Xenia Alexandrovna of Russia (Russian: Ксения Александровна Романова; 6 April 1875 – 20 April 1960) was the eldest daughter of Emperor Alexander III of Russia and the eldest sister of Emperor Nicholas II. She married her cousin Grand Duke Alexander Mikhailovich of Russia, with whom she had seven children. During her brother's reign she lived a private life, uninterested in politics. After the fall of the monarchy in February 1917 she fled Russia, eventually settling in the United Kingdom.
Grand Duchess Xenia Alexandrovna was born on 6 April 1875 at Anichkov Palace in St. Petersburg. She was the fourth child and eldest daughter among the six children of Alexander III of Russia and his wife Empress Maria Feodorovna of Russia (née Princess Dagmar of Denmark).
After the assassination of her grandfather Tsar Alexander II of Russia, when Xenia was six years old, her father Alexander III ascended to the Russian throne. It was a difficult political time, plagued with terrorist threats and for security reasons Alexander III moved with his family from the Winter Palace to Gatchina Palace. Xenia and her siblings were raised mostly there with simplicity. As a child, Xenia was a
Margarita Levieva (born February 9, 1980) is an American actress. Born in the Soviet Union, she was a competitive gymnast before going on to star in the films The Invisible, Adventureland and Spread. She also stars in television series Revenge.
Levieva, a Russian Jew, was born in Leningrad, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union (now Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation). At the age of three, she began the rigorous training program of a competitive rhythmic gymnast. When she was 11, Levieva's mother moved her and her twin brother to Sheepshead Bay, Brooklyn in New York City. Levieva continued to train for a few more years after emigrating to the United States and achieved success regionally but did not compete at the U.S. Championships – she did not have U.S. citizenship at the time because the family had arrived illegally. She attended high school in Secaucus, New Jersey. Levieva majored in economics at NYU and worked as a fashion buyer. Her continuing interest in acting led her to be accepted into the Meisner Training Program at the William Esper Studio.
Levieva made a guest appearance on Law & Order: Trial by Jury in 2005. In 2006, she starred in the Fox series, Vanished. Her feature film
Count Nikolay Vladimirovich Adlerberg (Николай Владимирович Адлерберг) (1819–1892), Councilor of State, Chamberlain, governor of Taganrog, Simferopol and Finland.
Nikolay Adlerberg was born into a Swedish noble family of Adlerberg on May 19, 1819 in Saint Petersburg. His father, Vladimir Fyodorovich Adlerberg was a close friend of Nicholas I; in 1852-1870 he was President of the Russian Imperial Post Department, who introduced the first Russian post stamps.
Nikolay Adlerberg graduated from the Page Corps of His Majesty in 1837, and in 1838 appointed aide-de-camp to the Emperor; participated in wars led by Russia in Caucasus (1841–1842) and Hungary in 1849. After the Hungarian campaign he was promoted to the rank of colonel and awarded with golden weapons.
Adlerberg resigned in 1852 and was attached to the Russian Ministry of the Interior, receiving the title of the chamberlain in the court of His Majesty the same. On June 10, 1853, Adlerberg was appointed Governor of Taganrog, but he left the Governor's office into the hands of general Yegor Tolstoy in spring 1854 due to declared state of war in Taganrog and proximity of Crimean War actions.
In 1855, Nikolay Adlerberg was promoted
Peter II Alekseyevich (Russian: Пётр II Алексеевич, Pyotr II Alekseyevich) (23 October [O.S. 12 October] 1715 – 30 January [O.S. 19 January] 1730) was the Emperor of Russia from 1727 until his death. He was the only son of Tsarevich Alexei Petrovich, son of Peter I of Russia by his first consort Eudoxia Lopukhina, and Princess Charlotte.
Peter was born in Saint Petersburg on 23 October [O.S. 12 October] 1715. From his childhood the orphan grand duke was kept in the strictest seclusion. His earliest governesses were the wives of a tailor and a vintner from the Dutch settlement; a sailor called Norman taught him the rudiments of navigation; and, when he grew older, he was placed under the care of a Hungarian refugee, Janos Zeikin, who seems to have been a conscientious teacher.
During the reign of Catherine I, Peter was quite ignored; but just before her death it became clear to those in power that the grandson of Peter the Great could not be kept out of his inheritance much longer. The majority of the nation and three-quarters of the nobility were on his side, while his uncle, Emperor Charles VI, through the imperial ambassador at Saint Petersburg, persistently urged his claims. The
Saint Petersburg State Institute of Technology (Technical University) (Russian: Санкт-Петербургский Технологический Институт (Технический Университет) is one of the oldest institutions of higher education in Russia (founded in 1828), it currently trains around 5000 students.
In the past, the Institute was named Imperator's Petersburg Institute of Technology (Russian: Императорский Петербургский Технологический Институт and Leningrad Lensoviet Institute of Technology (Russian: Лениградский Технологический Институт имени Ленсовета), the Institute's name changing with that of the city.
During the Imperial period, unlike most other Russian universities, the Institute did not require completion of gymnasium education as a condition of entry; the only requirement was to pass the Institute's examination. Thus, it had one of the most democratic student communities at the time.
Professors of Institute:
The Institute's alumni include:
The Institute provides degrees in following subjects:
Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin (Russian: Влади́мир Влади́мирович Пу́тин; IPA: [vɫɐˈdʲimʲɪr vɫɐˈdʲimʲɪrəvʲɪtɕ ˈputʲɪn] ( listen); born 7 October 1952) is a Russian politician who has been the President of Russia since 7 May 2012. Putin previously served as President from 2000 to 2008 and as Prime Minister of Russia from 1999 to 2000, and again from 2008 to 2012. Putin also served as chairman of United Russia and Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Union of Russia and Belarus from 2008 to 2012.
Putin began his career in the KGB but entered politics in his native Saint Petersburg in 1990. He moved to Moscow in 1996 and joined president Boris Yeltsin's administration where he rose quickly, becoming acting President on 31 December 1999 when Yeltsin resigned unexpectedly. Putin won the 2000 presidential election and was re-elected in 2004. Because of constitutionally mandated term limits, Putin was ineligible to run for a third consecutive presidential term in 2008. Dmitry Medvedev won the 2008 presidential election and Putin became Prime Minister, beginning a period of so-called "tandemocracy". In September 2011, Putin and Medvedev announced he would seek a third, non-consecutive
Vladimir Valeryevich Salnikov (Russian: Владимир Валерьевич Сальников; born 21 May 1960) is a Russian former swimmer who competed for the Soviet Union and set 12 world records in the 400-meter, 800-meter, and 1,500-meter freestyle. Nicknamed a "monster in the waves", he was the first man to swim under fifteen minutes in the 1500-meter freestyle and also the first man to swim under eight minutes in the 800-meter freestyle. He was named the Male World Swimmer of the Year in 1982 by Swimming World magazine.
Born in Leningrad, Soviet Union. Salnikov was the son of a sea captain. When he was seven years old, his mother took him to a swimming pool to join a swimming team. One year later he began to train regularly under the lead of coach. Salnikov trained at Zenit and later at the Armed Forces sports society.
Salnikov made his debut in the Olympic games in 1976 in Montreal, at the age of 16. He broke the European record in the 1,500-meter race freestyle, but finished fifth.
His long sequence of international victories began at the 1977 European Championship where he won the gold medal in his favourite race, the 1,500 m freestyle.
In the 1978 World Championship in Berlin, Salnikov won
Yury Andreyevich Morozov (Russian: Ю́рий Андре́евич Моро́зов; 13 May 1934–15 February 2005) was one of the best football coaches from the Soviet Union.
He made his name as a midfielder in the 1950s and 1960s with his hometown clubs FC Zenit, Admiralteyets and FC Dinamo Leningrad, earning himself a call-up to the USSR 'B' team.
He retired from playing at the age of 31 and worked at FC Zenit's youth academy and became a dean of football science at the Lesgaft Academy of Physical Education. He then joined Valery Lobanovsky's USSR coaching staff, assisting the famous coach at the 1976 Olympics, where they won bronze, and in their run to the 1988 UEFA European Championship final. He also worked with Lobanovsky at clubs in the Middle East at the helm of the Kuwaiti national side.
In 1977, having previously been part of the coachings staff at Spartak Moscow, he took on his first head coach's job with former club Zenit leading them to third place in the Soviet Supreme League in 1980, their highest-ever finish at the time. He had three spells as head coach at FC Zenit over a 15-year period and in 1984 the team he built became Soviet champions for the only time. He left the club for the
Ilya Bolotowsky (July 1, 1907 – November 22, 1981) was a leading early 20th-century painter in abstract styles in New York City. His work, a search for philosophical order through visual expression, embraced cubism and geometric abstraction and was much influenced by Dutch painter Piet Mondrian.
Born to Jewish parents in St. Petersburg, Russia, Bolotowsky immigrated to America in 1923 via Constantinople, settling in New York City. He attended the National Academy of Design. He became associated with a group called "The Ten Whitney Dissenters," or simply "The Ten," artists, including Louis Schanker, Adolph Gottlieb, Mark Rothko and Joseph Solman, who rebelled against the strictures of the Academy and held independent exhibitions.
During this period, Bolotowsky came under the influence of the Dutch painter Piet Mondrian and the tenets of neoplasticism, a movement that advocated the possibility of ideal order in the visual arts. Bolotowsky adopted his mentor's use of horizontal and vertical geometric pattern and a palette restricted to primary colors and neutrals.
In 1936, having turned to geometric abstractions, he was one of the founding members of the American Abstract Artists, a
Anatoly Yakovlevich Lein (Анатолий Яковлевич Лейн; born March 28, 1931, Leningrad) is a Soviet-born American chess Grandmaster.
FIDE awarded Lein the International Master title in 1964 and the Grandmaster title in 1968.
Lein finished equal first at Moscow 1970, and won the 1971 Moscow championship after a play-off. He placed first at Cienfuegos 1972, first at Novi Sad 1972, first at Novi Sad 1973, and equal first at Grand Manan 1984.
In 1976 Lein emigrated to the United States, finishing equal first with Leonid Shamkovich in the U.S. Open, and equal first with Bernard Zuckerman in the World Open chess tournament that year. He also played on the U.S. team in the 1978 Chess Olympiad.
Lein was New Jersey champion from 1992 through 1994.
In 2005 he was inducted into the World Chess Hall of Fame in Miami.
In his prime, Lein was capable of beating anyone in the world. Among his notable victims were two World Champions, Mikhail Tal and Vassily Smyslov. He also scored wins against such world class Grandmasters as David Bronstein, Lev Polugaevsky, Leonid Stein, and Mark Taimanov.
Ujtumen–Lein, Sochi 1965
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 Nd4 4.Nxd4 exd4 5.0-0 c6 6.Bc4 Nf6 7.Re1 d6 8.c3 Ng4 9.h3 Ne5
Alena Igorevna Leonova (Russian: Алёна Игоревна Леонова, born 23 November 1990) is a Russian figure skater. She is the 2012 World silver medalist, the 2011 Grand Prix Final bronze medalist, the 2009 World Junior champion, two-time (2010–2011) Russian national silver medalist and the 2012 Russian national bronze medalist.
Leonova was born in Leningrad, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union. She started skating at the age of 4. Her sister and brother also skated when they were young. Leonova was initially coached by Marina Vakhrameeva and later moved to the group of Tatiana Mishina, who was assisted by Alla Piatova; Piatova formed her own group and became Leonova's main coach when she was 10.
In her Junior career, Leonova was the two-time Coupe de Nice gold medalist and won silver at the 2007 Junior Grand Prix Romania, Leonova also won the silver medal at the 2008 Russian Junior Championships. In August 2008, she partially tore ligaments in her right ankle joint. She placed 4th at the 2009 European Championships. Leonova was then placed on the team to the 2009 World Junior Championships and won the World Junior title. After her win, the Russian Federation rented an apartment for her.
Alexander Alexandrovich Majorov (Russian: Александр Александрович Майоров, born July 19, 1991 in Saint Petersburg, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union) is a Swedish figure skater. He is the 2011 Nordic champion, 2011 World Junior bronze medalist and three-time Swedish national medalist.
Majorov was born in the Soviet Union and emigrated with his family to Sweden when he was one year old. His father, Alexander Majorov senior, was the first coach of Alexei Yagudin and currently coaches in Luleå including his son. His programs are choreographed by his mother, Irina, who runs a dance and ballet school in Luleå. He has a younger brother, Nikolai, who also skates. He holds dual Swedish and Russian citizenship and speaks both languages.
Majorov made his senior international debut at the 2007 Golden Spin of Zagreb, where he placed 11th, and has since skated in both junior and senior events. He was eighth at the 2010 World Junior Championships. In 2010 he won the silver medal at the Triglav Trophy.
Majorov won his first junior Grand Prix medal at the 2010 JGP Ostrava, where he finished third. He also won two senior events, the Ice Challenge in Graz and the 2010 NRW Trophy. He won the bronze medal at
Count (later Prince) Andrey Kirillovich Razumovsky (Russian: Андрей Кириллович Разумовский, Rasumovsky; Ukrainian: Андрі́й Кири́лович Розумо́вський, Andriy Kyrylovych Rozumovskyi; 2 November 1752 – 23 September 1836) was a Russian diplomat who spent many years of his life in Vienna. His name is transliterated differently in different English sources, including spellings Razumovsky, Razumovsky, Rasoumoffsky, and Rasoumoffsky, the last of which being used by the British Government for its official translation from the French of the Paris peace treaty of 1815 and the Final Act of the Congress of Vienna
Razumovsky was the son of Cyril Razumovsky, the last hetman of Ukraine, and nephew of Aleksey Grigorievich Razumovsky, called the Night Emperor. The elder Rasumovsky's late Baroque palace on the Nevsky Prospekt is a minor landmark in Saint Petersburg. In 1792 Andres Kyrillovitch was appointed the Tsar's diplomatic representative to the Habsburg court in Vienna, one of the crucial diplomatic posts during the Napoleonic era. He was a chief negotiator during the Congress of Vienna that resettled Europe in 1814, and asserted Russian rights in Poland. In 1808 he established a house string
Grand Duchess Catherine Mikhailovna of Russia (Ekaterina Mikhailovna Romanova), (Russian: Екатерина Михайловна) (28 August 1827 – 12 May 1894), was the third of five daughters of Grand Duke Michael Pavlovich of Russia, youngest son of Tsar Paul I, and Princess Charlotte of Württemberg.
She was born in St. Petersburg. She had two elder sisters, Grand Duchess Maria and Grand Duchess Yelizaveta, called "Lili". Two more sisters were born after her, Alexandra and Anna, who both died young.
On 6 February 1851 in St. Petersburg, Catherine married Duke Georg August of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (1824–76), second son of Georg, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (1779–1860) and Princess Marie of Hesse-Kassel (1796–1880). They had four children:
She died in St. Petersburg, aged 66.
Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna of Russia, known as "Maria Pavlovna the Younger" (In Russian Великая Княгиня Мария Павловна) (St. Petersburg, 18 April [O.S. 6 April] 1890 – Konstanz, 13 December 1958) was the daughter of Grand Duke Paul Alexandrovich and Alexandra Georgievna of Greece by marriage Princess of Sweden (1908–1914). She was usually called "Marie," the French version of her name.
Her paternal grandparents were Alexander II of Russia and Empress Maria Alexandrovna. Her maternal grandparents were George I of Greece and Grand Duchess Olga Konstantinovna of Russia, his queen consort.
Maria's mother, Alexandra Georgievna of Greece died soon after she had given birth to Maria's brother Grand Duke Dmitri Pavlovich of Russia, when little Maria was under two years old. Their father was distraught at the funeral and had to be restrained by his brother, Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich of Russia, when the lid was closed on Alexandra's coffin. Sergei gave the premature Dmitri the baths prescribed by the doctors, wrapped him in cotton wool and kept him in a cradle filled with hot water bottles to keep his temperature regulated. "I am enjoying raising Dmitri," Sergei wrote in his diary.
Katarina Alexandrovna Gerboldt (Russian: Катарина Александровна Гербольдт; born 28 March 1989 in Saint Petersburg, Soviet Union) is a Russian pair skater who competes with partner Alexander Enbert. Previously, she competed as a single skater and won the 2009 Russian ladies bronze medal.
Gerboldt became interested in figure skating at the age of six. Gerboldt has dismissed the rumor that her parents named her "Katarina" in honor of Katarina Witt, and stated that her parents had indeed wanted her to become a sportswoman, but not specifically a figure skater.
The 2008-2009 season was a turning point in Gerboldt's career. She won the bronze medal at the 2009 Russian Championships and, as both the gold and silver medalists Adelina Sotnikova and Elizaveta Tuktamysheva were too young to participate in international competition, was named to the European Championships team. She placed sixth, skating with a drainage in her nose due to sinusitis. She was coached by Tatiana Mishina and Alexei Mishin in Saint Petersburg, but in 2009 moved to CSKA Moscow and began working with Svetlana Sokolovskaya.
After an unsuccessful 2009-2010 season, Tatiana Druchinina suggested to her the idea of
Lydia Lopokova, Baroness Keynes (born Lidia Vasilyevna Lopukhova) (Russian: Ли́дия Васи́льевна Лопухо́ва; 21 October 1892 – 8 June 1981) was a famous Russian ballerina during the early 20th century. She is known also as Lady Keynes, the wife of the economist John Maynard Keynes.
Lopokova was born into a Russian family in St. Petersburg. Her father, who was born a serf, worked as the chief usher at the Alexandrinsky Theatre; her mother was the descendant of a Scottish engineer. All the Lopukhov children became ballet dancers; one of them, Fyodor Lopukhov, was a chief choreographer for the Mariinsky Theatre from 1922 to 1935 and again from 1951 to 1956.
Lydia trained at the Imperial Ballet School, where she almost immediately became a star pupil. "She responded instinctively to the expressive choreography of Mikhail Fokine, his rebellion against the stiff academicism of the classical style, and her chance came when she was chosen to join the Ballets Russes... on their European tour in 1910.... Diaghilev knocked a year off her age and promoted her as a child star." She stayed with the ballet only briefly, knowing that she had little future in Russia ("she was the wrong size and shape
Nicolas Slonimsky (April 27 [O.S. April 15] 1894 – December 25, 1995) was a Russian born American composer, conductor, musician, music critic, lexicographer and author. He described himself as a "diaskeuast" (from Greek διασκευαστής); "a reviser or interpolator."
Slonimsky was born Nikolai Leonidovich Slonimskiy in Saint Petersburg. He was of Jewish origin, but his parents adopted the Orthodox faith after the birth of his older brother, and Nicolas was baptized in the Russian Orthodox Church. His maternal aunt, Isabelle Vengerova, was his first piano teacher.
Slonimsky was brought to the United States in 1923 by Vladimir Rosing to work as an accompanist in the newly formed Opera Department at the Eastman School of Music in Rochester, New York, where he continued his composition and conducting studies. He also accompanied Rosing at many of his vocal recitals, including a performance at Carnegie Hall in October 1924. After two years, Slonimsky moved to Boston to work as an assistant for Boston Symphony Orchestra conductor Serge Koussevitzky, for whom he had earlier worked as a rehearsal pianist in Paris. During this time, Slonimsky taught music theory at Boston Conservatory and the
Rastrelli began the design in 1734, and used a Muscovite style with vague French touches to the detailing. The building stands in the cdentre of a magnificent square formed by the monastic buildings. The central dome is over 105m high.
Tom Conway (15 September 1904 – 22 April 1967) was a British film and radio actor.
Conway was born Thomas Charles Sanders to English parents in St. Petersburg, Russia. His younger brother (b. 1906) was fellow actor George Sanders. Their younger sister, Margaret Sanders, was born in 1912. At the outbreak of the Russian Revolution (1917), the family moved back to England, where the brothers were educated at Brighton College.
While working as a contract player for RKO Pictures, Conway starred in three Val Lewton horror films. He played Dr. Louis Judd in two otherwise unrelated films (1942's Cat People and 1943's The Seventh Victim), despite the character having been killed in Cat People. The third Lewton film in which he starred was I Walked with a Zombie (1943). Conway is perhaps best remembered for playing "The Falcon" in ten of the series' entries, taking over for his brother Sanders in The Falcon's Brother, in which they both starred. On radio, Conway played Sherlock Holmes during the 1946–1947 season of The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, following Basil Rathbone's departure from the series. In spite of a similar vocal timbre, Conway was not well-received as Rathbone had been
Alina Smith (born August 25, 1991) is a country and pop singer, songwriter and pianist.
Alina Smith was born in St. Petersburg, Russia. Her mother was an English teacher, actress and opera singer. Alina was a prodigy, and with her mother's home schooling she started to read and write bilingually at just two years of age, was singing and playing piano at three, fully conversing in both languages (English and Russian) at four; and composing music and writing poetry and stories from five years old.
At six, having previously been given a choice between a scholarship to a prestigious music academy and an invitation to the famed Vaganovsky Ballet School, the decision in favor of a musical education paid off when she was offered a position with the established international group “Aurora”. Alina began as Aurora's youngest member and became its solo lead vocalist, touring regularly throughout the next several years, headlining at large and mid-sized venues all over Europe.
Touring in Europe led to performances in America; given an opportunity to live in Las Vegas, Alina moved to the United States. In the U.S., Alina had the services of a booking agency and began recording, writing and,
Anna Yesipova (born Anna Nikolayevna Yesipova [Russian: Анна Николаевна Есипова] in Saint Petersburg, 12 February [O.S. 31 January] 1851 — died 18 August [O.S. 5 August] 1914, Saint Petersburg) was a prominent Russian pianist. Her name is cited variously as Anna Esipova; Anna or Annette Essipova; Anna, Annette or Annetta Essipoff; Annette von Essipow; Anna Jessipowa.
Yesipova was one of Teodor Leszetycki's most brilliant pupils. She made her debut in Saint Petersburg in 1871 attracting rave reviews and the artistic admiration of both Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky and Franz Liszt, particularly for her effortless virtuosity and singing tone. She then began concert tours which brought her in 1876 to the United States, where her playing was greatly admired. She heard the playing of Fanny Bloomfield and advised her to train under Leszetycki, whom Yesipova married in 1880 and later divorced.
In 1885, Yesipova was appointed Royal Prussian Court Pianist. From 1893 to 1908, she was professor of pianoforte at the Saint Petersburg Conservatory. Among her students were Sergei Prokofiev, Sergei Tarnowsky, Maria Yudina, Isabelle Vengerova, Leo Ornstein, Thomas de Hartmann and Alexander Borovsky
Elena Olegovna Firsova (Елена Олеговна Фирсова, Yelena or Jelena Firssowa) (born 21 March 1950) is a Russian composer.
She was born in Leningrad into the family of physicists Oleg Firsov and Viktoria Lichko. She studied music in Moscow with Alexander Pirumov, Yuri Kholopov, Edison Denisov and Philip Herschkowitz. In 1979 she was blacklisted as one of the "Khrennikov's Seven" at the Sixth Congress of the Union of Soviet Composers for unapproved participation in some festivals of Soviet music in the West. She is married to the composer Dmitri Smirnov and they currently live in the United Kingdom. Their children are Philip Firsov (an artist and sculptor), and Alissa Firsova (a composer, pianist and conductor).
She composed more than a hundred compositions in many different genres including chamber opera The Nightingale and the Rose after Oscar Wilde and Christina Rossetti (premiered at the 1994 Almeida Opera Festival, London), an orchestra work Augury, (premiered at the 1992 BBC Proms) that includes a choral setting of William Blake’s famous lines ‘To see the world in a grain of sand...’ and Requiem to Anna Akhmatova's poem for soprano, chorus and orchestra (premiered at the Berlin
Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich of Russia (Mikhail Aleksandrovich Romanov; Russian: Михаи́л Александрович Рома́нов) (4 December [O.S. 22 November] 1878 – 13 June 1918) was the youngest son of Emperor Alexander III of Russia.
At the time of his birth, his paternal grandfather (Alexander II of Russia) was still the reigning Emperor of All the Russias. Michael was fourth-in-line to the throne following his father and elder brothers Nicholas and George. After the assassination of his grandfather in 1881, he became third-in-line, and in 1894 after the death of his father, second-in-line. George died in 1899, leaving Michael as heir-presumptive to the throne. The birth of Nicholas's son Alexei in 1904 temporarily moved Michael back to second-in-line, but Alexei inherited the blood-clotting disorder haemophilia and was not expected to live. When Nicholas abdicated on 15 March [O.S. 2 March] 1917, Michael was named as his successor instead of Alexei. Michael, however, deferred acceptance of the throne until ratification by an elected assembly. He was never confirmed as Emperor, and following the Russian Revolution of 1917, he was imprisoned and murdered.
Given that he never reigned, his
Grand Duke Nicholas Constantinovich of Russia (14 February 1850 – 26 January 1918) was the first-born son of Grand Duke Konstantin Nikolayevich of Russia and Grand Duchess Alexandra Iosifovna of Russia and a grandson of Nicholas I of Russia.
Born in St Petersburg in the middle of the nineteenth century into the Romanov family, he had a very privileged childhood. Most royal children were brought up by nannies and servants so by the time Nikolai had grown up he lived a very independent life having become a gifted military officer and an incorrigible womanizer. He had an affair with a notorious American lady Fanny Lear. This affair let him into a plot to betray his family, in which he stole three valuable diamonds from an icon that belonged to his mother. He was declared insane and he was banished to the far reaches of the Russian empire never to see home again.
He lived for many years under constant supervision in the area around Tashkent, South Eastern Russia and made a great contribution to Tashkent by using his personal fortune to help improve the local area. In 1890 he ordered the building of his own palace in Tashkent to house and show his large and very valuable collection of
Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna of Russia (Russian: Мария Павловна; 16 February 1786 – 23 June 1859) was the third daughter of Paul I of Russia and Sophie Dorothea of Württemberg. She was the Grand Duchess of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach by her marriage to Charles Frederick, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach.
Born on 16 February 1786 in Saint Petersburg to the son of Catherine the Great of Russia and his wife - the daughter of Friedrich II Eugen, Duke of Württemberg - Maria Pavlovna was raised at her father's lavish palaces at Pavlovsk and at the nearby Gatchina.
She was the sister of:
As a child, she was not considered pretty: her features were disfigured as a result of a pioneering application of the Smallpox vaccine. Her grandmother, Catherine II of Russia, admired her precocious talent as a pianist but declared that she would have been better to have been born a boy. Her music instructor was Giuseppe Sarti (1729-1802), an Italian composer and Kapellmeister at the Russian court. From 1798, she was taught music by Ludwig-Wilhelm Tepper de Ferguson (1768-1838). In 1796 her grandmother died making her father the new Emperor of Russia as Paul I.
On 3 August 1804, she married Charles
Prince Andrei Alexandrovich of Russia (24 January [O.S. 12 January] 1897 – 8 May 1981) was a son of Grand Duke Alexander Mikhailovich of Russia and Grand Duchess Xenia Alexandrovna of Russia. He was also the eldest nephew of Nicholas II of Russia, the last Tsar.
Born and raised in Imperial Russia during the reign of his uncle Nicholas II, his military career in the Russian navy and the Chevalier guards was cut short by the Russian Revolution. He escaped the fate of many of his relatives killed by the Bolsheviks fleeing to his parents state in Crimea. For a time, he was under house arrest there with a large group of family members. In December 1918, he left Russia with his wife and his father. He lived for a couple of years in France where his two eldest children were born. Eventually he settled in England in the household in exile of his mother. His wife died during World War II and he remarried in 1942. He then moved to Provender house in Faversham, Kent which was owned by the family of his second wife. He lived quietly there as an English country squire until his death.
Prince Andrei Alexandrovich was born at the Winter Palace, Saint Petersburg the second child but first son of
Yuri Vladimirovich Matiyasevich, (Russian: Ю́рий Влади́мирович Матиясе́вич; born March 2, 1947 in Leningrad) is a Russian mathematician and computer scientist. He is best known for his negative solution of Hilbert's tenth problem, presented in his doctoral thesis, at LOMI (the Leningrad Department of the Steklov Institute of Mathematics).
Artyom Shneyerov is a microeconomist working at Concordia University in Montreal, Canada. He is also an Associate Editor of the International Journal of Industrial Organization. His current research is in the fields of Game theory, Industrial organization and applied Econometrics. His list of contributions to these and other areas of economics includes the following:
Grand Duchess Alexandra Petrovna of Russia (Russian: Александра Петровна; 2 June 1838 – 25 April 1900) was a daughter of Duke Peter Georgievich of Oldenburg and a great granddaughter of Emperor Paul I of Russia. She married Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich of Russia (1831–1891), the elder, and was the mother of Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich of Russia (1856–1929), the younger. After the breakup of her marriage, she retired from court life and eventually became a nun.
Alexandra Petrovna was born on 2 June 1838, in St. Petersburg as Duchess Alexandra Frederika Wilhelmina of Oldenburg. She was the eldest of the eight children of Duke Peter Georgievich of Oldenburg and his wife Princess Therese of Nassau-Weilburg, half-sister of Sofia of Nassau, queen consort of Oscar II of Sweden. Alexandra belonged to a German family but grew up in Russia, where her family was closely related to the Romanov dynasty.
Duke Peter Georgievich of Oldenburg, Alexandra’s father, was the only surviving son of Grand Duchess Catherine Pavlovna, the fourth daughter of Tsar Paul I of Russia. Peter of Oldenburg followed a military career in the Imperial Russian Army and was also a scholar and philanthropist.
Franz Camille Overbeck (16 November 1837 - 26 June 1905) was a German Protestant theologian. In Anglo-American discourse, he is perhaps best known in regard to his friendship with Friedrich Nietzsche; while in German theological circles, Overbeck remains discussed for his own contributions.
Franz Overbeck was born in Saint Petersburg as a German citizen to Franz Heinrich Herrmann Overbeck, a German-British merchant, and his wife, Jeanne Camille Cerclet, who was born in Saint Petersburg to a French family. Consequently, his upbringing was European and humanistic: first taking place in Saint Petersburg, then in Paris from 1846 until the February Revolution of 1848, once again in Saint Petersburg, and after 1850 in Dresden. This international education helped him gain fluency in the most important European languages.
From 1856 until 1864, Overbeck studied theology in Leipzig, Göttingen, Berlin, and Jena. Primarily through the lectures of Karl Schwarz and in conjunction with the historical theology of Ferdinand Christian Baur, his studies situated him at the beginning of academic criticism against the official theology. In 1859, he received his doctorate degree, after which he worked
Grand Duchess Alexandra Alexandrovna of Russia (30 August 1842 – 10 July 1849) was the eldest child of Alexander II of Russia and Marie of Hesse and by Rhine. She died from infant meningitis at the age of six and a half.
She was nicknamed Lina or Sashenka within her family. Her father enjoyed having her keep him company while he worked in his study. Her death from infant meningitis at the age of six and a half devastated her parents. Her mother was still brought to tears by the mention of her eldest child decades after her death. Her father placed a dried flower from her funeral mass in his diary and marked the page in black to signify mourning. They were thrilled when they had a second daughter, Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia, because they had so missed having a little girl.
The ghost of Alexandra supposedly appeared along with that of her grandfather, Nicholas I of Russia, during two palace séances during the 1860s organized by Grand Duchess Alexandra Iosifovna. The Tsar and others at court were interested in the spiritualism that was fashionable at the time. At one of the meetings, the table rose a few centimeters, spun and rapped out the words to "God Save the
Lou Andreas-Salomé (born Louise von Salomé or Luíza Gustavovna Salomé, Russian: Луиза Густавовна Саломе; 12 February 1861 – 5 January 1937) was a Russian-born psychoanalyst and author. Her diverse intellectual interests led to friendships with a broad array of distinguished western luminaries, including Nietzsche, Wagner, Freud, and Rilke.
Lou Salomé was born in St. Petersburg to an army general and his wife. Salomé was their only daughter; she had five brothers. Although she would later be attacked by the Nazis as a "Finnish Jewess," her parents were actually of French Huguenot and Northern German descent.
Seeking an education beyond a typical woman's station of that time and place, when she was seventeen Salomé persuaded the Dutch preacher Hendrik Gillot, twenty-five years her senior, to teach her theology, philosophy, world religions, and French and German literature. Gillot became so smitten with Salomé that he planned to divorce his wife and marry her. Salomé and her mother fled to Zurich, so she could acquire a university education. The journey was also intended to be beneficial for Salomé's physical health; she was coughing up blood at this time.
Salomé's mother took her to
Grand Duke Vladimir Alexandrovich of Russia (Влади́мир Александрович) ) (22 April 1847 – 17 February 1909) was a son of Emperor Alexander II of Russia. He was a brother of Tsar Alexander III of Russia and was the Senior Grand Duke of the House of Romanov during the reign of his nephew, Tsar Nicholas II.
Grand Duke Vladimir followed a military career and occupied important military positions during the reigns of the last three Russian Emperors. Interested in artistic and intellectual pursuits; he was appointed President of the Academy of Fine Arts; patron of many artist and sponsor of the Imperial ballet.
During the reign of his father, Tsar Alexander II, he was made Adjutant-General, senator in 1868 and member of the Council of State in 1872. His brother, Alexander III also promoted his career. He was made member of the Council of ministers; Commander of the Imperial Guards Corps and Military Governor of Saint Petersburg. He tried to exert some influence over his nephew Tsar Nicholas II, but had to content himself with holding a rival court with his wife Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna at his palace in Saint Petersburg. The events of bloody Sunday in 1905, while he was military
Ivan Andreevich Urgant (Russian: Ива́н Андре́евич У́ргант, (born 16 April 1978) is a Russian television personality, showman, and an actor.
Ivan Urgant was born in Leningrad in a family of actors Andrey Urgant (son of Nina Urgant and Leo Milinder) and Valeriya Kiseleva. He graduated from Saint Petersburg State Theatre Arts Academy.
In the late 1990s Ivan Urgant was a leader of Maxim Leonidov's soul project nicknamed Vnuk (Russian: Внук - misspelled Grandson).
Ivan also judged KVN games several times.
In 2007, 2008, and 2010 Ivan Urgant was awarded TEFI.
On May 16, 2009 he presented the final of the 2009 Eurovision Song Contest with former Russian Eurovision participant Alsou.
In 2012 Ivan released his first solo album called "Estrada" under the name Grisha Urgant.
He is known for hosting various TV shows, including:
The Saint Petersburg State University of Engineering and Economics is one of the oldest universities in Russia and also is known as ENGECON (Russian: ИНЖЭКОН).
It is specialized in the fields of economics, management, statistics, logistics and finance.
At the postgraduate level, it is a business school. At the undergraduate level, it also teaches economics.
ENGECON has an International branch outside the Russian Federation in Dubai.
The history of the University begins in 1906 when Higher Commercial Courses of M.V. Pobedinski were arranged in Saint Petersburg. In 1919 the courses were altered into Institute of National Economy and in 1930 the Leningrad Institute of Engineering and Economics was set up. In 1992 the Institute received the Academy status and in 2000 the Academy became the University.
It is possible to receive Bachelor degree (4 years), Master (2 years) and traditional for Russia - Specialist degree (5 years). After receiving specialist degree students may apply for further postgraduate degree - Candidate of sciences (kandidat nauk), which is equivalent to PhD. Major part of courses is given in Russian, though there are several programs given in English. There are
Gen.dyw. Stanisław Kopański (1895–1976) was a Polish military commander. One of the best-educated Polish officers of the time, he served with distinction in World War II. He is best known as the creator and commander of the Polish Independent Carpathian Brigade and Polish 3rd Carpathian Infantry Division. In 1943–46 he was Chief of Staff of the Commander-in-Chief of the Polish Armed Forces in the West.
Stanisław Kopański was born May 19, 1895, in Saint Petersburg, capital of Imperial Russia. In 1905, he enrolled in a local Polish gymnasium (high school), where he graduated upon passing his matura examinations. Afterwards, he matriculated in a local Institute of Civil Engineering, but his studies were interrupted by the outbreak of World War I.
In 1914, he was drafted into the Russian Army. He graduated from the Mikhail's School of Artillery and served on the war's eastern front in the 3rd battery of the Russian 2nd Cavalry Division. After the February Revolution, he left the Russian army and joined the Polish 1st Corps, being formed in Russia as part of the Entente forces. Demobilized after the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, he left for Warsaw (then still occupied by the Central Powers),
Leonid Grigoryevich Yudasin (Hebrew: ליאוניד גריגורייביץ' יודסין; Russian: Леонид Григорьевич Юдасин; born in Leningrad, August 8, 1959) is a prominent chess grandmaster and trainer, now living in New York City.
Awarded the International Master title in 1982, he secured the International Grandmaster title in 1984, the year he became Leningrad Champion. Demonstrating that his skills were not just restricted to classical chess, he went on to gain the USSR Cup for rapid chess in 1988.
However, these notable early achievements were soon to be surpassed when he became joint winner of the 1990 USSR Championship (with Beliavsky, Bareev and Vyzmanavin, the title going to Beliavsky on tie-break). He added individual bronze and team gold medals the same year, at the Novi Sad Olympiad, when he represented the USSR and registered the best performance of any of his team-mates. In 1994 and again in 1996, he played under the Israeli flag at the Moscow and Yerevan Olympiads, respectively.
A world championship Candidate in 1991, he qualified again in 1994 and this time progressed to the latter stages, losing out to Vladimir Kramnik in the quarter finals by a score of 2.5-4.5.
Arguably his most
Central Saint Petersburg is the central and the leading part of Saint Petersburg, Russia. It looks nothing like the downtown district of a typical major city, and has no skyscrapers. The Central Business District's main borders are Neva River to the north and west, and the Fontanka River to the south and east, but the downtown includes areas outside.
The Central Saint Petersburg is the oldest part of the city after the Peter and Paul Fortress. When people were starting to populate in Saint Petersburg they built their houses around the almost only building outside the fortress; the Admiralty Board. The largest industry was ship building. The first residence of Peter the Great was a little hut (the hut hasn't been destroyed and is a museum), but he soon started to build the Summer Palace, which is located just opposite the hut, on the other side of the Neva River, and later he built a Winter Palace for him. The central part of the city was supposed to be between the Peter and Paul Fortress and his first house.
The CBS is an area with many old buildings and has beautiful parks like the Summer Garden, Field of Mars and Mikhailovsky Garden. The CBS is also the wealthiest area in Saint
Daniil Kharms (Russian: Дании́л Ива́нович Хармс; 30 December [O.S. 17 December] 1905 – 2 February 1942) was an early Soviet-era surrealist and absurdist poet, writer and dramatist. One of his pseudonyms, which was signed in Latin alphabet, was Daniel Charms.
Daniil Ivanovich Yuvachev (Даниил Иванович Ювачёв) was born in St. Petersburg, into the family of Ivan Yuvachev, a well known member of the revolutionary group The People's Will. By this time the elder Yuvachev had already been imprisoned for his involvement in subversive acts against the tsar Alexander III and had become a religious philosopher, acquaintance of Anton Chekhov during the latter's trip to Sakhalin.
Daniil invented the pseudonym Kharms while attending high school at the prestigious German "Peterschule", probably influenced by his fascination with Arthur Conan Doyle's Sherlock Holmes. While at the Peterschule, he learned the rudiments of both English and German, and it may have been the English "harm" and "charm" that he incorporated into "Kharms". Throughout his career Kharms used variations on his name and the pseudonyms DanDan, Khorms, Charms, Shardam, and Kharms-Shardam, among others. It is rumored that he
Grand Duke Cyril Vladimirovich of Russia (Russian: Кирилл Владимирович; Kirill Vladimirovich Romanov; 12 October [O.S. 30 September] 1876 – 12 October 1938) was a member of the Russian Imperial Family. After the Russian Revolution of 1917 and the deaths of Tsar Nicholas II and his brother Michael, Cyril assumed the Headship of the Imperial Family of Russia and later the title Emperor and Autocrat of all the Russias.
Grand Duke Cyril was born in Tsarskoye Selo. His father was Grand Duke Vladimir Alexandrovich, the third son of Tsar Alexander II and Maria Alexandrovna of Hesse. His wife was Duchess Marie of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (later known as Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna), the daughter of Friedrich Franz II of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and Princess Augusta Reuss-Köstritz. As a grandson in the male line to a Russian Tsar, he was titled Grand Duke, with the style Imperial Highness.
After graduating from the Sea Cadet Corps and Nikolaev Naval Academy, on January 1, 1904, Cyril was promoted to Chief of Staff to the Russian Pacific Fleet in the Imperial Russian Navy. With the start of the Russo-Japanese War, he was assigned to serve as First Officer on the battleship Petropavlovsk, but the
Grand Duke Michael Pavlovich of Russia (Russian: Михаи́л Па́влович; Mikhail Pavlovich) (St. Petersburg, 8 February 1798 – Warsaw, 9 September 1849) was the tenth child and fourth son of Paul I of Russia and Sophie Dorothea of Württemberg.
In St. Petersburg on 19 February 1824, Michael married his first cousin once removed Princess Charlotte of Württemberg (1807–1873), the daughter of Prince Paul of Württemberg and Charlotte of Saxe-Hildburghausen. Charlotte took the name Elena Pavlovna upon converting to Orthodoxy. They had five children :
Mikhailovsky Palace was built by Carlo Rossi for Grand Duke Michael between 1819–1825. The Palace now holds the Russian Museum.
Michael's great-great-great-grandson Duke Georg Borwin of Mecklenburg is the current head of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.
Igor Vladimirovich Denisov (Russian: Игорь Владимирович Денисов; born 17 May 1984 in Leningrad, now Saint Petersburg) is an association footballer who plays midfielder and as captain of the Russian national team and at the club level for Zenit St. Petersburg.
Denisov was born in St. Petersburg and started his footballing career with Turbostroitel before going to Smena. Denisov signed his first professional contract in 2002, when he joined St. Petersburg's only professional team Zenit. At the age of 18, Denisov made his debut for Zenit in a league match against CSKA Moscow.
On 3 April 2008, Denisov scored Zenit's fourth goal in their 4-1 first leg defeat of Bayer Leverkusen in the quarter-finals of the UEFA Cup match at the BayArena. Denisov's performances helped Zenit reach the final against Scottish side Rangers on 15 May, after defeating Bayern Munich 5-1 on aggregate in the semi-finals. In the final, Denisov played the full ninety minutes and opened the scoring in the 72nd minute after being played in by winger Andrei Arshavin. Zenit went on to win the match 2-0 and lift the UEFA Cup for the first time in their history.
On 22 December 2010, Denisov was voted by the fans as the
Vladimir Alexandrovich Karpets (Russian: Владимир Александрович Карпец) (born 20 September 1980 in Leningrad) is a Russian road bicycle racer currently riding for UCI ProTeam Movistar Team, most notable for winning the white jersey for best young rider in the 2004 Tour de France. Karpets is a two-time Olympian. At the 2000 Summer Olympics, Karpets competed in the men's team pursuit and men's individual pursuit track cycling events. At the 2004 Summer Olympics, he competed in the men's road race.
Born in Saint Petersburg, Karpets turned to cycling and, like fellow Russian Denis Menchov before him, moved to Spain where he joined iBanesto.com.
In the 2004 Tour de France, he used his strong time trialing abilities to defeat Thomas Voeckler in the youth classification on the penultimate stage.
In the 2005 season, he was not at the same level in the Tour de France, but nevertheless managed a top ten placing in the Giro d'Italia.
In 2007 he won stage 1 at Vuelta a Castilla y León and took the overall victory at the Volta a Catalunya and the Tour de Suisse.
Alexey Borisovich Miller (Russian: Алексей Борисович Миллер; born January 31, 1962) is Deputy Chairman of the Board of Directors and Chairman of the Management Committee (CEO) of Russian energy company Gazprom, Russia's largest company and the world's biggest natural gas producer.
Miller was born in Leningrad (now Saint Petersburg) to a family of German ethnicity. He obtained a PhD in Economics in 1989 from the N.A. Voznesenskii Leningrad Finance and Economics Institute. From 1991 to 1996 Miller served with the Committee for External Relations of the Saint Petersburg Mayor's Office under Vladimir Putin. From 1996 to 1999 he was Director for Development and Investments of the Port of Saint Petersburg. From 1999 to 2000 he served as Director General of the Baltic Pipeline System. In 2000 he was appointed Deputy Minister of Energy of the Russian Federation, and since 2001 he has served as Chairman of the Management Committee of Gazprom. Prior to becoming the CEO of Gazprom, he had no experience in fossil fuels.
In December 2005 Miller was named Person of the Year by Expert magazine, influential and respected Russian business weekly. He shared the title in 2005 with Dmitry Medvedev,
Anish Giri (born June 28, 1994) is a chess prodigy. He met his final grandmaster norm at the age of 14 years, 7 months and 2 days when he beat Venezuelan GM Eduardo Iturrizaga in the C Group of the 2009 Corus Chess Tournament in Wijk aan Zee in the Netherlands.
He is the youngest ever Grandmaster in the chess history of Soviet Union/Russia and the Netherlands (when he achieved his third GM norm, he was affiliated with the Russian Chess Federation; currently he is affiliated with the Dutch Chess Federation).
Anish is the son of a Nepalese father (Sanjay Giri), and a Russian mother (Olga Giri). Anish was born in St. Petersburg, Russia on 28 June 1994. In 2002, he moved to Japan with his parents. Since then he had been residing in Japan, and visiting St. Petersburg regularly. Since February 2008, Anish and his family have been living in the Netherlands, in the Dutch city of Rijswijk where his father is working in a research and consulting foundation (Deltares). He has two sisters, Natasha and Ayusha.
Anish's first club was a local youth sport club 'DYUSH-2' in St. Petersburg, Russia. His trainers in this club were Asya Kovalyova and Andrei Praslov. He was a member of the Japan Chess
Boris Nikolaevich Delaunay or Delone (Russian: Бори́с Никола́евич Делоне́; March 15, 1890 – July 17, 1980) was one of the first Russian mountain climbers and a Soviet/Russian mathematician, and the father of physicist Nikolai Borisovich Delone.
The spelling Delone is a straightforward transliteration from Cyrillic he often used in recent publications, while Delaunay is French language version he used in the early French and German publications.
Boris Delone got his surname from his ancestor French Army officer De Launay, who was captured in Russia during the Napoleon's invasion of 1812. De Launay was a nephew of the Bastille governor marquis de Launay, married a woman from the Tukhachevsky noble family, and stayed in Russia.
When Boris was a young boy his family spent summers in the Alps where he learned mountain climbing. By 1913, he became one of the top three Russian mountain climbers. After the Russian revolution, he climbed mountains in the Caucasus and Altai. One of the mountains (4300 m) near Belukha is named after him. In the 1930s, he was among the first to receive a qualification of Master of mountain climbing of the USSR. Future Nobel laureate in physics Igor Tamm was
Grand Duke Alexei Alexandrovich of Russia (St. Petersburg 14 January 1850 (4 January O.S.) – Paris, 14 November 1908) was the fifth child and the fourth son of Alexander II of Russia and his first wife Maria Alexandrovna (Marie of Hesse). Destined to a naval career, Alexei Alexandrovich started his military training at the age of 7. By the age of 20 he had been appointed lieutenant of the Russian Imperial Navy and had visited all European military ports of Russia. In 1871 he was sent as a goodwill ambassador to the United States and Japan.
In 1883 he was appointed general admiral. He had a significant contribution in the equipment of the Russian navy with new ships and in modernizing the naval ports. In 1905, after the defeat in the Battle of Tsushima he was relieved of his command. He died in Paris in 1908.
The Grand Duke Alexei Alexandrovich Romanov of Russia was born in Saint Petersburg on 14 January 1850 (4 January O.S.). He was the son of emperor Alexander II and empress Maria Alexandrovna. He was a younger brother of Grand Duchess Alexandra Alexandrovna, Tsarevich Nikolay Alexandrovich, Alexander III of Russia, Grand Duke Vladmir Alexandrovich. He was an older brother of
Ilya Mikhailovich Frank (Russian: Илья́ Миха́йлович Франк) (23 October 1908 – 22 June 1990) was a Soviet winner of the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1958 jointly with Pavel Alekseyevich Cherenkov and Igor Y. Tamm, also of the Soviet Union. He received the award for his work in explaining the phenomenon of Cherenkov radiation. He received Stalin prize in 1946 and 1953 and the USSR state prize in 1971.
Ilya Frank was born on 23 October 1908 in St. Petersburg. His father, Mikhail Lyudvigovich Frank, was a talented mathematician, while his mother Yelizaveta Mikhailovna Gratsianova, was a physician. His father participated in the student revolutionary movement, and as a result was expelled from Moscow University. After the October Revolution, he was reinstated and appointed professor. Ilya's uncle, Semen Frank, a noted Russian philosopher, wasn't as fortunate and was expelled from the USSR in 1922 together with 160 other intellectuals. Ilya had one elder brother, Gleb Mikhailovich Frank, who became an eminent biophysicist and member of the Academy of Sciences of the U.S.S.R..
Ilya Frank studied mathematics and theoretical physics at Moscow State University. From his second year he worked
Nikolai Georgievich Garin-Mikhailovsky (Russian: Никола́й Гео́ргиевич Га́рин-Михайло́вский, February 20 [O.S. November 27] 1852–December 10 [O.S. November 27] 1906) was a Russian writer and essayist, locating engineer and railroad constructor.
As an engineer Nikolai Garin-Mikhailovsky was involved in construction of the Laspi Pass highway and the Trans-Siberian Railway. In 1891 he headed the surveying party that chose the place for building a railroad bridge over River Ob for the Trans-Siberian Railway. It was Garin-Mikhailovsky who rejected the option of raising a bridge in Tomsk. This decision later resulted in the foundation of Novosibirsk and played a vital role in development of the city.
He came down in the history of Russian literature as the author of the story Tyoma's Childhood (1892) and the short story Several Years in the Country. His travels in the Far East resulted in the travel notes Around Korea, Manchuria and Liaodong Peninsula (1899) and Korean Tales (1899). One of his stories was published in the first volume of Maxim Gorky's Znanie collections in 1904.
His short story Practical Training is available in English translation in The Salt Pit, Raduga Publishers,
Nikolay Mitrofanovich Krylov (Russian: Николай Митрофанович Крылов, Ukrainian: Микола Митрофанович Крилов) (29 November [O.S. 17 November] 1879, St Petersburg, Russian Empire — May 11, 1955, Moscow, USSR) was a Russian and Soviet mathematician known for works on interpolation, non-linear mechanics, and numerical methods for solving equations of mathematical physics.
Nikolay Krylov graduated from St. Petersburg State Mining Institute in 1902. In the period from 1912 until 1917, he held the Professor position in this institute. In 1917, he went to the Crimea to become Professor at the Crimea University. He worked there until 1922 and then moved to Kiev to become chairman of the mathematical physics department at the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences.
Nikolay Krylov was a member of the Société Mathématique de France and the American Mathematical Society.
Nikolay Krylov developed new methods for analysis of equations of mathematical physics, which can be used not only for proving the existence of solutions but also for their construction. Since 1932, he worked together with his student Nikolay Bogoliubov on mathematical problems of non-linear mechanics. In this period, they invented
Prince Georgy Konstantinovich of Russia (6 May 1903 – 7 November 1938), was the youngest son of Grand Duke Konstantin Konstantinovich of Russia and his wife Grand Duchess Yelizaveta Mavrikiyevna.
Following the Russian Revolution of 1917, he escaped to Sweden in October 1918 with his mother, younger sister Vera Konstantinovna, and niece and nephew aboard the Swedish ship Angermanland.
Prince Georgy and Princess Vera remained at Pavlovsk throughout the war, the chaotic rule of the Provisional Government, and after the October Revolution. In the fall of 1918, they were permitted by the Bolsheviks to be taken by ship to Sweden (on the Ångermanland, via Tallinn to Helsinki and via Mariehamn to Stockholm), at the invitation of the Swedish queen.
At Stockholm harbor they met prince Gustaf Adolf who took them to the royal palace. Yelizaveta Mavrikiyevna, Vera, and Georgy lived for the next two years in Sweden, first in Stockholm then in Saltsjöbaden; but Sweden was too expensive for them so they moved first to Belgium by invitation of Albert I of Belgium, and then to Germany, settling in Altenburg where they lived thirty years, except for a couple of years in England. Yelizaveta died of
Tamara Nikolayevna Moskvina (Russian: Тама́ра Никола́евна Москвина́ (help·info)), née Bratus (Братусь) is a Russian pair skating coach and former competitive skater. In pair skating with partner Alexei Mishin, she was the 1969 World silver medalist and Soviet national champion. In ladies singles, she was a five-time (1962–1966) Soviet national champion. She later became a successful coach, leading pair teams to the following titles:
Moskvina coached at least one pair to an Olympic medal in six consecutive Winter Olympics from 1984 to 2002. She twice coached the gold and silver medal-winning pairs, in 1992 and 1998. Moskvina is based in Saint Petersburg, Russia at the Yubileyny Sports Palace. She is married to Igor Moskvin.
Tamara Nikolayevna Bratus was born on June 26, 1941, in Leningrad. During the Siege of Leningrad in World War II, she was evacuated to a small village in the Ural Mountains where her mother had relatives. Her father's side of the family was from Kiev. Moskvina is only 4'10" due to childhood malnutrition during the war years.
The family returned to Leningrad in 1948. She began skating at the age of 10, after her father got used skates for her and her two
Lev Vaidman (born September 4, 1955) is an Israeli physicist and Professor at Tel Aviv University, Israel. He is noted for his work in the area of quantum teleportation and the Elitzur–Vaidman bomb-testing problem in quantum mechanics. He was a member of the Editorial Advisory Board of The American Journal of Physics from 2007 to 2009. His work and the experiments which they have inspired have lent support to the Many-worlds interpretation of quantum physics. In 2010, their experiment was chosen as one of the "Seven Wonders of the Quantum World" by New Scientist Magazine.
Vaidman emigrated with his family to Israel at the age of 18. Prior to that, he studied for one year at Saint Petersberg University (then Leningrad University). In 1972, he took first place among Soviet high school students at the Physics Olympiad.
This thought experiment, subsequently conducted in the lab, is an example of interaction-free measurement (IFM). IFM is the detection of the property of an object or its presence without any physical interaction between the observer and the object. Obtaining information from an object in such a manner is paradoxical.
The bomb tester works by employing an interferometer.
George Pavlovich Ignatieff, CC (Russian: Георгий Па́влович Игнатьев; December 16, 1913 - August 10, 1989) was a noted Russian-Canadian diplomat. His career spanned nearly five decades in World War II and the postwar period.
Ignatieff was born in Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire, the youngest of five sons, to a distinguished Russian family. His mother was Princess Natalia Nikolayevna Meshcherskaya and his father was Count Paul Ignatieff, a close advisor to Tsar Nicholas II serving as his last Minister of Education. In 1918, the year after the Russian Revolution, Count Ignatieff was imprisoned, but his release was negotiated by sympathetic supporters. The family fled to France, and later moved to Canada. George Ignatieff was educated at St Paul's School, London, Lower Canada College (having first been rejected by Selwyn House School), and the University of Trinity College, University of Toronto, before being awarded a Rhodes Scholarship to study at Oxford.
With the advent of war, Ignatieff joined the Royal Artillery, where he worked in photographic intelligence. In 1940 he joined the Canadian Department of External Affairs. He became personal assistant to the Canadian High
Nicholas II (Russian: Николай II, Николай Александрович Романов, tr. Nikolay II, Nikolay Alexandrovich Romanov [nʲɪkɐˈlaj ftɐˈroj, nʲɪkɐˈlaj əlʲɪkˈsandrəvʲɪtɕ rɐˈmanəf]) (18 May [O.S. 6 May] 1868 – 17 July 1918) was the last Emperor of Russia, Grand Duke of Finland, and titular King of Poland. His official short title was Nicholas II, Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias and he is known as Saint Nicholas the Passion-Bearer by the Russian Orthodox Church. He has often been referred to as Saint Nicholas the Martyr.
Nicholas II ruled from 1894 until his abdication on 2 March 1917. His reign saw Imperial Russia go from being one of the foremost great powers of the world to economic and military collapse. Critics nicknamed him Bloody Nicholas because of the Khodynka Tragedy, Bloody Sunday, the anti-Semitic pogroms, his execution of political opponents, and his pursuit of military campaigns on a hitherto unprecedented scale.
Under his rule, Russia was defeated in the Russo-Japanese War, including the almost total annihilation of the Russian fleet at the Battle of Tsushima. As head of state, he approved the Russian mobilization of August 1914, which marked the beginning of Russia's
Saint Petersburg State University of Economics and Finance (Санкт-Петербургский государственный университет экономики и финансов) was established in 1930 as "Leningrad Institute of Finance and Economics" (Ленинградский финансово-экономический институт; hence the colloquial name Финэк (Finec)). The campus of the University occupies the buildings of the former Assignation Bank, which were designed by the famous Italian architect Giacomo Quarenghi.
Leningrad Institute of Finance and Economics (LFEI) was created on the basis of the restructured economic faculty of Saint Petersburg Politechnical Institute on the 3 of June 1930. First students were admitted to the Institute in September 1930.
LFEI was enlarged several times, by merging first with the Moscow Institute of Finance and Economics in 1934, then in 1940 with Higher Institute of Finance and Economics (Leningrad) and Financial Academy (Leningrad).
During the World War II the Institute was evacuated first to Essentuki and then to Tashkent. Finec renewed its operations in Leningrad on the 1 of September 1944.
In 1954 LFEI was merged with Leningrad Planning Institute. In 1963 it was named after Russian economist and politician
Aleksei Andreyevich Igonin (Russian: Алексей Андреевич Игонин, born 18 March 1976 in Leningrad) is an association footballer who last played for FC Anzhi Makhachkala.
He has played for Russia twice in 1998.
Alexander Porfiryevich Borodin (12 November 1833 – 27 February 1887) was a Russian Romantic composer, doctor and chemist of Georgian–Russian parentage. He was a member of the group of composers called The Five (or "The Mighty Handful"), who were dedicated to producing a specifically Russian kind of art music. He is best known for his symphonies, his two string quartets, In the Steppes of Central Asia and his opera Prince Igor. Music from Prince Igor and his string quartets was later adapted for the US musical Kismet.
He was a notable advocate for women's rights and education in Tsarist Russia and was a founder of the School of Medicine for Women in St.Petersburg.
Borodin was born in Saint Petersburg, the illegitimate son of a Georgian noble, Luka Gedevanishvili (Georgian: ლუკა სიმონის ძე გედევანიშვილი) and a 24-year-old Russian woman, Evdokia Konstantinovna Antonova (Евдокия Константиновна Антонова). The nobleman had him registered as the son of one of his serfs, Porfiry Borodin. As a boy he received a good education, including piano lessons. He entered the Medico–Surgical Academy in 1850, which was later home to Ivan Pavlov, and pursued a career in chemistry. On graduation he
Dmitri Vladimirovich Khromin (born October 21, 1982 in Leningrad, Russian SFSR) is a Russian-Polish pair skater who currently competes internationally for Poland. He competes with Dominika Piątkowska. The pair are the 2005-2007 Polish national champions (Dorota Zagorska and Mariusz Siudek did not compete those years).
He previously competed with Julia Shapiro for Russia and had some success on the Junior Grand Prix circuit. The pair broke up in 2002.
Dmitry Anatolyevich Medvedev (Russian: Дми́трий Анато́льевич Медве́дев, tr. Dmitriy Anatolyevich Medvedev; IPA: [ˈdmʲitrʲɪj ɐnɐˈtolʲjɪvʲɪtɕ mʲɪˈdvʲedʲɪf] ( listen); born 14 September 1965) is the tenth and current Prime Minister of Russia, incumbent since 2012. He previously served as the third President of Russia, from 2008 to 2012. He is the youngest serving Russia President, at the age of 43.
Born to a family of academics, Medvedev graduated from the Law Department of Leningrad State University in 1987. He defended his dissertation in 1990 and worked as a docent at his alma mater, now renamed to Saint Petersburg State University, where he taught civil and Roman law until 1999. Medvedev's political career began as the election campaign manager and later an adviser of St. Petersburg Mayor Anatoly Sobchak. During this time, Medvedev befriended Vladimir Putin. In November 1999, Medvedev was hired in the Russian presidential administration, where he worked as deputy chief of staff. In the 2000 Presidential elections, Medvedev was Putin's campaign manager. On 14 November 2005, Medvedev was appointed First Deputy Prime Minister and was tasked with overseeing National Priority Projects.
George Henry Sanders (3 July 1906 – 25 April 1972) was an English film and television actor, singer-songwriter, music composer, and author. His prominent English accent and bass voice often led him to be cast as sophisticated but villainous characters. He is perhaps best known as Addison DeWitt in All About Eve (1950), Jack Favell in Rebecca (1940), and the voice of the malevolent tiger Shere Khan in The Jungle Book (1967). His career spanned more than 40 years.
Sanders was born in Saint Petersburg, Imperial Russia, at number 6 Petrovski Ostrov. His English parents were Henry Sanders (1873–1961) and Margaret Sanders (1875–1967). Actor Tom Conway (1904–1967) was his elder brother. His younger sister, Margaret Sanders, was born in 1912. George was 11 when, in 1917, at the outbreak of the Russian Revolution, the family went back to England. Like his brother, he attended Brighton College, a boys' independent school in Brighton, Sussex, then went on to Manchester Technical College. After graduation, he worked at an advertising agency, where the company secretary, aspiring actress Greer Garson, suggested he take up a career in acting.
Sanders made his British film debut in 1929. Seven
Nikolay Vasilievich Trusov (Russian: Николай Васильевич Трусов; born July 2, 1985 in Saint Petersburg) is a Russian professional racing cyclist for UCI Professional Continental Team RusVelo. Trusov has been a professional since 2004.
Prince Feodor Alexandrovich of Russia (23 December 1898 – 30 November 1968) was a son of Grand Duke Alexander Mikhailovich of Russia and Grand Duchess Xenia Alexandrovna of Russia. He was also a nephew of Nicholas II of Russia, the last Tsar.
Born and raised in Imperial Russia during the reign of his uncle Nicholas II, he followed a military career and entered the Corps of Pages during World War I. With the fall of the Russian monarchy, he escaped the fate of many of his relatives killed by the Bolsheviks fleeing to his parents state in Crimea. For a time, he was under house arrest there with a large group of family members. They left Russia on 11 April 1919. In exile, he settled in France where he married Princess Irina Pavlovna Paley, his distant cousin. The couple divorced in 1936. Afflicted with tuberculosis, Prince Feodor moved to England with his mother spending the years of World War II there. After the war ended, he settled permanently in the south of France.
Prince Feodor Alexandrovich Romanov was born in Saint Petersburg, Russia on 23 December 1898. He was the second son and third child among seven siblings. Although a grandson of Emperor Alexander III through his mother,
Valentin Alexandrovich Serov (Russian: Валенти́н Алекса́ндрович Серо́в; January 19, 1865 – December 5, 1911) was a Russian painter, and one of the premier portrait artists of his era.
Serov was born in St. Petersburg, son of the Russian composer Alexander Serov, and his wife Valentina Bergman, a composer of German-Jewish and English background. In his childhood he studied in Paris and Moscow under Ilya Repin and in the St. Petersburg Academy of Arts (1880–1885) under Pavel Chistyakov. Serov's early creativity was sparked by the realistic art of Repin and strict pedagogical system of Chistyakov. Further influences on Serov were the old master paintings he viewed in the museums of Russia and Western Europe, friendships with Mikhail Vrubel and (later) Konstantin Korovin, and the creative atmosphere of the Abramtsevo Colony, to which he was closely connected.
The greatest works of Serov's early period were portraits: The Girl with Peaches (1887), and The Girl Covered by the Sun (1888), both in the Tretyakov Gallery. In these paintings Serov concentrated on spontaneity of perception of the model and nature. In the development of light and color, the complex harmony of reflections, the
Alexei Nikolayevich Kosygin (Russian: Алексе́й Никола́евич Косы́гин, tr. Aleksej Nikolajevič Kosygin; IPA: [ɐlʲɪkˈsʲej nʲɪkɐˈlajɪvʲɪtɕ kɐˈsɨgʲɪn]; (21 February [O.S. 5 March] 1904 – 18 December 1980) was a Soviet-Russian statesman during the Cold War. Kosygin was born in the city of St. Petersburg in 1904 to a Russian working-class family. He was conscripted into the labor army during the Russian Civil War, and after the Red Army's demobilisation in 1921, he worked in Siberia as an industrial manager. Kosygin returned to Leningrad in the early 1930s and worked his way up the Soviet hierarchy. During the Great Patriotic War (World War II), Kosygin was a member of the State Defence Committee and was tasked with moving Soviet industry out of territories soon to be overrun by the German military. He served as Minister of Finance for a year before becoming Minister of Light Industry and later, the Minister of Light and Food Industry. One year before his death in 1953, Stalin removed Kosygin from the Politburo, intentionally weakening his position within the Soviet hierarchy.
After the power struggle triggered by Stalin's death in 1953, Nikita Khrushchev became the new leader. On 20
Andreyan Zakharov (Russian: Андрея́н Дми́триевич Заха́ров; August 19, 1761 in Saint Petersburg — September 8, 1811, in Saint Petersburg) was a Russian architect and representative of the Empire style. His designs also alternated neoclassicism with eclecticism. He was born to a family that was employed by the Admiralty board, and his greatest work was his renovation and expansion of the Admiralty building. He studied in the Petersburg Academy of Fine Arts from 1767 to 1782 with Alexander Kokorinov and Ivan Starov, and afterwards in Paris from 1782 to 1786 with Jean Chalgrin. In 1794 he became a full Academician at the Petersburg Academy of Fine Arts. In addition to the Admiralty building he constructed several buildings in Gatchina and other towns neighboring Saint Petersburg.
In 1805 Zakharov was appointed chief architect of the department of the Navy. His focus was on conducting the management of buildings; including the design, and construction of civil, and industrial buildings. Reconstruction of the building of the Admiralty became the first task of the architect at this post.
The Admiralty building in Saint Petersburg is the greatest monument of Russian architecture in the
Lila Kedrova (9 October, c. 1918 – 16 February 2000) was a Russian-born French actress.
Kedrova claimed to have been born in 1918, in Petrograd, Russia. Her parents were Russian opera singers. Lila Kedrova's brother was Nikolay Kedrov, Jr. (1905–1981). Her father, Nikolay, was a singer and composer, a creator of the first Russian male quartet to perform liturgical chants. Her mother, Sofia Gladkaya (ru: Софья Николаевна Гладкая) (1875–1965), was a singer at the Mariinsky Theatre. In 1922, some time after the October Revolution, the family emigrated from Russia and lived in Berlin.
In 1928 they moved to France. There, Kedrova's mother taught at the Conservatoire de Paris, and her father once again recreated the quartet "Quatuor Kedroff". In 1932, Lila Kedrova joined the Moscow Art Theatre touring company. Then her film career began, mostly in French films, until her first English appearance in 1964 as Mme Hortense in Zorba the Greek. Her performance won her the Oscar for Best Supporting Actress. She then went on to play a series of eccentric or batty ladies in several Hollywood films. In 1983, she reprised her role as Mme Hortense on Broadway in the musical version of Zorba the
Nikolai Aleksandrovich Menshutkin (Russian: Николáй Алексáндрович Меншýткин; 24 October [O.S. 12 October] 1842 – 5 February [O.S. 22 January] 1907) was a Russian chemist who discovered the process of converting a tertiary amine to a quaternary ammonium salt via the reaction with an alkyl halide, now known as the Menshutkin reaction.
Menshutkin was born in a merchant family as the sixth son of Alexander Nikolaevitch Menshutkin. He graduated with honors from gymnasium in December 1857, but only by autumn 1858 managed to enroll to the Saint Petersburg State University, as he was still under the prescribed age of 16. He studied at the faculty of physics and mathematics and was nearly expelled in the autumn of 1861 due to some political disturbances. Nevertheless, by the spring of 1862 he attained the master degree. During the last years he became interested in chemistry, which he studied under Dmitri Mendeleev. While he acquired a sufficient knowledge of theory he was lacking practice, as at that time the entire laboratory of the university consisted of only two small rooms. Therefore, he went abroad, and in the following three years spent two semesters with Adolph Strecker at the
HRH Prince Paul of Württemberg (German: Prinz Paul Heinrich Karl Friedrich August von Württemberg; St. Petersburg, Russian Empire, 19 January 1785 – Paris, France, 16 April 1852) was a German prince and the fourth child and second son of Frederick I of Württemberg and Augusta of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel.
Soon after Paul's birth, his mother separated from his father during a stay in Russia with Frederick's sister's mother-in-law, Catherine II of Russia. Augusta died in exile in Koluvere, Estonia in 1788. In 1797, Frederick married HRH Charlotte, Princess Royal, eldest daughter of George III of the United Kingdom, and she supervised the education of Paul and his two surviving siblings: Wilhelm and Catharina. Charlotte regarded Paul as "a very comical boy and, in my partial eyes, his manners are like Adolphus [Charlotte's younger brother]."
As Paul grew up, her opinion changed. During a visit to London in 1814, Paul, along with many other princes, was taken to visit the Ascot races by the Prince Regent. He behaved badly, getting the Prince of Orange blind drunk. "For thirteen years he has done nothing but offend his father with the improprieties of his conduct", his stepmother wrote.
Saint Petersburg State Polytechnical University (Russian: Санкт-Петербургский Государственный Политехнический Университет, abbreviated as SPbSPU; also, formerly "Saint Petersburg State Technical University", abbreviated as SPbSTU) is a major Russian technical university situated in Saint Petersburg. Other former names included Peter the Great Polytechnical Institute (Russian: Политехнический Институт императора Петра Великого) and Kalinin Polytechnical Institute (Russian: Ленинградский Политехнический Институт имени Калинина). The university is considered to be one of the top research facilities in Russian Federation and CIS member states and is a leading educational facility in the field of applied physics and mathematics, industrial engineering, chemical engineering, aerospace engineering and many other academic disciplines. On a national scale, SPbSTU in Russian Federation is somewhat akin to Caltech in the United States (Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology is normally referred to as "The Russian MIT"). Currently (2012) SPSPU is ranked among the top 400 in the World. It houses one of the country's most advanced research labs in hydro-aerodynamics. University's alumni
Seva Novgorodsev MBE (Russian: Се́ва Новгоро́дцев, which is a pseudonym, his real name being Vsevolod Borisovich Levenstein (Всеволод Борисович Левенштейн), born on 9 July 1940) is a radio presenter on the BBC Russian Service, and is famous through the former Soviet Union.
He created the music programme «Рок-посевы» ("Rock sowing" or "Rock crops", in Russian containing a pun with the name Seva) and the chat shows «Севаоборот» (Sevaoborot, a pun with the Russian word sevooborot, "crop rotation") and «БибиСева» (BBSeva). He has also written the books «Рок-Посевы» (Rock the Seva way) and «Секс, наркотики, рок-н-ролл» (Sex, drugs, rock 'n' roll).
He was Russia's first radio deejay, and he has also features in a number of films. Since 1981 he married actress Karen Craig, with whom he co-wrote a Russian cookbook for Sainsbury's in 1990, but they later divorced. He is now married to Olga, who is a designer.
Vladimir Vladimirovich Nabokov (Russian: Влади́мир Влади́мирович Набо́ков, pronounced [vlɐˈdʲimʲɪr nɐˈbokəf] ( listen); 22 April [O.S. 10 April] 1899 – 2 July 1977) was a multilingual Russian novelist, poet and short story writer. Nabokov's first nine novels were in Russian. He then rose to international prominence as a writer of English prose. He also made serious contributions as a lepidopterist and chess composer.
Nabokov's Lolita (1955) is frequently cited as among his most important novels and is his most widely known, exhibiting the love of intricate word play and synesthetic detail that characterised all his works. The novel was ranked at No. 4 in the list of the Modern Library 100 Best Novels. Pale Fire (1962) was ranked at No. 53 on the same list. His memoir, Speak, Memory, was listed No. 8 on the Modern Library nonfiction list.
Nabokov was born on 22 April 1899 (10 April 1899 Old-Style), in Saint Petersburg, to a wealthy and prominent Saint Petersburg family of the minor nobility. He was the eldest of five children of liberal lawyer, statesman, and journalist Vladimir Dmitrievich Nabokov and his wife, Elena Ivanovna née Rukavishnikova. His cousins included the composer
Prince Alexander Sergeevich Obolensky (Russian: Александр Сергеевич Оболенский; 17 February 1916 — 29 March 1940) was a Russian Rurikid prince and an international rugby union footballer who played for England. He was popularly known simply as "The Prince" by many sports fans.
A member of the Rurik Dynasty, he was born in Petrograd (now Saint Petersburg) on 17 February 1916 and was the son of Prince Serge Obolensky, an officer in the Czar's Imperial Horse Guards, and his wife Princess Lubov' (née Naryshkina). Their name derived from the Russian town of Obolensk. They fled Russia after the Russian Revolution of 1917, settling in Muswell Hill, London.
Obolensky was educated at The Ashe boys' preparatory school, Etwall, and Trent College, Long Eaton, both in Derbyshire, before going to Brasenose College, Oxford in Michaelmas 1934, where he held a College Exhibition and studied Politics, Philosophy and Economics. He gained a Fourth Class degree in 1938. At Oxford he earned two rugby blues representing Oxford University RFC as a wing/three-quarter. Having previously played for Chesterfield RUFC whilst still at school, he played for Leicester Football Club between 1934 and 1939, as well
Alexei Yevgenyevich Urmanov (Russian: Алексей Евгеньевич Урманов (help·info); born November 17, 1973 in Leningrad) is a Russian figure skater, who currently works as a coach. He is the 1994 Olympic champion and an Honoured Masters of Sports of the Russian Federation.
Urmanov was born in Leningrad, Soviet Union, and started skating at the age of four. Competed for the Soviet Union, he won the silver medal at the 1990 World Junior Championships. After the fall of the Soviet Union, Urmanov chose to compete for Russia. In 1991, at age 17, he became the first skater to perform a quadruple jump at the European Championships.
He competed at the 1992 Winter Olympics, where he placed 5th. He won the bronze medal at the 1993 World Championships. At the 1994 Winter Olympics in Lillehammer, he won the gold medal.
Urmanov chose to remain in the competitive ranks. He became the 1997 European champion, but an injury forced him out of the 1997 World Championships after the short program and kept him from earning a trip to the 1998 Olympics. He retired from Olympic-eligible skating in 1999 and won the World Professional championships the same year.
Urmanov trained at the Yubileyny Sports Palace,
Alexei Konstantinovich Yagudin (Russian: Алексей Константинович Ягудин (help·info); 18 March 1980) is a former Russian figure skater. His major achievements in his six years of eligible sports career include being the 2002 Olympic Champion, a four-time World Champion (1998, 1999, 2000, 2002), a three-time European Champion (1998, 1999, 2002), a two-time Grand Prix Final Champion (1998-1999, 2001-2002), a World Junior Champion (1996) and a two-time World Professional Champion (1998, 2002).
Alexei Yagudin was introduced to skating at age four and encouraged by his mother, Zoya, to improve his health. He learned all double jumps before age ten, the five triple jumps before age twelve, and the triple Axel jump before age thirteen. He was first coached by Alexander Mayorov and then introduced to the famous Russian coach Alexei Mishin when Mayorov moved to Sweden in 1992. Yagudin was trained in Mishin's group from 1992 to 1998. In 1994, He began competing internationally. In 1996, he won the World Junior Championships. The well-known rivalry between Yagudin and fellow Russian skater Evgeni Plushenko started when they were both trained in Mishin's group and became more fierce after
Arcadi Volodos (Russian: Аркадий Володось, Arcadij Volodos; born February 24, 1972) is a Russian pianist. His first name is sometimes transliterated Arcady or Arkady. Volodos is renowned both for his technical mastery of the instrument's virtuosic repertoire (particularly that of Rachmaninoff, Liszt and his recordings of transcriptions by Vladimir Horowitz) and for his notoriously technically difficult arrangements of various classical pieces, such as Mozart's Rondo Alla Turca.
Born in Leningrad in 1972, he began his musical training studying voice, following the example of his parents, who were singers, and later shifted his emphasis to conducting while a student at the Glinka Chapel School and the St. Petersburg Conservatory. Though he had played the piano from the age of eight, he did not devote himself to serious study of the instrument until 1987. His formal piano training took place at the Moscow Conservatory with Galina Eguiazarova. Volodos also studied at the Paris Conservatory with Jacques Rouvier. In Madrid, he studied at the Escuela Superior de Música Reina Sofía with Dimitri Bashkirov.
Despite the relative brevity of his formal studies, Volodos has been naturally and
Boris Vladimirovich Asafyev (Russian: Бори́с Влади́мирович Аса́фьев; 29 July [O.S. 17 July] 1884 – 27 January 1949) was a Russian and Soviet composer, writer, musicologist, musical critic and one of founders of Soviet musicology.
Asafyev had a strong influence on Soviet music. His compositions include ballets, operas, symphonies, concertos and chamber music. His ballets include Flames of Paris, based on the French Revolution, and The Fountain of Bakhchisarai, which was first performed in 1934, and was performed at the Mariinsky Theatre in St. Petersburg in 2006.
His writings, under the name Igor Glebov, include The Book about Stravinsky and Glinka (for which he was awarded the Stalin Prize in 1948).
Boris Vasilievich Spassky (also Spasskij; Бори́с Васи́льевич Спа́сский; born January 30, 1937) is a Soviet-French chess grandmaster. He was the tenth World Chess Champion, holding the title from 1969 to 1972. He is known as one of the greatest living chess players, and is the oldest living world champion.
Spassky won the Soviet Chess Championship twice outright (1961, 1973), and twice lost in playoffs (1956, 1963), after tying for first place during the event proper. He was a World Chess Championship candidate on seven occasions (1956, 1965, 1968, 1974, 1977, 1980, and 1985).
Spassky defeated Tigran Petrosian in 1969 to become World Champion, then lost the title in the Fischer–Spassky match in 1972 – one of the most famous chess matches in history.
He was born in Leningrad (now Saint Petersburg) to a Russian mother and father, and learned to play chess at the age of five on a train evacuating from Leningrad during World War II. He first drew wide attention in 1947 at age ten, when he defeated Soviet champion Mikhail Botvinnik in a simultaneous exhibition in Leningrad. His early coach was Vladimir Zak, a respected master and trainer. During his youth, from the age of ten, Spassky
Galina Ivanovna Zybina (Russian: Галина Ивановна Зыбина) (born January 22, 1931 in Leningrad, USSR) was a Russian shot-putter and javelin thrower who won three Olympic medals. She trained at VSS Zenit and later at VSS Trud. Her fame rests primarily on eight consecutive world records in the shot put (1952–1956). Galina C also lived in Pittsburgh, PA.
Grand Duchess Alexandra Nikolaevna of Russia (24 June 1825 – 10 August 1844) was the youngest daughter of Tsar Nicholas I, Emperor of Russia, and his wife, Princess Charlotte of Prussia.
She was the namesake of her paternal aunt, Grand Duchess Alexandra Pavlovna, but in the family she was known as "Adini". Alexandra was reportedly her father's favorite child; according to her sister Olga's memoirs, he maintained that she alone among his children had inherited her mother's "Prussian look". It was also said that she resembled her grandmother, Queen Louise of Prussia. Nicholas affectionately spoke of Adini as "... a little moppet, but very sweet".
Alexandra was famous in Saint Petersburg society for both her beauty and her lively personality. She was also the musician in the family. A serious student of vocal music, she was talented enough to qualify for lessons from the famous soprano Henriette Sontag.
On 28 January 1844, Alexandra married Prince Frederick William of Hesse (1820–1884) in St. Petersburg. Her husband was the only son of Prince William of Hesse and Princess Louise Charlotte of Denmark. "Fritz", as he was called, had come to St. Petersburg as a prospective bridegroom for
Grand Duke Vyacheslav Constantinovich of Russia, (13 July 1862 – 27 February 1879), was a Romanov grand duke and the youngest son of Grand Duke Constantine Nicholaevich of Russia and his wife Grand Duchess Alexandra Iosifovna. The English form of his first name is Wenceslas.
Vyacheslav, who was nicknamed "Slava," was the baby of the family and a family favorite. He was tall and used to joke that, when he is dead, his coffin would be stuck in a doorway of the Marble Palace. It really happened so when he died. At age sixteen, he complained suddenly of a splitting headache and violent illness. He lay with a Russian Orthodox icon on his pillow as his family surrounded him, urging him to breathe. He died within a week of brain inflammation. His mother later reported that she had seen the ghost of a white lady in the art gallery at Pavlovsk on the day before Vyacheslav became ill. She took the apparition as a portent of death. His brother Grand Duke Constantine Constantinovich of Russia later recalled, as he walked in Vyacheslav's funeral procession, how much Vyacheslav enjoyed drawing funeral processions in great detail.
Karl Hermann Struve (October 3, 1854 – August 12, 1920) was a Russian astronomer. In Russian, his name is sometimes given as German Ottovich Struve (Герман Оттович Струве) or German Ottonovich Struve (Герман Оттонович Струве).
Herman Struve was a part of the famous group of astronomers from the Struve family, which also included his grandfather Friedrich Georg Wilhelm von Struve, father Otto Wilhelm von Struve, brother Ludwig Struve and nephew Otto Struve. Unlike other astronomers of the Struve family, Herman spent most of his career in Germany. Continuing the family tradition, Struve's research was focused on determining the positions of stellar objects. He was particularly known for his work on satellites of planets of the Solar System and development of the intersatellite method of correcting their orbital position. The mathematical Struve function is named after him.
Herman was born in 1854 in Tsarskoye Selo, a former Russian residence of the imperial family and visiting nobility, located 26 kilometers (16 mi) south from the center of St. Petersburg. He attended gymnasium in Vyborg and in 1872 entered the Tartu University (Tartu was known then as Dorpat). While studying there,
Konstantin Yuryevich Khabensky (Russian: Константин Юрьевич Хабенский; born 11 January 1972) is a Russian actor best known in the West for starring in the films Night Watch and Day Watch as the lead character Anton Gorodetsky.
Khabensky was born and trained in St Petersburg, and now resides in Moscow. Khabensky was already a popular and well-established theatre and television/film actor prior to appearing in the -Watch films. However, their unprecedented success in both Russia and worldwide has made Khabensky the very popular actor in Russia, and one of the best-known Russian actors in the West.
Khabensky has been a stage actor in Satyricon Theatre (Moscow) and Lensovet Theatre in Saint Petersburg. In 1995-1996, he worked as presenter of regional TV in the department of music and information programs. Since 2003, Khabensky has been a member of Moscow Art Theatre stage cast, and a lead actor in Duck Hunt (Zilov), Mikhail Bulgakov's White Guard (Alexey Turbin) and Hamlet. Graduated from the Leningrad State Institute for Theatre, Music and Cinema in 1996 (course of V. Filshtinsky).
Konstantin Khabensky was married to radio-journalist Anastasiya Khabenskaya from 12 January 2000, until
Michel Fokine (a French transliteration; English transliteration Mikhail Fokin; Russian: Михаи́л Миха́йлович Фо́кин, Mikhaíl Mikháylovich Fokín) (23 April [O.S. 11 April] 1880 – 22 August 1942) was a groundbreaking Russian choreographer and dancer.
Fokine was born in Saint Petersburg, as son of a prosperous, middle-class merchant and at the age of 9, he was accepted into the Saint Petersburg Imperial Ballet School (Vaganova Ballet Academy). In 1898, on his 18th birthday, he debuted on the stage of the Imperial Mariinsky Theatre in Paquita, with the Imperial Russian Ballet (now the Mariinsky Ballet). In 1902, he became a teacher of the ballet school. Among his students were Desha Delteil and Bronislava Nijinska.
Fokine aspired to move beyond stereotypical ballet traditions. Virtuoso ballet techniques to him were not an end in themselves, but a means of expression. He also believed that many of the ballets of his time used costuming and mime that did not reflect the themes conveyed in the ballets. Therefore, Fokine sought to strip ballets of their artificial miming and outdated costumes. In addition, as a choreographer, he initiated a reform that took ballerinas out of their pointe
Natalia Romanovna Makarova (Russian: Наталья Романовна Макарова, born November 21, 1940) is the legendary Soviet-Russian-born prima ballerina. The History of Dance, published in 1981, notes that “Her performances set standards of artistry and aristocracy of dance which mark her as the finest ballerina of her generation in the West.” She has also won awards as an actress.
Makarova was born in 1940 in Leningrad in the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic of the USSR. At the age of 12, she auditioned for the Leningrad Choreographic School (formerly the Imperial Ballet School), and was accepted although most students join the school at the age of 10.
Makarova was a permanent member of the Kirov Ballet in Leningrad from 1956 to 1970, achieving prima ballerina status during the 1960s. Soon after Makarova defected to the West in 1970, she began performing with the American Ballet Theatre in New York and the Royal Ballet in London.
When she first arrived in the West, Makarova was eager to expand her choreography by dancing ballets by modern choreographers. At the same time, she remained most identified with classical roles such as Odette/Odile in Swan Lake and Giselle. She was
Nevsky Avenue (Russian: Не́вский проспе́кт, tr. Nevsky Prospekt; IPA: [ˈnʲefskʲɪj prɐˈspʲekt]) is the main street in the city of St. Petersburg, Russia. Planned by Peter the Great as beginning of the road to Novgorod and Moscow, the avenue runs from the Admiralty to the Moscow Railway Station and, after making a turn at Vosstaniya Square, to the Alexander Nevsky Lavra.
The chief sights include the Rastrelliesque Stroganov Palace, the huge neoclassical Kazan Cathedral, the Art Nouveau Bookhouse (Dom Knigi), Elisseeff Emporium, half a dozen 18th-century churches, a monument to Catherine the Great, an enormous 18th-century shopping mall, a mid-19th-century department store, the Russian National Library, and the Anichkov Bridge with its horse statues. The feverish life of the avenue was described by Nikolai Gogol in his story "Nevsky Prospekt". Fyodor Dostoevsky often employed the Nevksy Prospekt as a setting within his works, such as Crime and Punishment and The Double: A Petersburg Poem.
During the early Soviet years (1918–44) the name of Nevsky Prospect was changed, first to "Proletkult Street" (Ulitsa Proletkul'ta) in honor of that Soviet artistic organization. Following the demise
Saint Petersburg National Research University of Information Technologies, Mechanics and Optics, abbreviated as SPbNRU ITMO (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́ргский национа́льный иссле́довательский университе́т информацио́нных техноло́гий, меха́ники и о́птики) is a leading Russian technical university located in St. Petersburg, Russia. It trains specialists in cutting-edge technologies directed to science and technical development.
St.Petersburg National Research University of Information Technologies, Mechanics and Optics was founded in 1930, though its history started in 1900 when special school for masters of precision instruments and optics was opened. The University formation was brought about by the growing needs of the country for qualified specialists in instrument-making. Today, the University has more than 10,000 students, 30 academic departments and about 1000 teaching-staff. The main University building is in Kronverksiy pr.,49. Since 2009 the University has the title of the National Research University.
The university is divided into 9 faculties, which are divided into 49 departments. 7 departments are affiliate departments and are marked by asterisk.
St. Michael's Castle (Russian: Миха́йловский за́мок, Mikhailovsky zamok), also called the Mikhailovsky Castle or the Engineers' Castle (Russian: Инженерный замок, Inzhenerny zamok), is a former royal residence in the historic centre of Saint Petersburg, Russia. St. Michael's Castle was built as a residence for Emperor Paul I by architects Vincenzo Brenna and Vasili Bazhenov in 1797-1801. The castle looks different from each side, as the architects used motifs of various architectural styles such as French Classicism, Italian Renaissance and Gothic.
St. Michael's Castle was built to the south of the Summer Garden and replaced the small wooden palace of Empress Elizabeth Petrovna. Afraid of intrigues and assassination plots, Emperor Paul I disliked the Winter Palace where he never felt safe. Due to his personal fascination with medieval knights and his constant fear of assassination, the new royal residence was built like a castle around a small octagonal courtyard. The building with rounded corners was surrounded by the waters of the Moika River, the Fontanka River and two specially dug canals (the Church Canal and the Sunday Canal), transforming the castle area into an artificial
Vladimir Vladimirovich Sofronitsky (or Sofronitzky, Russian: Владимир Владимирович Софроницкий, Vladimir Sofronitskij; May 8 [O.S. April 25] 1901 – August 26, 1961) was a Soviet-Russian classical pianist, best known as an interpreter of the Russian composer Alexander Scriabin, whose daughter he married.
Vladimir Sofronitsky was born to a physics teacher father and a mother from an artistic family. In 1903, his family moved to Warsaw, where he started piano lessons with Anna Lebedeva-Getcevich (a student of Nikolai Rubinstein), and later (from age nine) with Aleksander Michałowski.
From 1916 to 1921, Sofronitsky studied in the Petrograd Conservatory under Leonid Nikolayev, where Dmitri Shostakovich, Maria Yudina, and Elena Scriabina, the eldest daughter of the deceased Alexander Scriabin, were among his classmates. He met Scriabina in 1917 and married her in 1920. While he had already divulged a sympathy for the piano music of the recently deceased mystic composer—as attested by Yudina—he now had a greater intellectual and emotional connection to Scriabin's works through his wife and through the Scriabin in-laws. Sofronitsky was also acclaimed as an outstanding pianist by the
The Winter Palace (Russian: Зи́мний дворе́ц; IPA: [ˈzʲimnʲɪj dvɐˈrʲɛts]) in Saint Petersburg, Russia, was, from 1732 to 1917, the official residence of the Russian monarchs. Situated between the Palace Embankment and the Palace Square, adjacent to the site of Peter the Great's original Winter Palace, the present and fourth Winter Palace was built and altered almost continuously between the late 1730s and 1837, when it was severely damaged by fire and immediately rebuilt. The alleged storming of the palace in 1917 as depicted in Soviet paintings and Eisenstein's 1927 film "October" became an iconic symbol of the Russian Revolution.
The palace was constructed on a monumental scale that was intended to reflect the might and power of Imperial Russia. From the palace, the Tsar ruled over 22,400,000 square kilometres (8,600,000 sq mi) (almost 1/6 of the Earth's landmass) and over 125 million subjects by the end of the 19th century. It was designed by many architects, most notably Bartolomeo Rastrelli, in what came to be known as the Elizabethan Baroque style. The green-and-white palace has the shape of an elongated rectangle, and its principal façade is 250 m long and 100 ft (30 m) high.
Yuri Karash or Yury Karash, is a US-trained Russian space policy expert and journalist.
In 1990, Yuri Karash was one of the finalists in the Soviet Journalist-in-Space project and a candidate for space flight. In 1992, while already having a Russian Candidate of Sciences degree, he graduated from the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) at Johns Hopkins University in Washington, D.C. with Masters of International Public Policy degree. The same year he was accepted for Ph.D. training at the School of International Service in the American University in Washington, D.C. During his studies at SIS he also took classes at the Space Policy Institute at George Washington University. He got his Ph.D. in International Relations with concentration in Space Policy issues in 1997. His dissertation was published by the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics under the tytle: "The Superpower Odyssey. A Russian Perspective on Space Cooperation". In 2000, Dr. Karash became a corresponding member of the Tsiolkovskiy Russian Academy of Cosmonautics.
In 1985-1989, Yuri Karash was an aerobatic pilot at the Chkalov Central Flight Club in Moscow. In 1994-1995, he took